Carolyn Stein is a professor of economics at UC Berkeley. Her work focuses on the economics
of science and innovation, with a particular interest in how the incentives that researchers face
shape the production of new knowledge. She received her Ph.D. in economics from MIT in 2021
and her A.B. in applied mathematics and economics from Harvard University in 2013.
Federal science-funding agencies spend tens of billions of dollars each year on extramural research, but a healthy dose of transparency could improve the grantmaking process greatly.