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UNITED
NATIONS



			General Assembly


A/RES/49/71
Page 

A/RES/49/71
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					Distr.
					GENERAL

					A/RES/49/71
					9 January 1995






Forty-ninth session
Agenda item 58


RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

[on the report of the First Committee (A/49/695)]


49/71.Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free
zone in the region of the Middle East


	The General Assembly,

	Recalling its resolutions 3263 (XXIX) of 9 December 1974, 3474 (XXX) of
11 December 1975, 31/71 of 10 December 1976, 32/82 of 12 December 1977, 33/64
of 14 December 1978, 34/77 of 11 December 1979, 35/147 of 12 December 1980,
36/87 of 9 December 1981, 37/75 of 9 December 1982, 38/64 of 15 December 1983,
39/54 of 12 December 1984, 40/82 of 12 December 1985, 41/48 of 3 December
1986, 42/28 of 30 November 1987, 43/65 of 7 December 1988, 44/108 of 15
December 1989, 45/52 of 4 December 1990, 46/30 of 6 December 1991, 47/48 of 9
December 1992 and 48/71 of 16 December 1993 on the establishment of a nuclear-
weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East,

	Recalling also the recommendations for the establishment of such a zone
in the Middle East consistent with paragraphs 60 to 63, and in particular
paragraph 63 (d), of the Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the
General Assembly, 1/

	Emphasizing the basic provisions of the above-mentioned resolutions,
which call upon all parties directly concerned to consider taking the
practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to
establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East and,
pending and during the establishment of such a zone, to declare solemnly that
they will refrain, on a reciprocal basis, from producing, acquiring or in any 

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	1/	Resolution S-10/2.


95-76021
other way possessing nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices and from
permitting the stationing of nuclear weapons on their territory by any third
party, to agree to place all their nuclear facilities under International
Atomic Energy Agency safeguards and to declare their support for the
establishment of the zone and to deposit such declarations with the Security
Council for consideration, as appropriate,

	Reaffirming the inalienable right of all States to acquire and develop
nuclear energy for peaceful purposes,

	Emphasizing also the need for appropriate measures on the question of
the prohibition of military attacks on nuclear facilities,

	Bearing in mind the consensus reached by the General Assembly at its
thirty-fifth session that the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in
the region of the Middle East would greatly enhance international peace and
security,

	Desirous of building on that consensus so that substantial progress can
be made towards establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the
Middle East,

	Welcoming all initiatives leading to general and complete disarmament,
including in the region of the Middle East, and in particular on the
establishment therein of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction, including
nuclear weapons,

	Taking note of the peace negotiations in the Middle East, which should
be of a comprehensive nature and represent an appropriate framework for the
peaceful settlement of contentious issues in the region,

	Recognizing the importance of credible regional security, including the
establishment of a mutually verifiable nuclear-weapon-free zone,

	Emphasizing the essential role of the United Nations in the
establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East,

	Having examined the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of resolution 48/71, 2/

	1.	Urges all parties directly concerned seriously to consider taking
the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal
to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East in
accordance with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, and, as a
means of promoting this objective, invites the countries concerned to adhere
to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; 3/

	2.	Calls upon all countries of the region that have not done so,
pending the establishment of the zone, to agree to place all their nuclear
activities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards;

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	2/	A/49/324.

	3/	United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.


	3.	Takes note of resolution GC(XXXVIII)/RES/21, adopted on 23
September 1994 by the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy
Agency at its thirty-eighth regular session, concerning the application of
Agency safeguards in the Middle East;

	4.	Takes note also of the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle
East peace negotiations and the activities of the multilateral working group
on arms control and regional security in promoting mutual confidence and
security in the Middle East, including the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-
free zone;

	5.	Invites all countries of the region, pending the establishment of
a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East, to declare their
support for establishing such a zone, consistent with paragraph 63 (d) of the
Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, and to
deposit those declarations with the Security Council;

	6.	Also invites those countries, pending the establishment of the
zone, not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or
permit the stationing on their territories, or territories under their
control, of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices;

	7.	Invites the nuclear-weapon States and all other States to render
their assistance in the establishment of the zone and at the same time to
refrain from any action that runs counter to both the letter and the spirit of
the present resolution;

	8.	Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 2/

	9.	Invites all parties to consider the appropriate means that may
contribute towards the goal of general and complete disarmament and the
establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the region of
the Middle East;

	10.	Requests the Secretary-General to continue to pursue consultations
with the States of the region and other concerned States, in accordance with
paragraph 7 of resolution 46/30 and taking into account the evolving situation
in the region, and to seek from those States their views on the measures
outlined in chapters III and IV of the study annexed to his report 4/ or other
relevant measures, in order to move towards the establishment of a nuclear-
weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East;

	11.	Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fiftieth session a report on the implementation of the present
resolution;

	12.	Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fiftieth
session the item entitled "Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the
region of the Middle East".

90th plenary meeting
15 December 1994


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