The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) has set off a high-stakes global power competition with major national security and economic implications. The Chinese military is prioritizing autonomous and AI-enabled weapons systems to obtain a strategic advantage over the United States. Meanwhile, many nations are racing to lead the integration of AI across industries, adding $13 trillion to global economic output by 2030.
Talent is the scarcest resource in this global race for AI predominance. Tsinghua University estimated the worldwide AI talent pool to include just over 200,000 individuals (14% in the U.S. and 9% in China), with a much smaller “top AI talent pool” of scarcely over 20,000 individuals (25% in the U.S. and 5% in China).