Index Military Definitions

D-day consumption/production differential assets. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As applied to the D-to-P concept, these assets are required to compensate for the inability of the production base to meet expenditure (consumption) requirements during the D-to-P period. See also D-to-P concept.

D-day materiel readiness gross capability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As applied to the D-to-P concept, this capability represents the sum of all assets on hand on D-day and the gross production capability (funded and unfunded) between D-day and P-day. When this capability equals the D-to-P Materiel Readiness Gross Requirement, requirements and capabilities are in balance. See also D-to-P concept.

D-day pipeline assets. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As applied to the D-to-P concept, these assets represent the sum of CONUS and overseas operating and safety levels and intransit levels of supply. See also D-to-P concept.

D-to-P assets required on D-day. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As applied to the D-to-P concept, this asset requirement represents those stocks that must be physically available on D-day to meet initial allowance requirements, to fill the wartime pipeline between the producers and users (even if P-day and D-day occur simultaneously), and to provide any required D-to-P consumption/production differential stockage. The D-to-P assets required on D-day are also represented as the difference between the D-to-P materiel readiness gross requirements and the cumulative sum of all production deliveries during the D-to-P period. See also D-to-P concept.

D-to-P concept. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A logistic planning concept by which the gross materiel readiness requirement in support of approved forces at planned wartime rates for conflicts of indefinite duration will be satisfied by a balanced mix of assets on hand on D-day and assets to be gained from production through P-day when the planned rate of production deliveries to the users equals the planned wartime rate of expenditure (consumption). See also D-day consumption/production differential assets; D-day pipeline assets; D-to-P assets required on D-day; D-to-P materiel readiness gross requirement.

D-to-P materiel readiness gross requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As applied to the D-to-P concept, the gross requirement for all supplies/materiel needed to meet all initial pipeline and anticipated expenditure (consumption) requirements between D-day and P-day. Includes initial allowances, CONUS and overseas operating and safety levels, in-transit levels of supply, and the cumulative sum of all items expended (consumed) during the D-to-P period. See also D-to-P concept.

DA system coordinator (DASC). Individual or team designated by the DCSRDA to function as the HQDA POC for all aspects of a system’s development and acquisition. The DASC coordinates the status of all events in the acquisition process for DoD major systems, designated acquisition programs, inprocess review (IPR) programs, or one or more similar or related IPR programs selected for DASC management.

DAB. [DSMC] See Defense Acquisition Board.

DAB program. [DSMC] Requires an Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) decision at each milestone review point (acquisition category ID program).

DAB readiness meeting (DRM). [DSMC] Approximately one week prior to the DAB review, a DRM is held to pre-brief the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology)), Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the other DAB participants (including cognizant Program Executive Officers and Program Managers. The purpose of the meeting is to update the USD(A&T) on the latest status of the program and to inform the senior acquisition officials of any outstanding issues. Normally, the overarching integrated product team leader briefs the DRM. If outstanding issues are resolved at the DRM, the USD(A&T) may decide that a formal DAB meeting is not required and issue an acquisition decision memorandum following the DRM. ADMs shall be coordinated with the DAB principals.

daily intelligence summary (DISUM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A report prepared in message form at the joint force headquarters that provides higher, lateral, and subordinate headquarters with a summary of all significant intelligence produced during the previous 24-hour period. The as of time for information, content, and submission time for the report will be as specified by the joint force commander.

daily movement summary (shipping). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A tabulation of departures and arrivals of all merchant shipping (including neutrals) arriving or departing ports during a 24-hour period.

damage. See nuclear damage.

damage area. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, the plan area around a minesweeper inside which a mine explosion is likely to interrupt operations.

damage assessment. [JP 1-02]

l (DoD, NATO) The determination of the effect of attacks on targets.

l (DoD) A determination of the effect of a compromise of classified information on national security.

See also civil damage assessment; military damage assessment.

damage control. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval usage, measures necessary aboard ship to preserve and reestablish watertight integrity, stability, maneuverability, and offensive power; to control list and trim; to effect rapid repairs of materiel; to limit the spread of, and provide adequate protection from, fire; to limit the spread of, remove the contamination by, and provide adequate protection from, toxic agents; and to provide for care of wounded personnel. See also area damage control; disaster control.

damage criteria. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The critical levels of various effects, such as blast pressure and thermal radiation, required to achieve specified levels of damage.

damage estimation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A preliminary appraisal of the potential effects of an attack. See also attack assessment.

damage radius. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, the average distance from a ship within which a mine containing a given weight and type of explosive must detonate if it is to inflict a specified amount of damage.

damage threat. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The probability that a target ship passing once through a minefield will explode one or more mines and sustain a specified amount of damage.

dan. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To mark a position or a sea area with dan buoys.

dan buoy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A temporary marker buoy used during mine-sweeping operations to indicate boundaries of swept paths, swept areas, known hazards, and other locations or reference points.

dan runner. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A ship running a line of dan buoys.

danger. Information in a call for fire to indicate that friendly forces are within 600 to 1,500 meters of the target.

danger area. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A specified area above, below, or within which there may be potential danger.

l In air traffic control, an airspace of defined dimensions within which activities dangerous to the flight of aircraft may exist at specified times.

See also closed area; prohibited area; restricted area.

danger close. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, information in a call for fire to indicate that friendly forces are within 600 meters of the target.

danger space. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That space between the weapon and the target where the trajectory does not rise 1.8 meters (the average height of a standing human). This includes the area encompassed by the beaten zone. See also beaten zone.

dangerous cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Cargo which, because of its dangerous properties, is subject to special regulations for its transport. See also cargo.

dangerously exposed waters. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The sea area adjacent to a severely threatened coastline.

dart. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A target towed by a jet aircraft and fired at by fighter aircraft. Used for training only.

data. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing by humans or by automatic means. Any representations such as characters or analog quantities to which meaning is or might be assigned. See limited rights and unlimited rights.

data base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information that is normally structured and indexed for user access and review. Data bases may exist in the form of physical files (folders, documents, etc.) or formatted automated data processing system data files.

data block. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Information presented on air imagery relevant to the geographical position, altitude, attitude, and heading of the aircraft and, in certain cases, administrative information and information on the sensors employed.

data call. [DSMC] In response to a program managers (PMs) data call, contract data requirements list candidate items are developed by persons with data needs. Most are developed to fit under standard data item descriptions.

data certification. The determination that data have been verified and validated. Data user certification is the determination by the application sponsor or designated agent that data have been verified and validated as appropriate for the specific modeling and simulation usage. Data producer certification is the determination by the data producer that data have been verified and validated against documented standards or criteria.

data code. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A number, letter, character, or any combination thereof used to represent a data element or data item. For example, the data codes "E8," "03," and "06" might be used to represent the data items of sergeant, captain, and colonel under the data element military personnel grade.

data collection plan. An outline of the procedures and techniques that will be used to gather information for any specific purpose.

data element. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A basic unit of information built on standard structures having a unique meaning and distinct units or values.

l In electronic recordkeeping, a combination of characters or bytes referring to one separate item of information, such as name, address, or age.

data exchange agreement [DEA]. A DEA provides for cooperative research and development with exchange of technical and scientific information of mutual interest to the participating nations.

data exchange standard. [TR 5-11] Formally defined protocols for the format and content of data messages used for interchanging data between networked simulation and/or simulator nodes used to create and operate a distributed, time and space coherent synthetic environment.

data file. [TP 25-71] Related numeric, textual, or graphic information organized in a strictly prescribed form and format.

data item. [TP 25-71] A sub-unit of descriptive information or value classified under a data element. For example, the data element military personnel grade contains data items such as sergeant, captain, and colonel.

data item description (DID). A document that provides the only acceptable format for a specific product or deliverable. A list of data item descriptions is in the Defense Acquisition Regulation.

Data Item Description (DID), DD Form 1664. [TR 350-70] A DoD form that defines the data required of a contractor. The form specifically defines the content, preparation instructions, format, and intended use of the data. Data is information inherently developed during completion of work tasks in the statement of work (SOW) and required for retention. DIDs do not prescribe work tasks or performance methods. After the proponent determines the need for delivery of data resulting from a work task, the preparer of the SOW should select the appropriate DIDs. DoD 5010.12.L, the DoD Acquisition Management Systems Data Requirements Control List (AMSDL), lists all published DIDs.

data link. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The means of connecting one location to another for the purpose of transmitting and receiving data. See also tactical digital information link.

data mile. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A standard unit of distance

data packets. A collection of data bits transmitted as a single unit in a communications network.

data product specification. A type of specification used to acquire data products (with the exception of technical manuals). Data product specifications are the source documents for DIDs and are listed in the DoD Acquisition Management Systems and Data Requirements Control List.

data proponent. [TR 5-11] The agency or organization that has primary responsibility for a Data collection or data base. The proponent develops the requirement for the data.

data standards. [TR 5-11] A capability that increases information sharing effectiveness by establishing standardization of data elements, data base construction, accessibility procedures, system communication, data maintenance and control.

data rate. The speed at which data is transmitted.

data recording plan. Method of tabulating background responses and test data.

data validation. [TR 5-11] The documented assessment of data by subject area experts and its comparison to known values. Data user validation is an assessment as appropriate for use in a intended modeling and simulation. Data producer validation is an assessment within stated criteria and assumptions.

data verification. [TR 5-11] Data producer verification is the use of techniques and procedures to ensure that data meets constraints defined by data standards and business rules derived from process and data modeling. Data user verification is the use of techniques and procedures to ensure that data meets user specified constraints defined by data standards and business rules derived from process and data modeling, and that the data is transformed and formatted properly.

data verification, validation, and certification. [TR 5-11] The process of verifying the internal consistency and correctness of data, validating that it represents real world entities appropriate for its intended purpose or an expected range of purposes, and certifying it as having a specified level of quality or as being appropriate for a specified use, type of use, or range of uses. The process has two perspectives: producer and user process.

database. [TP 25-71] A database is a set of data consisting of at least one data file sufficient for a given purpose.

database management system. [TP 25-71] A software system used to access and retrieve data stored in a database.

date and time of creation. [TP 25-71] The data and time that the author/originator created the document. Date and time of creation must reflect the situation from the author/originator's point of view.

date and time of receipt. [TP 25-71] The date and time of access by the addressee, not the date and time of delivery to the agency. If this data is provided by the computer system, it is required for documents that are received through electronic mail in a DoD agency.

date and time of record. [TP 25-71] The date and time assigned by the computer at the time the record is filed in the RMA. A new version of the record must be filed separately with a new date and time. Version control arrangements link different versions of a record.

date and time sent. [TP 25-71] The date and time that the message was sent or forwarded by the author. If this data is provided by the computer system, it is required for documents that are transmitted through electronic mail in a DoD agency.

date line. See international date line.

date-time group. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The date and time, expressed in digits and zone suffix, the message was prepared for transmission. (Expressed as six digits followed by the zone suffix; first pair of digits denotes the date, second pair the hours, third pair the minutes.)

datum. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any numerical or geometrical quantity or set of such quantities which may serve as reference or base for other quantities. Where the concept is geometric, the plural form is datum in contrast to the normal plural data.

datum (antisubmarine warfare). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A datum is the last known position of a submarine, or suspected submarine, after contact has been lost.

datum (geodetic). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A reference surface consisting of five quantities: the latitude and longitude of an initial point, the azimuth of a line from that point, and the parameters of the reference ellipsoid.

datum dan buoy. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a dan buoy intended as a geographic reference or check, which needs to be more visible and more securely moored than a normal dan buoy.

datum error (antisubmarine warfare). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An estimate of the degree of accuracy in the reported position of datum.

datum level. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A surface to which elevations, heights, or depths on a map or chart are related. See also altitude.

datum point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any reference point of known or assumed coordinates from which calculation or measurements may be taken. See also pinpoint.

datum time (antisubmarine warfare). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The datum time is the time when contact with the submarine, or suspected submarine, was lost.

davit. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A small crane on a vessel that is used to raise and lower small boats, such as lifeboats, an LCM-8 on landing ship, tanks, side loadable warping tugs, or causeway sections.

day air defense fighter. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A fighter aircraft with equipment and weapons which enable it to engage airborne targets, but in clear weather conditions and by day only.

day of supply. See one day's supply.

dazzle. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Temporary loss of vision or a temporary reduction in visual acuity. See also flash blindness.

