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                                             A/RES/47/51

                                             81st plenary meeting

                                             9 December 1992







               Prevention of an arms race in outer space





     The General Assembly,



     Recognizing the common interest of all mankind in the exploration and use

of outer space for peaceful purposes,



     Reaffirming the will of all States that the exploration and use of outer

space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be for peaceful

purposes, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interest of all

countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development,

and shall be the province of all mankind,



     Reaffirming also provisions of articles III and IV of the Treaty on

Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of

Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies,



     Recalling the obligation of all States to observe the provisions of the

Charter of the United Nations regarding the use or threat of use of force in

their international relations, including in their space activities,



     Reaffirming further paragraph 80 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special

Session of the General Assembly, in which it is stated that in order to prevent

an arms race in outer space further measures should be taken and appropriate

international negotiations held in accordance with the spirit of the Treaty,



     Recalling also its previous resolutions on this issue and the Final

Declaration adopted by the Tenth Conference of Heads of State or Government of

Non-Aligned Countries, held at Jakarta from 1 to 6 September 1992, and taking

note of the proposals submitted to the General Assembly at its tenth special

session and at its regular sessions, and of the recommendations made to the

competent organs of the United Nations and to the Conference on Disarmament,



     Recognizing the grave danger for international peace and security of an

arms race in outer space and of developments contributing to it,



     Emphasizing the paramount importance of strict compliance with existing

arms limitation and disarmament agreements relevant to outer space, including

bilateral agreements, and with the existing legal regime concerning the use of

outer space,



     Considering that wide participation in the legal regime applicable to outer

space could contribute to enhancing its effectiveness,



     Noting that bilateral negotiations, begun in 1985 between the Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America, have continued with

the declared objective of working out effective agreements aimed, inter alia, at

preventing an arms race in outer space,



     Welcoming the re-establishment of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Prevention of

an Arms Race in Outer Space at the 1992 session of the Conference on

Disarmament, in the exercise of the negotiating responsibilities of this sole

multilateral body on disarmament, to continue to examine and identify, through

substantive and general consideration, issues relevant to the prevention of an

arms race in outer space,



     Noting also that the Ad Hoc Committee on the Prevention of an Arms Race in

Outer Space, taking into account its previous efforts since its establishment in

1985 and seeking to enhance its functioning in qualitative terms, continued the

examination and identification of various issues, existing agreements and

existing proposals, as well as future initiatives relevant to the prevention of

an arms race in outer space, and that this contributed to a better understanding

of a number of problems and to a clearer perception of the various positions,



     Emphasizing the mutually complementary nature of bilateral and multilateral

efforts in the field of preventing an arms race in outer space, and hoping that

concrete results will emerge from these efforts as soon as possible,



     Convinced that further measures should be examined in the search for

effective and verifiable bilateral and multilateral agreements in order to

prevent an arms race in outer space,



     Stressing that the growing use of outer space increases the need for

greater transparency and better information on the part of the international

community,



     Recalling in this context its resolution 45/55 B of 4 December 1990 which,

inter alia, reaffirmed the importance of confidence-building measures as means

conducive to ensuring the attainment of the objective of the prevention of an

arms race in outer space,



     Conscious of the benefits of confidence- and security-building measures in

the military field,



     1.   Reaffirms the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in

outer space and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common

objective, in conformity with the provisions of the Treaty on Principles

Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space,

including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies;



     2.   Reaffirms its recognition, as stated in the report of the Ad Hoc

Committee on the Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space, that the legal

regime applicable to outer space by itself does not guarantee the prevention of

an arms race in outer space, that this legal regime plays a significant role in

the prevention of an arms race in that environment, that there is a need to

consolidate and reinforce that regime and enhance its effectiveness, and that it

is important strictly to comply with existing agreements, both bilateral and

multilateral;



     3.   Emphasizes the necessity of further measures with appropriate and

effective provisions for verification to prevent an arms race in outer space;



     4.   Calls upon all States, in particular those with major space

capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of the peaceful use of

outer space and of the prevention of an arms race in outer space and to refrain

from actions contrary to that objective and to the relevant existing treaties in

the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting

international cooperation;



     5.   Reiterates that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single

multilateral disarmament negotiating forum, has the primary role in the

negotiation of a multilateral agreement or agreements, as appropriate, on the

prevention of an arms race in outer space in all its aspects;



     6.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament to consider as a matter of

priority the question of preventing an arms race in outer space;



     7.   Also requests the Conference on Disarmament to intensify its

consideration of the question of the prevention of an arms race in outer space

in all its aspects, building upon areas of convergence and taking into account

relevant proposals and initiatives, including those presented in the Ad Hoc

Committee at the 1992 session of the Conference and at the forty-seventh session

of the General Assembly;



     8.   Further requests the Conference on Disarmament to re-establish an ad

hoc committee with an adequate mandate at the beginning of its 1993 session and

to continue building upon areas of convergence with a view to undertaking

negotiations for the conclusion of an agreement or agreements, as appropriate,

to prevent an arms race in outer space in all its aspects;



     9.   Recognizes, in this respect, the growing convergence of views on the

elaboration of measures designed to strengthen transparency, confidence and

security in the uses of outer space;



     10.  Urges the Russian Federation and the United States of America to

pursue intensively their bilateral negotiations in a constructive spirit with a

view to reaching early agreement for preventing an arms race in outer space, and

to advise the Conference on Disarmament periodically of the progress of their

bilateral sessions so as to facilitate its work;



     11.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-eighth

session the item entitled "Prevention of an arms race in outer space".





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