Index Military Definitions

-ilities. [DSMC] The operational and support requirements a program must address (e.g., availability, maintainability, vulnerability, reliability, logistic supportability, etc.)

I go. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A code meaning, "I am leaving my patrol/mission in minutes." See also I stay.

I stay. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Am remaining with you on patrol/mission hours." See also I go.

icon. Symbolic, pictorial representation of a particular function or task.

identification. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The process of determining the friendly or hostile character of an unknown detected contact.

l In arms control, the process of determining which nation is responsible for the detected violations of any arms control measure.

l In ground combat operations, discrimination between recognizable objects as being friendly or enemy, or the name that belongs to the object as a member of a class.

identification, friend or foe (IFF). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A system using electromagnetic transmissions to which equipment carried by friendly forces automatically responds, for example, by emitting pulses, thereby distinguishing themselves from enemy forces.

identification, friend or foe/ selective identification feature procedures. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The directives that govern the use of identification, friend or foe selective identification feature equipment. See also identification, friend or foe.

identification friend or foe personal identifier. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The discrete Identification friend or foe code assigned to a particular aircraft, ship, or other vehicle for identification by electronic means.

identification maneuver. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A maneuver performed for identification purposes.

identify. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A code meaning, "Identify the contact designated by any means at your disposal." See also identification, recognition.

identity. See identification; recognition.

idle time. [DSMC] A time interval during which either the worker, the equipment, or both do not perform useful work.

igloo space. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Area in an earth-covered structure of concrete and/or steel designed for the storage of ammunition and explosives. See also storage.

igniter. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A device designed to produce a flame or flash which is used to initiate an explosive train.

ignition system. See firing system.

illumination by diffusion. See indirect illumination.

illumination by reflection. See indirect illumination.

illustration. The use of graphics, animation, or any kind of visual demonstration within a lesson.

image enhancement. A display technique that improves details or contrast between display elements.

image format. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Actual size of negative, scope, or other medium on which image is produced.

image motion compensation. Movement intentionally imparted to film at such a rate as to compensate for the forward motion of an air or space vehicle when photographing ground objects.

imagery. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Collectively, the representations of objects reproduced electronically or by optical means on film, electronic display devices, or other media.

imagery collateral. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The reference materials which support the imagery interpretation function.

imagery correlation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The mutual relationship between the different signatures on imagery from different types of sensors in terms of position and the physical characteristics signified.

imagery data recording. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The transposing of information relating to the airborne vehicle and sensor, such as speed, height, tilt, position, and time, to the matrix block on the sensor record at the moment of image acquisition.

imagery exploitation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The cycle of processing and printing imagery to the positive or negative state, assembly into imagery packs, identification, interpretation, mensuration, information extraction, the preparation of reports, and the dissemination of information.

imagery intelligence (IMINT). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Intelligence derived from the exploitation of collection by visual photography, infrared sensors, lasers, electro-optics, and radar sensors such as synthetic aperture radar wherein images of objects are reproduced optically or electronically on film, electronic display devices, or other media. See also intelligence; photographic intelligence.

imagery interpretation. [JP 1-02]

l (DoD, NATO) The process of location, recognition, identification, and description of objects, activities, and terrain represented on imagery.

l (NATO) The extraction of information from photographs or other recorded images.

imagery interpretation key. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any diagram, chart, table, list, or set of examples, etc., which is used to aid imagery interpreters in the rapid identification of objects visible on imagery.

imagery pack. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An assembly of the records from different imagery sensors covering a common target area.

imagery sortie. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) One flight by one aircraft for the purpose of recording air imagery.

imitative electromagnetic deception. See electromagnetic deception.

immediacy of performance. A statistical rating of task performance data collected by a job analysis survey that indicates the time between job entry and job performance (the time between when the cue is received to perform a task and when the task is performed). A factor that may be used by the critical task selection board.

immediate air support. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Air support to meet specific requests which arise during the course of a battle and which by their nature cannot be planned in advance. See also air support.

immediate airlift requests. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Requests generated which, due to their time-critical nature, cannot be filled by a planned mission.

immediate decontamination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Decontamination carried out by individuals upon coming contaminated, to save life and minimize casualties. This may include decontamination of some personal clothing and/or equipment. See also decontamination, operational decontamination, thorough decontamination.

immediate destination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The next destination of a ship or convoy, irrespective of whether or not onward routing instructions have been issued to it.

immediate message. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A category of precedence reserved for messages relating to situations that gravely affect the security of national/allied forces or populace and that require immediate delivery to the addressee(s). See also precedence.

immediate mission request. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A request for an air strike on a target which, by its nature, could not be identified sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning. See also preplanned mission request.

immediate mission request (reconnaissance). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A request for a mission on a target which, by its nature, could not be identified sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning.

immediate nuclear support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Nuclear support to meet specific requests which arise during the course of a battle, and which, by their nature, cannot be planned in advance. See also nuclear support; preplanned nuclear support.

immediate operational readiness. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those operations directly related to the assumption of an alert or quick-reaction posture. Typical operations include strip alert, airborne alert/indoctrination, no-notice launch of an alert force, and the maintenance of missiles in an alert configuration. See also nuclear weapon exercise; nuclear weapon maneuver.

immediately vital cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A cargo already loaded which the consignee country regards as immediately vital for the prosecution of the war or for national survival, notwithstanding the risk to the ship. If the cargo is carried in a ship of another nation, then that nation must agree to the delivery of the cargo. The use of this term is limited to the period of implementation of the shipping movement policy. See also cargo.

impact action fuse. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A fuze that is set in action by the striking of a projectile or bomb against an object, e.g., percussion fuze, contact fuse. Synonymous with direct action fuse. See also fuse.

impact area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area having designated boundaries within the limits of which all ordnance will detonate or impact.

impact point. See point of impact.

impact pressure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The difference between pitot pressure and static pressure.

implementation. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) Procedures governing the mobilization of the force and the deployment, employment, and sustainment of military operations in response to execution orders issued by the National Command Authorities. 2[TR 350-70] The actual conduct of training by any method of instruction using the validated training materials created during the design and development phases.3[DoD] Conducting training. 4[DSMC] The publication of directives, instructions, regulations, and related documents that define responsibilities and authorities and establish the internal management processes necessary to implement the policies or procedures of a higher authority.

implementation planning. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Operational planning associated with the conduct of a continuing operation, campaign, or war to attain defined objectives. At the national level, it includes the development of strategy and the assignment of strategic tasks to the combatant commanders. At the theater level, it includes the development of campaign plans to attain assigned objectives and the preparation of operation plans and operation orders to prosecute the campaign. At lower levels, implementation planning prepares for the execution of assigned tasks or logistic missions. See also joint operation planning.

implemented project. [DSMC] A cooperative project for which, subsequent to DoD Component or the Office of the Secretary of Defense approval, agreements with one or more allied or friendly nations have been signed and Component funds or funds for cooperative research and development under Title 10 U.S.C.2350a, have been authorized and released.

implementing command. [DSMC] The command responsible for the acquisition and/or modification of the system (USAF).

implosion weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A weapon in which a quantity of fissionable material, less than a critical mass at ordinary pressure, has its volume suddenly reduced by compression (a step accomplished by using chemical explosives) so that it becomes supercritical, producing a nuclear explosion.

impoundment. [DSMC] An action by the President that prevents the obligation or expenditure of budget authority. Deferrals and rescissions are the two types of presidential impoundment.

impoundment resolution. [DSMC] Whenever all or part of any budget authority provided by the Congress is deferred the President must transmit a message to the Congress describing the deferrals. Either house may, at any time, pass a resolution disapproving this deferral of budget authority, thus requiring that the funds be made available for obligation. When no congressional action is taken, deferrals may remain in effect until, but not beyond, the end of the fiscal year. If the funds remain available beyond the end of a FY and continued deferral of their use is desired, the President must transmit a new special message to the Congress. See deferral of budget authority; impoundment.

imprest fund. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A cash fund of a fixed amount established through an advance of funds, without appropriation change, to an authorized imprest fund cashier to effect immediate cash payments of relatively small amounts for authorized purchases of supplies and non-personal services.

imprest funds. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Funds issued by Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) to a military organization to purchase beginning inventory for the operation of an AAFES imprest fund activity. See also Army and Air Force Exchange Service imprest fund activity.

imprint. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Brief note in the margin of a map giving all or some of the following: date of publication, printing, name of publisher, printer, place of publication, number of copies printed, and related information.

improved conventional munitions. [JP 1-02] (DoD)Munitions characterized by the delivery of two or more antipersonnel or antimateriel and/or antiarmor submunitions by an artillery warhead or projectile.

improvised early resupply. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The onward movement of commodities which are available on land and which can be readily loaded into ships. See also element of resupply.

improvised explosive device. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A device placed or fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy, incapacitate, harass, or distract. It may incorporate military stores, but is normally devised from nonmilitary components.

improvised mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A mine fabricated from available materials at or near its point of use.

improvised nuclear device(IND). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A device incorporating radioactive materials designed to result in the dispersal of radioactive material or in the formation of nuclear-yield reaction. Such devices may be fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised modification to a U.S. or foreign nuclear weapon.

in extremis. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A situation of such exceptional urgency that immediate action must be taken to minimize imminent loss of life or catastrophic degradation of the political or military situation.

in ground effect (IGE). Noted by operational ceiling of helicopters; this is the ceiling if the helicopter is flown near to the earth’s surface, i.e., in mountainous terrain.

in support. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An expression used to denote the task of providing artillery supporting fire to a formation or unit. Liaison and observation are not normally provided. See also at priority call; direct support.

in support of. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Assisting or protecting another formation, unit, or organization while remaining under original control.

in the dark. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Not visible on my scope."

in writing. In writing or written means any worded or numbered expression which can be read, reproduced, and later communicated, and includes electronically transmitted and stored information.

in-flight phase. The flight of a missile or space vehicle from launch to detonation or impact.

in-flight report. The transmission from the airborne system of information obtained both at the target and en route.

in-house. Actions performed entirely within the given activity, company, or organization, using its own resources, facilities, and expertise.

in-place force. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A NATO assigned force which, in peacetime, is principally stationed in the designated combat zone of the NATO command to which it is committed.

l Force within a combatant commander's area of responsibility and under the combatant commander's combatant command (command authority).

in-place force. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A NATO assigned force which, in peacetime, is principally stationed in the designated combat zone of the NATO command to which it is committed.

l Force within a combatant commander's area of responsibility and under the combatant commander's combatant command (command authority).

In-process inventory control. [DSMC] The process whereby materials and parts are effectively and efficiently planned and controlled to assure their availability at the required stage of production.

in-process/progress review (IPR). A meeting either in-house or between the customer and the provider to review program status. Periodic evaluations/assessments held at specific points in the stages of the project’s progress.

in-process review/interim program review (IPR). [DSMC] Review of a project or program at critical points to evaluate status and make recommendations to the decision authority.

in-process review (IPR) program. IPR programs are Army acquisitions programs other than DoD major or designated acquisition programs.

in-transit aeromedical evacuation facility. A medical facility, on or in the vicinity of an air base, that provides limited medical care for in-transit patients awaiting air transportation. This type of medical facility is provided to obtain effective utilization of transport airlift within operating schedules. It includes remain overnight facilities, in-transit facilities at aerial ports of embarkation and debarkation, and casualty staging facilities in an overseas combat area. See also aeromedical evacuation unit.

in-transit inventory. That materiel in the military distribution system that is in the process of movement from point of receipt from procurement and production (either contractor's plant or first destination, depending upon point of delivery) and between points of storage and distribution.

in-transit stock. See in-transit inventory.

in-transit visibility. 1The capability provided to a theater combatant commander to have visibility of units, personnel, and cargo while in transit through the Defense Transportation System. 2The immediate availability of data pertaining to the location of materiel intransit from the provider to the requester. 3[JP 1-02] (DoD) The ability to track the identity, status, and location of Department of Defense units, and non-unit cargo (excluding bulk petroleum, oils, and lubricants) and passengers; medical patients; and personal property from origin to consignee or destination across the range of military operations. See also global transportation network.

inactive aircraft inventory. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Aircraft in storage or bailment and/or government-furnished equipment on loan or lease outside of the Defense establishment or otherwise not available to the Military Services.

inactive duty training (IDT). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Authorized training performed by a member of a Reserve component not on active duty or active duty for training and consisting of regularly scheduled unit training assemblies, additional training assemblies, periods of appropriate duty or equivalent training, and any special additional duties authorized for Reserve component personnel by the Secretary concerned, and performed by them in connection with the prescribed activities of the organization in which they are assigned with or without pay. Does not include work or study associated with correspondence courses. See also active duty for training.

