DATE=6/5/2000 TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT TITLE=CLINTON / DUMA / REACT NUMBER=5-46443 BYLINE=PETER HEINLEIN DATELINE=MOSCOW CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: President Clinton's address to Russia's parliament was met with a less than enthusiastic response from lawmakers. One nationalist politician heckled the president, many seats in the Duma chamber were empty, and there was only polite applause at the conclusion. But Correspondent Peter Heinlein in Moscow reports the speech is likely to get a better reception among other segments of the Russian public. TEXT: Mr. Clinton's overall message was that he favors a strong and prosperous Russia. But his 45- minute speech also contained some blunt messages that were certain to irritate many members of parliament. For one, he made clear that the United States thinks Russia's use of force against civilians in Chechnya is simply wrong. /// CLINTON ACT ONE /// The answer to law without order is not order without law. /// END ACT /// And he admonished Russia for its failure to bring its trade and tax systems up to the standards needed to gain entry to the World Trade Organization. /// CLINTON ACT TWO /// Russia should not be the only major industrialized country standing outside this global trading system. /// END ACT /// Before the speech began, nationalists chanted anti- American slogans outside the parliament building. /// CHANTING OUTSIDE DUMA - FADE UNDER /// And, inside, ultra-nationalist leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky heckled the president. At one point during the speech, Mr. Zhirinovsky shouted that President Clinton should remove the embargo against Iraq and pull NATO troops out of Yugoslavia. // OPT // Afterward, the flamboyant ultra-nationalist was shown on the independent N-T-V network complaining the official estimates that 75 to 80-percent of lawmakers attended were wildly exaggerated. /// OPT // ZHIRINOVSKY ACT - IN RUSSIAN - FADE /// Mr. Zhirinovsky says only 20-percent of the members were there. He says that to claim 80-percent attended is - as he put it - cheating. Mr. Zhirinovsky complained that people were brought in to applaud, making it look as if the president was greeted warmly, while in truth the reception was cool. // END OPT // But overall, reaction to the speech was generally positive. Communist Party leader Gennady Zyuganov, often a sharp critic of the United States, said he found Mr. Clinton's assessment of Russia too kind. /// ZYUGANOV ACT - IN RUSSIAN - FADE UNDER /// Mr. Zyuganov says he was expecting what he called - Mr. Clinton's estimate - to be more honest. The Communist leader said his party favors dialogue on the issue of developing new technologies to defend against a nuclear missile attack. Independent analysts agreed that the speech was generally well-received. Vyacheslav Nikonov of the Fond Politika research group says the address to lawmakers was much less strident than another speech Mr. Clinton made on a previous visit, when he urged Russians to work harder for economic reform. /// NIKONOV ACT /// Two-years ago, Mr. Clinton was presenting the speech of a mentor, instructing Russians what they should do. Now there was no such message. Clinton presented himself as a friend of Russian people who wanted them to be more effective in solving their own problems, which is a much better tone. /// END ACT /// Victor Kremenyuk of Moscow's U-S-A/Canada Institute says the summit's outcome was much more positive than expected, even though the two leaders failed to agree on the main issue. /// KREMENYUK ACT /// I think by this summit we have stopped drifting toward confrontation. I would not say we have turned toward something like partnership. But my impression is that the drift toward confrontation was stopped by both presidents, and that is already something. /// END ACT /// Mr. Kremenyuk was among those whose expectations for the summit were low. And most analysts agree that little of substance came out of the meetings. But there was general agreement that the overall compassionate tone of Mr. Clinton's speech was just what Russians wanted to hear. (SIGNED) NEB/PFH/JWH/RAE 05-Jun-2000 11:46 AM EDT (05-Jun-2000 1546 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .