North Korea: The Foundations for Military Strength -- Update 1995
December 1995

Focus on Enhancing Military Capabilities

During the early 1990s, North Korea significantly enhanced the offensive capabilities of its force through an intensive 5-year campaign. The campaign emphasized producing and storing ammunition and fuel, increasing training throughout the force, and fielding new artillery units near the DMZ. The campaign, which was designed to improve North Korea's military options, was tied to a 1995 completion date. Although the campaign appears to have ended, many of its aspects, including preferential treatment of the military and improvements in artillery forces, continue. Pyongyang now faces the difficult task of maintaining a credible, strong military force in an increasingly deteriorating internal environment.