Congress is actively interested in ensuring that the United States is educating the talent needed to maintain our global economic and national security leadership. A number of proposals being considered by Congress focus on putting the National Science Foundation’s Education division on a doubling path over the next 5-7 years.
This memo recommends that the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) — the R&D agency housed within the Department of Education — be put on the similar doubling path with stepladder increases in authorization levels, and targeted program starts (e.g., an “ARPA” housed at ED) focused on major gaps that have been building for years but made even more evident during the pandemic.
This increased funding for IES should be focused on:
• Establishing New Research Capacity in the form of an  “ARPA-like” Transformative Research Program;
• Harnessing Data for Impact through investments in  Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems (SLDS),  a Learning Observatory, and  modernization of the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP);
• Conducting Pathbreaking Data-Driven Research by  building a permanent Data Science Unit within IES,  increasing funding for special education research; and  investing in digital learning platforms as research infrastructure; and
• Building the Education Field for Deployment of What Works by  establishing a Center of Learning Excellence for state-level recovery investments in tutoring and more.
A supply-side tax credit (STC) could offer a tax incentive to material suppliers and professional service consultants that provide goods or services to affordable housing projects.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of Commerce, and Department of Transportation should jointly develop and manage a data resource—a Housing Production Dashboard—to track housing production within and across states.
Exempting affordable housing from volume caps would address the underlying issue and have the greatest impact in this housing emergency.
The U.S. should establish a national housing loss rate to stand alongside the national unemployment rate as a key indicator of social and economic well-being.