Index Military Lexicon

Military Lexicon


1. What’s a Lexicon? This Lexicon is a composite of acronyms and definitions chosen to complement the mission of New Systems Training Office. We have called it a lexicon because the development and training of new systems for today’s Army is evolving a whole new techspeak language. The following definitions are from Merriam Webster. Perhaps they will help.

Pronunciation: 'lek-s&-"kän also -k&n
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural lex·i·ca /-k&/; or lexicons
Etymology: Late Greek lexikon, from neuter of lexikos of words, from Greek lexis word, speech, from legein to say - more at LEGEND
Date: 1603
1 : a book containing an alphabetical arrangement of the words in a language and their definitions : DICTIONARY
2 a : the vocabulary of a language, an individual speaker or group of speakers, or a subject b : the total stock of morphemes in a language

Pronunciation: glä-'sar-E
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -ries
Date: 14th century
: a collection of textual glosses or of specialized terms with their meanings
- glos·sar·i·al /glä-'sar-E-&l, glo-, -'ser-/ adjective

Pronunciation: 'dik-sh&-"ner-E
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -nar·ies
Etymology: Medieval Latin dictionarium, from Late Latin diction-, dictio word, from Latin, speaking
Date: 1526
1 : a reference book containing words usually alphabetically arranged along with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses
2 : a reference book listing alphabetically terms or names important to a particular subject or activity along with discussion of their meanings and applications
3 : a reference book giving for words of one language equivalents in another
4 : a list (as of items of data or words) stored in a computer for reference (as for information retrieval or word processing)

2. What You Will Find. This Lexicon contains abbreviations, symbols, acronyms, functional designations, letter combinations, code names, initialisms, nicknames, mnemonic devices, project names, alphabetical contractions, and general slang.

a. Who’s Right? This Lexicon is not official. We have neither the charter or the resources to publish a definitive official work. The entries were gathered from various official and non-official [U.S.] Government sources, publications — Army, Department of Defense, contractors — and from informed contributors who provided them in out of sheer benevolence. Many of these sources disagree, even the official ones, on the proper definition or expansion of an acronym. Thus many entries will have several acronym expansions and/or differing definitions.

b. Why So Much? Military terminology seems, as it mind-boggles along in its incredibly complex advance toward the Twenty-First Century, to be becoming increasingly acronymic and the acronyms themselves are convoluting into second– and third–generation condensations. Thus "radar", which stands for "radio-assisted-detection-and-ranging" has become an integral part of "FLIR" which stands for "forward-looking-infrared-radar". These entries keep popping up like bubbles in beer, and it is impossible for us to be universally current, but we try. Some of the entries are old and superseded. We included these for historical value.

c. Conflicting or Multiple Definitions. We used the latest and most authoritative sources we could find. All the information we found, except the frivolous, obscene, or pejorative is provided. At times, different references defined a term or abbreviation differently. We show but do not solve dichotomies. We included conflicting versions and, when possible, credited their source. The user must decide, based on context and common sense, which to use. Whenever there is more than one definition, the definitions have been numbered. The numbers usually reflect the chronological order in which they were entered — not any order of preference or accuracy.

d. Capitalization. For rationale not documented in any Army regulation we can find, and contrary to rules of the English language, many definers of acronyms choose to express the resulting expansion in capitalized words, or, if they are profoundly lazy, in all capital letters. We feel this is a disservice to those looking to correctly use the definitions and have placed all acronym expansions except proper names or titles in lower case. In some cases placing these words in context will necessitate capitalization, e.g., the commander, but the 305th MI BN Commander. If we erred, the error will usually result in an inappropriate lower case because the reference we used simply did not provide enough information to tell us if the expansion was a generic or specific title. Again, the user must decide based on context and subject-matter knowledge.

3. Other Sources for Military Definitions. If you are unable to find the definition you need from this reference, refer to the Links listed in the NSTO On-Line Desl Reference for additional dictionaries and acronym lists and search engines.


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SOURCE - New Systems Training Office