DCSCD Homepage. [TP 71] World Wide Web site containing DCSCD information. Its address is

de facto boundary. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An international or administrative boundary whose existence and legality is not recognized, but which is a practical division between separate national and provincial administering authorities.

de jure boundary. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An international or administrative boundary whose existence and legality is recognized.

de-arming. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An operation in which a weapon is changed from a state of readiness for initiation to a safe condition. Also called safing. See also arm or de-arm.

dead mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine which has been neutralized, sterilized or rendered safe. See also mine.

dead space. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l An area within the maximum range of a weapon, radar, or observer, which cannot be covered by fire or observation from a particular position because of intervening obstacles, the nature of the ground, or the characteristics of the trajectory, or the limitations of the pointing capabilities of the weapons.

l An area or zone which is within range of a radio transmitter, but in which a signal is not received.

l The volume of space above and around a gun or guided missile system into which it cannot fire because of mechanical or electronic limitations.

dead zone. See dead space.

deadline. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To remove a vehicle or piece of equipment from operation or use for one of the following reasons:

l Is inoperative due to damage, malfunctioning, or necessary repairs. The term does not include items temporarily removed from use by reason of routine maintenance, and repairs that do not affect the combat capability of the item.

l Is unsafe.

l Would be damaged by further use.

debarkation. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The unloading of troops, equipment, or supplies from a ship or aircraft.

debarkation net. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specially prepared type of cargo net employed for the debarkation of troops over the side of a ship.

debarkation schedule. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A schedule which provides for the timely and orderly debarkation of troops and equipment and emergency supplies for the waterborne ship-to-shore movement.

debit. 1[DSMC]

l Any bookkeeping entry in recording a transaction, the effect of which is to decrease a liability, revenue, or capital account or increase an asset or expense account.

l Having a balance that represents an asset.

l The act of making such an entry.

l A debit memo or debit invoice used in dealings with customers or suppliers.

debug. [DSMC] To test or check out a program of instructions and data for a computer in order to eliminate mistakes.

decay rate. [TR 350-70] The rate at which an individual loses the ability to perform a task or supporting knowledge and skills. See learning decay.

Decca. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A radio phase-comparison system which uses a master and slave stations to establish a hyperbolic lattice and provide accurate ground position-fixing facilities.

deceased. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A casualty status applicable to a person who is either known to have died, determined to have died on the basis of conclusive evidence, or declared to be dead on the basis of a presumptive finding of death. The recovery of remains is not a prerequisite to determining or declaring a person deceased. See also casualty status.

decentralized control. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air defense, the normal mode whereby a higher echelon monitors unit actions, making direct target assignments to units only when necessary to ensure proper fire distribution or to prevent engagement of friendly aircraft. See also centralized control.

decentralized items. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those items of supply for which appropriate authority has prescribed local management and procurement.

deception. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Those measures designed to mislead the enemy by manipulation, distortion, or falsification of evidence to induce him to react in a manner prejudicial to his interests. See also counterdeception; military deception.

deception action. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A collection of related deception events that form a major component of a deception operation.

deception concept. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The deception course of action forwarded to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for review as part of the CINC's Strategic Concept.

deception course of action. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A deception scheme developed during the estimate process in sufficient detail to permit decisionmaking. At a minimum, a deception course of action will identify the deception objective, the deception target, the desired perception, the deception story, and tentative deception means.

deception event. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A deception means executed at a specific time and location in support of a deception operation.

deception means. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Methods, resources, and techniques that can be used to convey information to a foreign power. There are three categories of deception means:

l physical means - Activities and resources used to convey or deny selected information to a foreign power. (Examples: military operations, including exercises, reconnaissance, training activities, and movement of forces; the use of dummy equipment and devices; tactics; bases, logistic actions, stockpiles, and repair activity; and test and evaluation activities.)

l technical means - Military materiel resources and their associated operating techniques used to convey or deny selected information to a foreign power through the deliberate radiation, reradiation, alteration, absorption, or reflection of energy; the emission or suppression of chemical or biological odors; and the emission or suppression of nuclear particles.

l administrative means - Resources, methods, and techniques designed to convey or deny oral, pictorial, documentary, or other physical evidence to a foreign power.

deception objective. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The desired result of a deception operation expressed in terms of what the adversary is to do or not to do at the critical time and/or location.

deception story. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A scenario that outlines the friendly actions that will be portrayed to cause the deception target to adopt the desired perception.

deception target. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The adversary decisionmaker with the authority to make the decision that will achieve the deception objective.

decibel (dB). A unit for expressing the relative intensity of sound.

decision. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In an estimate of the situation, a clear and concise statement of the line of action intended to be followed by the commander as the one most favorable to the successful accomplishment of the mission.

decision altitude. An altitude related to the highest elevation in the touchdown zone, specified for a glide slope approach, at which a missed-approach procedure must be initiated if the required visual reference has not been established. See also decision height.

decision coordinating paper (DCP). A decision paper that gives the reason for starting, continuing, reorienting, or stopping a development program. It is prepared at each critical decision point during the acquisition process.

decision documents. Prepared by AMC, in coordination with TRADOC, these document the progress of a materiel acquisition program to meet the needs identified in the requirements documents.

decision height. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A height above the highest elevation in the touchdown zone, specified for a glide slope approach, at which a missed-approach procedure must be initiated if the required visual reference has not been established. See also decision altitude.

decision logic chart and table. [TR 350-70] A guide used to assist in the decision-making process. It represents the input or set of inputs likely to occur for a given situation, and recommends a course of action or, if appropriate, alternative actions. It is also called a decision table.

decision point. A point at which there are two or more options.

decision table. See decision logic chart and table.

decision tree. [TR 350-70] A graphic representation of the sequence of a specific activity or operation.

decisive engagement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In land and naval warfare, an engagement in which a unit is considered fully committed and cannot maneuver or extricate itself. In the absence of outside assistance, the action must be fought to a conclusion and either won or lost with the forces at hand.

decisive force. Applying overwhelming forces to fight and win quickly with minimum casualties.

decisive point. A point, usually geographical, that, when retained, provides a commander with a marked advantage over his opponent. Decisive points could also include other physical elements such as enemy formations, command posts, and communications nodes.

deck alert. See ground alert.

declared speed. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The continuous speed which a master declares his ship can maintain on a forthcoming voyage under moderate weather conditions having due regard to her present condition.

declassification. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The determination that in the interests of national security, classified information no longer requires any degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure, coupled with removal or cancellation of the classification designation.

declassify. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) To cancel the security classification of an item of classified matter. See also downgrade.

declination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The angular distance to a body on the celestial sphere measured north or south through 90 degrees from the celestial equator along the hour circle of the body. Comparable to latitude on the terrestrial sphere. See also magnetic declination; magnetic variation.

decompression chamber. See hyperbaric chamber.

decompression sickness. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A syndrome, including bends, chokes, neurological disturbances, and collapse, resulting from exposure to reduced ambient pressure and caused by gas bubbles in the tissues, fluids, and blood vessels.

decontamination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing, chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it.

decontamination station. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A building or location suitably equipped and organized where personnel and materiel are cleansed of chemical, biological or radiological contaminants.

decoy. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An imitation in any sense of a person, object, or phenomenon which is intended to deceive enemy surveillance devices or mislead enemy evaluation. Also called dummy.

decoy ship. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A ship camouflaged as a noncombatant ship with its armament and other fighting equipment hidden and with special provisions for unmasking its weapons quickly. Also called Q-ship.

decrement. [DSMC] Directed funding level reduction for acquisition program(s).

decrypt. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To convert encrypted text into its equivalent plain text by means of a cryptosystem. (This does not include solution by cryptanalysis.) Note: The term decrypt covers the meanings of decipher and decode. See also cryptosystem.

deductive reasoning. The application of a law, principle, or other form of rule to develop conclusions.

deep fording. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The ability of a self-propelled gun or ground vehicle equipped with built-in waterproofing and/ or a special waterproofing kit, to negotiate a water obstacle with its wheels or tracks in contact with the ground. See also flotation; shallow fording.

deep fording capability. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The characteristic of self-propelled gun or ground vehicle equipped with built-in waterproofing and/or a special waterproofing kit, to negotiate a water obstacle with its wheels or tracks in contact with the ground.

deep minefield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An antisubmarine minefield which is safe for surface ships to cross. See also minefield.

deep operations. Operations designed in depth to secure advantages in later engagements, protect the current close fight, and defeat the enemy more rapidly by denying freedom of action and disrupting or destroying the coherence and tempo of its operations.

deep supporting fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fire directed on objectives not in the immediate vicinity of our forces, for neutralizing and destroying enemy reserves and weapons, and interfering with enemy command, supply, communications, and observations. See also close supporting fire; direct supporting fire; supporting fire.

defective pricing. [DSMC] Result of cost/pricing data which was certified by a contractor to be accurate, current, and complete, but was not.

defector. [JP 1-02] (DoD) National of a country who has escaped from the control of such country or who, being outside such jurisdiction and control, is unwilling to return thereto and is of special value to another country.

Defense Acquisition Board (DAB). [DSMC] The DAB is the DoD's senior-level forum for advising the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) on critical decisions concerning acquisition category ID programs. The DAB is composed of the DoD's senior acquisition officials. The Board is chaired by the USD(A&T). The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff serves as the vice chairman of the Board. Other principal members of the Board include the Principal Deputy USD(A&T); the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller); the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Strategy and Requirements); the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation; the Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation; the Acquisition Executives of the Army, Navy, and the Air Force; the cognizant overarching Integrated product team leader; the cognizant program executive officer(s) and program manager; and the DAB Executive Secretary. The DAB Chairman is also routinely supported by senior advisors, such as, but not limited to, the Director of Defense Research and Engineering; the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Economic Security); the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs); the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition Reform); the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Environmental Security); the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Logistics); the Director of Acquisition Program Integration; the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency; the Director of Defense Procurement; the Director of Test, Systems Engineering and Evaluation; the Chairman of the Cost Analysis Improvement Group; and the Deputy General Counsel (Acquisition and Logistics). Other senior Department officials may be invited by the USD(A&T) to participate in DAB meetings on an as-needed basis.

defense acquisition board committee. Advisory review groups subordinate to the Defense Acquisition Board. The number of committees is determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition. The purpose of the committee is to review DoD Component programs prior to a Defense Acquisition Board review in order to make an independent assessment and recommendation to the Board regarding the program. (see DoD Directive 5000.49, Defense Acquisition Board)

Defense Acquisition Deskbook. 1[DSMC] An automated reference tool sponsored by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) to assist program offices in implementing DoDD 5000.1 and DoD 5000.2-R. It consists of a World Wide Web home page with a bulletin board, an information structure of discretionary information, and a reference library of statutory and regulatory guidance. The information structure and reference library are available by CD-ROM subscription from the home page location. 2[DoD 5200.2-R] The Defense Acquisition Deskbook is an automated repository of information that consists of an electronic Desk Reference Set, a Tool Catalog, and a Forum for the exchange of information. The Reference Set organizes information into two main categories: mandatory guidance and discretionary information.

Defense Acquisition Executive (DAE). The principle advisor and staff assistant to the Secretary of Defense and the focal point in Office of the Secretary of Defense for system acquisitions. (See DoDD 5000.1.)

defense acquisition executive summary (DAES). [DSMC] DAES is the principal mechanism for tracking programs between milestone reviews. A DAES report is provided by the program manager of a major defense acquisition program to the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) each calendar quarter.

Defense Acquisition Regulatory Council (DARC). [DSMC] The DARC is one of two councils authorized to generate changes to the Federal Acquisition Regulation. DARC members are from the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology), the DoD Components, and NASA. (The other council is the Civilian Agency Acquisition Council with representatives from the other executive departments.)

Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (DARO). A DoD-level authority to resolve imagery conflicts.

defense area. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) For any particular command, the area extending from the forward edge of the battle area to its rear boundary. It is here that the decisive defensive battle is fought.

defense articles. [USMC] Weapons, weapon systems, munitions, aircraft, boats, or other implements of war; property, installations, material, equipment, or goods used for purposes of furnishing military assistance or making military sales; any machinery, facility, tool, material, supply, or other items necessary for the manufacture, production, processing, repair, servicing, storage, construction, transportation, operation, or use of any other defense article or any component or part of any articles listed above. Defense articles do not include merchant vessels, major combatant vessels, or as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (Title 42 U.S.C.2011), source material, by-product material, special nuclear material, production facilities, utilization facilities, or atomic weapons or articles involving restricted data.

Defense Automated Visual Information System (DAVIS). A standard, DoD-wide automated data processing system for managing Visual Information (VI) at the DoD Component and major command levels. DAVIS includes a production database covering production, acquisitions, inventory, distribution, product status and archival control of audio-visual productions and VI materials, and a VI facilities data base that includes activities, facilities, personnel, and funds.

Defense Business Operations Fund (DBOF). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A revolving industrial fund concept for a large number of Defense support functions, including transportation. Utilizes business-like cost accounting to determine total cost of a business activity. Defense Business Operations Fund-Transportation is comprised of those Defense Business Operations Fund accounts assigned by the Office of the Secretary of Defense for USCINCTRANS control.

defense classification. See security classification.

Defense Communications System (DCS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Department of Defense long-haul voice, data, and record traffic system which includes the Defense Data Network, Defense Satellite Communications System, and Defense Switched Network. See also Defense Data Network; Defense Switched Network.

Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC). [DSMC] The contract administration function is performed by DCMC, which is part of the Defense Logistics Agency.

Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC) (City/Area). [DSMC] A DCMC contract administration office located in a city or area having cognizance over all government contractors in that city or area, unless they are covered by a team located within a specified contractor's plant. Formerly called a DCMC Area Office (DCMAO).

Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC) (company name). [DSMC] A DCMC contract administration team located at a contractor's plant full time. Formerly called Defense Plant Representative Office (DPRO).

Defense Contract Management Command Area Office. [DSMC] Obsolete term. See Defense Contract Management Command (City/Area).

defense cooperation. [DSMC] Defense cooperation is a generic term for the range of activity undertaken by the U.S. DoD with its allies and other friendly nations to promote international security. Such activity includes, but need not be confined to, security assistance, industrial cooperation, armaments cooperation, foreign military sales, training, logistics cooperation, cooperative research and development, foreign comparative testing, and host nation support.

defense cooperation country. [DSMC] A qualifying country that has a defense cooperation agreement with the United States and for which a determination and findings has been made by the Secretary of Defense waiving the Buy American Act restrictions for a list of mutually agreed-upon items (see DoD Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement Subpart 225.75).

Defense Data Network (DDN). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Component of the Defense Communications System used for switching Department of Defense automated data processing systems. See also Defense Communications System; Defense Switched Network.

defense emergency. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An emergency condition that exists when:

l A major attack is made upon U.S. forces overseas, or on allied forces in any theater and is confirmed by either the commander of a command established by the Secretary of Defense or higher authority.

l An overt attack of any type is made upon the United States and is confirmed either by the commander of a command established by the Secretary of Defense or higher authority.

Defense Guidance (DG). DG provides guidance from the Secretary of Defense to DoD Components for the preparation of their program objective memorandum.

defense in depth. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The siting of mutually supporting defense positions designed to absorb and progressively weaken attack, prevent initial observations of the whole position by the enemy, and to allow the commander to maneuver his reserve.

defense industrial cooperation. [DSMC] Activities undertaken pursuant to a government-to-government agreement to foster cooperation in research and development, production and procurement, and logistics support of defense equipment that emphasize joint production of systems to satisfy the military requirements of one or more allied or friendly nations in coordination with the United States.

defense information. [DSMC] Any document, writing, sketch, photograph, plan, model, specification, design prototype, or other recorded or oral information relating to any defense article, defense service, or major combatant vessel, but shall not include restricted data as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and data removed from the restricted data category under section 142d of that Act.

Defense information infrastructure (DII). 1[DSMC] Encompasses the assets and elements (communications networks, computers, software, databases and people) available to meet DoD's information needs. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) The shared or interconnected system of computers, communications, data applications, security, people, training, and other support structures serving DoD local, national, and worldwide information needs. The Defense Information Infrastructure connects DoD mission support, command and control, and intelligence computers through voice, telecommunications, imagery, video, and multimedia services. It provides information processing and services to subscribers over the Defense Information Systems Network and includes command and control, tactical, intelligence, and commercial communications systems used to transmit DoD information. See also global information infrastructure; information; infrastructure; national information infrastructure.

Defense Information Systems Network (DISN). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Integrated network, centrally managed and configured to provide long-haul information transfer services for all Department of Defense activities. It is an information transfer utility designed to provide dedicated point-to-point, switched voice and data, imagery, and video teleconferencing services.

Defense Instructional Technology Information System (DITIS). A standard, DoD-wide database designed to facilitate resource sharing within the DoD Components by providing a central source of Interactive Courseware (ICW) information. The DITIS database provides information on all DoD-owned ICW programs, whether fielded or under development, including information on delivery system, operating software, authoring tools and courseware for both planned and fielded ICW systems.

defense intelligence production. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The integration, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of information from single or multiple sources into finished intelligence for known or anticipated military and related national security consumer requirements.

Defense Message System (DMS). [TP 25-71] The DMS is a military message handling system (MMHS) based on ACP 123 for all military messages within the US. The DMS should support electronic mail, non-real time audio, video imagery, binary files, etc., in a store-and-forward messaging environment. The DMS embodies detailed guidance on national issues such as security, management, component implementation and policy as defined in the US Supplement-1, Update 2, to the ACP 123.

Defense Mission. The mission of DoD as specified by the legislative authority.

Defense Planning Guidance (DPG). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) This document, issued by the Secretary of Defense, provides firm guidance in the form of goals, priorities, and objectives, including fiscal constraints, for the development of the Program Objective Memorandums by the military departments and Defense agencies. 2[DSMC] Document issued annually by the Secretary of Defense to DoD components providing strategic framework for developing the Service program objective memorandums. Result of planning efforts by the Joint Staff, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and the services.

defense plant representative office (DPRO). [DSMC] Obsolete term. See Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC) — (company name).

defense readiness conditions (DEFCON). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A uniform system of progressive alert postures for use between the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of unified and specified commands and for use by the services. Defense readiness conditions are graduated to match situations of varying military severity (status of alert). Defense readiness conditions are identified by the short title DEFCON (5), (4), (3), (2), and (1), as appropriate. Also called DEFCON levels.

Defense Resources Board (DRB). [DSMC] A board, chaired by the Deputy Secretary of Defense, established to facilitate decision making during all phases of the planning, programming, and budgeting system process. Board members include the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Under Secretaries of Defense, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs and the Secretaries of the Military Departments. The Director, Program Analysis and Evaluation is the Executive Secretary of the DRB.

Defense school or course. [TR 350-70] A school or course used by two or more services or agencies and administered by a service or agency designated as the executive agency. The curriculum is developed under the policy guidance and the approval authority of an element of the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Defense Simulation Internet (DSI). [TR 5-11] A wide band telecommunications network operated over commercial lines with connectivity to both military and civilian satellites allowing users to be linked on a world-wide, wide area network.

Defense Switched Network (DSN). 1The worldwide interbase telecommunications system that provides end-to-end, common-user, and dedicated voice service for the Department of Defense with the capability of incorporating data and other traffic. It is composed of several sub-systems, including: the Automatic Voice Network; Oahu Telephone System; Defense Commercial Telecommunications Network, etc. It replaced the Automatic Voice Network as the principal long-haul, non-secure voice communications network within the Defense Communications System. See also Automatic Voice Network. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) Component of the Defense Communications System that handles Department of Defense voice, data, and video communications. See also Defense Communications System; Defense Data Network.

Defense System Acquisition Review Council (DSARC). Obsolete. See Joint Requirements and Management Board (JRMB).

Defense Systems Management College (DSMC). [DSMC] A DoD college dedicated to educating both military and civilian personnel, in government and industry, in the DoD systems acquisition process and conducting research and consulting to support and improve DoD acquisition program management. The Commandant reports to the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition Reform).

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC). The organization that acquires, stores, retrieves, disseminates, and enhances technical information for research and development for [U.S.] Government and industry.

Defense Transportation System (DTS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the Nation's transportation infrastructure which supports Department of Defense common-user transportation needs across the range of military operations. It consists of those common-user military and commercial assets, services, and systems organic to, contracted for, or controlled by the Department of Defense. See also common-user transportation; transportation system.

defensive coastal area. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A part of a coastal area and of the air, land, and water area adjacent to the coastline within which defense operations may involve land, sea, and air forces.

defensive information operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The integration and coordination of policies and procedures, operations, personnel, and technology to protect and defend information and information systems. Defensive information operations are conducted through information assurance, physical security, operations security, counter-deception, counter-psychological operations, counterintelligence, electronic warfare, and special information operations. Defensive information operations ensure timely, accurate, and relevant information access while denying adversaries the opportunity to exploit friendly information and information systems for their own purposes. See also counterintelligence; electronic warfare; information assurance; information operations; information system; offensive information operations; operations security; physical security; special information operations.

defensive minefield. [JP 1-02]

l (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a minefield laid in international waters or international straits with the declared intention of controlling shipping in defense of sea communications.

l (DoD) In land mine warfare, a minefield laid in accordance with an established plan to prevent a penetration between positions and to strengthen the defense of the positions themselves.

See also minefield.

defensive sea area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A sea area, usually including the approaches to and the waters of important ports, harbors, bays, or sounds, for the control and protection of shipping; for the safeguarding of defense installations bordering on waters of the areas; and for provision of other security measures required within the specified areas. It does not extend seaward beyond the territorial waters. See also maritime control area.

defensive zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A belt of terrain, generally parallel to the front, which includes two or more organized, or partially organized, battle positions.

deferral of budget authority. [DSMC] Temporary withholding or delaying the obligation or expenditure of budget authority or any type of executive action which effectively precludes the obligation or expenditure of budget authority. Budget authority may be deferred to provide for contingencies, to achieve savings or greater efficiency in the operations of government, or as otherwise specified by law. Budget authority may not be deferred in order to effect a policy in lieu of one established by law or for any other reason. Deferrals must be communicated to the Congress by the President in a special message.

deficiency. [DSMC] Operational need minus existing and planned capability. The degree of inability to successfully accomplish one or more mission tasks or functions required to achieve mission or mission area objectives. Deficiencies might arise from changing mission objectives, opposing threat systems, changes in the environment, obsolescence, or depreciation in current military assets. Also in contract management — any part of a proposal that fails to satisfy the government's requirements.

defilade. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l Protection from hostile observation and fire provided by an obstacle such as a hill, ridge, or bank.

l A vertical distance by which a position is concealed from enemy observation.

l To shield from enemy fire or observation by using natural or artificial obstacles.

defoliant operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The employment of defoliating agents on vegetated areas in support of military operations.

defoliating agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A chemical which causes trees, shrubs, and other plants to shed their leaves prematurely.

degaussing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process whereby a ship's magnetic field is reduced by the use of electromagnetic coils, permanent magnets, or other means.

degradation. [DSMC] Lowering of quality, performance, or status.

degree of risk (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD) As specified by the commander, the risk to which friendly forces may be subjected from the effects of the detonation of a nuclear weapon used in the attack of a close-in enemy target; acceptable degrees of risk under differing tactical conditions are emergency, moderate, and negligible. See also emergency risk (nuclear); moderate risk (nuclear); negligible risk (nuclear).

delay. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A report from the firing ship to the observer or the spotter to inform that the ship will be unable to provide the requested fire immediately. It will normally be followed by the estimated duration of the delay.

delay allowance. [DSMC] A time increment included in a time standard to allow for predictable contingencies and minor delays beyond the control of the worker.

delay release sinker. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sinker which holds a moored mine on the sea bed for a predetermined time after laying.

delayed entry program. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A program under which an individual may enlist in a Reserve Component of a Military Service and specify a future reporting date for entry on active duty in the Active Component that would coincide with availability of training spaces and with personal plans such as high school graduation. See also active duty; Reserve Components.

delaying action. See delaying operation.

delaying operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An operation in which a force under pressure trades space for time by slowing down the enemy's momentum and inflicting maximum damage on the enemy without, in principle, becoming decisively engaged.

delegation of authority. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The action by which a commander assigns part of his authority commensurate with the assigned task to a subordinate commander. While ultimate responsibility cannot be relinquished, delegation of authority carries with it the imposition of a measure of responsibility. The extent of the authority delegated must be clearly stated.

deliberate attack. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fully synchronized operations that employ the effects of every available asset against the enemy’s defense. A type of offensive action characterized by preplanned coordinated employment of firepower and maneuver to close with and destroy or capture the enemy.

deliberate breaching. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The creation of a lane through a minefield or a clear route through a barrier or fortification, which is systematically planned and carried out.

deliberate crossing. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A crossing of an inland water obstacle that requires extensive planning and detailed preparations. See also hasty crossing.

deliberate defense. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A defense normally organized when out of contact with the enemy or when contact with the enemy is not imminent and time for organization is available. It normally includes an extensive fortified zone incorporating pillboxes, forts, and communications systems. See also hasty defense.

deliberate planning. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The Joint Operation Planning and Execution System process involving the development of joint operation plans for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents. Conducted principally in peacetime, deliberate planning is accomplished in prescribed cycles that complement other Department of Defense planning cycles in accordance with the formally established Joint Strategic Planning System.

l A planning process for the deployment and employment of apportioned forces and resources that occurs in response to a hypothetical situation. Deliberate planners rely heavily on assumptions regarding the circumstances that will exist when the plan is executed.