Inactive National Guard (ING). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Army National Guard personnel in an inactive status not in the Selected Reserve who are attached to a specific National Guard unit but do not participate in training activities. Upon mobilization, they will mobilize with their units. In order for these personnel to remain members of the Inactive National Guard, they must muster once a year with their assigned unit. Like the Individual Ready Reserve, all members of the Inactive National Guard have legal, contractual obligations. Members of the Inactive National Guard may not train for retirement credit or pay and are not eligible for promotion. See also Individual Ready Reserve; Selected Reserve.

inactive status. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Status of reserve members on an inactive status list of a reserve component or assigned to the Inactive Army National Guard. Those in an inactive status may not train for points or pay, and may not be considered for promotion.

inbound traffic. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Traffic originating in an area outside continental United States destined for or moving in the general direction of continental United States.

incapacitating agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An agent that produces temporary physiological or mental effects, or both, which will render individuals incapable of concerted effort in the performance of their assigned duties.

incapacitating illness or injury (III). The casualty status of a person whose illness or injury requires hospitalization but medical authority does not classify as very seriously ill or injured or seriously ill or injured and the illness or injury makes the person physically or mentally unable to communicate with the next of kin. See also casualty status.

incentive. [DSMC] Motivating the contractor in calculable monetary terms to turn out a product that meets significantly advanced performance goals, to improve on the contract schedule up to and including final delivery, to substantially reduce costs of the work, or to complete the project under a weighted combination of some or all of these objectives.

incentive type contract. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A contract that may be of either a fixed price or cost reimbursement nature, with a special provision for adjustment of the fixed price or fee. It provides for a tentative target price and a maximum price or maximum fee, with price or fee adjustment after completion of the contract for the purpose of establishing a final price or fee based on the contractor's actual costs plus a sliding scale of profit or fee that varies inversely with the cost but which in no event shall permit the final price or fee to exceed the maximum price or fee stated in the contract. See also cost contract; fixed price type contract.

incident. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In information operations, an assessed event of attempted entry, unauthorized entry, or an information attack on an automated information system. It includes unauthorized probing and browsing; disruption or denial of service; altered or destroyed input, processing, storage, or output of information; or changes to information system hardware, firmware, or software characteristics with or without the users' knowledge, instruction, or intent. See also information operations.

incident classification. See search and rescue incident classification.

incident control point. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A designated point close to a terrorist incident where crisis management forces will rendezvous and establish control capability before initiating a tactical reaction. See also antiterrorism.

incidents. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Brief clashes or other military disturbances generally of a transitory nature and not involving protracted hostilities.

inclination angle. See pitch angle.

incremental funding. [DSMC] The provision (or recording) of budgetary resources for a program or project based on obligations estimated to be incurred within a fiscal year when such budgetary resources will cover only a portion of the obligations to be incurred in completing the program or project as programmed. This differs from full funding, where budgetary resources are provided or recorded for the total estimated obligations for a program or project in the initial year of funding. (For distinction, see full funding.) Most commonly used for research and development as opposed to production, which must be fully funded.

indefinite call sign. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A call sign which does not represent a specific facility, command, authority, activity, or unit, but which may represent any one or any group of these. See also call sign.

indefinite delivery type contract. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A type of contract used for procurements where the exact time of delivery is not known at time of contracting.

indefinite quantity contract. [DSMC] Provides for furnishing an indefinite quantity, within stated limits, of specific supplies or services, during a specified contract period, with deliveries to be scheduled by the timely placement of orders upon the contractor by activities designated either specifically or by class.

independent. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A merchant ship under naval control sailed singly and unescorted by a warship. See also military independent.

independent cost analysis (ICA). An analysis of program office and/or Component cost estimates conducted by an impartial body disassociated from the management of the program. (see Title 10, United States Code, Section 2434, Independent Cost Estimates; Operational Manpower Requirements)

independent cost estimate (ICE). An ICE is any cost estimate developed in organizational channels separate and independent from program proponency channels and having the express purpose of serving as an analytical tool to validate or cross-check cost estimates developed in proponency channels.

independent ejection system. See ejection systems.

independent evaluation (IE). IE is the process used by independent evaluators to determine if the system satisfies the approved requirements. It will render an assessment of data from all sources and an engineering or operational analysis to evaluate the adequacy and capability of the system.

independent evaluation report (IER). An IER provides a written report on an IE (see above).

independent Government cost estimate (IGCE). [DSMC] An estimate of the cost for goods and/or estimate of services to be procured by contract. Such estimates are prepared by government personnel, i.e., independent of contractors.

independent learning. [TR 350-70] Usually, learning outside the classroom environment. It is similar to learning from homework but should not be confused with individualized instruction.

independent mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine which is not controlled by the user after laying. See also mine.

independent parametric cost estimate (IPCE). A highly aggregated, output related (physical and/or performance parameter), system lifecycle cost estimate accomplished outside of the functional control of the program proponents.

independent relationship. Occurs when skills and knowledges in one objective are unrelated to those in another objective. Mastering one of the objectives does not simplify the other.

independent research and development (IRD). 1IRD is a technological link between DoD and industry. It provides DoD with the mechanism to become aware of the latest independent scientific and technological efforts of the industry in support of DoD needs. 2[DSMC] Technical effort by industry which is not sponsored by, or required in performance of, a contract and which consists of projects falling within the areas of basic and applied research, development, and systems and other concept formulation studies. Also, discretionary funds which industry can allocate to projects.

independent review. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In computer modeling and simulation, a review performed by competent, objective reviewers who are independent of the model developer. Independent review includes either:

l A detailed verification and/or validation of the model or simulation.

l An examination of the verification and/or validation performed by the model or simulation developer.

See also accreditation; configuration management; validation; verification.

independent study. [TR 350-70] Typically, a special project or assignment of selected readings for students seeking more information on a course topic.

independent verification and validation (IV&V). [DSMC] An independent review of the software product for functional effectiveness and technical sufficiency.

index terms. [TP 25-71] A Government Information Locator Service data element that is a grouping of descriptive terms drawn from a controlled vocabulary source to aid users in locating entries of potential interest.

indicated airspeed. See airspeed.

indicated airspeed hold mode. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In a flight control system, a control mode in which desired indicated airspeed of an aircraft is maintained automatically.

indicating. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Contact speed, by plot, is ."

indications (intelligence). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information in various degrees of evaluation, all of which bears on the intention of a potential enemy to adopt or reject a course of action.

indications and warning. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those intelligence activities intended to detect and report time-sensitive intelligence information on foreign developments that could involve a threat to the United States or allied military, political, or economic interests or to U.S. citizens abroad. It includes:

l Forewarning of enemy actions or intentions.

l The imminence of hostilities, insurgency, or nuclear/non-nuclear attack on the United States, its overseas forces, or allied nations.

l Hostile reactions to United States reconnaissance activities.

l Terrorist attacks.

l Other similar events.

indicator. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In intelligence usage, an item of information that reflects the intention or capability of a potential enemy to adopt or reject a course of action. 2Activities that can contribute to the determination of a friendly course of action.

indicator behavior. Refers to that behavior that indicates the presence of a specific attitude.

indirect air support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All forms of air support provided to land or naval forces which do not immediately assist those forces in the tactical battle.

indirect cost pool. [DSMC] A grouping of incurred costs identified with two or more cost objectives, but not specifically identified with any final cost objective.

indirect costs. [DSMC] Costs which, because of their incurrence for common or joint objectives, are not readily subject to treatment as direct costs.

indirect fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fire delivered on a target that is not itself used as a point of aim for the weapons or the director.

indirect illumination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Battlefield illumination provided by employing searchlight or pyrotechnic illuminants using diffusion or reflection:

l illumination by diffusion. Illumination of an area beneath and to the flanks of a slightly elevated searchlight or of pyrotechnic illuminants, by the light scattered from atmospheric particles.

l illumination by reflection. Illumination of an area by reflecting light from low cloud. Either or both of these effects are present when a searchlight is used in defilade or with its beam spread to maximum width.

indirect laying. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Aiming a gun either by sighting at a fixed object, called the aiming point, instead of the target or by using a means of pointing other than a sight, such as a gun director, when the target cannot be seen from the gun position.

individual and collective training plan (ICTP). Obsolete, see system training plan (STRAP).

individual equipment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Referring to method of use, signifies personal clothing and equipment, for the personal use of the individual. See also equipment.

individual mobilization augmentee. An individual Reservist attending drills who receives training and is preassigned to an Active Component organization, a Selective Service System, or a Federal Emergency Management Agency billet that must be filled on, or shortly after, mobilization. Individual mobilization augmentees train on a part time basis with these organizations to prepare for mobilization. Inactive duty training for individual mobilization augmentees is decided by component policy and can vary from 0 to 48 drills a year.

individual mobilization augmentee detachment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An administrative unit organized to train and manage individual mobilization augmentees.

individual protective equipment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In nuclear, biological and chemical warfare, the personal clothing and equipment required to protect an individual from biological and chemical hazards and some nuclear effects.

Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A manpower pool consisting of individuals who have had some training and who have served previously in the Active Component or in the Selected Reserve and have some period of their military service obligation remaining. Members may voluntarily participate in training for retirement points and promotion with or without pay. See also Selected Reserve.

individual ready reservist. A member of the Ready Reserve not assigned to the Selected Reserve and not on active duty.

individual reserves. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The supplies carried on a soldier, animal, or vehicle for individual use in an emergency. See also reserve supplies.

individual soldier's report (ISR). The ISR is a report provided to the soldier following a self-development test. This report indicates the number of questions, how many the soldier answered correctly, his/her score, and a percentile ranking. The final ISR provides an SDT score and a percentile ranking.

individual sponsored dependent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A dependent not entitled to travel to the overseas command at Government expense or who enters the command without endorsement of the appropriate overseas commander.

individual task analysis. [TR 350-70] The process used to identify the individual task performance specifications. They describe how the task is actually performed, under what conditions it is performed, and how well the individual must perform it. This analysis is needed to establish the individual training strategy and to design and develop follow-on training. See task performance specifications.

individual task training package (ITTP). Data that provides personnel with critical task performance requirements associated with a specific job. See training support package (TSP).

individual training. [TR 350-70]

l Training which prepares the soldier to perform specified duties or tasks related to an assigned duty position or subsequent duty positions and skill level.

l "Training which officers and NCOs (leader training) or soldiers (soldier training) receive in schools, units, or by self study. This training prepares the individual to perform specified duties or tasks related to the assigned or next higher specialty code or skill level and duty position." (AR 350-41)

individual training plan (ITP).1[TR 350-70] A document prepared for each military occupational specialty, warrant officer military occupational specialty, commissioned officer specialty code, or separate functional training program that describes the overall plan to satisfy training requirements and document the long range training strategy. 2[DoD] A narrative description, a milestone schedule, a resource estimate, a resource summary supplement, a list of ammunition requirements, and an analysis plan, when available.

individual training standards (ITSs). The standards used to specify individual training proficiency requirements (tasks) that support unit mission performance. They include a task (behavior), conditions, proficiency standards (often steps), and references. ITSs are generally derived from mission performance standards (MPSs).

individual training strategies. See training strategy.

individual trial. [TR 350-70] In lesson-effectiveness testing, the initial tryout of lesson material on soldiers representative of the target population. See individual tryouts.

individual tryouts. In training material validation (effectiveness testing), the initial tryout of the training materials on students from the target population. Also called individual trial and tryout, individual.

individual-paced instruction. See self-paced instruction.

individualized instruction. [TR 350-70] Instruction that attends to the individual needs of and differences among students. Properly developed individualized instruction is characterized by attending to individual student’s training objectives, allowing for individual start times, adjusting for individual entry skill levels, releasing of some time constraints, offering a choice of learning media, and using criterion-referenced measures of mastery. Mandatory completion criteria, including time, must be established.

induced environment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any manmade or equipment-made environment which directly or indirectly affects the performance of soldier or materiel.

