Tracking Number:  174029

Title:  "Kelly: To End War, Iraq Must Accept UN Resolutions." The allied coalition will continue to prosecute the war in the Gulf until Iraq clearly accepts all 12 UN Security Council resolutions on its invasion of Kuwait, according to Assistant Secretary of State John Kelly. (910226)

Date:  19910226


02/26/91 *

KELLY: TO END WAR, IRAQ MUST ACCEPT U.N. RESOLUTIONS (Iraqi statements on withdrawal incomplete) (740) By Rosalind Mandine USIA Staff Writer

Washington -- The allied coalition will continue to prosecute the war in the Gulf until Iraq clearly accepts all 12 United Nations Security Council resolutions on its invasion of Kuwait, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs John Kelly said February 26.

The allied coalition "will continue to prosecute the war until there is a clear and unambiguous acceptance by Iraq of what the world community has called for" in the 12 resolutions, Kelly told reporters in Rabat, Algiers and Tunis during a WorldNet Dialogue program.

Recent Iraqi statements on withdrawal from Kuwait "are incomplete and ambiguous. These are not the words of someone complying with the U.N. Security Council resolutions," Kelly stressed.

He noted that Iraqi statements do not mention the restoration of the legal government of Kuwait, do not rescind Iraq's claim to Kuwait, nor speak of the release of prisoners of war and Kuwaitis being held in Iraq or compensation for the damage done in Kuwait.

Quoting parts of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's most recent speech that refer to Kuwait as being legally part of Iraq, Kelly said the speech "continues to defy the will of the United Nations Security Council."

While the allied coalition continues the prosecution of the war, Kelly reaffirmed President Bush's statement made earlier in the day that Iraqi forces which lay down their weapons will not be attacked by allied forces.

In response to repeated questions, Kelly underscored that the "United States is not aiming to destroy Iraq or its people." The coalition forces are "aiming for the total liberation of Kuwait and implementation of the United Nations resolutions," he stressed.

The United States and the United Nations "have made it clear that no matter what the outcome of the conflict, we strongly support the territorial integrity of Iraq," Kelly emphasized.

GE 2 nea210 Asked whether the United States seeks to oust Saddam Hussein from power, Kelly said that "the future of the regime in Iraq is in the hands of the Iraqi people. It is not a stated objective of the United Nations nor the coalition to remove the regime in Baghdad."

The allied air campaign is "carefully directed against military targets, although regrettably there have been errors," Kelly said.

The air campaign has concentrated on taking out Iraq's supply lines and its command and control centers. The allied coalition has been "careful to avoid striking religious and holy and archaeological sites," Kelly noted.

Asked about the treatment of Iraqi prisoners of war by the allied coalition, Kelly said these POWs "have been and will be treated in accordance with the Third Geneva Convention."

The POWs have been visited by and will continue to be available to representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross to "verify their well-being and supply their names to the Iraqi government," Kelly reported. He pointed out that Iraq has not allowed the ICRC to visit coalition POWs being held in Iraq.

Kelly disputed the assertion of one questioner that the U.N. embargo against Iraq is starving the Iraqi people. "There is no starvation in Iraq," Kelly said, adding that recent film footage of Baghdad shows "plentiful supplies of food" in the marketplaces. However, there are shortages of food and mass looting of goods in the marketplaces inside Kuwait, Kelly said.

Questioned about the post-war period, Kelly said the "new world order should first of all be founded on the principle that aggression by one state against another is not acceptable. The new world order and any order in the Arab world should be founded on the principle that disputes should be solved peacefully."

Future security arrangements in the region must take these principles into account, Kelly said. "The United States believes very fundamentally that it must be the Arabs themselves that decide the terms of any new security arrangement in the region," he added.

There will be no "lasting stability" in the region without a resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict and Palestinian question, Kelly said. "There is a need to address the United Nations resolutions that apply to the occupied territories" in the post-war period, he noted.

Once Kuwait is liberated, the government of Kuwait restored, and prisoners released, and the 12 UN resolutions are implemented, "the world community will turn its

GE 3 nea210 attention to other problems of peace and stability in the region," Kelly said. NNNN

File Identification:  02/26/91, NE-210
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Thematic Codes:  1NE
Target Areas:  NE
PDQ Text Link:  174029