Title: "Iran, Syria Accused of Counterfeiting US Dollars." A House task force has released a report alleging a joint Iran-Syria conspiracy to counterfeit US dollars, purportedly
in order to strengthen Iran's economy and weaken the US. (920701)
Author: JASPERSEN, M C (USIA STAFF WRITER)
IRAN, SYRIA ACCUSED OF COUNTERFEITING U.S. DOLLARS (Congressional Task force releases report) (660) M. C. Jaspersen USIA Staff Writer Washington -- A House task force has released a report alleging a joint Iran-Syria conspiracy to counterfeit U.S. dollars, purportedly in order to strengthen Iran's economy and weaken the United States.
"The fact of the matter is that the Iranian government, in cooperation with Syria, has undertaken a massive counterfeiting campaign in order to alleviate their financial difficulties and pursue economic warfare against the West," Representative Bill McCollum (Republican of Florida) said in a July 1 news conference.
McCollum, chairman of the House Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, which authored the report, said the "origins of this strategy go back to Iran's efforts to rebuild its economy in the wake of the Iran-Iraq war. When it became apparent that Iraq's exports could not meet its hard-currency needs the plan for a counterfeit operation was devised," McCollum said.
"The Iranians last week outraged me personally when they put in their official publication the statement that this counterfeit money was being produced by the United States 'intelligence community' and distributed over there," McCollum said. "That's hogwash."
McCollum said the task force has been working on the report since last fall, and that it has been made public because "there has been increasing speculation in the media about the subject of an Iranian counterfeit $100 dollar bill." He cited NBC television news and U.S. News and World Report magazine stories on the purported scam.
McCollum said the task force believes the Khomeini regime developed the operation using U.S. printing presses supplied to the former Shah of Iran.
He pointed to a map which he said showed "how money produced in Iran ... has been taken by air from Teheran on a regular basis, and run through the Syrian channels, with Syrian intelligence (forces) directly involved in the process ... broken down into lower amounts ... and how it has been put into the hands of couriers to be distributed primarily through a drug network."
Asked if he had actual evidence -- "not just circumstantial evidence" -- to back up the allegations in the report that there is Iranian government involvement in the scheme, McCollum replied, "We have -- no question in my mind that the Iranian government is sponsoring it.
"We have sources, but I can't reveal what those sources are." He said the United States "should bring pressure on Syria (and) pressure Iran" to halt the operation.
McCollum said that he had discussed the report of the committee with U.S. Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady and with National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft, but that he could not comment on their reactions.
An "Executive Summary" of the report, "Narco-Terrorism and the Syrian Connection," authored by Yossef Bodansky and Vaughn S. Forrest, includes the statement: "This paper may not necessarily reflect the views of all of the members of the Republican Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare. It is intended to provoke discussion and debate."
According to the summary, "It is estimated that the potential is there for billions of dollars in counterfeit currency to soon be in circulation, mainly outside the U.S. banking system.... Although the exact figure cannot be determined, the implications for the dollar's role as the international medium of exchange could be serious."
The report alleges that as Iran's counterfeiting campaign was expanded, Teheran began to look to Syria and its terrorist and drug connections for outlets to circulate its counterfeit dollars.
It asserts that Syria's top intelligence officials supply counterfeiters with official government passes to travel freely throughout Syrian territory, where they pass the phony bills through drug money-laundering banks in the Middle East.
After the currency is laundered, it is circulated in European countries, according to the report.
A Treasury Department spokesman declined comment on the report, saying that there is an ongoing investigation of the matter.
File Identification: 07/01/92, NE-305
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Keywords: ECONOMY; COUNTERFEITING; REPORTS & STUDIES; IRAN-US RELATIONS; SYRIA-US RELATIONS; IRAN-SYRIA RELATIONS; MCCOLLUM, WILLIAM
Thematic Codes: 1NE; 2TE
Target Areas: NE
PDQ Text Link: 233652
USIA Notes: *92070105.NEA mccollum 7/1 nusconf:iran syria counterfeit scam/mcj yb kf