News

NEWS AND VIEWS

Summaries of and links to online news reports and commentaries.

Cohen Urges Seoul to Buy U.S. Missiles 
http://wp2.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1997-04/08/080L-040897-idx.html
By Mary Jordan The Washington Post; 08 April 1997 page A11
"TOKYO, April 7 -- Defense Secretary William S. Cohen's Asian
trip, which began here today, is supposed to be a goodwill swing
through this critical region, but many South Koreans say he has
come as a glorified missile salesman.... Pentagon spokesman Ken Bacon 
said, however, that "the secretary of defense is not an arms salesman.""

U.S. missile defenses  to go ahead in Japan,   Cohen says 
http://www.washtimes.com/news/news3.html#link
By Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES 08 April 1997
"Defense Secretary William S. Cohen said yesterday that Chinese 
opposition  to setting up missile defenses in Japan will  not stop U.S. 
efforts to protect troops there  from attack by North Korean or other
missiles.  . . . . "Whatever the Chinese view is, that can  be taken into 
account," Mr. Cohen said  before meetings today with Japanese
officials. "But the notion that we would simply allow our troops to be 
undefended is  not a tenable position for us to take.""

SOUTH KOREA - MISSILES - PURCHASES - ROSVOORUZHENIYE
ROSVOORUZHENIYE HOPEFUL TO SELL ITS ANTI-AIRCRAFT
MISSILE COMPLEXES TO SOUTH KOREA SEOUL, APRIL 7 
	http://www.russia.net/ria/hotline/hi07042.htm
According to Orlov, the Russian side has presented its proposals to South
Korean experts on the specifications of the S-300 PMU-1 and S-300 B
missile complexes and explained the systems' combat characteristics in
the course of the working meetings. 

Former ‘cold warriors’debunk deterrence myth 
Time to consider the no-nukes option 
http://www.msnbc.com/news/66614.asp
By James O. Goldsborough SPECIAL TO MSNBC 
"Momentum is building for nuclear disarmament.
The momentum comes not from Cold War peaceniks,
but from warriors who made their living off the Cold War...
Last month, Washington’s prestigious Henry L.
Stimson Center published a report titled “Building a
Nuclear-Weapon-Free World.” Signed by such
well-known security figures as Paul Nitze and Robert S.
McNamara, the report stated: “The ultimate objective of
U.S. national security policy should be the elimination of all
weapons of mass destruction from all states not the
preservation of nuclear deterrence in perpetuity.”"

Three ex-defense chiefs to attack chemical pact
http://www.merc.com/stories/cgi/story.cgi?id=2317107-74d
Three former defense secretaries will testify Tuesday that an
international treaty outlawing chemical weapons is contrary to
American security interests and should not be approved by the Senate.
The former members of Republican administrations will appear before
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee as negotiations continue behind
the scenes to free the treaty for consideration by the full Senate
this month. Their appearance is part of an assault on the treaty by
conservatives who hope to prevent its approval by a required
two-thirds Senate majority.

North Korea to decide soon on peace talks
http://www.merc.com/stories/cgi/story.cgi?id=2315996-477 
Amid a growing sympathetic international response to its severe food
shortages, North Korea told the U.S. it will soon decide whether to
enter peace talks with rival South Korea, U.S. officials said Monday.
One official said the Clinton administration believed Pyongyang has
been positively influenced by the "cumulative affect" of recent food
aid appeals for North Korea and was optimistic it will agree to enter
talks. In another major assist, the giant grain trader Cargill Inc.
said Monday it reached agreement for an undisclosed amount of U.S.
wheat, marking its first commercial sale of American grain to the
regime. 

U.N. appeals for $126 million for N. Korea 
http://www.merc.com/stories/cgi/story.cgi?id=2309535-415
"The United Nations Monday launched an appeal for $126.2 million for
North Korea to stave off an imminent famine over the next few months.
Most of the funds, $95 million, are for food supplies and were
announced last week by the World Food Program. In addition to the food
aid, the appeal includes $10 million for the Food and Agriculture
Organization, $4.7 million for the U.N. Children's Fund, $9.8 million
for the U.N. Development Program." 

BELARUS * CONFERENCE * SECURITY * PRIMAKOV RUSSIA
SUPPORT THE IDEA OF NUCLEAR-FREE ZONES - YEVGENY
PRIMAKOV MINSK, APRIL 8, RIA NOVOSTI'S OLES
LUCHANINOV AND SERGEI RYABIKIN - 
	http://www.russia.net/ria/hotline/hq08047.htm

Non-aligned push for nuclear, chemical disarmament
news:[email protected]
Date: Mon, 7 Apr 1997 10:51:28 PDT (Reuter / Sonali Verma)
"NEW DELHI, India (Reuter) - More than 100 non-aligned  
countries vowed Monday to press for complete nuclear disarmament 
and expressed concern over slow progress in pushing through a 
ban on chemical weapons, an official spokesman said. 
``It has been agreed that a very strong statement on nuclear  
disarmament will come out from the New Delhi conference that 
will focus on the elimination of nuclear weapons in a time-bound 
framework,'' a spokesman for the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) 
foreign ministers' conference told a news briefing." 

Iran says German firms sued for Iraq chemical help
news:[email protected]
Tue, 8 Apr 1997 3:33:14 PDT
"DUBAI, April 8 (Reuter) - Court proceedings will begin  
shortly against 24 German companies reported to have helped Iraq 
produce chemical weapons during its 1980-88 war with Iran, the 
official Iranian news agency IRNA said on Tuesday." 

Texas to host biggest ever joint military exercise
news:[email protected]
Mon, 7 Apr 1997 15:11:57 PDT
"EL PASO, Texas (Reuter) - The world's largest ever  
joint military exercise will begin at Fort Bliss, Texas, this 
month when 30,000 soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines from 
four countries come together to play high-tech war games. 
Fort Bliss officials said on Monday that German, Dutch and  
Canadian fighters would join U.S. forces for the ``Roving 
Sands'' exercise starting April 17 and continuing until May 2. "