Tracking Number:  168397

Title:  "The Gulf Crisis: A Chronology." (910111)

Date:  19910114


01/14/91 * NOTE TO POSTS: RE: Ar5460111, sent January 11

Please use the following -- Ar1050114 -- it has two more items than Ar5460111.

(Spanish coming) THE GULF CRISIS: A CHRONOLOGY (key events from 8/2/90-1/10/91) (1690)

WASHINGTON -- Following is a chronology of key events in the Persian Gulf crisis.

Aug. 2 -- Iraq invades Kuwait, the Emir flees to Saudi Arabia. U.N. Security Council votes 14-0 to condemn Iraq, urge a cease-fire, and demand withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.

President Bush signs executive order to ban all trade with Iraq and freeze the assets of both Iraq and Kuwait, calls on other governments to take similar action.

Aug. 3 -- Bush issues stern warning to Iraqis not to invade Saudi Arabia. U.S. Secretary of State Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze issue an unprecedented joint statement condemning invasion of Kuwait. Belgium, France, Britain and Luxembourg freeze Kuwaiti assets in their countries.

Aug. 4 -- Embargo on Iraqi oil and other sanctions announced by Canada, Japan, and EC.

Aug. 6 -- King Fahd invites friendly forces to Saudi Arabia to reinforce its defenses. Bush orders combat troops and planes to Saudi air base. United Nations votes 13-0 for wide-ranging sanctions against Iraq.

Aug. 7 -- Saudi Arabia and Turkey shut down oil pipelines with Iraq. Switzerland orders trade sanctions against Iraq. Venezuela tells Washington OPEC will make up oil shortfall caused by international embargo of Iraq and Kuwait.

Aug. 8 -- In nationally televised speech, Bush announces deployment of troops to Middle East. Iraq annexes Kuwait. Britain sends additional air and naval units to Saudi Arabia.

Aug. 9 -- The U.N Security Council unanimously rejects Iraq's annexation of Kuwait.

Aug. 10 -- Iraq orders closing of all embassies in Kuwait. Arab League votes to send peacekeeping force to Saudi

GE 2 ARF105 Arabia. NATO gives U.S. gulf deployment "strong support." U.S. extends Iraq sanctions to Kuwait. Australia and Canada announce they will send war ships to Gulf. Iraq orders all diplomatic missions in Kuwait to leave by Aug. 24.

Aug. 11 -- Egyptian and Moroccan troops begin landing in Saudi Arabia.

Aug. 14 -- King Hussein meets Saddam in Baghdad, then flies to Washington to confer with president Bush. 5,000 Syrian and Moroccan troops deploy in Saudi Arabia.

Aug. 16 -- Saddam orders all 4,000 Britons and 2,000 Americans in Kuwait to assemble in Kuwait City. Bush orders U.S. Navy to intercept shipping to or from Iraq and Kuwait.

Aug. 18 -- U.N. Security Council unanimously adopts resolution 664 demanding that Iraq permit all foreigners to depart Kuwait.

Aug. 19 -- Saddam Hussein makes it clear detainees are being held as human shields against attack.

Aug. 20 -- Bush refers for first time to foreigners detained in Iraq as "hostages."

Aug. 21-- Iraqi troops begin rounding up Western nationals at gunpoint.

Aug. 23 -- Iraqi President Saddam Hussein appears with British hostages on Baghdad television.

Aug. 24 -- U.S. makes one million dollars available to help meet humanitarian needs in Jordan, one day after EC announces it will spend 1.3 million to aid refugees and countries affected by Gulf crisis. Twenty-five foreign missions in Kuwait refuse to close; Iraqi troops surround nine. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev warns Saddam that Gulf situation is "extremely dangerous."

Aug. 25 -- U.N. Security Council votes 13-0, with Cuba and Yemen abstaining, to authorize "measures may be necessary" to enforce the economic embargo against Iraq.

Aug. 27 -- Qatar opens up its territory to foreign forces.

Aug. 28 -- Iraq declares Kuwait its 19th province.

Sept. 5 -- Iraqi President Saddam Hussein calls for an Islamic holy war against U.S. forces in the Gulf and for overthrow of King Faud of Saudi Arabia. Japan and Soviet Union issue joint statement calling for freeing of hostages and withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait.

GE 3 ARF105 Sept. 7 -- U.S. puts Iraq on list of states sponsoring terrorism.

Sept. 10 -- Presidents Bush and Gorbachev, following their meeting in Helsinki, warn Saddam they will take unspecified "additional" steps if he does not withdraw from Kuwait.

Sept. 13 -- U.S. announces it will provide 28 million dollars in humanitarian assistance for displaced persons fleeing Kuwait and Iraq. Japan pledges total of four million dollars in economic and military aid to support Gulf effort.

Sept. 14 -- Iraqi soldiers invade residence of French ambassador in Kuwait and raid other Western missions. Britain orders more troops to Saudi Arabia.

Sept. 15 -- France orders more troops to Saudi Arabia.

Sept. 16 -- Iraqi television shows President Bush's videotaped speech to Iraqi people.

Sept. 25 -- U.N. Security Council passes resolution 670 requiring each member state to impose air transport embargo against Iraq and Kuwait.

Sept. 28 -- Emir of Kuwait meets in Washington with President Bush, one day after receiving standing ovation at U.N. General Assembly.

Oct. 1 -- U.S. Senate passes resolution supporting President Bush's efforts "to deter Iraqi aggression."

Oct. 3 -- Organization of Islamic Conference, meeting at United Nations, strongly condemns Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and demands that Iraq abide by U.N. resolutions. Amnesty International accuses Iraqi soldiers of torturing and executing scores of people in Kuwait.