induced precession. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A precession resulting from a torque deliberately applied to a gyro.

induced radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Radiation produced as a result of exposure to radioactive materials, particularly the capture of neutrons. See also contamination; initial radiation; residual radiation; residual radioactivity.

induction circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a circuit actuated by the rate of change in a magnetic field due to the movement of the ship or the changing current in the sweep.

inductive design. A design where examples are presented followed by the rule. The emphasis is on discovery of concepts.

inductive reasoning. The student is provided training and given examples to determine what all have in common. A mental process in which students are asked to examine pieces of evidence to form a related pattern and then draw a conclusion from the evidence.

industrial base. That part of the total privately owned and [U.S.] Government owned industrial production and depot-level equipment and maintenance capacity in the United States and its territories and possessions, as well as capacity located in Canada, that is or shall be made available in an emergency for the manufacture of items required by the U.S. Military Services and selected allies.

industrial base factors analysis. [DSMC] An industrial base factors analysis is prepared to assess the near-term and long-range effect of a proposed international agreement on the U.S. defense industrial base. The analysis is to address both the immediate effort and the projected development, production, and/or support of any proposed follow-on effort. Effects on prime and sub-tier industries are to be considered. This information:

l Is required for all proposed international agreements for research, development, and/or production of defense items;

l Is to be provided by the cognizant DoD component along with other required documentation when a proposed agreement is submitted for OSD approval of authority to negotiate or conclude in accordance with DoD Directive 5530.3;

l Will be used by OSD, with the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) having the lead, during its review of the memorandum of understanding and preparation of a final industrial base impact assessment.

industrial capability. [DSMC] That part of the total privately owned and government owned industrial production and depot level equipment and maintenance capacity in the United States and its territories and possessions, as well as capacity located in Canada, that is, or shall be made available in an emergency, for the manufacture of items required by the U.S. military services and selected allies.

industrial engineering/detailed estimate. [DSMC] The art and science of utilizing and coordinating personnel, equipment, and materials to attain a desired quantity of output at a specified time and at an optimum cost. This may include gathering, analyzing, and acting upon facts pertaining to building and facilities, layouts, personnel organization, operating procedures, methods, processes, schedules, time standards, wage rates, wage-payment plans, costs, and systems for controlling the quality and quantity of goods and services.

industrial facilities. [DSMC] Industrial property (other than material, special tooling, military property, and special test equipment) for production, maintenance, research and development, or test, including real property and rights therein, buildings, structures, improvements, and plant equipment.

industrial fund (IF). [DSMC] A revolving fund established at DoD industrial type activities where products or services are provided to external users. The purpose of the fund is to provide a more effective means of controlling costs; establish a flexible means for financing, budgeting and accounting; encourage the creation of buyer-seller relationships; place budgeting, and accounting on a more commercial basis; and encourage cross-servicing between military departments. Charges to the fund are made for procurement of materials, services, and labor, and the fund is reimbursed by proceeds from the sale of products and services.

industrial mobilization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The transformation of industry from its peacetime activity to the industrial program necessary to support the national military objectives. It includes the mobilization of materials, labor, capital, production facilities, and contributory items and services essential to the industrial program. See also mobilization.

industrial plant equipment (IPE). [DSMC] That part of planned equipment exceeding defined acquisition cost thresholds, used for the purpose of cutting, abrading, grinding, shaping, forming, joining, testing, measuring, heating, treating, or otherwise altering the physical, electrical, or chemical properties of materials, components, or end items, entailed in manufacturing, maintenance, supply, processing, assembly, or research and development operations.

industrial preparedness. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The state of preparedness in industry to produce essential materiel to support the national military objectives.

industrial preparedness planning (IPP). IPP is actions to ensure industrial resources are available and capable of satisfying surge and mobilization requirements.

industrial preparedness. The state of preparedness of industry to produce essential materiel to support the national military objectives.

Industrial Preparedness Program. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Plans, actions, or measures for the transformation of the industrial base, both government-owned and civilian-owned, from its peacetime activity to the emergency program necessary to support the national military objectives. It includes industrial preparedness measures such as modernization, expansion, and preservation of the production facilities and contributory items and services for planning with industry.

industrial property. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As distinguished from military property, means any contractor acquired or government-furnished property, including materials, special tooling, and industrial facilities, furnished or acquired in the performance of a contract or subcontract.

industrial quality. That level of quality that is higher than typical consumer or home applications and is meant for the rigorous professional environment.

industrial readiness. See industrial preparedness.

industrial resource analysis. [DSMC] A discrete analysis of industrial base capabilities conducted to determine availability of production resources required to support a major system production program.

industry. [DSMC] The defense industry (private sector contractors) includes large and small organizations providing goods and services to DoD. Their perspective is to represent interests of the owners or stockholders.

inert filling. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A prepared non-explosive filling of the same weight as the explosive filling.

inert mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine or replica of a mine incapable of producing an explosion.

inertial guidance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A guidance system designed to project a missile over a predetermined path, wherein the path of the missile is adjusted after launching by devices wholly within the missile and independent of outside information. The system measures and converts accelerations experienced to distance traveled in a certain direction. See also guidance.

inertial navigation system. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A self-contained navigation system using inertial detectors, which automatically provides vehicle position, heading, and velocity.

infiltration. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The movement through or into an area or territory occupied by either friendly or enemy troops or organizations. The movement is made, either by small groups or by individuals, at extended or irregular intervals. When used in connection with the enemy, it infers that contact is avoided.

l In intelligence usage, placing an agent or other person in a target area in hostile territory. Usually involves crossing a frontier or other guarded line. Methods of infiltration are:

l black (clandestine);

l grey (through legal crossing point but under false documentation);

l white (legal).

infinite loop. [DoD] A sequence of instructions that endlessly repeats.

inflammable cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Cargo such as drummed gasoline and oils. See also cargo.

inflight phase. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The flight of a missile or space vehicle from launch to detonation or impact.

inflight report. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The transmission from the airborne system of information obtained both at the target and en route.

influence field. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The distribution in space of the influence of a ship or minesweeping equipment.

influence mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine actuated by the effect of a target on some physical condition in the vicinity of the mine or on radiations emanating from the mine; includes acoustic, magnetic, pressure, seismic, and underwater potential. See also mine.

influence release sinker. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sinker which holds a moored or rising mine at the seabed and releases it when actuated by a suitable ship influence.

influence sweep. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sweep designed to produce an influence similar to that produced by a ship and thus actuate mines.

informal IPR. This is an informal review which may be convened by the materiel developer, at his/her discretion or when requested by a member, to review project status and determine an appropriate course of action when a formal decision is not required.

informal lecture. An often conversational teaching method with considerable verbal interaction between instructor and student in the form of both questions and discussion. See formal lecture.

informal training. Training accomplished by actions for which structuring is not specifically planned beforehand.

informant. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A person who, wittingly or unwittingly, provides information to an agent, a clandestine service, or the police.

l In reporting, a person who has provided specific information and is cited as a source.

information. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Facts, data, or instructions in any medium or form.

l The meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in their representation.

2[TP 25-71] Facts or knowledge communicated or received.

Information Age. [TP 525-5] The future time period when social, cultural, and economic patterns will reflect the decentralized, nonhierarchical flow of information; contrast this to the more centralized, hierarchical social, cultural, and economic patterns that reflect the Industrial Age's mechanization of production systems.

information assurance (IA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information operations that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and nonrepudiation. This includes providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities. See also information; information system; information operations.

information box. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A space on an annotated overlay, mosaic, map, etc., which is used for identification, reference, and scale information. See also reference box.

information carousels. [TP 525-5] Visualization of future system where commanders/ units can continually access/update a common data base of relevant information (for example, logistics, intelligence, movement).

information dominance. [TP 525-75] The degree of information superiority that allows the possessor to use information systems and capabilities to achieve an operational advantage in a conflict or to control the situation in operations short of war, while denying those capabilities to the adversary.

information environment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aggregate of individuals, organizations, or systems that collect, process, or disseminate information; also included is the information itself. See also information system.

information gathering and analysis. [DSMC] The specific actions taken to gain information about a system element or critical acquisition process for which the level of knowledge is insufficient to permit an informed decision to be made with respect to other risk handling options.

information operations (IO). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) Actions taken to affect adversary information and information systems while defending one's own information and information systems. See also defensive information operations; information; information system; offensive information operations; operation. 2[TP 525-5] Continuous combined arms operations that enable, enhance, and protect the commander's decision cycle and execution while influencing an opponent's; operations are accomplished through effective intelligence, command and control, and command and control warfare operations, supported by all available friendly information systems; battle command information operations are conducted across the full range of military operations. 3[TP 525-75] Continuous military operations within the Military Information Environment that enable, enhance, and protect the commander's decision cycle and mission execution to achieve an information advantage across the full range of military operations. Information operations include interacting with Global Information Environment and exploiting or degrading an adversary's information and decision systems.

information processing. The processing of data representing information and the determination of the meaning of the processed data. See intelligence cycle.

information report. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Report used to forward raw information collected to fulfill intelligence requirements.

information requirements. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Those items of information regarding the enemy and his environment which need to be collected and processed in order to meet the intelligence requirements of a commander. See also priority intelligence requirements.

information resources management. The planning, budgeting, organizing, directing, training, promoting, controlling and management activities associated with the burden, collection, creation, use and dissemination of information, including the management of information and related resources, such as personnel, funds, and information technology.

information security (INFOSEC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information security is the protection of information and information systems against unauthorized access or modification of information, whether in storage, processing, or transit, and against denial of service to authorized users. Information security includes those measures necessary to detect, document, and counter such threats. Information security is composed of computer security and communications security. See also communications security; computer security; information system.

information sheet. [TR 350-70] An information sheet gives a student information not otherwise available or presents the information in a much clearer and/or more condensed form.

information superiority. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The capability to collect, process, and disseminate an uninterruped flow of information while exploiting or denying an adversary's ability to do the same. See also information; information operations.

information system. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) The entire infrastructure, organization, personnel, and components that collect, process, store, transmit, display, disseminate, and act on information. See also information; information warfare. 2[DSMC] A combination of personnel, efforts, forms, instructions, procedures, data, communication facilities, and equipment that provides an organized and interconnected means for displaying information in support of specific functions.

Information technology (IT). 1[DoD] DoD IT/NSS policy defines IT as any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information in support of installation/garrisons, or tactical operations. It includes computers, ancillary equipment such as visual information equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources. 2[TP 71]

l The term information technology, with respect to an executive agency, means any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information by the executive agency. For purposes of the preceding sentence, equipment is used by an executive agency if the equipment is used by the executive agency directly or is used by a contractor under a contract with the executive agency which

l Requires the use of such equipment, or

l requires the use, to a significant extent, of such equipment in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a product.

l The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware, and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources.

l Notwithstanding above, the term information technology does not include any equipment that is acquired by a Federal contractor incidental to a Federal contract.

information warfare (IW). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) Information operations conducted during time of crisis or conflict to achieve or promote specific objectives over a specific adversary or adversaries. See also information; information operations; operation. 2[TP 525-5] Actions taken to preserve the integrity of one's own information system from exploitation, to corrupt or destroy an adversary's information system, and, in the process, to achieve an information advantage in the application of force. 3[DSMC] Actions taken to achieve information superiority by affecting adversary information, information-based processes, information systems, and computer-based networks while defending one's own information, information-based processes, information systems, and computer-based networks.

information-based processes. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Processes that collect, analyze, and disseminate information using any medium or form. These processes may be stand-alone processes or sub-processes which, taken together, comprise a larger system or systems of processes. See also information system.

informer. Person who intentionally discloses to police or to a security service information about persons or activities considered suspect, usually for a financial reward.

