IK/67 SC/5810 25 March 1994 SPECIAL COMMISSION COMPLETES DESTRUCTION OF IRAQ'S DECLARED AND RECOVERED STOCKPILE OF CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS The following has been received from the Special Commission set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991) in connection with the disposal of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction: The Chemical Destruction Group, part of the United Nations Special Commission entrusted with destroying Iraq's former stocks of chemical warfare agents and production capabilities, has reported that it has completed the destruction of Iraq's stocks of the chemical warfare agent sulphur mustard. With this, the Group has completed the destruction of Iraq's declared and recovered stockpile of chemical warfare agents. A total of some 400,000 litres of sulphur has been destroyed by the Special Commission at the Muthanna site. Sulphur mustard is a blister agent which relies for its effect on its reaction with skin. It causes lesions which fill with liquid. Victims exposed to mustard gas without the protection of gas masks also suffer severe injury to their lungs, which may result in the lungs filling with liquid to the extent that the victims effectively drowns. The Special Commission has also, through its activities at Mughanna, destroyed nearly 28,000 chemical munitions (rockets, missile warheads, artillery shells and bombs), nearly 83,000 litres of nerve agents, over 1,220,000 litres of key precursor chemicals for the production of mustard or nerve agents, and some 421,000 litres, 1,035,500 kilograms and 197 barrels of other chemical precursors. A small amount of other precursor chemicals remain to be destroyed at Muthanna, in addition to quantities of equipment for the production of chemical warfare agents. Thereafter, a comprehensive survey of the site will be conducted to ensure that no chemical warfare hazard remains at the site. Any additional items requiring destruction discovered during this survey will be dealt with at that stage. It is suspected that there may be a quantity of 155-millimetre mustard-filled artillery shells buried at one part of the site. Iraq has agreed to assist the Commission in the identification and recovery of these munitions in the coming weeks, after which they will also be destroyed. .