DATE=1/14/2000 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=RUSSIA / SECURITY (L) NUMBER=2-258085 BYLINE=EVE CONANT DATELINE=MOSCOW CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: Russia has published a new national security doctrine that was signed into law by Acting President Vladimir Putin on Monday. V-O-A Moscow correspondent Eve Conant reports the new security concept makes it easier for Russia's leaders to use nuclear weapons to counter what the country views as a growing military threat. TEXT: Russia's new security doctrine states it would allow leaders to use all possible forces, including nuclear weapons, to "repel armed aggression" - a vague expression that implies that even a conventional weapons attack could be met with a nuclear response. Under Russia's early 1997 doctrine, nuclear weapons could only be deployed in cases where Russia's national sovereignty was threatened. The 21-page document reflects Russia's growing concern over issues such as NATO's eastward expansion, terrorism, Russia's economic decline and its deteriorating conventional forces. Analysts say the doctrine shows that Russia feels its nuclear deterrent is the only leverage the country still has after years of post-Soviet economic and political turmoil. The document states that Russia is threatened not only by NATO and a weak United Nations, but also by the possibility of separatism in its 89 regions - with the bloody campaign in Chechnya as a prime example. The doctrine says other countries are trying to weaken Russia's political structure, economy and military. Viktor Kremenyuk of Moscow's U-S-A-Canada Institute says Russia is afraid that its weak and demoralized military would not be able to safeguard the country against outside attacks. /// Kremenyuk Act /// Especially following the war in Kosovo, Russia feels that in the area of conventional forces, it has become much weaker than the West. If during the Cold War there was a rough military balance in Europe, right now, of course, the NATO forces are four or five times stronger than the Russian forces. So Russians feel that if the need arises they'll have to compensate their weakness in the conventional area with small nuclear weapons. /// End Act /// Mr. Kremenyuk says the doctrine, called the "Concept of National Security," shows that Russia's new acting president, Vladimir Putin, is much more willing that his predecessor, Boris Yeltsin, to rely on nuclear weapons and military strategy. But he says the doctrine is also a way to show the West how much Russia dislikes the growing status of the United States as the world's only superpower. Moscow's preferred global balance is for what officials have called a "multipolar" world with different power blocs, not just what it views as a United States that acts as a global policeman who can bypass international law. Viktor Kremenyuk says the new document should be a warning to the West. /// Kremenyuk Act /// Somehow, the relations are sliding more and more into a new type of confrontation. Russians want maybe just to demonstrate a red flag to people in the West that they will not hesitate in at least retargeting their nuclear missiles and again threaten major western cities. So Western politicians will have to think twice before they start a really heavy anti-Russian barrage in their politics. /// End Act /// Russia's new security doctrine says the country is still a world power, but that what it calls "a number of states" are trying to marginalize it - a move that it says could destabilize the international situation. The document calls for Russia to build a socially oriented market economy and to battle organized crime and corruption. It says a strong economy is the only way Russia can guarantee its strategic interests. (Signed) NEB/EC/GE/ENE/JP 14-Jan-2000 14:37 PM EDT (14-Jan-2000 1937 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .