1990 South Korea Special Weapons
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and Missile
- SCHOLAR SAYS KOREAN REUNIFICATION "PREDICTABLE" By Jane A. Morse USIA 07/13/90 -- Reunification on the Korean peninsula is "predictable" and the United States must make greater efforts to obtain information about North Korea which would aid in preparation for a more "humane and civil" reunification process, according to an American scholar.
- U.S. MUST MAINTAIN, SEOUL EXPAND, DEFENSE COMMITMENT (06/27/90 Text: Wolfowitz remarks to Carnegie Council) (3250)
-- Until Pyongyang is ready to enter into good faith negotiations with Seoul, the United States must continue to maintain a military presence on the Korean peninsula, according to Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz.
- U.S. COMMITTED TO ROK DEFENSE, DOD OFFICIAL SAYS By Judy Aita USIA 06/26/90 -- Until Pyongyang enters into good faith discussions with Seoul, defense considerations must remain the primary focus of Korea-U.S. relations, a top Defense Department official said June 25.
- ROK ENVOY: U.S. PRESENCE IN NORTHEAST ASIA STILL NEEDED 06/25/90 -- The Republic of Korea's Ambassador to the United Nations, Hyun Hong-Choo, said June 25 on the 40th anniversary of the beginning of the Korean War that the "real confrontation" on the peninsula is over, but that the U. S. presence in Northeast Asia is still needed.
- USE CAUTION ON U.S. TROOP WITHDRAWALS, EXPERTS WARN By Jane A. Morse USIA 06/22/90 -- The United States should use great caution in executing its plans for troop drawdowns in East Asia and especially in the Republic of Korea, according to experts who spoke at a June 21 Cato Institute conference. The Cato Institute is a Washington-based public policy research foundation.
- PANELISTS DIVIDE SHARPLY ON KOREAN MILITARY BALANCE By Jim Shevis USIA 06/21/90 -- Panelists debating the military balance on the Korean peninsula at a June 21 Cato Institute conference divided sharply over the question of withdrawal of U.S. troops from there. The Cato Institute is a Washington- based public policy research foundation.
- SOLARZ SAYS KOREA RESOLUTION DESIGNED TO ALLAY CONCERNS (06/18/90 Text: H.Con.Res. 325 in Congressional Record) -- Concern that announced U.S. troops cuts in Korea might be perceived in Pyongyang as an indication that the United States was no longer prepared to live up to the responsibilities of its mutual security treaty with the Republic of Korea led to the drafting of House Concurrent Resolution 325, according to Rep. Stephen Solarz (Democrat of New York).
- House Passes Resolution on Korean Defense 06/13/90 - House of Representatives resolution reiterating the US commitment to the Mutual Defense Treaty with the Republic of Korea.
- U.S. TROOPS MUST STAY IN KOREA, NUNN SAYS (04/20/90 Transcript: Nunn speech on U.S. troop cuts) -- A continued U.S. military presence on the Korean peninsula "is required to make clear to North Korea that an attack on the South will constitute an attack" on the United States, according to Senator Sam Nunn (Democrat of Georgia).
- CHANGE WILL COME TO NORTH KOREA, SCHOLAR SAYS By John C. Law USIA 04/19/90 -- Washington -- The developments now taking place in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union have been spurred by major worldwide changes which will eventually trigger change in the closed society of North Korea as well, an American scholar believes.
- HOUSE PANEL RAISES CONCERNS ABOUT KOREAN FIGHTER DEAL By Jane A. Morse USIA 04/06/90 -- Members of the House Armed Services Investigations Subcommittee expressed concern that Korea might sell to Iran aircraft parts that will be made under a planned coproduction deal with the United States.
