23 February 1994


                    Operations Conducted from 1-11 February

     The following has been received from the Special Commission set up under

Security Council resolution 687 (1991) in connection with the disposal of

Iraq's weapons of mass destruction:

     The thirteenth chemical inspection team returned to New York after

conducting operations in Iraq from 1 to 11 February, concentrating its

activities on sites at which dual-purpose chemical production equipment was


     The team was comprised of 10 members, some of whom now serve with the

provisional technical secretariat of the nascent organization for the

prohibition of chemical weapons, which will come into being with the entry

into force of the Chemical Weapons Convention.  Their participation greatly

assisted in the development of the monitoring and verification protocols for

the ongoing monitoring and verification of chemical facilities.

     The team's principal tasks were:  to complete a comprehensive inventory

of all the equipment at the sites visited; to tag dual-purpose equipment

pending a decision on whether to permit conversion or to destroy; to test the

concept of monitoring and verification protocols for chemical production

facilities; to assess, by examining the equipment concerned, Iraq's requests

that certain items of production equipment be converted for civil use rather

than be destroyed; to discuss with the Iraqi side details of its past chemical

weapons production programme in order to address areas where Iraq's earlier

declarations were inadequate; and to assess how and when the Chemical

Destruction Group at Al Muthanna should terminate its operations there.

     The team visited the sites comprising the Muthanna State Establishment,

namely Al Muthanna, and Fallujahs I, II and III, and a site newly declared by

Iraq -- the Ibn al Baytar pharmaceutical facility.  That facility, which is


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                                                      23 February 1994

still under construction, contains some of the equipment evacuated from the

Muthanna area prior to the Gulf War.  The site is now intended to produce

active ingredients for the Samarra Drug Company.

     The team drew up an inventory of all relevant items at those sites and

applied 227 tags to 223 items items of dual-use equipment at Al Muthanna,

Fallujahs II and III and Ibn al Baytar.  No items requiring tagging were found

at Fallujah I.

     At Ibn al Baytar, the team conducted an inspection of the facility.  In

addition to obtaining necessary information on the site, which had not been

previously inspected by the Special Commission, the inspection enabled the

team to evaluate the concept developed for monitoring a chemical production

facility and the appropriateness of the model monitoring and verification

protocol for such facilities.  The team collected data on the structure,

purpose, funding, operational capacity of and future plans for the facility,

in accordance with the format of the model monitoring and verification

protocol.  Certain fine tuning of the model monitoring and verification

protocol was incorporated into the protocol for the site.

     Discussions were held with Iraq concerning its request to convert certain

items of equipment to civil uses.  Iraq expressed its desire for all the

tagged items to be converted.  Iraq was informed that, in order to make

decisions on a case-by-case basis, the Commission would require greater

details as to the proposed use to which each item would be put.

     Concurrent with inspection activities, technical talks were held with the

Iraqi side on the formats for Iraq's declarations of its permitted chemical

and biological activities, due under the plan for ongoing monitoring and

verification, and of its past chemical weapons production.  The team explained

to Iraqi officials the structure of the formats and how they should be

completed in order to meet the Commission's requirements.

     Iraq provided, as requested by the Special Commission during the November

1993 round of high-level technical talks in New York, a year-by-year breakdown

of Iraq's acquisition of equipment and precursor chemicals for its past

chemical weapons production programme.  Iraq also provided a more detailed

description of its chemical weapons research and development activities than

hitherto received by the Commission.  That included descriptions of research

conducted into the production of BZ-type hallucinogens and nitrogen mustard

agents (agents not part of Iraq's chemical weapons arsenal) and their


     Members of the team took advantage of their presence in Iraq to discuss

with the members of the Chemical Destruction Group requirements and procedures

for the closure of the Chemical Destruction Group's operations at Al Muthanna.

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