USIS Washington File

22 March 2000

Text: Panel to Review Energy Dept.'s Nonproliferation Programs in Russia

(Lloyd Cutler, Howard Baker named co-chairmen)  (3,050)

U.S. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson has appointed a panel to review
and assess the Department of Energy's (DOE) nonproliferation programs
in Russia and to recommend how those programs could be enhanced.

A March 21 DOE press release said former White House counsel Lloyd
Cutler and former Senate majority leader Howard Baker will serve as

In addition to Cutler and Baker, panel members are (in alphabetical
order): Andrew Athy, Graham Allison, Brian Atwood, Bruce Blair, David
Boren, Lynn Davis, Butler Derrick, Susan Eisenhower, Lee Hamilton,
Robert Hanfling, Gary Hart, Jim McClure, Sam Nunn, Alan Simpson, David
Skaggs, and John Tuck.

Secretary Richardson said the members of this group are experts in the
field of Russian nonproliferation and national security, and he looks
forward to "a hard and fair examination of DOE's nonproliferation

The release said the panel will assess a range of topics including the
Nuclear Cities Initiative, the Material Protection Control and
Accounting Program, the International Nuclear Safety Program, and the
Plutonium Disposition Program.
Following is the text of the release, which includes biographical
information about the panel members:

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U.S. Department of Energy
Washington, D.C.
March 21, 2000


Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson has appointed a blue-ribbon panel
to review and assess the Energy Department's nonproliferation programs
in Russia and recommend how its nonproliferation efforts can be
enhanced. Former White House Counsel Lloyd Cutler and former Senate
Majority Leader Howard Baker will serve as co-chairmen of the panel.
The list of appointees is attached.

The task force will assess the Energy Department's ongoing
nonproliferation activities with Russia, and will provide policy
recommendations on how to support effectively U.S. national security
interests. The assessment will include, but not be limited to the
following topics: Initiatives for the Proliferation Prevention
Program; the Nuclear Cities Initiative; the Material Protection
Control and Accounting Program; the Second Line of Defense Program;
the HEU Purchase Agreement; the International Nuclear Safety Program;
and the Plutonium Disposition Program.

The task force held its first meeting on March 13. During that
meeting, Under Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz presented an
overview of the department's nonproliferation efforts in Russia. Rose
Gottemoeller, Acting Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear
Nonproliferation, provided a briefing on reducing vulnerability; Laura
Holgate, Assistant Deputy Administrator for Fissile Material
Disposition, talked about the plutonium disposition agreement; Terry
Lash, Assistant Deputy Administrator for International Nuclear Safety
and Cooperation, discussed nuclear safety and cooperation; Leonard
Spector, Assistant Deputy Administrator for Arms Control and
Nonproliferation, spoke about Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention
and Nuclear Cities Initiative; and Maureen McCarthy, science advisor
to the Under Secretary, addressed the proposed proliferation-resistant
reactor technology joint research and development.

"I look forward to a hard and fair examination of DOE's
nonproliferation programs. The distinguished group of members selected
to serve on this task force are experts in the field of Russian
nonproliferation and national security," said Secretary Richardson.
"Their unique leadership skills will provide balanced and timely
advice in helping to fulfill the department's mission."

A brief biographical sketch of each task force member follows:

Lloyd Cutler is one of the founding partners of Wilmer, Cutler and
Pickering, and maintains an active practice in several fields that
include international arbitration and dispute resolution,
constitutional law, appellate advocacy and public policy advice.
Cutler has served as Counsel to Presidents Clinton and Carter. Mr.
Cutler served as senior consultant on the President's Commission on
Strategic Forces (the Scowcroft Commission) from 1983 to 1984. From
1979 to 1980, he served as Special Counsel to the President on
Ratification of the SALT II Treaty and from 1977 to 1979, served as
the President's Special Representative for Maritime Resource and
Boundary Negotiations with Canada. Mr. Cutler received his bachelor of
arts and bachelor of law degrees from Yale University and was awarded
an honorary Doctor of Laws degree in 1983.