- U.S. FORCE WITHDRAWAL FROM ROK WON'T ENDANGER SECURITY (04/03/90 Text: NDU seminar paper by Steven Sudderth) -- A substantial withdrawal of U.S. forces from South Korea won't endanger security on the peninsula because of current international and internal constraints on North Korean military aggression, according to Steven K. Sudderth, research associate at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
- MCCAIN ADDRESSES MERITS OF THE KOREAN FIGHTER PROGRAM (03/28/90 Text: McCain's remarks on Korean Fighter program) -- The Korean Fighter Program (KFP) will be of great benefit to the United States aerospace industry as well as to United States and South Korean security, according to Senator John McCain (Republican of Arizona).
- U.S. TROOPS IN KOREA DEFEND ONLY THE PENINSULA By Jane A. Morse USIA 03/23/90 -- Although the security of Korea has broad implications for the rest of Northeast Asia, American troops stationed in the Republic of Korea (ROK) are there only to protect the peninsula and not to serve U.S. regional interests, according to Richard Solomon, assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs.
- U.S. ROLE IN KOREAN TENSION-REDUCTION LIMITED By Jane A. Morse USIA 03/15/90 -- The U.S. role in easing tensions on the Korean peninsula is limited -- the primary responsibility lies with Seoul and Pyongyang, according to Rep. Stephen Solarz (Democrat of New York), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee for Asian and Pacific Affairs.
- GREATER U.S.-JAPAN-ROK COOPERATION URGED By Jane A. Morse USIA 03/09/90 -- Greater three-way military cooperation is needed among the United States, Japan and the Republic of Korea in order to meet security requirements in Northeast Asia, according to Dr. Hwang Dong-Joon, research director for the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA).
- KOREA-U.S. BUILD STRONG DEFENSE THROUGH COOPERATION By Jane A. Morse USIA 28 Feb 1990 -- Cooperation has been the hallmark of the security relationship between the United States and Korea for some 40 years, but today the nature of that cooperation is expanding thanks to a maturation process in both countries.
- U.S. CONSIDERING 10 PERCENT MILITARY CUT IN ASIA 02/23/90 (Transcript: Q-and-A from Cheney Tokyo press conference)
-- U.S. Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney said February 23 that the United States has discussed with its allies in the Asia-Pacific region a 10 percent reduction in its military presence there. In a question-and-answer session following a speech at the Japan National Press Club in Tokyo, Cheney said that consultations with Japan and Korea and the Philippines had taken place, but that the reductions discussed were modest. "It is on the order of approximately 10 percent scattered across the region."
- CHENEY REAFFIRMS U.S. COMMITMENT TO KOREA 02/16/90 -- Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney confirmed that a reduction in troop levels in Korea is under consideration but said a specific number is "a matter to be discussed on a consultative basis between U.S. and Korean officials."
- KOREAN PENINSULA REMAINS DANGEROUS FLASHPOINT 02/09/90 (Text: Hardisty testimony before the SASC)
Testifying February 8 before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Admiral Huntington Hardisty, commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Command, said the most dangerous flashpoint in the Pacific is on the Korean peninsula where the potential for armed conflict is most likely.
- MENETREY SEES NO EASING OF TENSIONS IN KOREA 02/09/90 (Text: Testimony before Senate panel) -- General Louis C. Menetrey, commander of U.S. forces in Korea, told the Senate Armed Services Committee February 8 he saw no progress being made in easing the tensions between North and South Korea. "The real problem is North Korea doesn't recognize South Korea as a sovereign nation," he said. In recent weeks, North Korea has actually drawn away from the ongoing talks, Menetrey said, and there has been no movement at all in establishing confidence-building measures.
- U.S. AND KOREA DISCUSS NEW COMMAND
By Jane A. Morse USIA 08 February 1990 -- U.S. and Korean military officials are discussing the possibility of establishing a separate combined ground forces command to be placed under the leadership of a Korean officer, according to General Louis C. Menetrey, commander of the U.S. forces in Korea.
- ." Department of State statement about possible troop reductions in South Korea 01/04/90 --There are no current plans to reduce U.S. forces in Korea. Any future changes will also be evolutionary and be taken after consultations with the ROKG.
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