key elements. Elements that represent the most important part of a task. Key elements are those which have been identified as being the most common sources of failure in performance of a task or as having serious consequences of failure. Also called element.
key employee. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any Reservist identified by his or her employer, private or public, as filling a key position.
key facilities list. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A register of selected command installations and industrial facilities of primary importance to the support of military operations or military production programs. It is prepared under the policy direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
key performance parameter (KPP). [TP 71] That capability or characteristic so significant that failure to meet the threshold can be cause for the materiel concept or system selection to be reevaluated or the program to be reassessed or terminated. KPPs are extracted from the ORD and included in the APB.
key point. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A concentrated site or installation, the destruction or capture of which would seriously affect the war effort or the success of operations.
key position. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A civilian position, public or private (designated by the employer and approved by the Secretary concerned), that cannot be vacated during war or national emergency.
key terrain. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Any locality, or area, the seizure or retention of which affords a marked advantage to either combatant. See also vital ground.
key words. Words, written in a high-level computing language that the computer recognizes, often used as shortcuts in computer programming and in specific applications such as training. These words can also be used in judging a student's free form response.
keyer. Signal processing device that cuts a hole in the background video and fills in the hole from a different video source (e.g., computer-generated text and graphics keyed over National Television Standards Committee (NTSC) video).
keying. An electronic effect that cuts an image from one video source into a background image from another video source.
keypad. A small keyboard or keyboard section containing a small number of keys dedicated to specific functions and used as an input device.
keystone equipment. [DSMC] Includes manufacturing, inspection, or test equipment and is the required equipment for the effective application of technical information and know-how. Keystone materials have the same significant application.
keystone publication. [TR 350-70] FM 100-5, Operations. The Army's manual that conceptualizes and describes the conduct of campaigns, major operations, battles, engagements, and peacekeeping missions, i.e., the full continuum of military operations. It provides the foundation for Army doctrine. It links the Army's roles and missions and National Military Strategy.
kill probability. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A measure of the probability of destroying a target.
killed in action (KIA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A casualty category applicable to a hostile casualty, other than the victim of a terrorist activity, who is killed outright or who dies as a result of wounds or other injuries before reaching a medical treatment facility. See also casualty category.
killing zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An area in which a commander plans to force the enemy to concentrate so as to destroy him with conventional weapons or the tactical employment of nuclear weapons.
kilohertz (kHz). One thousand hertz per second.
kiloton weapon. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A nuclear weapon, the yield of which is measured in terms of thousands of tons of trinitrotoluene explosive equivalents, producing yields from 1 to 999 kilotons. See also megaton weapon; nominal weapon; subkiloton weapon.
Kingfisher. Anti-ship cruise missile; AQM-60.
kite. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a device which when towed, submerges and planes at a predetermined level without sideways displacement.
know-how. [DSMC] Includes both the know-how of design and manufacturing and the know-how and related technical information that is needed to achieve a significant development, production, or use. The term know-how includes services, processes, procedures, specifications, design data and criteria, and testing techniques.
knowledge. [TR 350-70] Information or fact required to perform a skill or supported task.
knowledge of results. Feedback, information provided to the student indicating the correctness of his/her response. Evaluative knowledge of results indicates what a student is doing right and what a student is doing wrong. Comparative knowledge of results indicates how the students response compares to the objective or standard established by the instructor.
knowledge-based test. [TR 350-70] Testing procedure that simply asks for recall or the selection of information or knowledge that does not directly relate to using or applying rules, principles, skills, etc., that are required to perform the learning objective. Also called knowledge-oriented testing. Note: Knowledge-based testing is not used in TRADOC for student performance measurement/testing. Example: Asking for recall of an instrument setting or the selection of the correct definition for a term.
knowledge-level summary. A reiteration of key points of content in a knowledge-level lesson designed to enhance a student's ability to remember facts.
known-unknowns. [DSMC] Future situations where it is possible to plan for or predict in part. For example, schedule changes are certain; and the extent of the changes are unknown.