See also Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.

delivering ship. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The ship in a replenishment unit that delivers the rig(s).

delivery error. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The inaccuracy associated with a given weapon system resulting in a dispersion of shots about the aiming point. See also circular error probable; deviation; dispersion; dispersion error; horizontal error.

delivery forecasts. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Periodic estimates of contract production deliveries used as a measure of the effectiveness of production and supply availability scheduling and as a guide to corrective actions to resolve procurement or production bottlenecks.

l Estimates of deliveries under obligation against procurement from appropriated or other funds.

delivery order. An order issued against an established contract where the terms, conditions, and unit prices are already set. A delivery order is the entry document into an already existing contractual mechanism that allows the customers to define their requirements. This written document clearly and completely defines the government's (customer's) requirement. It is the firm basis upon which the contractor can determine the nature, extent, and quality of the work required.

delivery order/task order. [TR 350-70] An order issued against an established contract where the terms, conditions, and unit prices are already set. A delivery order is the entry document into an already existing contractual mechanism that clearly and completely defines the government requirement. It is the firm basis upon which the contractor can determine the nature, extent, and quality of the work required.

delivery requirements. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The stipulation which requires that an item of material must be delivered in the total quantity required by the date required and, when appropriate, overpacked as required.

delivery system. Any method containing plans and procedures for the presentation of instruction. Platform instruction, television, format on-the-job training, and self-teaching exportable packages are all delivery systems.

delta. [DSMC] Funding change/difference.

demand assigned multiple access (DAMA). An effort to lessen the restrictive nature of satellite access.

demilitarized zone (DMZ). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A defined area in which the stationing, or concentrating of military forces, or the retention or establishment of military installations of any description, is prohibited. See also area; peace operations.

demobilization. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process of transitioning a conflict or wartime military establishment and defense-based civilian economy to a peacetime configuration while maintaining national security and economic vitality.

demodulation. The process of retrieving digital data from a modulated signal.

demolition. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The destruction of structures, facilities, or material by use of fire, water, explosives, mechanical, or other means.

demolition belt. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A selected land area sown with explosive charges, mines, and other available obstacles to deny use of the land to enemy operations, and as a protection to friendly troops.

l primary. A continuous series of obstacles across the whole front, selected by the division or higher commander. The preparation of such a belt is normally a priority engineer task.

l subsidiary. A supplement to the primary belt to give depth in front or behind or to protect the flanks.

demolition chamber. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Space intentionally provided in a structure for the emplacement of explosive charges.

demolition firing party. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The party at the site which is technically responsible for the demolition. See also demolition guard.

demolition guard. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A local force positioned to ensure that a target is not captured by an enemy before orders are given for its demolition and before the demolition has been successfully fired. The commander of the demolition guard is responsible for the tactical control of all troops at the demolition site, including the demolition firing party. The commander of the demolition guard is responsible for transmitting the order to fire to the demolition firing party.

demolition kit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The demolition tool kit complete with explosives. See also demolition tool kit.

demolition target. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A target of known military interest identified for possible future demolition. See also charged demolition target; reserved demolition target; uncharged demolition target.

demolition tool kit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The tools, materials and accessories of a nonexplosive nature necessary for preparing demolition charges. See also demolition kit.

demonstration. 1[TR 350-70] A method of instruction by which an instructor shows the students how to perform a process or procedure. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An attack or show of force on a front where a decision is not sought, made with the aim of deceiving the enemy. See also amphibious demonstration; diversion; diversionary attack. 3[JP 1-02] (DoD) In military deception, a show of force in an area where a decision is not sought made to deceive an adversary. It is similar to a feint but no actual contact with the adversary is intended.

demonstration and validation (DEM/VAL) (6.3b). [DSMC] Category of funds in the research, development, test, and evaluation appropriation, referred to as 6.3b funding. Normally funds the program definition and risk reduction phase.

Demonstration and Validation (Research and Development Budget Activity 6.4). [TP 71] Includes all efforts associated with advanced technology development used to demonstrate the general military utility or cost reduction potential of technology when applied to different types of military equipment or techniques. It includes evaluation and synthetic environment, prototypes, and proof-of-principle demonstrations in field exercises to evaluate system upgrades or provide new operational capabilities. The demonstrations evaluate integrated technologies in as realistic an operating environment as possible to assess the performance or cost reduction potential of advanced technology. It may include concept exploration as well as demonstration and validation as described in DoDD 5000.1, but is system specific (Milestone 0/1).

demonstration phase. A part of the demonstration-performance teaching method during which the instructor shows students how to perform the skill to be learned.

demonstration-performance method. A learning experience in which students observe and then participate in a sequence of events designed to teach a procedure, a technique, or an operation, frequently combining oral explanation with the operation or handling of systems, equipment, or materiel.

denial measure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An action to hinder or deny the enemy the use of space, personnel, or facilities. It may include destruction, removal, contamination, or erection of obstructions.

denied area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area under enemy or unfriendly control in which friendly forces cannot expect to operate successfully within existing operational constraints and force capabilities.

density. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The average number of mines per meter of minefield front.

density altitude. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An atmospheric density expressed in terms of the altitude which corresponds with that density in the standard atmosphere.

Department of Defense Acquisition System. A single uniform system whereby all equipment, facilities, and services are planned, designed, developed, acquired, maintained, and disposed of within the Department of Defense. The system encompasses establishing and enforcing policies and practices that govern acquisitions, to include documenting mission needs and establishing performance goals and baselines; determining and prioritizing resource requirements for acquisition programs; planning and executing acquisition programs; directing and controlling the acquisition review process; developing and assessing logistics implications; contracting; monitoring the execution status of approved programs; and reporting to Congress. (see DoD Directive 5134.1, Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition))

Department of Defense container system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) All Department of Defense (DoD)-owned, leased, controlled 20- or 40-foot intermodal International Organization for Standardization containers and flatracks, supporting equipment such as generator sets and chassis, container handling equipment, information systems, and other infrastructure that supports DoD transportation and logistics operations, including commercially provided transportation services. This also includes 463L pallets, nets, and tie down equipment as integral components of the DoD Intermodal Container System. Size and configuration of the common-use portion of the DoD container system controlled by US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM), will be determined by USTRANSCOM based on established requirements and availability of commercially owned containers and equipment. USTRANSCOM will lease or procure additional containers as required to augment the DoD container system. See also containerization; International Organization for Standardization.

Department of Defense Intelligence Information System (DoDIIS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The aggregation of DoD personnel, procedures, equipment, computer programs, and supporting Profile communications of the General Defense Intelligence Community that supports the timely and comprehensive preparation and presentation of intelligence and intelligence information over a multimedia national level network to military commanders and national level decision makers (Joint Pub 2-01).

Department of the Air Force. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The executive part of the Department of the Air Force at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Air Force. See also military department.

Department of the Army. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The executive part of the Department of the Army at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Components, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Army. See also military department.

Department of the Army modification work order (DAMWO). The authorization and instruction document controlling installation of a modification to fielded equipment.

Department of the Army Visual Information Production and Distribution Program. [TR 350-70] A program that identifies all approved visual information products.

Department of the Navy. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The executive part of the Department of the Navy at the seat of government; the headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps; the entire operating forces of the United States Navy, including naval aviation, and of the U.S. Marine Corps, including the reserve components of such forces; all field activities, headquarters, forces, bases, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Navy; and the U.S. Coast Guard when operating as a part of the Navy pursuant to law. See also military department.

departmental intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Intelligence that any department or agency of the Federal Government requires to execute its own mission.

departure airfield. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An airfield on which troops and/or materiel are enplaned for flight. See also airfield.

departure area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The general area encompassing all base camps, bivouacs, and departure airfield facilities. See also departure site(s).

departure end. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That end of a runway nearest to the direction in which initial departure is made.

departure point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A navigational check point used by aircraft as a marker for setting course.

l In amphibious operations, an air control point at the seaward end of the helicopter approach lane system from which helicopter waves are dispatched along the selected helicopter approach lane to the initial point.

departure site(s). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Individual airfield facilities which are used by an airborne force to launch an airborne operation. See also departure area.

dependent learning objective. Skills and knowledge in one learning objective that are related to those in another learning objective. In order to master one of the learning objectives, it is first necessary to learn the other.

dependent relationship. Occurs when skills and knowledges in one learning objective are closely related to those in another learning objective. In order to master one of the learning objectives, it is first necessary to learn the other.

dependent testing. Requiring student mastery of skills and knowledge in one learning objective before testing skills and knowledge in another learning objective.

deploy/deployment. [DSMC] Fielding a weapon system by placing it into operational use with units in the field/fleet.

deployability posture. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The state or stage of a unit's preparedness for deployment to participate in a military operation, defined in five levels as follows:

l Normal deployability posture. The unit is conducting normal activities. Commanders are monitoring the situation in any area of tension and reviewing plans. No visible overt actions are being taken to increase deployability posture. Units not at home station report their scheduled closure time at home station or the time required to return to home station if ordered to return before scheduled time and desired mode of transportation are available.

l Increased deployability posture. The unit is relieved from commitments not pertaining to the mission. Personnel are recalled from training areas, pass, and leave, as required, to meet the deployment schedule. Preparation for deployment of equipment and supplies is initiated. Pre-deployment personnel actions are completed. Essential equipment and supplies located at continental United States (CONUS) or overseas installations are identified.

l Advanced deployability posture. All essential personnel, mobility equipment, and accompanying supplies are checked, packed, rigged for deployment, and positioned with deploying unit. The unit remains at home station. Movement requirements are confirmed. Airlift, sealift, and intra-CONUS transportation resources are identified, and initial movement schedules are completed by the Transportation Component Commands.

l Marshaled deployability posture. The first increment of deploying personnel, mobility equipment, and accompanying supplies is marshaled at designated ports of embarkation but not loaded. Sufficient aircraft or sealift assets are positioned at, or en route to, the port of embarkation, either to load the first increment or to sustain a flow, as required by the plan or directive being considered for execution. Supporting airlift control elements (ALCEs), stage crews (if required), and support personnel adequate to sustain the airlift flow at onload, en route, and offload locations will be positioned, as required.

l Loaded deployability posture. All first increment equipment and accompanying supplies are loaded aboard ships and prepared for departure to the designated objective area. Personnel are prepared for loading on minimum notice. Follow-on increments of cargo and personnel are en route or available to meet projected ship loading schedules. Sufficient airlift is positioned and loaded at the port of embarkation to move the first increment or to initiate and sustain a flow, as required by the plan or directive being considered for execution. Supporting ALCEs, stage aircrews (if required), and support personnel adequate to sustain the airlift flow at onload, en route, and offload locations are positioned, as required.

deployable. [TP 71] Term used to describe that which accompanies an organization in actual engagement or in support of wartime operations.

deployable intelligence support equipment (DISE). A module of the ASAS TOC that will mobilize immediately, set up, and grow into a full TOC as other elements arrive.

deployable training. [TR 350-70] Deployable training is a DL application using technology to take training and education to soldiers involved in various missions around the world. The instruction is supported by deployable training support packages (TSPs) that contain the student and instructor materials required to present the instruction.

deployed nuclear weapons. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l When used in connection with the transfer of weapons between the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense, this term describes those weapons transferred to and in the custody of the Department of Defense.

l Those nuclear weapons specifically authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to be transferred to the custody of the storage facilities, carrying or delivery units of the armed forces.

deployed training. [TR 350-70] A package of training products which may include training devices, simulation, simulators, hardware, ranges, ammunition, distributed institutional training, or battle-rostered observers/controllers for use by deployed units. The training ensures unit and soldier ability to perform mission essential critical tasks as well as mission planning and rehearsal support, reconstitution of units, and continuation of professional development.

deployment. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l In naval usage, the change from a cruising approach or contact disposition to a disposition for battle.

l The movement of forces within areas of operation.

l The positioning of forces into a formation for battle.

l The relocation of forces and materiel to desired areas of operations. Deployment encompasses all activities from origin or home station through destination, specifically including intra-continental United States, intertheater, and intratheater movement legs, staging, and holding areas.

