Deploying NMD In 2003 'Not Realistic,' BMDO Director Says.
Aerospace Daily, Apr 17, 1997, p 100
Deploying a national missile defense (NMD) system by 2003 would be "very
high risk" and "is not realistic," Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
Director Lt. Gen. Lester Lyles told the House Appropriations committee's
panel on national security. Congressional Republicans have been pushing for
an NMD deployment by 2003, while the Clinton Administration wants to wait
until then to see if a threat warrants a deployment, and if so, deploy in

SSDC Chief Reserves Judgment On THAAD. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 18, 1997, p 92
US Army Space and Strategic Defense Command Chief LTG Edward G. Anderson
said that he is "keeping an open mind" on the Theater High Altitude Area
Defense (THAAD) missile system, which so far hasn't been able to intercept
another missile. 

Airborne Laser Simulation Planned For Roving Sands. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 18, 1997, p 110-111
The US Air Force hopes the simulated participation of an Airborne Laser in
the Roving Sands joint warfighting exercise will provide insights into its
concept of operations, or conops. 

Rand Gives Minuteman-Based NMD Option High Marks. 
Aerospace Daily, Apr 15, 1997, p 84
The technology needed to develop and deploy a national missile defense
(NMD) system based on Minuteman interceptors can be integrated relatively
quickly and inexpensively if the US decides to proceed with such a system,
according to a new Rand study. The Rand research team also recommended that
the Air Force add an electronic scanning capability to the X-band radars
located on the East and West coasts. 

BMD's Identification With GOP Causes Political Problems: O'Neill.
Aerospace Daily, Apr 16, 1997, p 94
Former Ballistic Missile Defense Organzation director LTG Malcolm R.
O'Neill blamed BMDO's political problems in Congress on the program's close
identification with former President Reagan and Republicans in Congress. 

US Army To Link THAAD, Patriot In Roving Sands.
Aerospace Daily, Apr 18, 1997, p 110
The US Army for the first time will tie together its two primary missile
defense systems in this year's Roving Sands exercise in Texas and New
Mexico to evaluate the payoff of such a configuration. The Army will also
use Roving Sands to fire Patriots in their remote configuration, in which
the firing instruction is given from the radar system, not the launcher. 

Aviation Week & Space Technology, Apr 14, 1997, p 22
The Pentagon has sent a report on Chinese military capabilities to
Congress. The study, "Selected Military Capabilities of the People's
Republic of China," expects The People's Liberation Army to develop highly
accurate ballistic and cruise missiles as well as spending on the
facilities to produce approximately 1,000 missiles. Among the missiles
expected to show range and accuracy improvements are the road mobile DF-15
(M-9) and DF-11 (M-11). Two new solid fuel missiles are in development, the
8,000 km DF-31 and 12,000 km DF-41. 

Minuteman-Based NMD System Could Cost $3.9 Billion, RAND Says.
Defense Daily, Apr 15, 1997, p 86-87
According to a RAND study, "An Assessment of the Air Force's Minuteman NMD
Option," the Air Force failed to consider the Minuteman option's system
integration, infrastructure modernization, and risk mitigation costs when
it estimated the Minuteman NMD option's three-year, $2.5b price. According
to the report, a NMD system based upon the Air Force's existing Minuteman
III ICBM, missile silos, early warning radars and command and control
infrastructure could cost up to $3.9b and require four to six years to
develop and deploy. 

Army Links THAAD, Patriot During Missile Defense Exercise. 
Defense Daily. Greg Caires, Apr 17, 1997, p 103-104
The Army has, for the first time, digitally linked its THAAD and Patriot
missile systems as part of Roving Sands '97, the service's annual air
defense exercise, a senior Army official said. 

Lack Of Allied Interest In NMD "Frustrating,' Ex-BMDO Chief Says. Defense
Daily. Greg Caires, Apr 15, 1997, p 88
The lack of interest among US allies to participate in a cooperative
National Missile Defense (NMD) program is "frustrating" to the Defense
Department and the nation's missile defense contractors, according to the
former BMDO director, retired LTG Malcolm O'Neill. 

Pentagon Review Focuses On THAAD Design, Testing, Anderson Says. 
Defense Daily. Greg Caires, Apr 16, 1997, p 94-95
The Pentagon has focused its ongoing investigation of last month's failed
THAAD missile intercept test on whether the missile defense system's design
is sound and if it is being appropriately tested, according to SSDC chief
LTG Anderson. 

Forces Brace For Scud 'Attack' Near Port Town Of El Paso. 
Defense Week. John Donnelly, Apr 14, 1997, p 3
>From April 17 until April 26, simulated missile attacks, near a fictional
littoral with Mexico as an ocean, will be played out on computers across
the country during Roving Sands '97, the massive tactical air operations
exercise taking place in the New Mexico and Texas deserts. Roving Sands
will inaugurate a system that enables all participants on the "distributed
interactive network" to see a common picture of and fire at, in near-real
time, a simulate threat missile. When someone intercepts it, the missile
will disappear from everyone's screen. 

Iran's Missile Ambitions Scaled Down, Says SIPRI.
Jane's Defence Weekly. Eric Arnett, Apr 16, 1997, p 16
Iran has been suspected of co-developing intermediate range ballistic
missiles in China and North Korea. The impulse behind these projects was
the perceived need to deter an Israeli attack on Iran's nuclear
installations. According to a forthcoming report from the Stockholm
International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Iranian officials now say
they realize attacks cannot be deterred, so a better approach is to pursue
a policy of transparency for its national nuclear energy program and
institute a unilateral ban on missiles capable of covering the 1,000km
between Iran and Israel. 

USA Urges S Korea To Buy Patriot Over S-300V. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Barbara Starr, Apr 16, 1997, p 3
The concern is that the S-300V does not have an identification
friend-or-foe system compatible with US and western technologies. That
would lead to reduced interoperability and raise the risk of US pilots
being targeted by the Russian system. Senior US military officials have
told the UAE that if it buys the S-300V, US pilots will not fly over UAE

Russia Details Illegal Deliveries To Armenia. 
Jane's Defence Weekly. Nikolai Novichkov, Apr 16, 1997, p 15
Russia has detailed $2b in illegal weapon deliveries to Armenia in a
statement from the chairman of the Defence Committee of the State Duma, Lev
Rokhlin. The list of equipment transferred from late 1992 to last year
includes eight Scud-B launchers with 24 missiles. Armenian personnel were
trained on the Scud at the Kapustin Yar firing range between May and June
last year. 

Project SATRAN Warns Of Hostile Recon From Space. 
Military Space, Apr 14, 1997, p 1, 7
Article provides a written statement from USSpace Command: "SATRAN -
Satellite Reconnaissance Advance Notice - is a DIA-sponsored program by
which CINCSPACE is tasked with providing timely notice of potential hostile
satellite reconnaissance of US forces worldwide. SATRAN predicts when
selected satellites will be in a position to perform intelligence
collection against US forces and military/military-related installations,
and makes these predictions available to installation commanders." 

Request For Proposals; Missile Defense Data Center. 
Military Space, Apr 14, 1997, p 4
US Army Space and Strategic Defense Command, Huntsville, AL, intends to
negotiate with Teledyne Brown Engineering for a sole-source contract to
perform operations and maintenance of the Missile Defense Data Center. The
center is planned as a centralized repository and distribution site for
data and documents gathered from missile defense tests.