Oct. 4 -- Representatives of the non-aligned movement issue statement demanding Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait.

Oct. 9 -- Saddam Hussein asserts that Iraq has developed new missile capable of reaching multinational forces.

Oct. 15 -- Iran and Iraq resume diplomatic relations.

Oct. 20 -- Inter-Parliamentary Union calls for Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait.

*****Oct. 27 -- U.S. Congress votes moratorium on debt payments by Egypt and provides authority for the president to cancel that country's debt, in acknowledgement of economic impact of Gulf crisis.

GE 4 ARF105 Oct. 29 -- U.N. Security Council resolution 674 demanding immediate end to hostage-taking

Nov. 8 -- President Bush orders 200,000 additional troops to Gulf. Saddam Hussein fires military chief of staff and names relative as replacement.

Nov. 10 -- Secretary of State Baker, after week-long trip to Middle East, Soviet Union, and Europe, tells Paris news conference that nations allied against Iraq agree there can be no partial solution to Gulf crisis.

Nov. 14 -- Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Syria say a proposed Arab summit is waste of time unless Iraq agrees to get out of Kuwait.

Nov. 15 -- Iraq says it will pour 250,000 more troops into Kuwait to reinforce the 400,000 already there.

Nov. 22 -- President and Mrs. Bush visit American soldiers in Saudi Arabia on Thanksgiving Day.

Nov. 23 -- European Parliament passes resolution condemning Iraq for its "campaign of terror" in Kuwait.

Nov. 24 -- President Bush and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak meet in Cairo on Gulf developments.

Nov. 26 -- President Gorbachev, in address to Supreme Soviet, warn Iraq that its aggression will be punished and that the international alliance will not be broken.

Nov. 29 -- U.N. Security Council votes 12-2, with Yemen and Cuba voting no and China abstaining, approving resolution 678 which demands that Iraq withdraw from Kuwait. It states that unless Iraq does so by Jan. 15, 1991, member states are authorized "to use all necessary means" to uphold the resolutions and "restore international peace and security. This is the 12th resolution on the Gulf issue.

Nov. 30 -- Iraq rejects U.N. ultimatum. President Bush announces U.S. will invite Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz to come to Washington and offers to send Baker to Baghdad. Andean Pact presidents sent joint letter to Saddam calling on Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.

Dec. 5 -- Iraq formally accepts President Bush's proposal of high level talks. Britain's new prime minister, John Major, rules out negotiations or partial solution to Gulf crisis.

Dec. 6 -- Saddam Hussein asks Iraqi Parliament to approve freeing all foreigners held in Iraq and Kuwait; Parliament approves the next day.

GE 5 ARF105 Dec. 13 -- U.S. federal judge denies request by group of Democratic congressmen for injunction to prevent President Bush from initiating offensive without congressional authorization.

Dec. 14 -- Remaining staff of U.S. embassy in Kuwait, including Ambassador Nathaniel Howell, arrive at Andrews Air Force Base.

Dec. 15 -- After failure to agree on dates for high-level talks, White House says Iraq has shown its "unwillingness to deal seriously with the issue."

Dec. 18 -- Saddam Hussein rules out peace talks if US intends to reiterate UN resolutions already rejected by Iraq. U.N. General Assembly overwhelming condemns Iraq's human rights violations against Kuwait.

Dec. 19 -- Amnesty International issues extensive report on Iraq human rights violations in Kuwait. Bush says Iraq should not be rewarded with "one single concession."

Dec. 27 -- President Bush orders reduction to zero of remaining 1,000 million dollars of Egypt's military debts to U.S., completing debt forgiveness approved by Congress.

Dec. 30 -- Vice President Quayle begins three-day visit to US troops in Gulf and meeting with Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti leaders.

Jan. 1 -- Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian President Mubarak.

Jan. 2. -- NATO announces plans to deploy air component of Allied Command Europe Mobile Force to Turkey to help deter Iraqi threat.

Jan. 8 -- President Bush calls Secretary Baker's upcoming meeting with Iraqi Foreign Minister Aziz 'perhaps the final chance' to resolve the conflict without war. Before arriving in Geneva, Baker meets with allies in France, Germany and Italy. -- President Bush asks Congress in a letter to approve a resolution affirming the U.N. Security Council authorization for use of "all necessary means" to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait. -- House Armed Service committee chairman Les Aspin (D- Wis.) releases third "white paper" on Gulf crisis stating that a military offensive will be a "reasonable option" if diplomatic efforts fail.

Jan. 9 -- Secretary of State Baker holds talks with Iraqi Foreign Minister Aziz in Geneva. In news conference following, Baker said "Regrettably, I heard nothing that suggested any Iraqi flexibility." Aziz, he added, never mentioned Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. President Bush in a

GE 6 ARF105 press conference says while he is "discouraged" about the outcome of the talks, he will "continue to try to reach out" toward Saddam Hussein. -- U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar announces he will meet President Saddam Hussein in Baghdad the following weekend to seek a peaceful solution to the crisis.

Jan. 10 -- Diplomats began departing Baghdad as fear of war in the Gulf heightened.

Jan. 12 -- After three days of debate Congress grants President Bush authority to wage war against Iraq and expel its armed forces from Kuwait. Senate vote -- 52 to 47; House vote -- 250-183.

Jan. 13 -- Perez de Cuellar ends apparently unsuccessful talks with Saddam Hussein, saying "only God knows" if there will be war. Iraq continues to refuse to withdraw from Kuwait.


File Identification:  01/14/91, AR-105; 01/14/91, AS-106; 01/14/91, EU-107
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish
Document Type:  CHR
Thematic Codes:  1NE
Target Areas:  AR; EU
PDQ Text Link:  168397; 168400