See also deployment order; deployment planning; deployment preparation order.

deployment data base. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The JOPES (Joint Operation Planning and Execution System) data base containing the necessary information on forces, materiel, and filler and replacement personnel movement requirements to support execution. The data base reflects information contained in the refined time-phased force and deployment data from the deliberate planning process or developed during the various phases of the crisis action planning process, and the movement schedules or tables developed by the transportation component commands to support the deployment of required forces, personnel, and materiel. See also time-phased force and deployment data.

deployment diagram. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In the assault phase of an amphibious operation, a diagram showing the formation in which the boat group proceeds from the rendezvous area to the line of departure and the method of deployment into the landing formation.

deployment order. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A planning directive from the Secretary of Defense, issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, that authorizes and directs the transfer of forces between combatant commands by reassignment or attachment. A deployment order normally specifies the authority that the gaining combatant commander will exercise over the transferred forces. See also deployment; deployment planning; deployment preparation order.

deployment plan. [DSMC] A plan to provide for the smooth introduction of a system or equipment to the user.

deployment planning. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Operational planning directed toward the movement of forces and sustainment resources from their original locations to a specific operational area for conducting the joint operations contemplated in a given plan. Encompasses all activities from origin or home station through destination, specifically including intra-continental United States, intertheater, and intratheater movement legs, staging areas, and holding areas. See also deployment; deployment order; deployment preparation order.

deployment preparation order. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An order issued by competent authority to move forces or prepare forces for movement (e.g., increase deployability posture of units). See also deployment; deployment planning.

depot. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l Supply -- An activity for the receipt, classification, storage, accounting, issue, maintenance, procurement, manufacture, assembly, research, salvage, or disposal of material.

l Personnel -- An activity for the reception, processing, training, assignment, and forwarding of personnel replacements.

depot level maintenance (D level). [DSMC] Maintenance performed on material requiring major overhaul or a complete rebuild of parts, assemblies, subassemblies, and end items, including the manufacture of parts, modification, testing, and reclamation as required. Supports organizational and intermediate maintenance activities by more extensive shop facilities and personnel of higher technical skill than are normally available at the lower levels of maintenance.

depot maintenance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That maintenance performed on materiel requiring major overhaul or a complete rebuild of parts, assemblies, subassemblies, and end-items, including the manufacture of parts, modifications, testing, and reclamation as required. Depot maintenance serves to support lower categories of maintenance by providing technical assistance and performing that maintenance beyond their responsibility. Depot maintenance provides stocks of serviceable equipment by using more extensive facilities for repair than are available in lower level maintenance activities.

depression angle. See angle of depression.

depth. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In maritime/hydrographic use, the vertical distance from the plane of the hydrographic datum to the bed of the sea, lake, or river.

depth and simultaneous attack. [TP 525-5] The simultaneous application of combat power against an enemy throughout the depth and breadth of the battlefield; objective goes beyond defeating the enemy; objective is to accelerate enemy defeat.

depth contour. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A line connecting points of equal depth below the hydrographic datum. Also called bathymetric contour or depth curve.

depth curve. See depth contour.

description of target. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, an element in the call for fire in which the observer or spotter describes the installation, personnel, equipment, or activity to be taken under fire.

descriptive name.[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Written indication on maps and charts, used to specify the nature of a feature (natural or artificial) shown by a general symbol.

design. [TR 350-70] A major phase in the Systems Approach to Training (SAT) Process. Determines how to train. Translates analysis data into a blueprint for training. It identifies all resource requirements, training structure, learning objectives, training sequence, student evaluation/graduation requirements, program of instruction.

design control activity. A contractor or government activity having responsibility for the design of a given part and for the preparation and currency of engineering drawings and other technical data for that part.

design interface. [DSMC] One of the traditional elements of logistics support and one of the functions of logistics. Involves the relationship of logistics-related design parameters, such as reliability and maintainability, to readiness and support resource requirements. These logistics-related design parameters are expressed in operational terms rather than inherent values and specifically related to system readiness objectives and support costs of the materiel system.

design parameters. [DSMC] Qualitative, quantitative, physical, and functional value characteristics that are inputs to the design process, for use in design trade-offs, risk analyses, and development of a system that is responsive to system requirements.

design phase. A major phase in the training development process. Determines how to train. Translates analysis data into a blueprint for training. It identifies all resource requirements, training structure, learning objectives, test items, training sequence, student evaluation/ graduation requirements, program of instruction.

design synthesis. [DSMC] The process of translating functional and performance requirements into design solutions to include internal and external interfaces.

design-to-cost (DTC). [DSMC] Management concept which historically emphasized cost effective design (minimizing cost while achieving performance) and targeting an average unit procurement cost. DTC concentrated on the contractors' activities associated with tracking/controlling costs and performing cost-performance analyses/trade-offs. CAIV has refocused DTC to consider cost objectives for the total life cycle of the program and to view cost as an independent variable with the understanding it may be necessary to trade off performance to stay within cost objectives and constraints. DTC is now those actions which are undertaken to meet cost objectives through explicit design activities. Contractual implementation of DTC should go beyond simply incentivizing the contractor to meet cost commitments — it should also incentivize the contractor to seek out additional cost reduction opportunities.

design-to-cost goal. A specific cost established as a goal for a specific configuration, established performance characteristics, and a specific number of systems at a defined production rate.

design-to-unit production cost (DTUPC). The DTUPC is a contractual provision which is the anticipated unit production price to be paid by the [U.S.] Government for recurring production costs based on a stated production quantity, rate, and timeframe.

Designated Acquisition Program (DAP). The DAP is a program designated by the Army Acquisition Executive for the Army Requirements and Management Board milestone review. Selection is based on resource requirements, complexity, and Congressional interest.

desired appreciation. See appreciations.

desired effects. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The damage or casualties to the enemy or material which a commander desires to achieve from a nuclear weapon detonation. Damage effects on material are classified as light, moderate, or severe. Casualty effects on personnel may be immediate, prompt, or delayed.

desired ground zero (DGZ). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The point on the surface of the Earth at, or vertically below or above, the center of a planned nuclear detonation. See also actual ground zero; ground zero.

desired perception. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In military deception, what the deception target must believe for it to make the decision that will achieve the deception objective.

despatch route. See dispatch route.

destination. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The place where a container movement ceases. The destination may be the ultimate user or consumer of container contents, a retail supply point, or a consolidation and distribution point.

destroy (beam). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "The interceptor will be vectored to a standard beam attack for interception and destruction of the target."

destroy (cutoff). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Intercept and destroy. Command vectors will produce a cutoff attack."

destroy (frontal). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a command meaning, "The interceptor will be vectored to a standard frontal attack for interception and destruction of the target."

destroy (stern). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept a command meaning, "The interceptor will be vectored to a standard stern attack for interception and destruction of the target."

destroyed. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A condition of a target so damaged that it cannot function as intended nor be restored to a usable condition. In the case of a building, all vertical supports and spanning members are damaged to such an extent that nothing is salvageable. In the case of bridges, all spans must have dropped and all piers must require replacement.

destroyer. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A high-speed warship designed to operate offensively with strike forces, with hunter-killer groups, and in support of amphibious assault operations. Destroyers also operate defensively to screen support forces and convoys against submarine, air, and surface threats. Normal armament consists of 3-inch and 5-inch dual-purpose guns and various antisubmarine warfare weapons. Designated as DD.

destruction. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A type of adjustment for destroying a given target.

destruction area. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area in which it is planned to destroy or defeat the enemy airborne threat. The area may be further subdivided into air intercept, missile (long-, medium-, and short-range), or antiaircraft gun zones.

destruction fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Fire delivered for the sole purpose of destroying material objects. See also fire.

destruction fire mission. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery, fire delivered for the purpose of destroying a point target. See also fire.

destruction radius. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In mine warfare, the maximum distance from an exploding charge of stated size and type at which a mine will be destroyed by sympathetic detonation of the main charge, with a stated probability of destruction, regardless of orientation.

detachment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A part of a unit separated from its main organization for duty elsewhere.

l A temporary military or naval unit formed from other units or parts of units.

detail specifications. All detail requirements or a blend of performance and detail requirements. Detail specifications shall specify materials, design, or consideration requirements, or how to requirements, only to the extent necessary to ensure adequacy, safety, and interchangeability of the item being acquired.

detailed cost estimate. [DSMC] See engineering cost estimate.

detailed live fire test and evaluation (LFTE) plan. [DSMC] Describes the detailed test procedures, test conditions, data collection, and analysis processes to be used during the conduct of LFTE.

detailed live fire test and evaluation (LFTE) report. [DSMC] Service report of the results and evaluation of all testing identified in the LFTE strategy submitted to Director, Operational Test and Evaluation no later than 120 days after test completion. The format of the report is a Service option; however, to facilitate the DOTE independent report to the Congress, each service report should include the firing results, test conditions, a description of any deviations approved subsequent to the preparation of the detailed LFTE plan, test limitations, conclusions, and the evaluation of live fire vulnerability/ lethality based on available information (if applicable).

detailed photographic report. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A comprehensive, analytical, intelligence report written as a result of the interpretation of photography usually covering a single subject, a target, target complex, and of a detailed nature.

detailed test plan (DTP). A set of explicit instructions for controlling, collecting data, and analyzing every phase of the test.

detained. See missing.

detainee. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A term used to refer to any person captured or otherwise detained by an armed force.

detainee collecting point. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A facility or other location where detainees are assembled for subsequent movement to a detainee processing station.

detainee processing station. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A facility or other location where detainees are administratively processed and provided custodial care pending disposition and subsequent release, transfer, or movement to a prisoner-of-war or civilian internee camp.

detecting circuit. JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The part of a mine firing circuit which responds to the influence of a target.

detection. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l In tactical operations, the perception of an object of possible military interest but unconfirmed by recognition.

l In surveillance, the determination and transmission by a surveillance system that an event has occurred.

l In arms control, the first step in the process of ascertaining the occurrence of a violation of an arms-control agreement.

deterioration limit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A limit placed on a particular product characteristic to define the minimum acceptable quality requirement for the product to retain its NATO code number.

determination and findings (D&F). [DSMC] A special form of written approval by authorized officials required by statute or regulation as prerequisite to taking certain contracting actions.

deterrence. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The prevention from action by fear of the consequences. Deterrence is a state of mind brought about by the existence of a credible threat of unacceptable counteraction.

deterrent options. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A course of action, developed on the best economic, diplomatic, political, and military judgment, designed to dissuade an adversary from a current course of action or contemplated operations. (In constructing an operation plan, a range of options should be presented to effect deterrence. Each option requiring deployment of forces should be a separate force module.)

detonating cord. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A waterproof, flexible fabric tube containing a high explosive designed to transmit the detonation wave.

detonator. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A device containing a sensitive explosive intended to produce a detonation wave.

detour. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Deviation from those parts of a route where movement has become difficult or impossible to ensure continuity of movement to the destination. The modified part of the route is known as a detour.

developing activity/agency (DA). [DSMC] The command responsible for research and development and production of a new item.

development. 1[TR 350-70] A major phase in the systems approach to training (SAT) process. Converts the design into resident and nonresident training materials, e.g., lesson plans, student handouts, media, etc. 2[DSMC] The process of working out and extending the theoretical, practical, and useful applications of a basic design, idea, or scientific discovery. Design, building, modification, or improvement of the prototype of a vehicle, engine, instrument, or the like as determined by the basic idea or concept. Includes all efforts directed toward programs being engineered for Service use but which have not yet been approved for procurement or operation, and all efforts directed toward development engineering and test of systems, support programs, vehicles, and weapons that have been approved for production and service deployment.

development phase. A major phase in the training development process. It converts the design into resident and nonresident training materials such as lesson plans, student handouts, media, etc.

development specification. [DSMC] States all necessary design requirements of a configuration/development item in terms of performance. Essential physical constraints are included. Development specifications state requirements for the development of items below the system level. They specify all of the required item functional characteristics and the tests required to demonstrate achievement of those characteristics.

development test (DT). DT occurs during the developmental phases of the materiel acquisition process. It is the engineering test(ing) to provide data on safety, the achievability of critical system technical characteristics, refinement and ruggedization of hardware configurations, and technical risks. This testing is performed on components, subsystems, materiel improvement, nondevelopmental items (NDI), hardware-software integration, and related software. DT includes the testing of compatibility and interoperability with existing or planned equipment and systems, and measures the system effects caused by natural and induced environmental conditions.

developmental assistance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) US Agency for International Development function chartered under chapter one of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, primarily designed to promote economic growth and the equitable distribution of its benefits.

developmental test and evaluation (DTE). [DSMC] T&E conducted throughout the life cycle to identify potential operational and technological capabilities and limitations of the alternative concepts and design options being pursued; support the identification of cost-performance trade-offs by providing analyses of the capabilities and limitations of alternatives; support the identification and description of design technical risks; assess progress toward meeting critical operational issues, mitigation of acquisition technical risk, achievement of manufacturing process requirements and system maturity; assess validity of assumptions and conclusions from the analysis of alternatives; provide data and analysis in support of the decision to certify the system ready for operational test and evaluation; and in the case of automated information systems, support an information systems security certification prior to processing classified or sensitive data and ensure a standards conformance certification.

developmental validation. The initial stage in which the material is tried out to determine if the product teaches the subject and to locate portions of the instructional materials that need to be revised.

deviation. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l The distance by which a point of impact or burst misses the target. See also circular error probable; delivery error; dispersion error; horizontal error.

l The angular difference between magnetic and compass headings.

