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Air Defense Radars

The Soviet Union maintained the world's most extensive early warning system for air defense. It comprised a network of ground-based radars linked operationally with those of their Pact allies. More than 10,000 air surveillance radars provided virtually complete coverage at medium-to-high altitudes over the USSR and, in some areas, well beyond its borders.

The USSR had an active research and development program designed to improve its air surveillance network. In 1983, the Soviets began to deploy two types of air surveillance radars to provide enhanced capabilities for air defense, electronic warfare, and early warning of cruise missile and bomber attacks. Throughout the 1980s Soviet continued to deploy improved air surveillance data systems that could rapidly pass data from outlying radars through the air surveillance network to ground-controlled intercept sites and SAM command posts.

Sources and Resources

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