USIS Washington 

04 June 1998


("Nobody gains from an escalation of a nuclear arms race") (530)

By Wendy Lubetkin

USIA European Correspondent

Geneva -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright sent a strong message
to India and Pakistan June 4 that there is nothing to be gained and
much to be lost from any further development of their nuclear weapons

Albright said the nuclear powers are in agreement that the NPT
(Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) should not be amended to
accommodate India and Pakistan as new nuclear weapons states because
"that would send a message that every nation is free to test its way
into the nuclear club."

"This is not the way to become part of a respected group," Albright
declared in Geneva following a meeting of the five foreign ministers
of the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council.

The meeting at the United Nations in Geneva was chaired by China's
foreign minister Tang Jiaxuan, also included British Secretary of
State Robin Cook, French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine, and Russian
Foreign Minister Yevgeni Primakov.

Albright described the meeting -- which produced a joint communique
urging India and Pakistan to refrain from further testing and accede
to the CTBT -- as the "beginning of a process" to try to bring India
and Pakistan "back from the brink."

"I think there was a general sense of agreement on this: that the
worst thing would be to reward these two countries for having broken
what is now a well-established nuclear non-proliferation regime, the
NPT and the CTBT," she said.

But Albright also emphasized that the international community should
not isolate India and Pakistan "or make them outcasts or pariahs."

"We must engage them. We must persuade and convince them that what the
international community wants them to do, they should do, consistent
with their legitimate security needs."

"The reason that we are not big into inducements here is that we don't
want any other country to feel that there is a benefit to having a
nuclear weapons capability. This is not the way to become part of a
respected group."

India and Pakistan have "earned nothing, zero, zilch, by what they
have done," she said. "They have only earned themselves the opprobrium
of the international community and have made their people less secure,
not to speak of poorer.

"The best reason for them not to test is that it is not in their
national interest to test. I think if they have not discovered it
already, they will.

"There are those who believe that India first tested because it wanted
to show its power and to earn a certain amount of respect, and to gain
security for its people. What has happened is that India has lost the
respect of the international community: A nation that has the
tradition of Gandhi, of non-violence and of Jawaharlal Nehru, who had
great moral authority throughout major portions of the Cold War, that
good name of India has been lost.

"Because the Pakistanis immediately responded ... they are also less
secure, and have less authority than they had before," Albright said.
"Nobody gains from an escalation of a nuclear arms race."