2[DSMC] A written authorization, granted prior to the manufacture of an item, to depart from a particular performance or design requirement of a specification, drawing, or other document for a specific number of units or a specified period of time.

deviation criteria. [DSMC] Limits established beyond which a program manager may not trade-off cost, schedule, or performance without authorization from the milestone decision authority (MDA). Acquisition program baseline thresholds represent these parameters. Unless otherwise specified by the MDA, current deviation criteria for acquisition category I/IA programs are specified in DoD 5000.2-R as exceeding the following limits:

l cost. Objective value +10 percent.

l schedule. Event + 6 months (ACAT I)/event +3 months (ACAT IA).

l performance. Current estimate does not attain threshold value.

diagnostic test. An evaluative instrument used to measure performance against a criterion. A test to define specific areas of weakness or strength in skills such as reading, arithmetic, or spelling. See pretest.

diagram sheet. An instructional sheet that provides the student with a diagram, schematic, illustration, or definitions used during the course of instruction.

diapositive. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A positive photograph on a transparent medium. See also transparency.

didactic design. Instructional design in which the student is presented information and asked to respond to questions.

died of wounds received in action (DWRIA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A casualty category applicable to a hostile casualty, other than the victim of a terrorist activity, who dies of wounds or other injuries received in action after having reached a medical treatment facility. See also casualty category.

differential ballistic wind. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In bombing, a hypothetical wind equal to the difference in velocity between the ballistic wind and the actual wind at a release altitude.

differential feedback. Test response feedback specific to the multiple choice answer selected by the student.

difficulty-importance-frequency (DIF) model. [TR 350-70] One of several models used to select training tasks and/or site. Using this model, the proponent identifies tasks as critical based on the difficulty, importance, and frequency of job task performance.

diffraction loading. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The total force which is exerted on the sides of a structure by the advancing shock front of a nuclear explosion.

digital video interactive (DVI). A standard for storing a large amount of digital data and producing full-screen, full-motion interactive video, audio, and still graphics or text. The interactive portion of DVI allows the viewer to manipulate, modify, twist, or otherwise control every aspect of the picture and sound. DVI works by utilizing heavy-duty data compression to store a large amount of digital data and unpacking the data when it is needed. DVI products can be stored on any medium that records digital signals, including compact disk-read only memory (CD-ROM) discs. The technology requires a personal computer, typically an AT-command compatible machine, and uses a custom video display processor (VDP) that lets users process and display images either on a computer monitor or on a television set. A DVI compact disk can store more than one hour of video playing time, and can recreate and display 30 video frames per second.

digitization. [TR 350-70] The overarching term for the electronic recording of information for distribution via Internet (on-line access), computer networks, computer disks (floppies, CD-ROMs), magnetic tapes, optical disks, satellite transmission, and bulletin boards. Digitization may be used for doctrine, training, leader development, organization, materials, and soldier (DTLOMS) purposes.

digitize. To convert analog data or code to digital data.

digitized training. [TR 350-70] The digitization of training includes the development, implementation/delivery, distribution, and management of training primarily through electronic means. It provides the capability to train soldiers and units throughout the training environment. Examples include the presentation of training through computer-based instruction (CBI), to include simulations and embedded training; the Standard Army Training System (SATS), the Automated Systems Approach to Training (ASAT); etc.

dilberted. To be exploited and oppressed by your boss. Derived from the experiences of Dilbert, the geek-in-hell comic strip character. "I’ve been dilberted again. The old man revised the specs for the fourth time this week."

dip. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, the amount by which a moored mine is carried beneath its set depth by a current or tidal stream acting on the mine casing and mooring.

dip needle circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a mechanism which responds to a change in the magnitude of the vertical component of the total magnetic field.

diplomatic authorization. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Authority for overflight or landing obtained at government-to-government level through diplomatic channels.

direct action (DA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Short-duration strikes and other small-scale offensive actions by special operations forces or special operations capable units to seize, destroy, capture, recover, or inflict damage on designated personnel or materiel. In the conduct of these operations, special operations forces or special operations capable units may employ raid, ambush, or direct assault tactics; emplace mines and other munitions; conduct standoff attacks by fire from air, ground, or maritime platforms; provide terminal guidance for precision-guided munitions; conduct independent sabotage; and conduct anti-ship operations. See also special operations; special operations forces.

direct action fuse. See impact action fuse; proximity fuse; self-destroying fuse; time fuse.

direct air support center (airborne). [JP 1-02] (DoD) An airborne aircraft equipped with the necessary staff personnel, communications, and operations facilities to function as a direct air support center. See also direct air support center.

direct air support center (DASC). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The principal air control agency of the US Marine air command and control system responsible for the direction and control of air operations directly supporting the ground combat element. It processes and coordinates requests for immediate air support and coordinates air missions requiring integration with ground forces and other supporting arms. It normally collocates with the senior fire support coordination center within the ground combat element and is subordinate to the tactical air command center. See also Marine Air Command and Control System; tactical air command center; tactical air operations center.

direct cost. [DSMC] Any cost specifically identified with a particular final cost objective. Is not necessarily limited to items that are incorporated into the end product as labor or material.

direct engineering. [DSMC] Engineering effort directly related to specific end products.

direct exchange. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A supply method of issuing serviceable materiel in exchange for unserviceable materiel on an item-for-item basis.

direct fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Gunfire delivered on a target, using the target itself as a point of aim for either the gun or the director.

direct illumination. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Illumination provided by direct light from pyrotechnics or searchlights.

direct labor. [DSMC] Labor specifically identified with a particular final cost objective. Manufacturing direct labor includes fabrication, assembly, inspection, and test for constructing the end product. Engineering direct labor consists of engineering labors such as reliability, quality assurance, test, design, etc., that are readily identified with the end product.

direct labor standard. [DSMC] A specified output or a time allowance established for a direct labor operation. Established by industrial engineers.

direct laying. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Laying in which the sights of weapons are aligned directly on the target. See also lay.

direct liaison authorized (DIRLAUTH). [JP 1-02] (DoD) That authority granted by a commander (any level) to a subordinate to directly consult or coordinate an action with a command or agency within or outside of the granting command. Direct liaison authorized is more applicable to planning than operations and always carries with it the requirement of keeping the commander granting direct liaison authorized informed. Direct liaison authorized is a coordination relationship, not an authority through which command may be exercised.

direct materials. [DSMC] Includes raw materials, purchased parts, and subcontracted items required to manufacture and assemble completed products. A direct material cost is the cost of material used in making a product.

direct support. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A mission requiring a force to support another specific force and authorizing it to answer directly the supported force's request for assistance. See also close support; general support; mutual support; support.

direct support artillery. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Artillery whose primary task is to provide fire requested by the supported unit.

direct supporting fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Fire delivered in support of part of a force, as opposed to general supporting fire which is delivered in support of the force as a whole. See also close supporting fire; deep supporting fire; supporting fire.

directed energy (DE). 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) An umbrella term covering technologies that relate to the production of a beam of concentrated electromagnetic energy or atomic or subatomic particles. See also directed-energy device; directed-energy weapon. 2[TP 525-5] A highly directional beam of concentrated electromagnetic energy; types of directed systems with highest potential are, laser, radio frequency, and particle beam.

directed requirement. [TR 350-70] A materiel requirement approved by DCSOPS (DAMO-FD) to meet an urgent need for a materiel system or item of TADSS not documented in an operational requirements document (ORD). Directed requirements approved by DAMO-FD should provide direct supplemental funding from at least DA level, not out of hide funding from the program managers (PMs).

directed training. [TR 350-70] Any training directed by a higher headquarters. Common Core Training is directed training.

directed-energy device. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system using directed energy primarily for a purpose other than as a weapon. Directed-energy devices may produce effects that could allow the device to be used as a weapon against certain threats, for example, laser rangefinders and designators used against sensors that are sensitive to light. See also directed energy; directed-energy weapon.

directed-energy protective measures. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That division of directed-energy warfare involving actions taken to protect friendly equipment, facilities, and personnel to ensure friendly effective uses of the electromagnetic spectrum that are threatened by hostile directed-energy weapons and devices.

directed-energy warfare (DEW). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Military action involving the use of directed-energy weapons, devices, and counter-measures to either cause direct damage or destruction of enemy equipment, facilities, and personnel, or to determine, exploit, reduce, or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum through damage, destruction, and disruption. It also includes actions taken to protect friendly equipment, facilities, and personnel and retain friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum. See also directed energy; directed-energy device; directed-energy weapon; electromagnetic spectrum; electronic warfare.

directed-energy weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A system using directed energy primarily as a direct means to damage or destroy enemy equipment, facilities, and personnel. See also directed energy; directed-energy device.

directing staff. See exercise directing staff.

direction. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a term used by a spotter/observer in a call for fire to indicate the bearing of the spotting line. See intelligence cycle.

direction finding. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A procedure for obtaining bearings of radio frequency emitters by using a highly directional antenna and a display unit on an intercept receiver or ancillary equipment.

direction of attack. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specific direction or route that the main attack or center of mass of the unit will follow. The unit is restricted, required to attack as indicated, and is not normally allowed to bypass the enemy. The direction of attack is used primarily in counterattacks or to ensure that supporting attacks make maximal contribution to the main attack.

directional gyro indicator. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An azimuth gyro with a direct display and means for setting the datum to a specified compass heading.

directive. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A military communication in which policy is established or a specific action is ordered.

l A plan issued with a view to putting it into effect when so directed, or in the event that a stated contingency arises.

l Broadly speaking, any communication which initiates or governs action, conduct, or procedure.

director of mobility forces (DIRMOBFOR). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Normally a senior officer who is familiar with the area of responsibility or joint operations area and possesses an extensive background in airlift operations. When established, the director of mobility forces serves as the designated agent for all airlift issues in the area of responsibility or joint operations area, and for other duties as directed. The director of mobility forces exercises coordinating authority between the airlift coordination cell, the air mobility element, the Tanker Airlift Control Center, the joint movement center, and the air operations center in order to expedite the resolution of airlift problems. The director of mobility forces may be sourced from the theater's organizations, United States Transportation Command, or United States Atlantic Command. See also airlift coordination cell; air mobility element; air operations center; area of responsibility; coordinating authority; joint movement center; joint operations area; Tanker Airlift Control Center.

disaffected person. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A person who is alienated or estranged from those in authority or lacks loyalty to the government; a state of mind.

disarmament. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The reduction of a military establishment to some level set by international agreement. See also arms control; arms control agreement; arms control measure.

disarmed mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A mine for which the arming procedure has been reversed, rendering the mine inoperative. It is safe to handle and transport and can be rearmed by simple action.

Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART). [JP 1-02] (DoD) United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Office of United States Foreign Disaster Assistance provides this rapidly deployable team in response to international disasters. A Disaster Assistance Response Team provides specialists, trained in a variety of disaster relief skills, to assist US embassies and USAID missions with the management of US Government response to disasters. See also foreign disaster; foreign disaster relief.

disaster control. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Measures taken before, during, or after hostile action or natural or manmade disasters to reduce the probability of damage, minimize its effects, and initiate recovery. See also area damage control; damage control.

disbursements. [DSMC] In budgetary usage, gross disbursements represent the amount of checks issued, cash, or other payments less refunds received. Net disbursements represent gross disbursements less income collected and credited to the appropriation of fund account, such as amounts received for goods and services provided. See outlays.

disclosure. Conveying classified military information or controlled unclassified information to an authorized representative of a foreign government.

discounting. [DSMC] The process of reducing a future amount to a present value.

discrimination. The ability to identify a nonexample of a concept that shares some but not all the critical attributes of that concept.

discriminating circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That part of the operating circuit of a sea mine which distinguishes between the response of the detecting circuit to the passage of a ship and the response to other disturbances (e.g., influence sweep, countermining, etc.)

discrimination. [TR 350-70] The act of distinguishing between performers and non-performers.

disease and nonbattle injury casualty. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A person who is not a battle casualty but who is lost to the organization by reason of disease or injury, including persons dying of disease or injury, by reason of being missing where the absence does not appear to be voluntary, or due to enemy action or being interned.

disembarkation schedule. See debarkation schedule.

disengagement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In arms control, a general term for proposals that would result in the geographic separation of opposing nonindigenous forces without directly affecting indigenous military forces.

dispatch route. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In road traffic, a roadway over which full control, both as to priorities of use and the regulation of movement of traffic in time and space is exercised. Movement authorization is required for its use, even by a single vehicle. See also route.

dispensary. See clinic.

dispenser. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air armament, a container or device which is used to carry and release submunitions. See also cluster bomb unit.

dispersal. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Relocation of forces for the purpose of increasing survivability. See also dispersion.

dispersal airfield. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An airfield, military or civil, to which aircraft might move before H-hour on either a temporary duty or permanent change of station basis and be able to conduct operations. See also airfield.

dispersed movement pattern. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A pattern for ship-to-shore movement which provides additional separation of landing craft both laterally and in depth. This pattern is used when nuclear weapon threat is a factor.

dispersed site. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A site selected to reduce concentration and vulnerability by its separation from other military targets or a recognized threat area.

dispersion. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A scattered pattern of hits around the mean point of impact of bombs and projectiles dropped or fired under identical conditions.

l In antiaircraft gunnery, the scattering of shots in range and deflection about the mean point of explosion.

l The spreading or separating of troops, materiel, establishments, or activities which are usually concentrated in limited areas to reduce vulnerability.

l In chemical and biological operations, the dissemination of agents in liquid or aerosol form.

l In airdrop operations, the scatter of personnel and/or cargo on the drop zone.

l In naval control of shipping, the reberthing of a ship in the periphery of the port area or in the vicinity of the port for its own protection in order to minimize the risk of damage from attack.

