The Obama Administration has launched two new series of Presidential directives on national security policy. Presidential Policy Directives (PPDs) will define and direct the implementation of new presidential policies. Presidential Study Directives (PSDs) will initiate policy review and development procedures.
Presidential Study Directive-1 (pdf), issued February 23, 2009, is entitled “Organizing for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism.”
The new PPD and PSD documents will succeed and replace directives known as National Security Presidential Directives (NSPDs) in the previous Administration.
To bring participatory science into the mainstream, there will need to be creative policy solutions for incentive mechanisms, standards, funding streams, training ecosystems, assessment mechanisms, and organizational capacity.
Enhancing recovery rates among individuals grappling with mental health and substance use issues requires a multi-pronged approach.
The FAS Nuclear Notebook is one of the most widely sourced reference materials worldwide for reliable information about the status of nuclear weapons and has been published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists since 1987. The Nuclear Notebook is researched and written by the staff of the Federation of American Scientists’ Nuclear Information Project: Director Hans […]
Now academically challenging, kindergarten creates longstanding learning divisions between students who do or do not attend.