Senator Howard Baker, Jr. has returned to private life and the
practice of law after serving in the United States Senate from 1967 to
1985, and as President Reagan's chief of staff from February 1987
until July 1988. Senator Baker's career as a lawyer began in 1949,
when he joined his father, the late Congressman Howard Baker, in a law
practice founded by his grandfather. He returned to that practice
after leaving the Senate in 1985 and then again after leaving the
White House in 1988. Baker was a candidate for the Republican
nomination for President in 1980. Senator Baker was a United Nations
delegate in 1976 and served on the President's Foreign Intelligence
Board from 1985 to 1987 and from 1988 to 1990. He is a member of the
Council on Foreign Relations, serves on the board of the Forum for
International Policy, and is an International Councilor for the Center
for Strategic and International Studies. Baker resides in his
birthplace, Huntsville, Tennessee.

Andrew Athy, Jr. is a partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm of
O'Neill, Athy and Casey. In January 1999, Secretary Richardson named
Athy the chairman of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. Athy
recently served on the four-person search committee for the new Under
Secretary of the National Nuclear Security Administration. From 1978
to 1981, he served as counsel to the U.S. House of Representatives'
Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Power; from 1976 to
1978, he was an attorney in the Office of the General Counsel of the
Federal Election Commission; and from 1973 to 1975, Athy was Assistant
Attorney General in the Criminal Division of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts. Mr. Athy received an undergraduate degree from the
University of Pennsylvania and a law degree from the Georgetown
University Law Center.

Graham Allison is the Douglas Dillon Professor of Government and
Director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at
the Kennedy School. From January 1993 until March 1994, he served as
assistant secretary of defense for policy and plans, formulating
Department of Defense strategy and policy toward Russia, Ukraine and
the other states of the former Soviet Union. As dean of the Kennedy
School from 1977 to 1989, he led the effort to create a major
professional school of government. His teaching and research focuses
on American foreign policy, defense, U.S.-Soviet relations, and the
political economy of transitions to economic and political democracy.
Allison has served as special advisor to Secretaries of Defense
Weinberger, Carlucci, Cheney, Aspin and Perry; director of the Council
of Foreign Relations; and consultant to various departments of

Brian Atwood is the Executive Vice President of Citizens Energy
Corporation and Director of Citizens International. From 1993 to 1999,
Mr. Atwood served as Administrator of the U.S. Agency for
International Development, where he served as chairman of the Overseas
Private Investment Corporation and was Undersecretary of State for
Management in 1993. Before that, Atwood served as a Foreign Service
Officer, staff member for Senator Thomas Eagleton, Executive Director
of the Democratic Senatorial Congressional Committee, and President of
the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs from 1986
to 1993. Mr. Atwood received a B.A. from Boston University and has
completed graduate work at American University, where he later
received an honorary doctorate.

Bruce Blair is an expert on the security policies of the United States
and the former Soviet Union, specializing in nuclear forces and
command-control systems, and was recently named President of the
Center for Defense Intelligence. Prior to that, Blair spent 13 years
at the Brookings Institution, where he was a senior fellow in the
Foreign Policy Studies Program. In 1970, he received a B.S. in
communications from the University of Illinois. He served in the U.S.
Air Force from 1970 to 1974, as a Minuteman ICBM launch control
officer and support officer for the Strategic Air Command's Airborne
Command Post. Blair earned a master's degree in management sciences in
1977, and a doctorate in operations research in 1984, both from Yale
University. He has studied extensively the Russian military-industrial
economy, and early in his career was a project director at the
Congressional Office of Technology Assessment.

David Boren is the President of the University of Oklahoma. From 1974
to 1978, he was Governor of Oklahoma and from 1979 to 1994, he served
in the U.S. Senate from Oklahoma. Before he became Governor, Senator
Boren served in the Oklahoma Legislature. During his time in the U.S.
Senate, Boren served on the Senate Finance and Agriculture Committees
and was the longest-serving chairman of the Senate Select Committee on
Intelligence. Senator Boren also chaired the special 1992 to 1993
Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress, which produced
proposals to make Congress more efficient and responsive by
streamlining bureaucracy, reducing staff sizes, and reforming
procedures to end legislative gridlock. In 1993, Boren received the
Henry Yost Award as Education Advocate of the Year. Senator Boren
holds degrees from Yale University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar.