Infosphere. 1[CJCSI 6212.01A] The global C4I infrastructure that will provide a communications backbone, information fusion and processing services, and gateway access to support warfighter operations. 2[TP 525-75] The Infosphere refers to the rapidly growing global network of military and commercial command, control, communications computer systems, including the networks linking information data bases and fusion centers that are accessible to the warrior anywhere, anytime, while performing any mission. The Infosphere provides for the worldwide automated information exchange backbone support to joint forces and provides seamless operations from anywhere to anywhere that are secure and transparent to the warrior. This emerging capability is highly flexible to support the adaptive command and control infrastructures of the twenty-first century (Upon approval of FM 100-6, this term and its definition will be included in Joint Pub 1-02).

infrared film. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Film carrying an emulsion especially sensitive to near-infrared. Used to photograph through haze, because of the penetrating power of infrared light; and in camouflage detection to distinguish between living vegetation and dead vegetation or artificial green pigment.

infrared imagery. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That imagery produced as a result of sensing electromagnetic radiations emitted or reflected from a given target surface in the infrared position of the electromagnetic spectrum (approximately 0.72 to 1,000 microns).

infrared linescan system. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A passive airborne infrared recording system which scans across the ground beneath the flight path, adding successive lines to the record as the vehicle advances along the flight path.

infrared photography. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Photography employing an optical system and direct image recording on film sensitive to near-infrared wavelength (infrared film). Note: Not to be confused with infrared imagery.

infrared pointer. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A low power laser device operating in the near infrared light spectrum that is visible with light amplifying night vision devices. Also called IR pointer.

infrared radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Radiation emitted or reflected in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

infrastructure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A term generally applicable to all fixed and permanent installations, fabrications, or facilities for the support and control of military forces. See also bilateral infrastructure; common infrastructure; national infrastructure.

inherent availability. [DSMC] Availability of a system with respect only to operating time and corrective maintenance. It ignores standby and delay times associated with preventive maintenance as well as administrative and logistics down time.

inherent reliability and maintenance (R&M) value. [DSMC] Any measure of reliability or maintainability that includes only the effects of item design and installation, and assumes an ideal operating and support environment.

initial active duty for training. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Basic military training and technical skill training required for all accessions. For non-prior service enlistees, between the ages of 18 1/2 and 26, initial active duty for training shall be not less than 12 weeks and start insofar as practical within 270 days after enlistment. Initial active duty for training for all other enlistees and inductees shall be prescribed by the Secretary concerned and start insofar as practical within 360 days of entry into the service, except in time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or the President when basic training shall be not less than 12 weeks or its equivalent. Reservists may not be assigned to active duty on land outside the United States or its territories and possessions until basic training has been completed.

initial approach. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l That part of an instrument approach procedure in which the aircraft has departed an initial approach fix or point and is maneuvering to enter the intermediate or final approach. It ends at the intermediate fix or point or, where no intermediate segment is established, at the final approach fix or point.

l That part of a visual approach of an aircraft immediately prior to arrival over the airfield of destination, or over the reporting point from which the final approach to the airfield is commenced.

initial approach area. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An area of defined width lying between the last preceding navigational fix or dead reckoning position and either the facility to be used for making an instrument approach or a point associated with such a facility that is used for demarcating the termination of initial approach.

initial assessment (IA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An assessment that provides a basic determination of the viability of the infiltration and exfiltration portion of a proposed special operations forces mission.

initial contact report. See contact report.

initial design. The first basic concept, usually expressed as a flowchart and treatment, that deals with a block of information and the manner in which the blocks will interact, rather than with portions of a lesson or procedure.

initial draft plan. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A plan which has been drafted and coordinated by the originating headquarters, and is ready for external coordination with other military headquarters. It cannot be directly implemented by the issuing commander, but it may form the basis for an operation order issued by the commander in the event of an emergency. See also draft plan; coordinated draft plan; final plan; operation plan.

initial early resupply. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The onward movement of ships which are already loaded with cargoes which will serve the requirements after D-day. This includes such shipping evacuation from major ports/major water terminals and subsequently dispersed to secondary ports/alternate water terminals and anchorages. See also element of resupply.

initial entry into military service. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Entry for the first time into military status (active duty or reserve) by induction, enlistment, or appointment in any service of the Armed Forces of the United States. Appointment may be as a commissioned or warrant officer; as a cadet or midshipman at the service academy of one of the armed forces; or as a midshipman, U.S. Naval Reserve, for U.S. Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps training at a civilian institution.

initial issues. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The issue of materiel not previously furnished to an individual or organization, including new inductees and newly activated organizations, and the issue of newly authorized items of materiel.

initial operational capability (IOC). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) The first attainment of the capability to employ effectively a weapon, item of equipment, or system of approved specific characteristics, and which is manned or operated by an adequately trained, equipped, and supported military unit or force. 2[TP 71] The IOC is the first attainment of the capability by an MTOE unit and supporting elements to operate and maintain effectively a production item or system provided the following:

l The item or system has been type classified as standard or approved for limited production.

l The unit and support personnel have been trained to operate and maintain the item or system in an operational environment.

l The unit can be supported in an operational environment in such areas as special tools, test equipment, repair parts, documentation, and training devices.

initial operational test and evaluation (IOTE). [TR 350-70] Field testing, using typical user personnel, to assess the operational effectiveness and suitably of military materiel. This evaluation is completed prior to a decision to commit funds for full production. The tester conducts the IOTE under realistic operational conditions during the Engineering and Manufacturing Development Phase. IOTE used to be known as the operational test. The abbreviation IOT&E is still found, but is obsolete.

initial path sweeping. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, initial sweeping to clear a path through a mined area dangerous to the following mine sweepers. See also precursor sweeping.

initial photo interpretation report. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A first-phase interpretation report, subsequent to the Joint tactical air reconnaissance/surveillance mission report, presenting the results of the initial readout of new imagery to answer the specific requirements for which the mission was requested.

initial point (IP). [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The first point at which a moving target is located on a plotting board.

l A well-defined point, easily distinguishable visually and/or electronically, used as a starting point for the bomb run to the target.

l Airborne-A point close to the landing area where serials (troop carrier air formations) make final alterations in course to pass over individual drop or landing zones.

l Helicopter-An air control point in the vicinity of the landing zone from which individual flights of helicopters are directed to their prescribed landing sites.

l Any designated place at which a column or element thereof is formed by the successive arrival of its various subdivisions, and comes under the control of the commander ordering the move.

See also target approach point.

initial production facilities (IPF). An IPF is a provisional industrial facility that supports low-rate initial production of systems, end items, or components.

initial programmed interpretation report (IPIR). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A standardized imagery interpretation report providing information on programmed mission objectives or other vital intelligence information which can be readily identified near these objectives, and which has not been reported elsewhere.

initial provisioning. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process of determining the range and quantity of items (i.e., spares and repair parts, special tools, test equipment, and support equipment) required to support and maintain an item for an initial period of service. Its phases include the identification of items of supply, the establishment of data for catalog, technical manual, and allowance list preparation, and the preparation of instructions to assure delivery of necessary support items with related end articles.

initial qualification training. Initial training that qualifies a student to a certain knowledge and skill level required before the student can take more advanced training.

initial radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The radiation, essentially neutrons and gamma rays, resulting from a nuclear burst and emitted from the fireball within one minute after burst. See also induced radiation; residual radiation.

initial reserves. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In an amphibious operations, those supplies which normally are unloaded immediately following the assault waves; usually the supplies for the use of the beach organization, battalion landing teams, and other elements of regimental combat teams for the purpose of initiating and sustaining combat until higher supply installations are established. See also reserve supplies.

initial response force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The first unit, usually military police, on the scene of a terrorist incident. See also antiterrorism.

initial spares. [DSMC] Items procured for logistics support of a system during its initial period of operation.

initial unloading period. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In amphibious operations, that part of the ship-to-shore movement in which unloading is primarily tactical in character and must be instantly responsive to landing force requirements. All elements intended to land during this period are serialized. See also general unloading period.

initial vector. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The initial command heading to be assumed by an interceptor after it has been committed to intercept an airborne object.

initial velocity. See muzzle velocity.

initiating directive. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An order to the commander, amphibious task force, to conduct an amphibious operation. It is issued by the unified commander, subunified commander, service component commander, or joint force commander delegated overall responsibility for the operation.

initiation of procurement action. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That point in time when the approved document requesting procurement and citing funds is forwarded to the procuring activity. See also procurement lead time.

initiative. The ability to set or change the terms of battle; implies an offensive spirit.

injury. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A term comprising such conditions as fractures, wounds, sprains, strains, dislocations, concussions, and compressions. In addition, it includes conditions resulting from extremes of temperature or prolonged exposure. Acute poisonings, except those due to contaminated food, resulting from exposure to a toxic or poisonous substance are also classed as injuries. See also casualty; nonhostile casualty; wounded.

inland petroleum distribution system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A multi-product petroleum pipeline designed to move bulk fuel forward in a theater of operation.

inland search and rescue region. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The inland areas of continental United States, except waters under the jurisdiction of the United States.

inner transport area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In amphibious operations, an area as close to the landing beach as depth of water, navigational hazards, boat traffic, and enemy action permit, to which transports may move to expedite unloading. See also outer transport area; transport area.

insensitive munition. [TP 71] An insensitive munition is a munition (energetic device) which reliably fulfills its performance, readiness, and operational requirements on demand, but which minimizes the probability of inadvertent initiation and severity of subsequent collateral damage to weapons platforms, logistics systems, and personnel when subjected to unplanned stimuli.

insert edit. The type of edit in which new video/audio material is inserted into any point of a preexisting material (or block) already recorded on the master tape. No new time code or control track is recorded.

inshore patrol. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A naval defense patrol operating generally within a naval defense coastal area and comprising all elements of harbor defenses, the coastal lookout system, patrol craft supporting bases, aircraft, and Coast Guard stations.

inspection. 1The action of determining whether a process or product is in compliance with established standards and procedures. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) In arms control, physical process of determining compliance with arms control measures.

installation. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) A grouping of facilities, located in the same vicinity, which support particular functions. Installations may be elements of a base. 2[DSMC] A fixed or relatively fixed location together with its real estate, buildings, structures, utilities, and improvement thereon. It is usually identified with an existing or potential organization and missions or functions. See also base; base complex.

installation commander. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The individual responsible for all operations performed by an installation. See also antiterrorism; base commander; installation.

installation complex. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The individual responsible for all operations performed by an installation. See also antiterrorism; base commander; installation.

l In the Air Force, a combination of land and facilities comprised of a main installation and its noncontiguous properties (auxiliary air fields, annexes and missile fields) which provide direct support to or are supported by that installation. Installation complexes may comprise two or more properties, e.g., a major installation, a minor installation, or a support site, each with its associated annex(es) or support property(ies). See also major installation; minor installation; support site.

installation support schools. Organized and operated by individual units or commands to meet local training requirements.

instant jump. The feature of some videodisk players that allows branching at imperceptible speeds without any screen blanking between frames within certain minimum distances, usually one to 200 frames away.

