DATE=2/24/2000 TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT TITLE=IRAN / KADIVAR PROFILE NUMBER=5-45507 BYLINE=SCOTT BOBB DATELINE=TEHRAN CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: The landslide victory by reformist candidates in Iran's parliamentary election is being called a turning point in Iranian politics. Voters turned out most of the incumbents and elected a legislature that will be dominated by people under 40-years of age. One of those new members is Jamileh Kadivar, who received the second-highest number of votes in the competitive Tehran race. As Correspondent Scott Bobb reports in this profile of Mrs. Kadivar, she is an activist who comes from a family of prominent politicians. TEXT: In the days following her election to parliament, Jamileh Kadivar declined dozens of requests for interviews from reporters. Although elated by her victory in Tehran, Mrs. Kadivar said she wanted to be with her brother, Mohsen Kadivar, a reformist who was out of prison for a few days on family visitation. Mrs. Kadivar is the wife of the Minister of Islamic Culture and Guidance, Ataollah Mohajerani, one of the officials credited for the success of the campaign and record voter turnout. Along with the pressures brought on by her family's involvement in politics, Mrs. Kadivar balances her own career in politics and journalism with raising a family. She is the author of six books, a professor, and recently obtained a doctorate in political sciences at Tehran University. Mrs. Kadivar credits the reformists' overwhelming victory to a strong desire by women and young people for change. She says laws protecting women's rights must be updated, in particular in the area of divorce and child custody. /// KADIVAR ACT ONE - IN FARSI - WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATION /// At the civil levels, we have family issues. We would like to have our civil laws corrected to the effect that the rights of women are considered. /// END ACT /// Mrs. Kadivar says another goal is to place more women at senior decision-making levels of government. She says the government should appoint women to 10-percent of senior administrative jobs. // OPT // Jamileh Kadivar was born in Fasa, a town near Shiraz in southern Iran. She attended school in Shiraz until she was 16-years old, when she moved to Tehran to get married. // END OPT // Mrs. Kadivar worked for "Kayhan" newspaper, one of Iran's largest conservative papers, before joining the pro-reform "Ettela'at" newspaper. In the mid-1990's, she ventured into politics. She ran unsuccessfully for a parliamentary seat in Shiraz in 1996 in a vote that many say was rigged. Last year she ran for city council of Tehran and was elected with the third largest number of votes. At 36-years of age, Tehran's new parliamentary member is one of the younger of a group of young reformists who will control nearly two-thirds of the seats in the new parliament. /// OPT /// She says the parliament, if it is to be successful, will have to address the aspirations of Iran's youth, which accounts for two-thirds of the total population and which voted overwhelmingly for change. /// OPT // KADIVAR ACT TWO - IN FARSI - WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATION /// Our new generation has new demands, political and cultural freedoms. Of course, these issues are for everybody, but our youth particularly are demanding this. They want to have freedoms to have gatherings, and to express themselves. /// END ACT /// Many young people in Iran say they are frustrated by laws that forbid them from socializing in public. They say they also want access to the cultural fashions that their generation is enjoying in much of the rest of the world. Conservative leaders oppose such liberties, fearing they will lead to moral decay and undermine Islamic traditions. Mrs. Kadivar, like many reformist leaders, knows that some of the changes will come slowly, so she expects to focus first on political reform. But she expects her group to move quickly when the new parliament opens, because many of their supporters are impatient and will wait only so long. (SIGNED) NEB/SB/JWH/RAE 24-Feb-2000 08:18 AM EDT (24-Feb-2000 1318 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .