John Tracey is a Policy Entrepreneurship Fellow with the Federation of American Scientists. He is a postdoctoral researcher in marine microbiology at Columbia University where his research studies the symbiotic relationships between the photosynthetic algae and nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria that exist in the “desert” biomes of the ocean – regions known as oligotrophic gyres. He is the author of several scientific papers spanning the disciplines of biogeochemistry, microbial ecology, computational biology, and marine microbiology. While at FAS, he is working on efforts to modernize the United States’ electricity grid by constructing new transmission alongside transportation corridors. Before coming to FAS, he earned a Ph.D. in Geosciences from Princeton University and a B.S. in Biology from Fordham University.