Institute of International Container Lessors (IICL). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A technical committee consisting of container owners, operators, and manufacturers located in Bedford, NY, who prepare the Repair Manual for Steel Freight Containers. The repair manual implements the physical standards for general cargo containers established by the International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC-International Safe Container Act of 1980, 46 U.S.C. 1503). See also International Convention for Safe Containers.

institution accreditation. [TR 350-70] Certifies that an institution’s training support and conduct of training are adequate to train to course standards. It includes evaluation of all training being conducted to ensure training methodology, sequencing, and resources are IAW course requirements.

instruction. The delivery of information to enable learning. The process by which knowledge and skills are transferred to students. Instruction applies to both training and education.

instruction sheet. A generic term for any of a variety of single-purpose, single-page, or multiple-page guide sheets designed to give the student certain detailed information or instruction about a task to be performed or a learning activity to be undertaken (e.g., assignment, diagram, information, job, outline, note taking, problem solving).

instruction site. The school, unit, or job site where instruction is accomplished. Site and setting are designations of training location, not training form. In analysis the analyst is concerned with site or location selection, not training form selection which is the task of the designers and developers. See training site selection.

instructional class. A group of students being trained under a formal training syllabus.

instructional class capacity. The number of students that may attend an iteration of an instructional unit.

instructional class frequency. The number of times a course will convene during a specified period of time.

instructional conditions. Atmosphere including environmental, physical, and psychological factors. The amount of participation that the instruction requires of the student. Instructional conditions may be active (the student produces or practices) or passive (the student sits and listens).

instructional delivery mode. The environment or instructional setting, (e.g., electronically distributed, instructor led, etc.) in which the Instructional Multimedia Instruction will be used.

instructional delivery system. [TR 350-70] A medium or combination of media (including personnel, equipment, and software) used to convey instruction to the student.

instructional design. The philosophy, methodology, and approach used to deliver information. Some interactive courseware aspects include question strategy, level of interaction, reinforcement, and branching complexity.

instructional designer. Person who designs and develops a program or course of studies based on a systematic analysis.

instructional hour. An hour in the instructional day consisting of 50 minutes of contact time normally followed with a 10 minute break.

instructional literature. Printed material used in the learning process, including that developed for a specific purpose, and other printed matter procured.

instructional management plan. The specifications for the scheduling, instruction, and evaluation of trainees toward the goal of course completion.

instructional material. All items of material prepared, procured, and used in a course or program as part of the teaching or general learning process.

instructional media. The means used to present information to a trainee to induce learning.

instructional media delivery system. Personnel and equipment used to aid in the teaching-learning process. Some examples of delivery systems include instructors, video, projectors, computers, tape players, and video disk players.

instructional mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An inert mine used for instruction and normally sectionalized for this purpose. See also inert mine.

instructional module. A self-contained instructional unit that includes one or more learning objectives, appropriate learning materials and methods, and associated criterion-reference measures.

instructional program. A course of study that meets a training requirement.

instructional requirements. The knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are necessary to satisfy job performance.

instructional setting. The location and physical characteristics of the area in which instruction takes place. The setting can be in a classroom, a laboratory, a field, or workplace location. An example is: a clean, well lighted, temperature controlled classroom equipped with individual desks, chairs, and individual video monitors.

instructional site. [TR 350-70] A physical location where specific instruction is to be accomplished (i.e., school, unit, job site). Despite semantic preferences, a recognition of basic distinction between form of preferences, a recognition of basic distinction between form of training (self-study, supervised on-the-job training), and location of training (resident or job site) is important. In this context, site and setting are designators of training location, not training form. In analysis the analyst is concerned with site (location) selection, not training form selection which is the task of the designers and developers. See training site selection.

instructional step. A portion of material to which the student makes a response. It is a stage in the instructional process that represents progress in the student's mastery. A subject to be taught is broken down into frames, items, or segments (steps). It is assumed that students cannot take later steps in a given sequence before taking the earlier step and that each segment or item represents a step forward.

instructional strategy. The general concept and methodology by which instruction is to be delivered to the student. Such methodologies include tutorial, drill and practice, simulation, and gaming. Also called technique of delivery.

instructional support. Learning resources; different kinds of material, number of instructors, amount of time, and other resources, which will contribute to the completion of the learning process.

instructional system. An integrated combination of all elements (e.g., training material and equipment, personnel, support) necessary to conduct training. Also called training system.

instructional systems development (ISD). A process for the analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation, revision, and operation of a collection of interrelated training elements. A logical process for effectively and efficiently determining what, where, when, and how tasks should be taught. A process for effectively and efficiently achieving a required outcome based on documented needs. A process in which performance requirements are explicitly defined from an analysis which occurs in a training development effort; includes a subsequent specification of performance requirements in terms of behavior objectives; is followed by the development of criterion tests which match job performance; and, with the appropriate curriculum development efforts supporting training on specified objectives. The entire process undergoes extensive evaluation to ensure the validity of the process. See systems approach to training.

instructional technique. A means of instruction that complements a method, such as questioning.

instructional technology. A systematic way of designing, carrying out, and evaluating the total process of learning and teaching in terms of specific objectives, based on research in human learning and communication, and employing a combination of human and nonhuman resources to bring about more effective instruction.

instructional unit. An assembly of lessons that have been integrated either to complete a usable bit of knowledge or skill or to aid in scheduling a course or program. The basic components of courses. See course, lesson, and module.

instructor. [TR 350-70] Any person, military or civilian, who presents instruction.

instructor and key personnel training (IKPT). [TR 350-70] Training provided to instructors and key personnel to facilitate training development for new systems or equipment.

instructor certification. The evaluation of an instructor’s ability to teach. This ability is independent of the subject taught during the certification presentation.

instructor contact hour (ICH). The manpower workload factor which represents one hour of instructor work devoted to conducting training. The ICH for a lesson is related to optimum class size and computed by multiplying the number of academic hours times the number of student groups times the number of instructors required per group.

instructor control console. A device that provides an instructor the capability for monitoring and evaluating the actions of students and controlling various functions of the training device.

instructor evaluation. [TR 350-70] A written evaluation report, prepared by qualified observers, of an instructor's teaching ability, knowledge, and skill.

instructor guide. A course level publication designed to provide the administrator of instructional materials with information about the objectives of the materials, the procedures involved in their development, suggestions for their optimal use, and descriptions of what might be expected from the materials based on their previous effectiveness.

instructor qualification. The evaluation of an instructor’s ability to teach a specific lesson. This evaluation addresses the instructor’s knowledge of subject matter and not instructional ability.

instructor training. [TR 350-70] The training of selected personnel in the techniques of teaching to qualify them as instructors.

instrument. [TR 350-70] In testing and evaluation, a test or measuring device that is used to determine achievement (go/no-go) or the relative standing of an individual or group. Tests, rating forms, and standard interviews are all evaluation instruments.

instrument approach procedure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions from the beginning of the initial approach to a landing or to a point from which a landing may be made visually or the missed approach procedure is initiated.

instrument flight. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Flight in which the path and attitude of the aircraft are controlled solely by reference to instruments.

instrument landing system. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A system of radio navigation intended to assist aircraft in landing which provides lateral and vertical guidance, which may include indications of distance from the optimum point of landing.

instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility, distance from cloud, and ceiling; less than minimums specified for visual meteorological conditions. See also visual meteorological conditions.

insurgency. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An organized movement aimed at the overthrow of a constituted government through use of subversion and armed conflict.

insurgent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Member of a political party who rebels against established leadership. See also antiterrorism; counterinsurgency; insurgency.

integrated circuit. A complete electronic circuit (the path along which electronic current travels) chemically printed on the surface of a single chip of semiconductor material (such as silicon).

integrated concept team (ICT). 1[DSMC] Multidisciplinary teams representing appropriate Army commands and staff, and appropriate DoD organizations, other Federal agencies, industry and academia that looks at requirements solutions that have resulted from review of the doctrine, training, leader development, organization, materiel, soldier (DTLOMS) structure. (Army) 2[TP 71] An integrated team made up of people from multiple disciplines formed for the purposes of developing warfighting concepts, determining DTLOMS solutions to FOCs, developing material requirements documents, developing other DTLOMS requirements documents, when desired.

integrated diagnostics. [DSMC] An initiative for delivering weapon systems designed for ease of maintenance (with built-in diagnostics) with less test equipment and fewer maintenance specialists. Suggested by industry, it enhances military capabilities by increasing survivability of the support structure and by reducing the logistics task which could degrade unit mobility. By combining the diagnostics equipment into an integrated system, maintenance quality improves.

integrated fire control system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system which performs the functions of target acquisition, tracking, data computation, and engagement control, primarily using electronic means assisted by electromechanical devices.

integrated logistic support (ILS). [TR 350-70] A composite of all the support considerations necessary to ensure the effective and economical support of a system or item of equipment for its life cycle. The elements of integrated logistics support are design influence, maintenance, manpower and personnel, supply support, support equipment (including test, measurement, and diagnostic equipment), training and training devices, technical data, computer resources support, packaging handling and storage, transportation and transportability, facilities, and standardization and interoperability. (See JCS Pub 1).

integrated logistic support (ILS) elements:

l maintenance planning.The process conducted to evolve and establish maintenance concepts and requirements for the lifetime of a materiel system.

l manpower and personnel.The identification and acquisition of military and civilian personnel with the skills and grades required to operate and support a materiel system over its lifetime at peacetime and wartime rates.

l supply support. All management actions, procedures, and techniques used to determine requirements to acquire, catalog, receive, store, transfer, issue, and dispose of secondary items. This includes provisioning for initial support as well as replenishing supplies support.

l support equipment. All equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support the operation and maintenance of a materiel system. This includes associated multiuse end items, ground handling and maintenance equipment, tools, meteorological and calibration equipment, test equipment, and automatic test equipment. It includes the acquisition of logistics support for the support and test equipment itself.

l technical data.Recorded information, regardless of form or character (such as manuals and drawings), of a scientific or technical nature. Computer programs and related software are not technical data — documentation of computer programs and related software are. Also excluded are financial data or other information related to contract administration.

l training and training support.The processes, procedures, techniques, training devices, and equipment used to train civilian, Active , and Reserve Component personnel to operate and support a materiel system. This includes individual and crew training; new equipment training; initial, formal, and on-the-job training; and logistic support planning for training equipment and training device acquisitions and installations.

l computer resources support. The facilities, hardware, software, documentation, manpower, and personnel needed to operate and support embedded computer systems.

l facilities.The permanent, semipermanent, or temporary real property assets required to support the materiel system, including conducting studies to define type of facilities or facility improvements, locations, space, needs, utilities, environmental requirements, real-estate requirements, and equipment.

l packaging, handling, storage, and transportation. The resources, processes, procedures, design considerations, and methods to ensure that all system, equipment, and support items are preserved, packaged, handled, and transported properly — including environmental considerations, equipment preservation requirements for short- and long-term storage, and transportability.

l design interface. The relationship of logistics-related design parameters, such as reliability and maintainability, to readiness and support resources requirements. These logistics-related design parameters are expressed in operational terms rather than inherent values and specifically related to system readiness objectives and support costs of the materiel system.

integrated logistic support plan (ILSP). The ILSP provides a composite of all support considerations necessary to assure the effective and economical support of a system for its life cycle. It serves as the source document for summary and consolidated information required in other program management documents.

integrated logistics support management team (ILSMT). A team which manages or coordinates support matters pertaining to a materiel acquisition program. The materiel developer forms the team. Membership is tailored to the program and can include representatives from logistics functional activities and from other commands and agencies.

integrated material management. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The exercise of total Department of Defense management responsibility for a Federal supply group/class, commodity, or item by a single agency. It normally includes computation of requirements, funding, budgeting, storing, issuing, cataloging, standardizing, and procuring functions.

integrated priority list (IPL). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A list of a combatant commander's highest priority requirements, prioritized across service and functional lines, defining shortfalls in key programs that, in the judgment of the combatant commander, adversely affect the capability of the combatant commander's forces to accomplish their assigned mission. The integrated priority list provides the combatant commander's recommendations for programming funds in the Planning, Programming, and Budgeting System process.

integrated product and process development (IPPD). [DoD 5200.2-R] A management technique that simultaneously integrates all essential acquisition activities through the use of multidisciplinary teams to optimize the design, manufacturing, and supportability processes. IPPD facilitates meeting cost and performance objectives from product concept through production, including field support. One of the key IPPD tenets is multidisciplinary teamwork through integrated product teams (IPTs).

integrated product and process team (IPPT). [TR 350-70] A team that consists of stakeholders who collectively possess the required know-how and have the ability to control the resources necessary for getting the job done.

integrated product development (IPD). [DSMC] A philosophy that systematically employs a teaming of functional disciplines to integrate and concurrently apply all necessary processes to produce an effective and efficient product that satisfies customer's needs.

integrated product team (IPT). 1An IPT is a working level team composed of representatives from all appropriate functional disciplines working together to build successful programs, identify and resolve issues, and provide recommendations enabling decision-makers to make the right decisions at the right time. IPTs may include members from both government and industry, including program contractors and subcontractors. Mandatory procedures for IPTs in the oversight and review process are described in DoD Regulation 5000.2R. There are three types of IPTs:

l Overarching IPTs (OIPTs) focus on strategic guidance, program assessment, and issue resolution

l Working IPTs (WIPTs) identify and resolve program issues, determine program status, and seek opportunities for acquisition reform;

l Program level IPTs focus on program execution and may include representatives from both government and after contract award industry.

