Tracking Number:  179287

Title:  "Editorial: UN Cease-Fire Resolution." The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution setting forth the terms for a permanent cease-fire in the international war to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi aggression. (910405)

Translated Title:  "La Resolution de l'ONU sur le Cessez-le-feu." (910405)
Date:  19910405



(Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America April 5, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.)

The U.N. Security Council has adopted a resolution setting forth the terms for a permanent cease-fire in the international war to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi aggression. The resolution was adopted on a 12-to-1 vote, with only Cuba opposed, and Yemen and Ecuador abstaining. The cease- fire will go into effect only when the Iraqi government accepts all of the terms of the resolution.

The U.N. resolution recognizes and guarantees the borders stated in a 1963 agreement signed by Iraq and Kuwait. A demilitarized zone will be created on the Iraq-Kuwait border, and a U.N. observer force will be deployed there. The resolution reaffirms that Iraq is liable under international law for losses and damage -- including extensive environmental damage -- associated with its invasion and occupation of Kuwait. The resolution creates a fund to compensate those with claims against Iraq and directs the U.N. secretary general to recommend the appropriate level of Iraq's contribution to the fund, based on a percentage of its oil exports. Iraq is also required to aid the International Committee of the Red Cross in its search for missing Kuwaitis and other victims of war.

To make future Iraqi aggression less likely, the U.N. resolution says that Iraq must "unconditionally accept the destruction, removal or rendering harmless" of all chemical and biological weapons and all ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 kilometers. Iraq must also destroy or render harmless any nuclear weapons it may have. The destruction of all these weapons of mass destruction will be monitored by U.N. inspection teams. Iraq will also be prohibited from developing or acquiring such weapons in the future.

The U.N. resolution lifts previous restrictions against the sale of food to Iraq but retains other international sanctions, including those against selling or supplying arms and war materiel to Iraq. The Security Council will review the sanctions periodically to determine whether they should be modified or lifted. The resolution also requires Iraq to halt its support for international terrorism and to forbid any organization engaging in terrorism from operating on Iraqi territory.

GE 2 TXT502 As Thomas Pickering, U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations, said, the cease-fire resolution "is tough, but it is fair." Ambassador Pickering said the resolution "is fair because it sets out the path by which Iraq can take its place again in the world community. (The United States desires) to see that happen, with an Iraq which is protected from dismemberment. Positive steps and attempts to compensate for the damage that has been done will be rewarded. And this resolution is tough," said Ambassador Pickering, "precisely because of the need to ensure that the bitter experience of the past eight months is not repeated." NNNN

File Identification:  04/05/91, TX-502; 04/05/91, AE-508; 04/05/91, AF-509; 04/05/91, AR-518; 04/05/91, EP-514; 04/05/91, EU-516; 04/05/91, NE-505; 04/05/91, AS-532; 04/05/91, NA-515
Product Name:  Wireless File; VOA Editorials
Product Code:  WF; VO
Languages:  French; Spanish; Arabic
Document Type:  EDI
Thematic Codes:  1NE
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link:  179287; 179358; 179337