Tracking Number:  202166

Title:  "UN Official Foresees Long-Term Monitoring of Iraq." UN Security Council Special Commission deputy executive chairman Dr Robert Gallucci said UN inspection teams had turned up three nuclear weapons programs in Iraq that Iraqi authorities had originally denied existed, showing the need for more inspections. (911029)

Date:   19911029


10/29/91 U.N. OFFICIAL FORESEES LONG-TERM MONITORING OF IRAQ (Gallucci says more nuclear programs found) (810) By Norma Holmes USIA Staff Writer

Washington -- In the past 10 days, United Nations inspection teams discovered three nuclear weapons programs that Iraqi authorities originally denied existed, says an international authority on nuclear weapons destruction.

"Certainly more inspections are needed to find any weapons or components, research or production facilities for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq that we have not found," Dr. Robert Gallucci said October 28. "We certainly think there is more, particularly in the nuclear area, and probably in the ballistic missile area as well."

Gallucci, deputy executive chairman of the U.N. Security Council's Special Commission monitoring Iraq's chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons and ballistic missile capability, says he is "struck by how much we didn't know about a weapons program in a country where we suspected a nuclear weapons program."

"We ought to be chastened by that, and cautious about how much confidence we have in our estimates of what is going on elsewhere," Gallucci said during a briefing at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.

Gallucci said Security Council Resolution 687, the cease- fire agreement for the Persian Gulf war, gave Iraq 15 days in which to declare all weapons of mass destruction it possessed. "In no case did these declarations stand up," he pointed out.

Gallucci, who served as the operations officer of the U.N. team overseeing the inspection, removal and demolition of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction, noted that 20 U.N. teams have gone to Iraq since the cease-fire.

Gallucci said Iraq violated the nuclear aspects of the cease-fire agreement, not only by withholding information, but also by moving equipment and digging up concrete floors in an effort to hide existing facilities.

"We have uncovered a hitherto secret and substantial program to produce missile material and a substantial program to produce an implosion system and actual nuclear weapon," Gallucci said. "Substantial uncertainties (remain) over a rather key question" about whether they

GE 2 POL203 have any accumulation of fissionable material, he continued. "We simply don't know the answer to that. We have yet to define just how far we have to go. We recognize that."

Despite Iraq's declaration that it had no biological weapons program, he noted, the U.N. team established, on the day they arrived, that Iraq had established a biological arms program, which was in fact "a military program -- they didn't even call it a defensive program" -- begun about five years ago and ended a year ago. "They did not say they produced actual weapons," he said, "but they did admit to producing a number of agents, including anthrax and botulism toxins, and in fact gave us samples."

In the ballistic missile area, Gallucci said that U.N. teams have destroyed 62 ballistic missiles, as well as 18 fixed Scud launcher pads, 10 launchers, 11 dummy missiles, 32 warheads, 127 missile storage support vehicles, one 350 millimeter supergun, components of a 1000 millimeter supergun, rocket fuel and supergun propellant.

"We are not yet satisfied that we have accounted for all that we need to account for in the missile area," Gallucci said. "The picture of the ballistic missile situation is not as clear as it needs to be, given the amount of missiles which we calculate were obtained by Iraq, and what might have been used up."

Still more disquieting, Gallucci said, is the area of chemical weapons. "The situation is not stable; it is not safe," he said, noting that "there are many production sites all around Iraq."

Gallucci said 45,000 filled pieces of chemical weapons munitions and hundreds of tons of precursors now have been discovered. "There is a substantial amount of leaking of stored chemical agents with pressures developing, particularly in the bulk containers," complicating the problem of moving the stocks to a central location for destruction, he said. An added problem, he noted, is that the Iraqis did not mark their munitions to indicate the contents or whether they were filled or empty. "We never know what's inside of what has been found," he said, and this caused some near fatalities in the course of destruction when the nerve agent sarin was unexpectedly found and released.

Gallucci said there are many unresolved questions related to implementing U.N. resolutions now in effect. He said they concern sites and methods for weapons disposal, the role Iraqi authorities will play in arms disposal, and how the destruction of the weapons will be paid for.

"Everybody believes that Iraq ought to bear responsibility to pay for all of this," but in the interim, the Security

GE 3 POL203 Council would like the special commission to be funded by voluntary contributions, he said. NNNN

File Identification:  10/29/91, PO-203; 10/29/91, AR-212; 10/29/91, EP-210; 10/29/91, EU-209; 10/29/91, AS-210
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish
Thematic Codes:  1UN; 160; 1AC
Target Areas:  AR; EA; EU
PDQ Text Link:  202166; 202198