2[TP 71] A working level team of representatives from all appropriate functional disciplines working together to build successful and balanced programs, identify and resolve issues, provide recommendations to facilitate sound and timely decisions. IPTs may include members from both Government and industry, including program contractors and sub-contractors. Mandatory procedures for IPTs in the oversight and review process are described in DoD Reg 5000.2-R.

integrated program assessment (IPA). A document prepared by the supporting staff or review forum of the milestone decision authority to support Milestone I, II, III, and IV reviews. It provides an independent assessment of a program’s status and readiness to proceed into the next phase of the acquisition cycle.

integrated program summary (IPS). A DoD Component document prepared and submitted to the milestone decision authority in support of Milestone reviews. The IPS summarizes, in greater detail than the decision coordination paper (DCP), various facets of the implementation plan for a system acquisition.

integrated staff. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A staff in which one officer only is appointed to each post on the establishment of the headquarters, irrespective of nationality and service. See also combined staff; joint staff; parallel staff; staff.

integrated system. A collection of hardware and software sold as a single unit by a system integrator.

integrated system support. Integrated system support considers logistics support aspects for a system in the context of the system’s role in the force structure. It emphasizes interactive relationships such as standardization, interoperability, and resource implications (such as manpower, petroleum, oils, lubricants, storage, training sites, and ammunition) of fielding the new system.

integrated tactical warning. See tactical warning.

integrated training. [TR 350-70] Training of a critical task or supporting skills and knowledge. It is integrated into existing course academic instruction (reflected in the POI) and applies to resident and non-resident instruction. It includes common or shared task TSPs forwarded to non-proponent schools for integration into an existing lesson. The task MAY be one in which the performer has received prior training, i.e., it is best used to sustain/refine previously acquired skills. It –

l Must be applicable to the block of instruction in which it is integrated.

l Trains the task to standard.

l Evaluates task performance during instruction; evaluates task performance during instruction under conditions prescribed in common or shared task TSPs.

integrated warfare. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The conduct of military operations in any combat environment wherein opposing forces employ nonconventional weapons in combination with conventional weapons.

integrating circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A circuit whose actuation is dependent on the time integral of a function of the influence.

integrating integrated product team(IIPT). An IIPT is a form of working-level IPT. It is headed up by the PM; its purpose is to coordinate WIPT efforts and cover all topics not otherwise assigned to another IPT.

integration. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) A stage in the intelligence cycle in which a pattern is formed through the selection and combination of evaluated information. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) In photography, a process by which the average radar picture seen on several scans of the time base may be obtained on a print, or the process by which several photographic images are combined into a single image. 3[TP 71] In military tactics, the process of bringing (consolidating, combining) all parts or pieces together into a whole; to unify. Involves the identification, development, and fielding of the right combinations of capabilities which cross branch, battle dynamics, battlefield operating systems, mission areas, and DTLOMS domain interests, and the harmonization of Army capabilities with that of sister services and allies. The Integration process also ensures that both the non-tactical and the tactical requirements are IAW the Army’s communications architectures to ensure interoperability amongst systems. 4[CJCSI 6212.01A] The arrangement of systems in an architecture so that they function together in an efficient and logical way.

intellectual property. 1[TR 350-70] A product of the human mind which is protected by law. It includes, but is not limited to, patents, inventions, designs, copyrights, works of authorship, trademarks, service marks, technical data, trade secrets, computer software, unsolicited inventive proposals, and technical know-how. The intangible rights in such property are described as intellectual property rights." (AR 27-60) 2[DSMC] Includes inventions, trademarks, patents, industrial designs, copyrights, and technical information including software, data designs, technical know-how, manufacturing information and know-how, techniques, technical data packages, manufacturing data packages, and trade secrets.

intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas.

l Information and knowledge about an adversary obtained through observation, investigation, analysis, or understanding.

See also acoustic intelligence; all-source intelligence; basic intelligence; civil defense intelligence; combat intelligence; communications intelligence; critical intelligence; current intelligence; departmental intelligence; domestic intelligence; electronics intelligence; electro-optical intelligence; foreign intelligence; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence; general military intelligence; human resources intelligence; imagery intelligence; joint intelligence; laser intelligence; measurement and signature intelligence; medical intelligence; merchant intelligence; military intelligence; national intelligence; nuclear intelligence; open source intelligence; operational intelligence; photographic intelligence; political intelligence; radar intelligence; radiation intelligence; scientific and technical intelligence; security intelligence; signals intelligence; strategic intelligence; tactical intelligence; target intelligence; technical intelligence; technical operational intelligence; telemetry intelligence; terrain intelligence; unintentional radiation intelligence.

intelligence annex. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A supporting document of an operation plan or order that provides detailed information on the enemy situation, assignment of intelligence tasks, and intelligence administrative procedures.

intelligence collection plan. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A plan for gathering information from all available sources to meet an intelligence requirement. Specifically, a logical plan for transforming the essential elements of information into orders or requests to sources within a required time limit. See also intelligence cycle.

intelligence contingency funds. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Appropriated funds to be used for intelligence activities when the use of other funds is not applicable or would either jeopardize or impede the mission of the intelligence unit.

intelligence cycle. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The steps by which information is converted into intelligence and made available to users. There are five steps in the cycle:

l planning and direction. Determination of intelligence requirements, preparation of a collection plan, issuance of orders and requests to information collection agencies, and a continuous check on the productivity of collection agencies.

l collection. Acquisition of information and the provision of this information to processing and/or production elements.

l processing. Conversion of collected information into a form suitable to the production of intelligence.

l production. Conversion of information into intelligence through the integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of all source data and the preparation of intelligence products in support of known or anticipated user requirements.

l dissemination. Conveyance of intelligence to users in a suitable form.

intelligence data base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The sum of holdings of intelligence data and finished intelligence products at a given organization.

intelligence data handling systems. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information systems that process and manipulate raw information and intelligence data as required. They are characterized by the application of general purpose computers, peripheral equipment, and automated storage and retrieval equipment for documents and photographs. While automation is a distinguishing characteristic of intelligence data handling systems, individual system components may be either automated or manually operated.

intelligence discipline. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A well defined area of intelligence collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. There are five major disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence (communications intelligence, electronic intelligence, and foreign instrumentation signals intelligence), and open source intelligence. See also human resources intelligence; imagery intelligence; intelligence; measurement and signature intelligence; open source intelligence; signals intelligence.

intelligence doctrine. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fundamental principles that guide the preparation and subsequent provision of intelligence to a commander and staff to aid in planning and conducting military operations. See also doctrine; joint doctrine; joint intelligence doctrine.

intelligence estimate. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The appraisal, expressed in writing or orally, of available intelligence relating to a specific situation or condition with a view to determining the courses of action open to the enemy or potential enemy and the order of probability of their adoption.

intelligence journal. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A chronological log of intelligence activities covering a stated period, usually 24 hours. It is an index of reports and messages that have been received and transmitted, and of important events that have occurred, and actions taken. The journal is a permanent and official record.

intelligence operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The variety of intelligence tasks that are carried out by various intelligence organizations and activities. Predominantly, it refers to either intelligence collection or intelligence production activities. When used in the context of intelligence collection activities, intelligence operations refer to collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting of information. When used in the context of intelligence production activities, it refers to collation, integration, interpretation, and analysis, leading to the dissemination of a finished product.

intelligence preparation of the battlefield. A systematic and continuous process that describes the tactical environment and the effects of that environment on operations and what the enemy can accomplish.

intelligence preparation of the battlespace (IPB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainties concerning the enemy, environment, and terrain for all types of operations. Intelligence preparation of the battle-space builds an extensive data base for each potential area in which a unit may be required to operate. The data base is then analyzed in detail to determine the impact of the enemy, environment, and terrain on operations and presents it in graphic form. Intelligence preparation of the battlespace is a continuing process.

intelligence report. A report provided by the appropriate intelligence agency/command to the milestone decision authority prior to each milestone review. For Milestone 0, the report will confirm the validity of the threat contained in the mission need statement. For Milestones I through III, the report will confirm the validation of the system threat assessment used in support of the program and will address any threat issues or unresolved threat concerns affecting the program.

intelligence report (INTREP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specific report of information, usually on a single item, made at any level of command in tactical operations and disseminated as rapidly as possible in keeping with the timeliness of the information.

intelligence reporting. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The preparation and conveyance of information by any means. More commonly, the term is restricted to reports as they are prepared by the collector and as they are transmitted by the collector to the latter's headquarters and by this component of the intelligence structure to one or more intelligence-producing components. Thus, even in this limited sense, reporting embraces both collection and dissemination. The term is applied to normal and specialist intelligence reports. See also normal intelligence report; specialist intelligence report.

intelligence requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any subject, general or specific, upon which there is a need for the collection of information, or the production of intelligence. See also essential elements of information; priority intelligence requirements.

intelligence subject code. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system of subject and area references to index the information contained in intelligence reports as required by a general intelligence document reference service.

intelligence summary. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specific report providing a summary of items of intelligence at frequent intervals. See also intelligence.

intelligence support base (ISB). [TP 525-75] An intelligence element operating in CONUS or sanctuaries which provides forward deployed intelligence elements with tailored intelligence products required to support deployed commanders. This intelligence element provides the gateway for forward deployed elements to leverage national, joint, and multinational intelligence capabilities. It may be composed of deployed forces, organic intelligence assets, or a composite of intelligence support from echelons division and above.

intelligence system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any formal or informal system to manage data gathering, to obtain and process the data, to interpret the data, and to provide reasoned judgments to decision makers as a basis for action. The term is not limited to intelligence organizations or services but includes any system, in all its parts, that accomplishes the listed tasks.

intelligence-related activities. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Those activities outside the consolidated defense intelligence program which:

l Respond to operational commanders' tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign entities;

l Respond to national intelligence community tasking of systems whose primary mission is support to operating forces;

l Train personnel for intelligence duties;

l Provide an intelligence reserve; or

l Are devoted to research and development of intelligence or related capabilities.

l Specifically excluded are programs which are so closely integrated with a weapon system that their primary function is to provide immediate-use targeting data.

intelligent computer-assisted instruction (ICAI). Computer-based instructional dialogue based upon techniques in artificial intelligence.

intelligent videodisk player. A videodisk player with built-in processing power and memory capability.

intensity factor. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A multiplying factor used in planning activities to evaluate the foreseeable intensity or the specific nature of an operation in a given area for a given period of time. It is applied to the standard day of supply in order to calculate the combat day of supply.

intensity mine circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A circuit whose actuation is dependent on the field strength reaching a level differing by some preset minimum from that experienced by the mine when no ships are in the vicinity.

intensive management. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The continuous process by which the supported and supporting commanders, the services, transportation component commands, and appropriate Defense agencies ensure that movement data in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System time-phased force and deployment data for the initial days of deployment and/or mobilization are current to support immediate execution.

intention. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An aim or design (as distinct from capability) to execute a specified course of action.

inter-chart relationship diagram. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A diagram on a map or chart showing names and/or numbers of adjacent sheets in the same or related series. Also called index to adjoining sheets. See also map index.

inter-look dormant period. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In mine warfare, the time interval after each look in a multi-look mine, during which the firing mechanism will not register.

Inter-Service education. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Military education which is provided by one Service to members of another Service. See also military education; military training.

inter-Service support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Action by one military service or element thereof to provide logistic and/or administrative support to another military service or element thereof. Such action can be recurring or nonrecurring in character on an installation, area, or worldwide basis. See also interdepartmental/agency support; international logistic support; support.

Inter-Service training. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Military training which is provided by one Service to members of another service. See also military education; military training.

interactive courseware (ICW). [TR 350-70] A type of interactive multimedia instruction. Computer-controlled courseware that relies on trainee input to determine the pace, sequence, and content of training delivery using more than one type medium to convey the content of instruction. Interactive courseware can link a combination of media, to include but not be limited to programmed instruction, video tapes, slides, film, television, text, graphics, digital audio, animation, and up-to-full motion video to enhance the learning process.

interactive courseware (ICW) support software. Software that supports application unique ICW requirements (e.g., simulation models, unique device drivers, and course management features not supported by authoring systems).

interactive electronic technical manual (IETM). [TR 350-70] A technical manual delivered electronically. IETM possesses the following characteristics: it can be presented either on a desktop or a portable device; the elements of data constituting the IETM are so interrelated that a user’s access to the information is achievable by a variety of paths; and it provides procedural guidance, navigational directions, and other technical information required by the user.

interactive instruction. [TR 350-70] Student centered performance oriented training that requires students to practice what they learn, receive immediate feedback, and be tested. The priority for interaction is between the student and the equipment/subject matter.

interactive media. Media that involves the viewer as a source of input to determine the content and duration of a message, permitting individualized program material.

Interactive Multimedia Association (IMA). An association of organizations, institutions, individuals actively involved in the production and use of interactive technology and optical media systems, and those who provide services to the industry. (Formerly called Interactive Video Industry Association (IVIA)).

interactive multimedia instruction (IMI). 1[TR 350-70] IMI is a term applied to a group of predominantly interactive, electronically-delivered training and training support products. IMI products include instructional software and software management tools used in support of instructional programs. A hierarchical representation of IMI products is provided as follows:

l Interactive courseware (ICW)

l Electronic publications.

l electronic guides

l interactive electronic technical manuals

l Electronic testing

l Simulation

l Electronic management tools

l electronic performance support systems

l computer aided instruction (CAI)

l computer managed instruction (CMI)

l electronic job aids

2[TP 71-9] A group of computer-based training and training support products. IMI includes source materials that are commonly used in IMI products, electronic products used in the delivery of or supporting the delivery of instruction, and software management tools used to support instructional programs.

interactive training system. An instructional system that requires a student to interact with the system through the learning process.

interactive video disk (IVD). 1[TR 350-70] A type of interactive multi-media instruction (IMI). An information storage and retrieval technology used with computers to support pro-grams requiring a very large quantity of memory (e.g., long full motion video sequences or a very large library of complex graphics). IVD uses text, graphics, full motion video, and audio. It is always delivered on a videodisk-based system. 2Media for storing video images.

Interactive Video Industry Association (IVIA). See Interactive Multimedia Association (IMA).

interactively. Acting or capable of acting on each other. A two-way communication in which stimuli/ response is direct and continual.

interagency. [TP 525-5] In this context, military operations conducted in conjunction with nonmilitary organizations: agencies of the U.S. Government, NGOs, and/or PVOs (also multiagency).

interagency coordination. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Within the context of Department of Defense involvement, the coordination that occurs between elements of the Department of Defense and engaged US Government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, private voluntary organizations, and regional and international organizations for the purpose of accomplishing an objective. See also international organization; nongovernmental organizations; private voluntary organizations.

intercept point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The point to which an airborne vehicle is vectored or guided to complete an interception.

intercept receiver. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A receiver designed to detect and provide visual and/or aural indication of electromagnetic emissions occurring within the particular portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to which it is tuned.

intercepting search. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A type of search designed to intercept an enemy whose previous position is known and the limits of whose subsequent course and speed can be assumed.

interceptor. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A manned aircraft utilized for identification and/or engagement of airborne objects.

interchangeability. 1The ability to exchange hardware components having the same form, fit, and function, across platforms, without affecting the functionality of the system. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A condition which exists when two or more items possess such functional and physical characteristics as to be equivalent in performance and durability, and are capable of being exchanged one for the other without alteration of the items themselves, or of adjoining items, except for adjustment, and without selection for fit and performance. See also compatibility.

intercoastal traffic. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Sea traffic between Atlantic, Gulf, and Great Lakes continental United States ports and Pacific continental United States ports.

intercom. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A telephone apparatus by means of which personnel can talk to each other within an aircraft, tank, ship, or activity.

interconnection. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The linking together of interoperable systems.

intercontinental ballistic missile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A ballistic missile with a range capability from about 3,000 to 8,000 nautical miles.

intercount dormant period. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, the period after the actuation of a ship counter before it is ready to receive another actuation.

interdepartmental/agency support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Provision of logistic and/or administrative support in services or materiel by one or more military services to one or more departments or agencies of the United States Government (other than military) with or without reimbursement. See also international logistic support; inter-Service support; support.

interdepartmental intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Integrated departmental intelligence that is required by departments and agencies of the United States Government for the execution of their missions but which transcends the exclusive competence of a single department or agency to produce.

interdiction. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy's surface military potential before it can be used effectively against friendly forces. See also air interdiction.

interface. 1The link between two pieces of equipment, allowing them to communicate with each other. A physic-al or functional connection between two or more devices or systems. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) A boundary or point common to two or more similar or dissimilar command and control systems, subsystems, or other entities against which or at which necessary information flow takes place. 3[DSMC] The functional and physical characteristics required to exist at a common boundary or connection between persons, or systems, or between persons and systems.

interference time. [DSMC] A period of time during which one or more machines are not operating because the worker or workers assigned to operate them are busy operating other machines in their assignment or are performing necessary duties related to operating other machines such as making repairs, cleaning the machines, or inspecting completed work.

interim authority to operate (IATO). [CJCSI 6212.01A] Authority to field new systems or capabilities for a limited time, with a limited number of platforms to support developmental efforts, demonstrations, exercises, or operational use. The decision to grant an IATO will be made by the MCEB Interoperability Test Panel based on the sponsoring component's initial laboratory test results and the assessed impact, if any, on the operational networks to be employed.

interim contractor support. [DSMC] Temporary contractor support that allows the Service to defer investment in all or part of the support resources (spares, technical data, support equipment, training equipment, etc.) while the organic capability is being phased in.

interim FACENET. Interim FACNET means a contracting office has been certified as having implemented the electronic automated information systems capability to provide widespread public notice of contracting opportunities, issue solicitations, and receive responses to solicitations and associated requests for information. Such capability must allow the private sector to access notices of solicitations, access and review solicitations, and respond to solicitations.

interim financing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Advance payments, partial payments, loans, discounts, advances, and commitments in connection therewith; and guarantees of loans, discounts, advances, and commitments in connection therewith; and any other type of financing necessary for both performance and termination of contracts.

interim JTIDS message specification. See tactical digital information link.

interim overhaul. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An availability for the accomplishment of necessary repairs and urgent alterations at a naval ship-yard or other shore-based repair activity, normally scheduled halfway through the established regular overhaul cycle.

interim summary. A segment of instruction that reviews recent learning to reinforce prior information.

interlace. The process of laying down the even numbered lines of video between the previously scanned odd numbered lines of video to form a single, complete frame and reducing flicker. The pattern described by the two separate video field scans when they join to form a complete video frame.

interleaving. A method of storing information sequences in alternating sectors.

intermediate approach. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That part of an instrument approach procedure in which aircraft configuration, speed and positioning adjustments are made. It blends the initial approach segment into the final approach segment. It begins at the intermediate fix or point and ends at the final approach fix or point.

intermediate force planning level. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The force level established during planning force development to depict the buildup from the Current Force to the planning force. The intermediate force planning level is insufficient to carry out strategy with a reasonable assurance of success and consequently cannot be referred to as the planning force. See also Current Force; force; programmed forces.

intermediate level maintenance. [DSMC] That level which maintains/repairs items for which the organizational level is incapable, but which do not have to go to depot level for major work.

intermediate maintenance (field). [JP 1-02] (DoD) That maintenance which is the responsibility of and performed by designated maintenance activities for direct support of using organizations. Its phases normally consist of:

l Calibration, repair, or replacement of damaged or unserviceable parts, components, or assemblies.

l The emergency manufacture of nonavailable parts.

l Providing technical assistance to using organizations.

intermediate marker (land mine warfare). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A marker, natural, artificial or specially installed, which is used as a point of reference between the landmark and the mine-field. See also marker (land mine warfare)

intermediate objective. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In land warfare, an area or feature between the line of departure and an objective which must be seized and/or held.

intermediate staging base (ISB). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A temporary location used to stage forces prior to inserting the forces into the host nation. See also base; staging base.

intermediate-range ballistic missile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A ballistic missile with a range capability from about 1,500 to 3,000 nautical miles.

intermediate-range bomber aircraft. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A bomber designed for a tactical operating radius of between 1,000 to 2,500 nautical miles at design gross weight and design bomb load.

intermittent arming device. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A device included in a mine so that it will be armed only at set times.

intermittent illumination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A type of fire in which illuminating projectiles are fired at irregular intervals.

intermodal. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Type of international freight system that permits transshipping among sea, highway, rail, and air modes of transportation through use of American National Standards Institute/International Organization for Standardization containers, line-haul assets, and handling equipment. See also American National Standards Institute; International Organization for Standardization.

intermodal support equipment. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fixed and deployable assets required to assist container operations throughout the intermodal container system. Included are straddle cranes, chassis, rough terrain container handlers, container cranes and spreader bars. See also intermodal.

intermodal systems. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Specialized transportation facilities, assets, and handling procedures designed to create a seamless transportation system by combining multimodal operations and facilities during the shipment of cargo. See also cargo; intermodal; transportation system.

internal audience. [JP 1-02] (DoD) U.S. military members and civilian employees and their immediate families. One of the audiences comprising the concept of Publics. See also external audience; public.

internal audit. [DSMC] The independent appraisal activity within an organization for the review of the accounting, financial, and related operations as a basis for protective and constructive services to management.

internal control. [DSMC] Internal review and internal checks established by the commanding officer to safeguard property and funds; to check accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of accounting data to promote operational efficiency; and to ensure adherence to prescribed management policies and procedures.

internal cues. Internal biological signals that initiate or guide behavior.

internal defense and development (IDAD). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The full range of measures taken by a nation to promote its growth and to protect itself from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency. It focuses on building viable institutions (political, economic, social, and military) that respond to the needs of society. See also foreign internal defense.

internal evaluation. The quality control process of conducting a thorough review of the instructional process by appraising student progress, delivery technique, materials effectiveness, and testing procedures for the purpose of identifying internal deficiencies requiring correction, and recommending specific changes.

internal information. See command information.

internal radiation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Nuclear radiation (alpha and beta particles and gamma radiation) resulting from radioactive substances in the body.

internal replanning. [DSMC] Replanning actions performed by the contractor for the remaining effort within the recognized total allocated budget.

internal security. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The state of law and order prevailing within a nation.

international agreement. [DSMC] An agreement concluded with one or more foreign governments or an international organization that is signed or agreed to by any DoD Component personnel; signifies the intent of the parties to be bound by international law; and is denominated as an international agreement or an memorandum of understanding, memorandum of agreement, exchange of notes or letters, technical arrangement, protocol, note verbal, aide memoir, contract, arrangement, or any other name connoting a similar legal consequence.

International Armaments Cooperative Opportunities Plan (IACOP). The IACOP is a document which ensures that opportunities for cooperative research and development projects with NATO partner nations and other allies are considered during the early decision points in DoD’s formal development review process. It also ensures that foreign technology and NATO standardization and interoperability considerations are integral elements in the planning and execution of all programs/projects, provided U.S. security is not jeopardized.

international arms control organization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An appropriately constituted organization established to supervise and verify the implementation of arms control measures.

International Atomic Time (TAI). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The time reference scale established by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures on the basis of atomic clock readings from various laboratories around the world.

international call sign. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A call sign assigned in accordance with the provisions of the International Telecommunications Union to identify a radio station. The nationality of the radio station is identified by the first or the first two characters. (When used in visual signaling, international call signs are referred to as signal letters.) See also call sign.

International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, on 2 Dec 1972, which resulted in setting standard safety requirements for containers moving in international transport. These requirements were ratified by United States on 3 January 1978.

international cooperative logistics. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Cooperation and mutual support in the field of logistics through the coordination of policies, plans, procedures, development activities, and the common supply and exchange of goods and services arranged on the basis of bilateral and multilateral agreements with appropriate cost reimbursement provisions.

international date line. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The line coinciding approximately with the antemeridian of Greenwich, modified to avoid certain habitable land. In crossing this line there is a date change of one day. Also called date line.

international identification code. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In railway terminology, a code which identifies a military train from point of origin to final destination. The code consists of a series of figures, letters, or symbols indicating the priority, country of origin, day of departure, national identification code number, and country of destination of the train.

International Loading Gauge (GIC). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The loading gauge upon which international railway agreements are based. A load whose dimensions fall within the limits of this gauge may move without restriction on most of the railways of Continental Western Europe. GIC is an abbreviation for gabarit international de chargement. Formerly called PPI gauge.

international logistic support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The provision of military logistic support by one participating nation to one or more participating nations, either with or without reimbursement. See also interdepartmental/agency support; interservice support; support.

international logistics. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The negotiating, planning, and implementation of supporting logistics arrangements between nations, their forces, and agencies. It includes furnishing logistic support (major end items, materiel, and/ or services) to, or receiving logistic support from, one or more friendly foreign governments, international organizations, or military forces, with or without reimbursement. It also includes planning and actions related to the intermeshing of a significant element, activity, or component of the military logistics systems or procedures of the United States with those of one or more foreign governments, international organizations, or military forces on a temporary or permanent basis. It includes planning and actions related to the utilization of United States logistics policies, systems, and/or procedures to meet requirements of one or more foreign governments, international organizations, or forces.

international military education and training. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Formal or informal instruction provided to foreign military students, units, and forces on a nonreimbursable (grant) basis by offices or employees of the United States, contract technicians, and contractors. Instruction may include correspondence courses; technical, educational or informational publications; and media of all kinds. See also United States Military Service Funded Foreign Training.

International Materiel Evaluation (IME) Program. IME is a program established to review and evaluate foreign free world materiel in the late stage of development, or deployment, that appears to meet U.S. Army requirements (approved or in draft form). The ultimate objective is the acquisition of foreign materiel that will provide improved capability, decreased acquisition costs, and create advantageous alternatives to the procurement of U.S. developed or improved materiel.

international narcotics activities. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those activities outside the United States which produce, transfer, or sell narcotics or other substances controlled in accordance with Title 21, "Food and Drugs" - United States Code, sections 811 and 812.

international organization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Organizations with global influence, such as the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross. See also nongovernmental organizations; private voluntary organizations.

International Organization for Standardization (ISO). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specified international agency for standardization. This agency is comprised of members from more than 80 countries. The agency's aim is to promote worldwide agreement of international standards.

International Peace Force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An appropriately constituted organization established for the purpose of preserving world peace.

interned. See missing.

interocular distance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The distance between the centers of rotation of the eyeballs of an individual or between the oculars of optical instruments.

interoperability. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The ability of systems, units or forces to provide services to and accept services from other systems, units, or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) The condition achieved among communications-electronics systems or items of communications-electronics equipment when information or services can be exchanged directly and satisfactorily between them and/or their users. The degree of interoperability should be defined when refer-ring to specific cases. 3[TP 25-71] Allows applications executing on separate hardware platforms, or in multi-processing environments on the same platform, to share data and cooperate in processing it through communications mechanisms such as remote procedure calls, transparent file access, etc. 4[TR 5-11] The ability of a set of modeling and simulation to provide services to and accept services from other modeling and simulation, and to use the services for exchange enabling them to operate effectively together.

interoperation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The use of interoperable systems, units, or forces.

interphone. See intercom.

interpretability. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Suitability of imagery for interpretation with respect to answering adequately requirements on a given type of target in terms of quality and scale. The categories are:

l poor. Imagery is unsuitable for interpretation to answer adequately requirements on a given type of target.

l fair. Imagery is suitable for interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target but with only average detail.

l good. Imagery is suitable for interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target in considerable detail.

l excellent. Imagery is suitable for interpretation to answer requirements on a given type of target in complete detail.

interpretation. 1A sublevel of the comprehension level of learning in which students develop sufficient understand-ing to see relationships between various aspects of a communication and are able to perform such activities as making inferences, generalizations, and summations. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) A stage in the intelligence cycle in which the significance of information is judged in relation to the current body of knowledge.

interrogation (intelligence). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Systematic effort to procure information by direct questioning of a person under the control of the questioner.

interservice school or course. [TR 350-70] A school or course that presents a curriculum developed and approved by two or more military services to meet the specified training requirements of those services. The school or course is administered by the host service. The faculty may be multiservice.

interservice support. Support provided by one federal agency or subdivision thereof to another federal agency or subdivision thereof when at least one of the participating agencies or subdivisions is the DoD or a DoD Component. DoD 4000.19-R provides guidance and procedures for the implementation of this support.

Interservice Training Review Organization (ITRO). [TR 350-70] Group whose major effort is directed toward improving the cost effectiveness of training through voluntary cooperative efforts among the services. Interservice Training Review Organization is guided and directed through a structure consisting of boards and committees superimposed on the formal organizational structures of the services concerned.

interswitch trunk. communications link(s) between DSC and AUTODIN automatic switching centers

intertheater. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Between theaters or between the continental United States and theaters. See also intertheater traffic.

intertheater airlift. See strategic airlift.

intertheater evacuation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Evacuation of patients between the originating theater and points outside the theater, to include the continental United States and other theaters. En route care is provided by trained medical personnel. See also evacuation; intratheater evacuation.

intertheater traffic. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Traffic Traffic between theaters exclusive of that between the continental United States and theaters.

interval. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l The space between adjacent groups of ships or boats measured in any direction between the corresponding ships or boats in each group.

l The space between adjacent individuals, ground vehicles, or units in a formation that are placed side by side, measured abreast.

l The space between adjacent aircraft measured from front to rear in units of time or distance.

l The time lapse between photographic exposures.

l At battery right or left, an interval ordered in seconds is the time between one gun firing and the next gun firing. Five seconds is the standard interval.

l At rounds of fire for effect the interval is the time in seconds between successive rounds from each gun.

interview (intelligence). [JP 1-02] (DoD) To gather information from a person who is aware that information is being given although there is ignorance of the true connection and purposes of the interviewer. Generally overt unless the collector is other than purported to be.

intra-command exercise. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An exercise which involves an identified part of one Major NATO Command or subordinate command.

intracoastal sealift. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Shipping used primarily for the carriage of personnel and/or cargo along a coast or into river ports to support operations within a given area.

intratheater. Within a theater. See also intratheater traffic.

intransit aeromedical evacuation facility. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A medical facility, on or in the vicinity of an air base, that provides limited medical care for intransit patients awaiting air transportation. This type of medical facility is provided to obtain effective utilization of transport airlift within operating schedules. It includes "remain overnight" facilities, intransit facilities at aerial ports of embarkation and debarkation, and casualty staging facilities in an overseas combat area. See also aeromedical evacuation unit.

intransit inventory. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That materiel in the military distribution system that is in the process of movement from point of receipt from procurement and production (either contractor's plant or first destination, depending upon point of delivery) and between points of storage and distribution.

intransit stock. See intransit inventory.

intratheater. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Within a theater. See also intratheater traffic.

intratheater airlift. See theater airlift.

intratheater evacuation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Evacuation of patients between points within the theater. En route care is provided by trained medical personnel. See also evacuation; intertheater evacuation.

intratheater traffic. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Traffic within a theater.

introduction. A major section of a lesson designed to establish a common ground between the presenter and students, to capture and hold attention, to outline the lesson and relate it to the overall course, to point out benefits to the student, and to lead the student into the body of the lesson; usually contains attention step, motivation step, and overview. A segment that provides a general statement of the course content, target population, why the student is studying the material, and appropriate motivation to gain the student's attention.

Intruder. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) A twin-engine, turbojet, two-place, long-range, all-weather, aircraft carrier-based, low-altitude attack air-craft, possessing an integrated attack-navigation and central digital computer system to locate, track, and destroy small moving targets, and large fixed targets. The armament system consists of an assortment of nuclear and/or non-nuclear weapons, Sidewinder, Harpoon, napalm, and all standard Navy rockets. This aircraft can be air refueled. Designated as A-6. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An individual, unit, or weapon system, in or near an operational or exercise area, which presents the threat of intelligence gathering or disruptive activity.

intruder operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An offensive operation by day or night over enemy territory with the primary object of destroying enemy aircraft in the vicinity of their bases.

intrusion. See electromagnetic intrusion.

invasion currency. See military currency.

inventory control. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That phase of military logistics which includes managing, cataloging, requirements determinations, procurement, distribution, overhaul, and disposal of materiel. Synonymous with materiel control, materiel management, inventory management, and supply management.

inventory control point (ICP). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) An organizational unit or activity within a DoD supply system that is assigned the primary responsibility for the materiel management of a group of items either for a particular Service or for the Defense Department as a whole. Materiel inventory management includes cataloging direction, requirements computation, procurement direction, distribution management, disposal direction, and, generally, rebuild direction. 2[DSMC] The organizational element within a distribution system which is assigned responsibility for system-wide direction and control of materiel including such management functions as the computation of requirements, the initiation of procurement or disposal actions, the development of worldwide quantitative and monetary inventory data, and the positioning and repositioning of materiel.

inventory management. See inventory control.

inventory managers. See inventory control point.

inventory objective. [DSMC] The quantity of an item of material that will satisfy the military requirement under specified mobilization conditions. It is based on threat analysis, approved U.S. force projections, combat usage, mobilization training usage, and production capabilities. It does not include quantities required to replace those units consumed, lost, or worn out in the peacetime period which are included in programmed procurement objectives.

inverter. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In electrical engineering, a device for converting direct current into alternating current. See also rectifier.

investigation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A duly authorized, systematized, detailed examination or inquiry to uncover facts and determine the truth of a matter. This may include collecting, processing, reporting, storing, recording, analyzing, evaluating, producing, and disseminating the authorized information.

investment costs. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those program costs required beyond the development phase to introduce into operational use a new capability; to procure initial, additional, or replacement equipment for operational forces; or to provide for major modifications of an existing capability. They exclude research, development, test and evaluation, military personnel, and operation and maintenance appropriation costs.

investments/investment cost. [DSMC] Research, development, test, and evaluation and production dollars for a system.

invitation for bid (IFB). [TR 350-70] A solicitation document that clearly, accurately, and completely describes the requirement to be delivered and invites offerers to bid on that stated requirement.

ionization. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The process of producing ions by the removal of electrons from, or the addition of electrons to, atoms or molecules.

ionosphere. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That part of the atmosphere, extending from about 70 to 500 kilometers, in which ions and free electrons exist in sufficient quantities to reflect electromagnetic waves.

Iron Lung. Boeing KC-135R and RC-135M, ELINT aircraft.

Iroquois. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A light single-rotor helicopter used for cargo/ personnel transport and attack helicopter support. Some versions are armed with machine guns and light air-to-ground rockets. Designated as UH-1. Also called Huey.

irregular forces. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Armed individuals or groups who are not members of the regular armed forces, police, or other internal security forces.

irregular outer edge. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In land mine warfare, short mine rows or strips laid in an irregular manner in front of a minefield facing the enemy to deceive the enemy as to the type or extent of the minefield. Generally, the irregular outer edge will only be used in minefields with buried mines.

isodose rate line. See dose rate contour line.

isolated personnel. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Military or civilian personnel that have become separated from their unit or organization in an environment requiring them to survive, evade, or escape while awaiting rescue or recovery. See also combat search and rescue; search and rescue.

isolated personnel report (ISOPREP). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A DoD Form (DD 1833) which contains information designed to facilitate the identification and authentication of an evader by a recovery force. See also authentication; evader; recovery force.

isotopes. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Forms of the same element having identical chemical properties but differing in their atomic masses due to different numbers of neutrons in their respective nuclei and in their nuclear properties.

issue. [DSMC] Something in dispute or to be decided.

issue control group. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A detachment that operates the staging area, consisting of holding areas and loading areas, in an operation. See also staging area.

issue cycle. [DSMC] A process followed during the Office of the Secretary of Defense review of the program objectives memorandum. It begins in May or June and extends into July and August.

issue papers. Issue papers are Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) documents, defining issues raised as a result of the analysis of the annual program objectives memorandum (POM) submittal, prepared to assist the Secretary in making program decisions.

issue priority designator. See priority designator.

IT. integration testing

item analysis. [TR 350-70] The process to determine if a test item is functioning as intended. Analyzing results on individual test items to determine the effectiveness of the items. Item analysis can be used to obtain feedback on training deficiencies, score exceptions, and improve future versions of the test.

item detail specification. [DSMC] A program unique specification usually approved as part of the product baseline. Formerly called a C specification.

item manager. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An individual within the organization of an inventory control point or other such organization assigned management responsibility for one or more specific items of materiel.

item performance specification. [DSMC] A program unique specification usually approved as part of the allocated baseline. Formerly called a B specification.

items of intrinsic military utility. [DSMC] End items other than those identified in the DoD Militarily Critical Technologies List whose transfer to potential adversaries shall be controlled for the following reasons:

l The end product in question could significantly enhance the recipient's military or war-making capability either because of its technology content or because of the quantity to be sold.

l The product could be analyzed to reveal U.S. system characteristics and thereby contribute to the development of countermeasures to equivalent U.S. equipment.

iteration repetitive requirement. [DSMC] For examples, numerous re-drafts of a document, or reworking a funding profile to satisfy everyone involved.