As of 1987 the Soviet Union had more than 9,000 strategic SAM launchers, nearly 5,000 tactical SAM launchers (excluding handheld), and some 10,000 air defense radars. These strategic surface-to-air missiles provide low-to-high altitude barrier, area, and terminal defenses under all weather conditions. Five systems are now operational: SA-2, and SA-3, and the more capable SA-5, SA-10 and SA-12. Over the years, the Soviets continued to deploy the long-range SA-5 and have repeatedly modified this system, while the SA-1 was finally phased out in the mid-1980s.
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Updated Friday, July 03, 1998 8:13:07 AM