IK/164 23 February 1994 THIRTEENTH CHEMICAL INSPECTION TEAM COMPLETES MISSION IN IRAQ Operations Conducted from 1-11 February The following has been received from the Special Commission set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991) in connection with the disposal of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction: The thirteenth chemical inspection team returned to New York after conducting operations in Iraq from 1 to 11 February, concentrating its activities on sites at which dual-purpose chemical production equipment was located. The team was comprised of 10 members, some of whom now serve with the provisional technical secretariat of the nascent organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons, which will come into being with the entry into force of the Chemical Weapons Convention. Their participation greatly assisted in the development of the monitoring and verification protocols for the ongoing monitoring and verification of chemical facilities. The team's principal tasks were: to complete a comprehensive inventory of all the equipment at the sites visited; to tag dual-purpose equipment pending a decision on whether to permit conversion or to destroy; to test the concept of monitoring and verification protocols for chemical production facilities; to assess, by examining the equipment concerned, Iraq's requests that certain items of production equipment be converted for civil use rather than be destroyed; to discuss with the Iraqi side details of its past chemical weapons production programme in order to address areas where Iraq's earlier declarations were inadequate; and to assess how and when the Chemical Destruction Group at Al Muthanna should terminate its operations there. The team visited the sites comprising the Muthanna State Establishment, namely Al Muthanna, and Fallujahs I, II and III, and a site newly declared by Iraq -- the Ibn al Baytar pharmaceutical facility. That facility, which is (more) - 2 - Press Release IK/164 23 February 1994 still under construction, contains some of the equipment evacuated from the Muthanna area prior to the Gulf War. The site is now intended to produce active ingredients for the Samarra Drug Company. The team drew up an inventory of all relevant items at those sites and applied 227 tags to 223 items items of dual-use equipment at Al Muthanna, Fallujahs II and III and Ibn al Baytar. No items requiring tagging were found at Fallujah I. At Ibn al Baytar, the team conducted an inspection of the facility. In addition to obtaining necessary information on the site, which had not been previously inspected by the Special Commission, the inspection enabled the team to evaluate the concept developed for monitoring a chemical production facility and the appropriateness of the model monitoring and verification protocol for such facilities. The team collected data on the structure, purpose, funding, operational capacity of and future plans for the facility, in accordance with the format of the model monitoring and verification protocol. Certain fine tuning of the model monitoring and verification protocol was incorporated into the protocol for the site. Discussions were held with Iraq concerning its request to convert certain items of equipment to civil uses. Iraq expressed its desire for all the tagged items to be converted. Iraq was informed that, in order to make decisions on a case-by-case basis, the Commission would require greater details as to the proposed use to which each item would be put. Concurrent with inspection activities, technical talks were held with the Iraqi side on the formats for Iraq's declarations of its permitted chemical and biological activities, due under the plan for ongoing monitoring and verification, and of its past chemical weapons production. The team explained to Iraqi officials the structure of the formats and how they should be completed in order to meet the Commission's requirements. Iraq provided, as requested by the Special Commission during the November 1993 round of high-level technical talks in New York, a year-by-year breakdown of Iraq's acquisition of equipment and precursor chemicals for its past chemical weapons production programme. Iraq also provided a more detailed description of its chemical weapons research and development activities than hitherto received by the Commission. That included descriptions of research conducted into the production of BZ-type hallucinogens and nitrogen mustard agents (agents not part of Iraq's chemical weapons arsenal) and their precursors. Members of the team took advantage of their presence in Iraq to discuss with the members of the Chemical Destruction Group requirements and procedures for the closure of the Chemical Destruction Group's operations at Al Muthanna. * *** * .