Tracking Number:  198590

Title:  "UN Team Found 'Gold Mines' of Evidence in Iraq." Speaking after testimony to the House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Colin Powell said UN inspections at two Iraqi facilities revealed a wealth of information confirming that Iraq is clearly trying develop a nuclear capacity. Corrected by EU-412. (910925)

Translated Title:  Irak continua violando resoluciones Naciones Unidas.; L'ONU decouvre de nouvelles preuves en Irak. (910925)
Date:  19910925


09/25/91 HU.N. TEAM FOUND "GOLD MINES" OF EVIDENCE IN IRAQ SH(Data reveal nuclear weapons development program) (760) BYBy Jacquelyn S. Porth BIUSIA Security Affairs Writer

TWashington -- U.N. inspections at two Iraqi facilities reveal that Iraq was "clearly trying to develop a nuclear capability in every way possible," says Colin Powell, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The "gold mines" of evidence discovered by the inspectors show that Iraq had tapped an extensive network of contacts around the world to obtain weapons technology and equipment, Powell said September 25. The Iraqis clearly were investigating "every technical possibility to develop enriched uranium," he added in testimony before the House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee.

Speaking to reporters after the hearing, Powell said the international community must "insist that Iraq come into full compliance" with U.N. Security Council resolutions which call for Iraq to cooperate and provide "full disclosure" of information about programs related to weapons of mass destruction and hidden ballistic missiles. The resolutions also mandate freedom of movement for the inspectors and authorize them to remove relevant documents; Iraq has not complied with either requirement.

Powell said President Bush "intends to ensure that, in the final analysis, the will of the international community is satisfied" with respect to Iraq. U.N. inspectors now being detained at a site in Baghdad must be allowed to leave "without conditions," he said. Iraq has insisted that the inspectors hand over documents they have found and submit to personal searches before being permitted to go.

"We hope that the regime in Baghdad will come to its senses and realize that at the end of the day, at the end of this trail, they will comply," the general said.

He warned that the patience of the international community "is wearing rather thin" and noted that Bush considers the Iraqi situation to be "a very serious matter." The president is maintaining "all of his options," Powell said.

Regarding a decision to dispatch U.S. Patriot anti-missile missiles to Saudi Arabia at its request, Powell told committee members that there does not appear to be any significant threat to Saudi Arabia right now but he pointed out that "it is wise to be prudent." The first two battalions of the Patriots were deployed to Saudi Arabia from Germany September 25.

The deployment also fits in with U.S. plans to have a continuing presence "on a rotating basis" in the region, he said, noting that the surface-to-surface missile batteries would contribute "to our efforts to ensure regional stability."

The official noted that the United States still has "a rather significant air capability" in Saudi Arabia, as well as 35,000 U.S. troops in the region, and carrier-based assets in the gulf, the Mediterranean, and the Red Sea.

Commenting on issues related to downsizing the U.S. armed forces in the coming years, Powell noted that the future force structure planned for the United States is sound, but that new political changes in the world dictate modification of those plans.

With the threat of a global war with the Soviet Union greatly reduced, he said the United States is creating a minimum force structure for its enduring needs. The projected force for 1995 includes 12 active duty Army divisions, 448 Navy ships, 26 tactical Air Force fighter wings, and 181 strategic bombers, he said.

Powell said 150,000 U.S. troops will remain in Europe (down from 300,000) because there is still "a latent, inherent capability" in the armed forces of the Soviet Union, which remains equipped with tactical nuclear weapons.

The general stressed the need for a continuing U.S. forward presence not only in Europe, but in the Mediterranean, Southwest Asia and the Pacific. He said the United States must be prepared with contingency forces for low-, mid- and high-intensity conflict in the future. He pointed to the coalition effort earlier this year to liberate Kuwait from Iraq as an example of recent high-intensity conflict.

Powell said the United States still needs a ground presence in the Republic of Korea and Japan, but he said it is being reduced in both countries. He also said that U.S. officials are working with Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia regarding the U.S. military functions which were formerly performed at bases in the Philippines. Powell said the United States is hopeful that Philippine President Aquino will find a constitutional solution to the current base agreement impasse. NNNN

File Identification:  09/25/91, PO-314; 09/25/91, EP-318; 09/25/91, EU-311; 09/25/91, NE-318; 09/26/91, AE-402; 09/26/91, AS-403; 09/26/91, AR-402; 09/26/91, NA-406; 09/26/91, EU-412; 09/26/91, AE-405; 09/26/91, AF-408
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish; Arabic; French
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 1UN; 1AC
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; EU; NE; AF
PDQ Text Link:  198590; 198618; 198725; 198729