Lynn Davis is currently a Senior Fellow at the Rand Corporation. She
served on the review boards that investigated the embassy bombings in
East Africa and is on the Study Group of the Commission on National
Security/21st Century. From 1993 to 1997, Davis was Under Secretary of
State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs. She played
a central role in the negotiations that produced NATO's expansion, the
guidelines for the START III Treaty, the nonproliferation agreement
with the Russians and Chinese on missile transfers and conventional
arms, and the establishment of the Wassenaar Arrangement, a
multilateral regime that coordinates conventional arms sales policies.
Prior to joining the State Department, Dr. Davis was Vice President
and Director of the Arroyo Center at RAND. She also served on the
staffs of the Secretary of Defense, the National Security Council, and
the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. She was Director of
Studies at the National War College and Columbia University. She has a
doctorate in Political Science from Columbia University.

Butler Derrick is a partner in the law firm of Powell, Goldstein,
Frazer and Murphy. From 1974 to 1994, Congressman Derrick represented
the Third District of South Carolina in the U.S. House of
Representatives. During that time, Mr. Derrick served as Vice Chairman
of the House Rules Committee and Chief Deputy Majority Whip. He was a
member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1969 to
1974. He was a principal organizer of the South Carolina Water
Resources Commission and was Vice Chairman of the South Carolina
Nuclear Energy Committee. Derrick received his law degree from the
University of Georgia.

Susan Eisenhower is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Nixon
Center and is also chairman of the Center for Political and Strategic
Studies based at the University of Maryland. She has concentrated
almost 14 years of her career on U.S.-Soviet and then U.S.-Russian
relations, while placing special emphasis on the changing political,
economic and social development in the former Soviet Union. In the
mid-1980s, Eisenhower started traveling to the Soviet Union, initially
as co-chairman of the first open and televised bilateral policy debate
in Soviet history. In 1998, she was elected to the National Academy of
Sciences Standing Committee on International Security and Arms
Control. During the fall of 1998, Eisenhower spent the fall semester
at Harvard as a visiting fellow at the Kennedy School of Government's
Institute of Politics. In 1998, she was also appointed to the National
Advisory Council of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Lee Hamilton is the director of the Woodrow Wilson International
Center for Scholars. Prior to joining the Wilson Center, Congressman
Hamilton represented southern Indiana in the U.S. House of
Representatives from 1965 to 1999. He served as Chairman and Ranking
Member of the House Committee on International Relations, the Joint
Economic Committee, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence,
the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress, as well as
serving as Chairman of the October Surprise Task Force and the Select
Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. In
addition to his duties with the Wilson Center, Mr. Hamilton serves on
numerous panels and commissions including the Secretary of Defense's
National Security Study Group and the Director of the Central
Intelligence Agency Economic Intelligence Advisory Panel. Hamilton
attended Goethe University (Frankfurt, Germany) and holds degrees from
Depauw University and Indiana University School of Law.

Robert Hanfling is president of Robert I. Hanfling Associates and a
senior advisor at Putnam, Hayes & Bartlett Inc., an international
management and economic consulting firm. He served as chairman of the
Secretary of Energy Advisory Board from 1995 to 1997. He served as
Deputy Under Secretary of Energy from 1979 to 1980. He received a
bachelor's degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a MBA with
a specialization in international trade from the City University of
New York.

Gary Hart serves as counsel in the Denver office of Coudert Brothers,
a multinational law firm. Senator Hart represented the state of
Colorado in the United States Senate from 1975 to 1987 and was a
candidate for the Democratic nomination for President in 1984. During
his 12 years in the Senate, he served on the Armed Services, Budget
and Environmental Committees. He was also a congressional advisor to
the SALT II talks in Geneva and held lengthy discussions in Moscow
with General Secretary Gorbachev and Foreign Minister Shevardnadze on
arms control, human rights and other international issues. Hart is a
member of the Board of Directors of the Russian-American Enterprise
Fund, which was created by Congress in 1993. In 1996, Senator Hart was
McCallum Memorial Lecturer at Oxford and in 1998 was Regents Lecturer
at the University of California. He is currently a member of the
Defense Policy Board and a member of the Commission on U.S. National
Security in the 21st Century. Senator Hart is a graduate of the Yale
Law School, the Yale Divinity School and Southern Nazarene University.

