ASMP Advisory Board 

Ambassador Jayantha Dhanapala, a Sri Lanka national, had his secondary education at Trinity College, Kandy. His tertiary education was at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree majoring in English Literature with French; at the School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London where he studied Chinese and at the American University in Washington, D.C. where he obtained a Master of Arts degree in International Studies.

After a period of three years as a corporate executive in Sri Lanka’s private sector, Dhanapala entered the Sri Lanka Foreign Service in 1965.  Between 1965 and 1983 he held diplomatic appointments in London, Beijing, Washington, D.C. and New Delhi in addition to being Director of the Non-aligned Movement (NAM) Division of the Foreign Ministry during Sri Lanka’s Chairmanship of the NAM.  In 1984 he was appointed Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations (UN) in Geneva with concurrent accreditation to the UN agencies in Vienna.  In 1987 the UN Secretary-General appointed Dhanapala to head the Geneva-based United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) as Director.  Returning to the Foreign Ministry in Colombo in 1992 he was Additional Foreign Secretary at the time of his appointment in January 1995 as Sri Lanka’s Ambassador to the USA with concurrent accreditation to Mexico.  He relinquished this appointment in April 1997 opting for early retirement from the Sri Lanka Foreign Service.  In August 1997 Dhanapala joined the Centre for Non-proliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies in the USA as Diplomat-in-Residence.  Dhanapala was appointed Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs in the United Nations and functioned in that capacity from 1 February, 1998 till 31 May, 2003.  In addition the Secretary-General appointed Dhanapala as a Commissioner in UNSCOM and the Head of the Special Group visiting the Presidential Sites in Iraq in 1998.From June 2004 Dhanapala  functioned as Secretary-General of the Peace Secretariat and Senior Adviser to the President of Sri Lanka until November 2005.

Dhanapala has represented his country at the United Nations General Assembly and at many NAM and Commonwealth conferences.  He has also chaired many international meetings including the 1995 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review and Extension Conference for which he was widely acclaimed.  He has received awards from Georgetown University, Washington D.C., the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the Ploughshares Fund and the School of International Service of American University, Washington D.C. for his work in diplomacy and disarmament and was the Global Security Institute’s first recipient of the Alan Cranston Peace Award in 2002.  On the invitation of the Government of Australia Dhanapala served as a member of the Canberra Commission - a group of 17 eminent international personalities who published an influential report on nuclear disarmament in 1996. The Lanka Monthly Digest nominated Dhanapala as Sri Lankan of the Year 2006.

Jayantha Dhanapala is currently Chairman of the UN University Council and is on the Advisory Boards of the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, the Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the Bonn International Centre for Conversion, CISAC in Stanford University and the ICRC. He is also Honorary President of the International Peace Bureau(IPB) which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910. Dhanapala has also been on the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission launched by the Government of Sweden under the Chairmanship of Dr.Hans Blix from 2004-6.

He has published four books and several articles in international journals and lectured in many countries.  Dhanapala was born on 30 December 1938, is married and has one daughter and one son.

Dr. Bruce Hoffman has been studying terrorism and insurgency for thirty years.  He is currently a tenured professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Washington, DC.  Professor Hoffman previously held the Corporate Chair in Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency at the RAND Corporation and was also Director of RAND’s Washington, D.C. Office.  From 2001 to 2004, he served as RAND’s Vice President for External Affairs and in 2004 he also was Acting Director of RAND’s Center for Middle East Public Policy.  Professor Hoffman was adviser on counterterrorism to the Office of National Security Affairs, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, Iraq during the spring of 2004 and from 2004-2005 was an adviser on counterinsurgency to the Strategy, Plans, and Analysis Office at Multi-National Forces-Iraq Headquarters, Baghdad.  He was also an adviser to the Iraq Study Group.

Professor Hoffman is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Terrorism and Counterterrorism Program, Human Rights Watch, New York, NY; a Senior Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C.; a Senior Fellow at the Combating Terrorism Center, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY; a Senior Fellow at the National Security Studies Center at Haifa University, Israel; and, a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Professor Hoffman was the founding Director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, where he was also Reader in International Relations and Chairman of the Department of International Relations.  Professor Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, the leading scholarly journal in the field. and a member of the advisory boards of Terrorism and Political Violence and the Review of International Studies.  He is also on the advisory board of the Arms Sales Monitoring Project at the Federation of American Scientists and of Our Voices Together: September 11 Friends and Families to Help Build a Safer, More Compassionate World.

He holds degrees in government, history, and international relations and received his doctorate from Oxford University.  In November 1994, the Director of Central Intelligence awarded Professor Hoffman the United States Intelligence Community Seal Medallion the highest level of commendation given to a non-government employee, which recognizes sustained superior performance of high value that distinctly benefits the interests and national security of the United States

A revised and updated edition of his acclaimed 1998 book, Inside Terrorism, was published in May 2006 by Columbia University Press in the U.S. and S. Fischer Verlag in Germany.  Foreign language editions of the first edition have been published in ten countries.  The WashingtonPost described Inside Terrorism as “brilliant” and the “best one volume introduction to the phenomenon” (16 July 2006).  Professor Hoffman is also a regular contributor to the Atlantic Monthly and was the author of “The Logic of Suicide Terrorism,” which was the cover story of the June 2003 issue.  He was a Fellow and C. V. Starr Distinguished Visitor at the American Academy of Berlin, Germany during the fall, 2006.

Dr. Moisés Naím, the Editor-in-chief of Foreign Policy magazine, heads one of the world's leading publications on international politics and economics and is the winner of the 2003 National Magazine Award for general excellence. Foreign Policy circulates in 161 countries and is simultaneously published in eleven different languages. Dr Naím has written extensively on international political economy, economic development, international finance, world politics, and globalization's unintended consequences. His opinion columns appear in the Financial Times, El Pais, Newsweek, TIME, Corriere della SeraBerliner Zeitung and many other internationally-recognized newspapers and magazines.

He is the author or editor of eight books including Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers and Copycats Are Hijacking the Global Economy, a best seller selected by the Washington Post as one of the best nonfiction books of 2005. Illicit is published in over 14 languages and is the subject of a two-hour TV special produced by National Geographic Film and Television for worldwide broadcasting.

Dr. Naím is a board member of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and of Population Action International (PAI).

Moisés Naím previously served as an executive director at the World Bank and directed policy studies on economic reforms at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He also served as Venezuela’s minister of trade and industry in the early 1990's. Prior to his ministerial position, he was professor and dean at IESA, a business school and research center in Caracas.  Dr. Naím holds MSc and PhD degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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