Title: "Pickering Says Oil Sale Meant to Help Iraqi Civilians." Statement by Thomas Pickering, US Ambassador to the UN, to the UN Security Council concerning the proposed sale of
Iraqi oil to provide for the humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people. (910919)
Translated Title: Irak: la vente de petrole profitera a la population.; Venta petroleo tiene proposito ayudar civiles.; Progres en Afrique de l Ouest. (910919)
09/19/91 HPICKERING SAYS OIL SALE MEANT TO HELP IRAQI CIVILIANS SH(Text: remarks to U.N. Security Council) (680)
TUnited Nations -- The U.N. plan for a one-time sale of Iraqi oil to pay some of Iraq's war debts "is a key step in bringing the gulf crisis to a close," says U.S. Ambassador Thomas Pickering.
The Security Council September 19 formally authorized the one-time sale of Iraqi oil under U.N. supervision and a plan to administer the profits. The council set up an escrow account for the profits, and the United Nations will oversee the purchase and distribution of humanitarian supplies to the Iraqi people. The vote was 13 to 1 (Cuba), with Yemen abstaining.
After the vote, Pickering said, "this resolution will implement the international community's concern for providing Iraqi civilians humanitarian assistance. The way is open now to Iraqi authorities to allow that process to begin."
He stressed that the resolution provided only limited authorization for the sale of Iraqi oil "within the existing sanctions regime, which remains firmly in place." The oil sale "does not in any way represent a weakening of sanctions," he said.
Following is the text of Pickering's remarks to the Security Council:
Mr. President, the United States is pleased to be a cosponsor of the resolution, the council has just adopted implementing the council's earlier resolution, 706, on humanitarian assistance to Iraq. Security Council Resolution 706 provides a mechanism whereby sum 1,600 million dollars worth of Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products can be sold, over a six-month period, primarily to finance Iraqi imports of food, medical supplies, and other essential civilian needs.
It also sets into train the process which will provide funds for an initial contribution from Iraq to the Compensation Fund, so that relief can also begin flowing, at last, to those outside Iraq who have suffered as a result of Iraq's unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
Resolution 706 will further generate funding for the work of the Special Commission, the Boundary Commission, and the return of Kuwaiti property still being held in Iraq. The Security Council has repeatedly stated its concern about Iraq's non-compliance with Resolution 687, particularly with the work of the Special Commission. This resolution will provide essential funding to help us ensure compliance, and it is entirely appropriate that the Iraqi government should pay.
It is important to emphasize that this limited authorization for the sale of Iraqi oil is being made within the existing sanctions regime, which remains firmly in place. It does not in any way represent a weakening of sanctions.
This implementing resolution is a key step in bringing the Gulf crisis to a close and having Iraq meet its responsibilities.
My government wishes to compliment the secretary general and secretariat for their thorough, lucid, and first-rate report on implementing Resolution 706. The secretary general's report on implementing Resolution 706 made much easier the council's job. The secretariat produced a report in a very short time frame, which responded fully to the council's desires, spelling out the practical problems of implementation and making recommendations to overcome these problems.
This implementing resolution responds closely to the secretary-general's report. In drafting it, council members also made a conscious effort throughout to take Iraq's legal standing into account. The implementing resolution sets up mechanisms to implement Resolution 706, supports the secretary general in his implementation role, and provides for ongoing review and assessment of the needs and requirements in Iraq.
A crucial feature of this program, as mandated by Resolution 706 and detailed in the report and recommendations of the secretary general, is that the sale of Iraqi oil, and the procurement and distribution of relief supplies, will be conducted under the close supervision of the United Nations to ensure that the supplies reach those for which they were intended.
This resolution will implement the international community's concern for providing Iraqi civilians humanitarian assistance. The way is open now to Iraqi authorities to allow that process to begin.
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File Identification: 09/19/91, TX-404; 09/19/91, AE-410; 09/19/91, AR-417; 09/19/91, EP-404; 09/19/91, EU-411; 09/19/91, NE-409; 09/20/91, AF-507; 09/20/91, AS-502; 09/20/91, NA-508; 09/23/91, AF-104
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Languages: French; Spanish; Arabic; French
Keywords: UNITED NATIONS-SECURITY COUNCIL; PICKERING, THOMAS/Speaker; IRAQ-US RELATIONS/Policy; IRAQ/Economic & Social; HUMANITARIAN AID/Policy; PETROLEUM EXPORTATION/Policy; ARMISTICE
Document Type: TXT
Thematic Codes: 1NE; 3AI; 1UN
Target Areas: AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link: 197740; 197978; 197886; 198195