Jim McClure is co-founder of the law firm McClure, Gerard &
Neuenschwander Inc. (MGN). Prior to that, he served for 24 years as a
member of Congress from Idaho, of which the last 18 years was a member
of the United States Senate. Senator McClure was chairman of the
Energy and Natural Resources Committee, the Senate Steering Committee
and the Senate Republican Conference. Mr. McClure is widely recognized
for his expertise on environmental, energy and natural resource
matters including transportation, nuclear energy, natural gas, oil and
electricity issues. McClure played a major role in negotiating an
agreement between the state of Idaho, the Department of Energy and the
U.S. Navy regarding shipment and storage of nuclear waste material to
the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. He also serves on a number
of corporate boards, as well as several volunteer boards. Senator
McClure is a graduate of the University of Idaho College of Law.

Sam Nunn is a senior partner in the Atlanta law firm of King &
Spalding, where he focuses his practice on international and corporate
matters. From 1972 to 1996, he served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia.
During his tenure in the Senate, Senator Nunn served as chairman of
the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Subcommittee on
Investigations. He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business
Committees. His legislative achievements include the Cooperative
Threat Reduction Program, also known as the Nunn-Lugar program, which
provides incentives for the former Soviet Republics to dismantle and
safely handle their nuclear arsenals. Senator Nunn also drafted the
landmark Department of Defense Reorganization Act with the late
Senator Barry Goldwater. He has continued his service in the public
policy arena as a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of
International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology, and as
chairman of the board of the Center for Strategic and International
Studies in Washington, D.C. He also serves as co-chairman of The
Concord Coalition, a grassroots organization formed to educate the
public on our nation's fiscal challenges.

Alan Simpson is the Director of the Institute of Politics at Harvard
University's Kennedy School of Government. From 1979 to 1997, Senator
Simpson served as United States Senator from Wyoming. While in the
Senate, he was Assistant Majority Leader for 10 years. Prior to his
time in the Senate, Simpson served for 13 years in Wyoming's
legislature. Mr. Simpson serves on numerous boards and commissions.

David Skaggs is the Executive Director of the Democracy & Citizenship
Program at the Aspen Institute, and is counsel to the Washington,
D.C.-based law firm of Hogan & Hartson. Congressman Skaggs also serves
as an Adjunct Professor at the University of Colorado. Skaggs
represented the Second District of Colorado in the U.S. House of
Representatives from 1987 to 1999. During Mr. Skaggs' last six years
in Congress, he was a member of the Permanent Select Committee on
Intelligence, where he devoted particular attention to classification
and information security issues. He was a founding co-chairman of the
House Bipartisan Retreat and the Constitutional Forum. Prior to
serving in elected office, Mr. Skaggs practiced law in Boulder,
Colorado. He was chief of staff to then Congressman Timothy Wirth from
1974 to 1977. He served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1963 to 1965;
and was a major in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserves from 1965 to 1968.
In addition to current duties, Mr. Skaggs serves on a number of boards
and committees. He recently completed work as a member of the
Department of State's Overseas Presence Advisory Panel.

John Tuck is a Senior Policy Advisor at Baker, Donelson, Bearman &
Caldwell. From February 1989 to 1992, Tuck served as the former Under
Secretary of Energy. Prior to working at the Energy Department, he
served in several positions at the White House including Assistant to
the President. From 1981 to 1986, Tuck worked in the U.S. Senate as
Assistant Secretary for the Majority, and also held a number of other
positions on Capitol Hill including Chief of the Minority Floor
Information Services from 1977 to 1980. Mr. Tuck was commissioned in
the U.S. Navy from 1967 to 1973 and served as a Captain in the Naval
Reserve until he retired in 1994. He holds a bachelor's degree from
Georgetown University.

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