See also convoy dispersal point, circular error probable; delivery error; deviation; dispersion error; horizontal error.

dispersion error. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The distance from the point of impact or burst of a round to the mean point of impact or burst.

dispersion pattern. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The distribution of a series of rounds fired from one weapon or group of weapons under conditions as nearly identical as possible the points of bursts or impact being dispersed about a point called the mean point of impact.

displaced equipment training. Training the unit receiving displaced equipment on how to operate, maintain, and employ the equipment. See displaced equipment training plan (DETP).

displaced equipment training plan (DETP). The plan detailing all training required to support the redistribution of equipment within a MACOM or between MACOMs as a result of a force modernization action. The DETP describes training to be provided when equipment is transferred to units that have not had previous experience on that equipment. TRADOC is responsible for preparation of all DETP for Active Components. HQ DA DCSOPS is the approving authority for all DETP.

displaced person. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A civilian who is involuntarily outside the national boundaries of his or her country. See also evacuee; expellee; refugee.

displacement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, separation between target and interceptor tracks established to position the interceptor in such a manner as to provide sufficient maneuvering and acquisition space.

display. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In military deception, a static portrayal of an activity, force, or equipment intended to deceive the adversary's visual observation.

disposal. 1[DSMC] The act of getting rid of excess, surplus, scrap, or salvage property under proper authority. Disposal may be accomplished by, but not limited to, transfer, donation, sale, declaration, abandonment, or destruction. 2[TP 25-71] Actions taken regarding temporary (non-permanent) records when their retention period expires (destruction, sale of paper records as waste, salvage of non-paper records, donation to eligible depository, erasure of electronic records).

disposition. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l Distribution of the elements of a command within an area, usually the exact location of each unit headquarters and the deployment of the forces subordinate to it.

l A prescribed arrangement of the stations to be occupied by the several formations and single ships of a fleet, or major subdivisions of a fleet, for any purpose, such as cruising, approach, maintaining contact, or battle.

l A prescribed arrangement of all the tactical units composing a flight or group of aircraft. See also deployment; dispersion.

2[JP 1-02] (DoD) The removal of a patient from a medical treatment facility by reason of return to duty, transfer to another treatment facility, death, or other termination of medical case.

disposition code. [TP 25-71] An agency's alphanumeric or numeric code identifying the disposition instruction applicable to a record category.

disposition instruction. [TP 25-71] A rule which specifies how long records in a record category must be kept to support the business need for which it was created, and states when it should be destroyed or transferred to the National Archives. Disposition instructions must be approved by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and are mandatory. Authorized disposition instructions include those issued by NARA in a General Records Schedule (GRS) and those approved by NARA in response to a specific request. GRS instructions are applicable to all agencies of the Federal Government. Other authorized instructions are applicable in the requesting agency and any components identified by the agency in its request to NARA.

disruptive pattern. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In surveillance, an arrangement of suitably colored irregular shapes which, when applied to the surface of an object, is intended to enhance its camouflage.

dissemination. See intelligence cycle.

distance. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The space between adjacent individual ships or boats measured in any direction between foremasts.

l The space between adjacent men, animals, vehicles, or units in a formation measured from front to rear.

l The space between known reference points or a ground observer and a target, measured in meters (artillery), in yards (naval gunfire), or in units specified by the observer.

See also interval.

distance learning (DL) [TR 350-70] The delivery of standardized individual, collective, and self-development training to soldiers and units at the right place and right time through the application of multiple means and technologies. DL may involve both synchronous and asynchronous srudenr-instructor interaction. It may also involve self-paced instruction withour benefit of access to an instructor. See correspondence course and extension training.

distance learning technology. [TR 350-70] Technology used for implementation of DL which -

l Makes it easier for the training designer to provide structured and sequenced training.

l Provides a framework within which the student can most efficiently apply his/her personal learning capabilities to master the required training.

distracter. [TR 350-70] In testing, incorrect answers to multiple choice or matching type test items.

distributed fire. Fire so dispersed as to engage most effectively an area target. See also fire.

distributed interactive simulation (DIS). [TR 5-11] A subset of advanced distributed simulation which interfaces through the use of DIS Protocol Data Units.

distribution. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The arrangement of troops for any purpose, such as a battle, march, or maneuver.

l A planned pattern of projectiles about a point.

l A planned spread of fire to cover a desired frontage or depth.

l An official delivery of anything, such as orders or supplies.

l That functional phase of military logistics that embraces the act of dispensing materiel, facilities, and services.

l The process of assigning military personnel to activities, units, or billets.

distribution plan. [TR 350-70] A comprehensive list of organizations, activities, and/or units that are scheduled to receive an item of TADSS, less training ammo/ munitions, to include the date that the item will be delivered.

distribution point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A point at which supplies and/or ammunition, obtained from supporting supply points by a division or other unit, are broken down for distribution to subordinate units. Distribution points usually carry no stocks; items drawn are issued completely as soon as possible.

distribution system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That complex of facilities, installations, methods, and procedures designed to receive, store, maintain, distribute, and control the flow of military materiel between the point of receipt into the military system and the point of issue to using activities and units.

distributor. [TP 25-71] A Government Information Locator Service data element that may include any of the following as well as locally defined elements: name, organization, street address, city, state, zip code, country, network address, hours of service, telephone, FAX.

ditching. [JP 1-02] (DoD) [JP 1-02] (DoD) Controlled landing of a distressed aircraft on water.

diversion. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The act of drawing the attention and forces of an enemy from the point of the principal operation; an attack, alarm, or feint that diverts attention.

l A change made in a prescribed route for operational or tactical reasons. A diversion order will not constitute a change of destination.

l A rerouting of cargo or passengers to a new transshipment point or destination or on a different mode of transportation prior to arrival at ultimate destination.

l In naval mine warfare, a route or channel bypassing a dangerous area. A diversion may connect one channel to another or it may branch from a channel and rejoin it on the other side of the danger.

See also demonstration.

diversion airfield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An airfield with at least minimum essential facilities, which may be used as an emergency airfield or when the main or redeployment airfield is not usable or as required to facilitate tactical operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Also called divert field. See also airfield; departure airfield; main airfield; redeployment airfield.

diversionary attack. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An attack wherein a force attacks, or threatens to attack, a target other than the main target for the purpose of drawing enemy defenses away from the main effort. See also demonstration.

diversionary landing. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An operation in which troops are actually landed for the purpose of diverting enemy reaction away from the main landing.

divert. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l "Proceed to divert field or carrier as specified."

l To change the target, mission, or destination of an airborne flight.

divert field. See diversion airfield.

diving chamber. See hyperbaric chamber.

division. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A tactical unit/formation as follows: a. A major administrative and tactical unit/formation which combines in itself the necessary arms and services required for sustained combat, larger than a regiment/brigade and smaller than

l Corps.

l A number of naval vessels of similar type grouped together for operational and administrative command, or a tactical unit of a naval aircraft squadron, consisting of two or more sections.

l An air division is an air combat organization normally consisting of two or more wings with appropriate service units. The combat wings of an air division will normally contain similar type units.

l An organizational part of a headquarters that handles military matters of a particular nature, such as personnel, intelligence, plans, and training, or supply and evacuation.

l A number of personnel of a ship's complement grouped together for operational and administrative command.

division artillery. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Artillery that is permanently an integral part of a division. For tactical purposes, all artillery placed under the command of a division commander is considered division artillery.

division slice. See slice.

dock landing ship. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A naval ship designed to transport and launch loaded amphibious craft and vehicles with their crews and embarked personnel in amphibious assault, and to render limited docking and repair service to small ships and craft; and one that is capable of acting as a control ship in an amphibious assault. Designated LSD.

doctrinal and tactical training (DTT). See doctrine and tactics training.

doctrinal literature. [TR 350-70] The fundamental principles of doctrine, and the tactics, techniques, and procedures to implement the doctrine and win on the battlefield. Army doctrinal literature is published in field manuals (FMs).

Doctrinal Literature Master Plan (DLMP). [TR 350-70] A TRADOC regulation that establishes policy and assigns responsibility for writing, coordinating, reviewing, and approving doctrinal literature. It focuses on Army doctrine and the supporting tactics, techniques, and procedures used on the battlefield. It also addresses joint and combined doctrine for which TRADOC is responsible. It includes a list of all Army, multiservice, joint, and combined doctrinal publications for future development. It provides a plan for prioritizing doctrinal literature work.

doctrine. 1[JP 1-02] (DoD) Fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. See also combined doctrine; joint doctrine; multi-Service doctrine. 2[TP 71] Body of thought that are fundamental principles by which military forces guide their actions in support of objectives. It represents consensus on how the Army conducts operations today. It ranges from TTP to basic doctrine (such as FM 100-5).

doctrine and tactics training (DTT). [TR 350-70] Training conducted on equipment, inter-operability, and management of new or cascaded equipment, considering comparison of new to older equipment, and associated threats.

doctrine developer. [TP 71] Command, agency, organization, or individual who commands, directs, manages, or accomplishes the doctrine developments work.

doctrine developments. [TP 71] The process of researching, conceptualizing, analyzing, integrating, determining, documenting, publishing, distributing, and articulating requirements for and products (e.g., field manuals) of doctrine and TTP.

doctrine requirements. [TP 71] Changes or additions to any of the Army’s fundamental principles that guide operational forces. These principles range from TTP to Field Manual 100-5, Operations.

doctrine, training, leader development (DTLOMS) idea. Conceptual and prototype DTLOMS products that may have applicability and potential as a solution to approved operations concepts and FOC. DTLOMS ideas require evaluation to determine their level of applicability and potential.

document. [TP 25-71] A document is information consigned to a medium. The traditional medium has been paper or other non-electronic medium. Note: In archival theory, all records are documents (they document something) but not all documents are records.

documentation. [DSMC] Documents used in oversight and review of acquisition programs, including acquisition program baseline, test and evaluation master plan, selected acquisition report, and others. (See DoD 5000.2-R.)

DoD civilian. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A Federal civilian employee of the Department of Defense directly hired, paid from appropriated or nonappropriated funds, under permanent or temporary appointment. Specifically excluded are contractors and foreign host nationals and third country civilians.

DoD Component acquisition executive (CAE). [DSMC] A single official within a DoD Component who is responsible for all acquisition functions within that Component. This includes service acquisition executives for the military departments and acquisition executives in other DoD Components, such as the U.S. Special Operations Command and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), who have acquisition management responsibilities.

DoD Components. [DSMC] The Office of the Secretary of Defense; the military departments; the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff and Joint Staff; the Unified Combatant Commands; the defense agencies; and DoD field activities.

DoD construction agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The Corps of Engineers, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, or other such approved DoD activity, that is assigned design or execution responsibilities associated with military construction programs, facilities support, or civil engineering support to the combatant commanders in contingency operations.

DoD Directive (DoDD) 5000.1, Defense Acquisition. [DSMC] The principal DoD directive on acquisition, it states policies and principles for all DoD acquisition programs and identifies the Department's key acquisition officials and forums.

DoD Ethics Council. [DSMC] Charged with developing ethics programs for the acquisition workforce. Composed of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Technology) and military department secretaries, advised by the DoD Inspector General and General Counsel. Executive Director is in the Office of USD(A&T).

DoD Internal Audit Organizations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The Army Audit Agency; Naval Audit Service; Air Force Audit Agency; and the Office of the Assistant Inspector General for Auditing, Office of the Inspector General, DoD.

DoD major system. A system selected by the Secretary of Defense for review by the Joint Requirements and Management Board (JRMB). Selection for JRMB review is based on resource requirements, complexity, interservice requirements, and Congressional interest.

DoD Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Executive Agent (MSEA). [TR 5-11] A DoD component to whom the USD(A&T) has assigned responsibility and delegated authority for coordinating the development and maintenance of a specific area of general or common-use M&S application, including relevant standards and data bases, used by or common to many modeling and simulation.

DoD Regulation 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs) and Major Automated Information System (MAIS) Acquisition Programs. [DSMC] Sets forth mandatory procedures for MDAPs and MAISs and, specifically where stated, for other than MDAPs or MAISs. Authorizes milestone decision authorities to tailor procedures as they see fit consistent with statutory requirements.

DoD support to counterdrug operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Support provided by the Department of Defense to law enforcement agencies to detect, monitor, and counter the production, trafficking, and use of illegal drugs.

