Title: "Iraq Not Fully Complying With UN Demands, US Says." US ambassador Alexander Watson said, following a private UN Security Council meeting, that there has been far less
than adequate compliance by Iraq with the cease-fire resolution empowered at the end of the Persian Gulf war, and therefore economic sanctions against Iraq will likely remain in place. (910611)
Translated Title: L`Irak ne remplit pas les conditions de l`ONU. (910611)
Author: AITA, JUDY (USIA STAFF WRITER)
06/11/91 IRAQ NOT FULLY COMPLYING WITH U.N. DEMANDS, U.S. SAYS (Western nations see need to keep sanctions) (850) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent
United Nations -- The United States and other Western members of the U.N. Security Council said June 11 that Iraq has not complied, to their satisfaction, with the requirements of the cease-fire resolution, and the trade sanctions against Baghdad are therefore likely to remain in place.
U.S. Ambassador Alexander Watson said following a private council meeting that there has been "far less than even adequate, satisfactory compliance" by Iraq.
The 15-member Security Council met for two hours for the first review of Iraq's compliance with resolution 687, the nine-page document that sets the conditions for a formal cease-fire in the gulf war. According to that resolution, passed April 3, Iraq must cooperate with the U.N. in the destruction of its chemical and biological weapons, pay a percentage of oil revenues for compensation for damage caused by the invasion and occupation of Kuwait, ensure the repatriation of all Kuwaiti and third country nationals, and renounce its annexation of Kuwait. Iraq must also renounce terrorism and pledge it will not allow any terrorist organization to operate within its territory.
The resolution set out a timetable for Iraq to meet each requirement and called for the first review on Baghdad's compliance in 60 days. In return, as Iraq complies, the economic embargo will gradually be lifted. (Prohibitions on food and essential civilian supplies were lifted when Iraq accepted the resolution in April.)
Watson said the United States has concluded that while there is some compliance by Iraq with many of the provisions, "there is a lot of work to be done."
"Simply there has not been complete compliance in many areas -- far less than even adequate satisfactory compliance -- particularly in terms of: the failure to return over 3,000 Kuwaitis detained somewhere in Iraq; the failure to release two British citizens that are held illegally; the failure to return the Kuwaiti property that was stolen in a matter of days...as soon as the invasion took place; the failure of Iraq to give complete and accurate information about weapons of mass destruction," Watson said.
GE 2 POL204 British Ambassador David Hannay said that his government also feels "there are rather serious matters of non- compliance."
Hannay added that "while we recognize there has been some progress, we have identified a whole range of items Iraq has not complied with, or not complied properly with, (in) the resolution." He said the list included the return of detainees and Kuwaiti property, inadequate declaration of gold and currency assets in Iraq, and "we believe that they concealed as much as they revealed" on their chemical and biological weapons.
Hannay also cited Iraq's failure to renounce terrorism.
French diplomats listed the same problems with Baghdad's performance. One called the compliance "very mixed" and said the compliance makes the lifting of sanctions "very far" away.
Asked if the economic embargo would be lifted while Saddam Hussein remained in power, Watson said "it's very difficult, apparently, for Iraq to make the changes and take the steps needed to be taken as long as the current regime is in power."
"I think you can make the judgment that Saddam Hussein is simply unlikely to comply fully with resolution 687. That judgment leads you to the view that the lifting of sanctions is a remote matter," Hannay said.
Another matter of concern to the council is Iran's warning that the Iraqi army is preparing for "a general mopping up operation" in the south and southeast that puts 700,000 refugees along the Iran/Iraq border in great danger.
Most delegations said they had no independent confirmation of Iran's claims, and Hannay recommended that Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, the U.N. special representative for humanitarian assistance in the gulf, investigate the report.
Watson said the United States is concerned about the Iranian report.
"I don't have hard information, but the reports are consistent enough (and) the past behavior of Iraq has been serious enough for us to be deeply concerned about this," Watson said. "If there were further repression of Iraqi citizens, it would be a matter of great concern to the council and the world in general."
The U.S. ambassador said the report highlights the need for a strong U.N. presence in Iraq.
GE 3 POL204 "One of the basic ideas we've all had from the outset was (that) the larger the U.N. presence in Iraq, not only in the north where the Kurds are but throughout Iraq...and the more dispersed it is, the more likely it will serve as an inhibition to the Iraqi government to start beating up its own people again," he said.
Iraq feels it has met its obligations under resolution 687 and the individual council members do not have the right to judge its performance, Samir Al-Nima, an Iraqi diplomat, said. "We believe there should be an objective report from the (U.N.) secretariat." NNNN
File Identification: 06/11/91, PO-204; 06/11/91, AE-207; 06/11/91, EP-216; 06/11/91, EU-206; 06/11/91, NE-206; 06/12/91, AR-306; 06/13/91, AF-408
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Languages: Arabic; French
Keywords: IRAQ/Politics & Government; UNITED NATIONS-SECURITY COUNCIL; ARMISTICE; SANCTIONS; IRAQ/Defense & Military; CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL WARFARE; DISARMAMENT; REPARATIONS; WATSON, ALEXANDER
Thematic Codes: 1UN; 1NE
Target Areas: AF; EA; EU; NE; AR
PDQ Text Link: 186492; 186826