RFE/RL Security Watch Vol. 1, No. 14, 23 October 2000

THREE NEW MILITARY SATELLITES IN ORBIT. The Russian Defense Ministry has put three new Hurricane military satellites into orbit, boosting the military's telecommunication system GLONASS, the military news agency reported on 14 October. Created in 1993, GLONASS is analogous to the U.S. NAVSTAR system. Initially it had 24 satellites, but because more had re-entered the atmosphere than been launched over the last few years, the number had fallen to eight before this latest launch. Another reason why there were so few new launches is that the army has many more immediate problems than satellite communications. At present, the U.S. army has 200,000 receiving stations for NAVSTAR; Russia has only 1,000.

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