DoDIIS Dissemination. This project is an overarching concept which implements all dissemination and dissemination-related projects and activities into a single architecture with a strategic goal that all intelligence information created, stored, cataloged, retrieved, disseminated (transmitted), used, and archived in digital format by the year 2000.

dolly. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Airborne data link equipment.

domain. [TR 5-11] A distinct functional area that can be supported by a class of software systems with similar requirements and capabilities.

domain of learning. A generic classification of learning outcomes into one of three primary but not necessarily materially exclusive categories: cognitive (e.g., thinking, understanding), affective (e.g., attitudes, values), and psychomotor (e.g., physical skills).

dome. See spray dome.

domestic air traffic. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Air traffic within the continental United States.

domestic emergencies. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Emergencies affecting the public welfare and occurring within the 50 states, District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, U.S. possessions and territories, or any political subdivision thereof, as a result of enemy attack, insurrection, civil disturbance, earthquake, fire, flood, or other public disasters or equivalent emergencies that endanger life and property or disrupt the usual process of government. The term domestic emergency includes any or all of the following emergency conditions:

l civil defense emergency. A domestic emergency disaster situation resulting from devastation created by an enemy attack and requiring emergency operations during and following that attack. It may be proclaimed by appropriate authority in anticipation of an attack.

l civil disturbances. Riots, acts of violence, insurrections, unlawful obstructions or assemblages, or other disorders prejudicial to public law and order. The term civil disturbance includes all domestic conditions requiring or likely to require the use of Federal Armed Forces pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 15 of Title 10, United States Code.

l major disaster. Any flood, fire, hurricane, tornado, earthquake, or other catastrophe which, in the determination of the President, is or threatens to be of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant disaster assistance by the Federal Government under Public Law 606, 91st Congress (42 United States Code 58) to supplement the efforts and available resources of State and local governments in alleviating the damage, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.

l natural disaster. All domestic emergencies except those created as a result of enemy attack or civil disturbance.

domestic end product. [DSMC] An unmanufactured end product mined or produced in the United States or an end product manufactured in the United States if the cost of its domestic (or qualifying country) components exceeds 50 percent of the cost of all its components.

domestic intelligence. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Intelligence relating to activities or conditions within the United States that threaten internal security and that might require the employment of troops; and intelligence relating to activities of individuals or agencies potentially or actually dangerous to the security of the Department of Defense.

domestic support operations. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Those activities and measures taken by the Department of Defense to foster mutual assistance and support between the Department of Defense and any civil government agency in planning or preparedness for, or in the application of resources for response to, the consequences of civil emergencies or attacks, including national security emergencies.

dominant user concept. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The concept that the Service which is the principal consumer will have the responsibility for performance of a support workload for all using Services.

doppler effect. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The phenomenon evidenced by the change in the observed frequency of a sound or radio wave caused by a time rate of change in the effective length of the path of travel between the source and the point of observation.

doppler radar. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A radar system that differentiates between fixed and moving targets by detecting the apparent change in frequency of the reflected wave due to motion of target or the observer.

dormant. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In mine warfare, the state of a mine during which a time delay feature in a mine prevents it from being actuated.

dose rate contour line. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A line on a map, diagram, or overlay joining all points at which the radiation dose rate at a given time is the same.

dosimetry. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The measurement of radiation doses. It applies to both the devices used (dosimeters) and to the techniques.

double agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Agent in contact with two opposing intelligence services, only one of which is aware of the double contact or quasi-intelligence services.

double flow route. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A route of at least two lanes allowing two columns of vehicles to proceed simultaneously, either in the same direction or in opposite directions. See also limited access route; single flow route.

doubtful. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a term used by an observer or spotter to indicate that he was unable to determine the difference in range between the target and a round or rounds.

down. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support:

l A term used in a call for fire to indicate that the target is at a lower altitude than the reference point used in identifying the target.

l A correction used by an observer/spotter in time fire to indicate that a decrease in height of burst is desired.

down lock. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A device for locking retractable landing gear in the down or extended position.

down select. [DSMC] To reduce the number of contractors working on a program by eliminating one or more for the next phase.

downgrade. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To determine that classified information requires, in the interests of national security, a lower degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure than currently provided, coupled with a changing of the classification designation to reflect such lower degree.

downlink. [TR 350-70] A teletraining site that receives one-way video training from a satellite. The students can see the instructor, but the instructor cannot see the students. The tele-training network is capable of only one-way video over satellite. See uplink.

downloading. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An operation that removes airborne weapons or stores from an aircraft.

downtime. Refers to the period of time when equipment is inoperable.

draft. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The conscription of qualified citizens in military service.

l The depth of water which a vessel requires to float freely; the depth of a vessel from the water line to the keel.

See also active duty; military service; watercraft.

draft plan. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A plan for which a draft plan has been coordinated and agreed with the other military headquarters and is ready for coordination with the nations involved, that is those nations who would be required to take national actions to support the plan. It may be used for future planning and exercises and may form the basis for an operation order to be implemented in time of emergency. See also initial draft plan; coordinated draft plan; final plan; operation plan.

draft request for proposal (RFP). [DSMC] Usually sent out to prospective industry bidders authorized by Government to receive it in advance of final RFP. Solicits contractors' recommendations to add, delete, or modify requirements, and gives them heads-up on what is anticipated.

drafter. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A person who actually composes the message for release by the originator or the releasing officer. See also originator.

drag. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Force of aerodynamic resistance caused by the violent currents behind the shock front.

drag loading. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The force on an object or structure due to transient winds accompanying the passage of a blast wave. The drag pressure is the product of the dynamic pressure and the drag coefficient which is dependent upon the shape (or geometry) of the structure or object. See also dynamic pressure.

Dragon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A manportable medium antitank weapon, consisting of a round (missile and launcher) and a tracker that provides antitank/assault fire of infantry platoon level for employment against tanks and hard point targets such as emplaced weapons or fortifications. Designated as M-47.

drift. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In ballistics, a shift in projectile direction due to gyroscopic action which results from gravitational and atmospherically induced torque on the spinning projectile.

drift angle. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The angle measured in degrees between the heading of an aircraft or ship and the track made good.

drifting mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A buoyant or neutrally buoyant mine, free to move under the influence of waves, wind, current or tide.

drill. [TR 350-70] A disciplined, repetitious exercise to teach and perfect a skill or procedure (action), i.e., a collective task or task step. Drills are published in MTPs and drill books. There are two types:

l battle drill. A critical collective action (or task) performed by a platoon or smaller element without the application of a deliberate decision making process, initiated on cue, accomplished with minimal leader orders, and performed to standard throughout like units in the Army. The action is vital to success in combat or critical to preserving life. It usually involves fire or maneuver. The drill is initiated on a cue, such as an enemy action or a leader’s brief order, and is a trained response to the given stimulus.

l crew drill. A critical collective action (or task) performed by a crew of a weapon or piece of equipment to use the weapon or equipment successfully in combat or to preserve life, initiated on cue, accomplished with minimal leader orders, and performed to standard throughout like units in the Army. This action is a trained response to a given stimulus, such as an enemy action, a leader’s brief order, or the status of the weapon or equipment.

drill and practice. Ungraded verifications of comprehension of enabling objectives (e.g., questions, exercises, and problems). A method of instruction characterized by systematic repetition of concepts, examples, and practice problems. An ungraded practice quiz.

drill book. Drill books are separate documents or appendices in a mission training plan. They are developed for squads and platoons or equivalent units. They provide a limited number of DA standard battle drills for executing selected critical collective tasks.

drill mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An inert filled mine or mine-like body, used in loading, laying or discharge practice and trials. See also mine.

driver(s). [DSMC] A decision or condition that forces subsequent decisions or conditions to occur as a consequence makes something happen.

drone. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A land, sea, or air vehicle that is remotely or automatically controlled. See also remotely piloted vehicle; unmanned aerial vehicle.

droop stop. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A device to limit downward vertical motion of helicopter rotor blades upon rotor shutdown.

drop. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, a correction used by an observer/spotter to indicate that a decrease in range along a spotting line is desired.

drop altitude. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The altitude above mean sea level at which airdrop is executed. See also altitude; drop height.

drop height. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The vertical distance between the drop zone and the aircraft. See also altitude; drop altitude.

drop message. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A message dropped from an aircraft to a ground or surface unit.

drop track. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, the unit having reporting responsibility for a particular track is dropping that track and will no longer report it. Other units holding an interest in that track may continue to report it.

drop zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A specific area upon which airborne troops, equipment, or supplies are airdropped.

dropmaster. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l An individual qualified to prepare, perform acceptance inspection, load, lash, and eject material for airdrop.

l An aircrew member who, during parachute operations, will relay any required information between pilot and jumpmaster.

dry deck shelter (DDS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A shelter module that attaches to the hull of a specially configured submarine to provide the submarine with the capability to launch and recover special operations personnel, vehicles and equipment while submerged. The dry deck shelter provides a working environment at one atmosphere for the special operations element during transit and has structural integrity to the collapse depth of the host submarine.

drug interdiction. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The interception of illegal drugs being smuggled by air, sea, or land. See also counterdrug operations.

dual (multi)-capable weapons. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

& Weapons, weapon systems, or vehicles capable of selective equipage with different types or mixes of armament or firepower.

l Sometimes restricted to weapons capable of handling either nuclear or non-nuclear munitions.

dual (multi)-purpose weapons. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Weapons which possess the capability for effective application in two or more basically different military functions and/or levels of conflict.

dual agent. [JP 1-02] (DoD) One who is simultaneously and independently employed by two or more intelligence agencies covering targets for both.

dual capable unit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A nuclear certified delivery unit capable of executing both conventional and nuclear missions.

dual production. [DSMC] In NATO context, production of a weapon system in Europe and U.S. refers not only to independent production lines for entire systems, but also to interdependent components production. See coproduction.

dual source. [DSMC] Two contractors producing the same components or end items for the same program.

dual warning phenomenology. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Deriving warning information from two systems observing separate physical phenomena (e.g., radar/infrared or visible light/X-ray) associated with the same events to attain high credibility while being less susceptible to false reports or spoofing.

dual-capable forces. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Forces capable of employing dual-capable weapons.

dual-firing circuit. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An assembly comprising two independent firing systems, both electric or both non-electric, so that the firing of either system will detonate all charges. See also combination firing circuit.

dual-purpose weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A weapon designed for delivering effective fire against air or surface targets.

duck. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air intercept, a code meaning, "Trouble headed your way" (usually followed by "bogey, salvos," etc.).

duckbutt. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An aircraft assigned to perform precautionary search and rescue or combat search and rescue missions, support deployment of single-engine aircraft, or meet other specialized situations. The aircraft can perform a secondary role as navigation aid to passing aircraft. The aircraft is electronically equipped to provide radar tracking, homing, and steering, and gives position and weather reports as required. See also combat search and rescue; search and rescue.

dud. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Explosive munition which has not been armed as intended or which has failed to explode after being armed. See also absolute dud; dwarf dud; flare dud; nuclear dud.

dud probability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The expected percentage of failures in a given number of firings.

due in. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Quantities of materiel scheduled to be received from vendors, repair facilities, assembly operation, interdepot transfers, and other sources.

dummy. See decoy.

dummy message. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A message sent for some purpose other than its content, which may consist of dummy groups or may have a meaningless text.

dummy minefield. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a minefield containing no live mines and presenting only a psychological threat.

dummy run. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any simulated firing practice, particularly a dive bombing approach made without release of a bomb. Also called dry run.

dump. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A temporary storage area, usually in the open, for bombs, ammunition, equipment, or supplies.

duplicate negative. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A negative reproduced from negative or diapositive.

durable materiel. See nonexpendable supplies and materiel.

Durandel. Rocket-assisted runway-cratering munition.

Duster (antiaircraft weapon). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A self-propelled, twin 40-mm antiaircraft weapon for use against low-flying aircraft. Designated as M42.

duty. A set of operationally related tasks within a given job (e.g., weapons servicing, driving communicating, target detection, self protection, operator maintenance).

duty hours. The period of the day during which contract instruction is scheduled.

duty status – whereabouts unknown (DUSTWUN). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A transitory casualty status, applicable only to military personnel, that is used when the responsible commander suspects the member may be a casualty whose absence is involuntary, but does not feel sufficient evidence currently exists to make a definite determination of missing or deceased. See also casualty status.

duty title. Categorizes groups of tasks under identifiable headings to help in the organizing of lists of tasks.

dwarf dud. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A nuclear weapon that, when launched at or emplaced on a target, fails to provide a yield within a reasonable range of that which could be anticipated with normal operation of the weapon. This constitutes a dud only in a relative sense.

dwell at/on. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In artillery and naval gunfire support, this term is used when fire is to continue for an indefinite period at specified time or on a particular target or targets.

dwell time. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The time cargo remains in a terminal's in-transit storage area while awaiting shipment by clearance transportation. See also storage.

dynamic pressure. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Pressure resulting from some medium in motion, such as the air following the shock front of a blast wave.