Title: Iraq's violation of the cease-fire agreement with the UN releases the other parties to the agreement from their obligations, according to US Ambassador Thomas Pickering.
UN Report. (910918)
09/18/91 * UNITED NATIONS REPORT, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18 (Iraq) (640)
IRAQ MUST COMPLY UNCONDITIONALLY TO U.N. DEMANDS
Iraq's violation of the cease-fire agreement with the United Nations releases the other parties to the agreement from their obligations, U.S. Ambassador Thomas Pickering said September 18.
Discussing the latest problem over Iraq's non-compliance with the cease-fire agreement requiring the destruction of its chemical, biological, nuclear and ballistic weapons, Pickering said that "I think it has been self-evident and clear for a long time that Iraq is in violation of its obligations...but we've always maintained that a violation of the obligations cannot continue to bind the other parties to a cease-fire agreement."
Pickering referred to the White House questions about news reports that the United States will send fighter aircraft to the area to back up the U.N. inspections. And he stressed that "the Security Council is deadly serious that its resolutions are complied with and fully implemented."
The Security Council has told Iraq that it must comply unconditionally with the resolution requiring U.N. flights on weapons inspections.
Despite two warnings, Iraq has balked at the U.N.'s attempt to use its own helicopters and crews to transport U.N. experts on investigations and to take photos of military installations and other areas of interest to the U.N. Special Commission. Iraqi Ambassador Al Anbari has said that Iraq would agree to the overflights if Iraqi officials were allowed on board. He also has said that the helicopters would not be allowed to fly over Baghdad or to take pictures and must be based two and a half hours from the capital.
Pickering told journalists that the Security Council feels that "the Iraqi conditional acceptance of resolutions is not permitted" and that the "resolution (requiring the aerial inspections) is mandatory."
Iraq's response, he said, was "a move in some direction toward the council, but it still established conditions. We have said fine, there may be some positive elements; there may be some non-negative elements in that, but we want you to understand that is not an acceptable form of agreement."
"The acceptable form of agreement is a letter saying Iraq will comply with resolution 707. After that -- as I have said here before -- the question of the modalities to permit flying to continue in Iraq, as the special commission needs and has to have, will be done by the special commission in Iraq," Pickering said.
Secretary General Perez de Cuellar said he has seen "signals of flexibility" in the Iraqi position, but he has "no indication so far" that they are modifying their position.
Meanwhile, the special commission said that Iraq denied the use of the U.N. helicopters to the ballistic weapons experts during their inspection September 6-13. The team was withdrawn after four days of negotiations and will reschedule its inspection of western Iraq at a later date.
"Results of the two inspections (that were carried out) were significant," the commission said in a press statement. "Iraq had taken four of eight previously eliminated SCUD missile transport vehicles, temporarily welded them together, and moved them to a facility south of Baghdad containing missiles with a range of less than 150 kilometers."
At the new site, the commission said, "an additional triple missile support not previously declared was noted. The chief inspector gave instructions that the transporters and the missile support equipment were to be destroyed and subsequently they were verified by the team as inoperable."
The 17-member team, led by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Brock of the United States, was to inspect and monitor the destruction of the fixed SCUD missile launchers declared by Iraq in the "Western Zone" and was intending to conduct surprise visits to other undeclared sites. NNNN
File Identification: 09/18/91, PO-307; 09/18/91, EU-302; 09/18/91, NE-303; 09/19/91, AR-405; 09/19/91, EP-407
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Keywords: PICKERING, THOMAS; UNITED NATIONS; ARMISTICE; IRAQ/Defense & Military; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; INSPECTIONS; ARMS CONTROL VERIFICATION; CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL WARFARE
Thematic Codes: 1NE; 1UN; 1AC
Target Areas: AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link: 197697