A Nuclear Weapons Convention would prohibit the development, testing, production, stockpiling, transfer, use and threat of use of nuclear weapons. States possessing nuclear weapons would be required to destroy their arsenals according to a series of phases over fifteen years. The treaty would also prohibit the production of weapons usable fissile material and require delivery vehicles to be destroyed or converted to make them non-nuclear capable. The treaty outlines a series of five phases for the elimination of nuclear weapons beginning with taking nuclear weapons off alert, removing weapons from deployment, removing nuclear warheads from their delivery vehicles, disabling the warheads, removing and disfiguring the "pits" and placing the fissile material under international control. In the initial phases the U.S. and Russia are required to make the deepest cuts in their nuclear arsenals.
On 7 April 1997, the Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy [part of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA) released a Model Nuclear Weapons Convention at the United Nations as part of an international campaign to stimulate the commencement of negotiations on an international treaty to abolish nuclear weapons. Abolition 2000, an international network of over 700 organizations, aims for the conclusion of such a treaty by the year 2000. In early 1997 the United Nations General Assembly called for negotiations leading to the conclusion of a Nuclear Weapons Convention. The resolution, which was introduced by Malaysia, was adopted with 115 votes in favor, 22 against and 32 abstentions.
A chronological listing of major events and developoments.
Primary documents, including treaty text and associated memoranda, statements and other related material.
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