1George Bush, Public Papers of the President of the United States, 1990, Book l, (Government Printing Office) pp. 747-751; Washington Post, June l, l990, p. 1; Washington Times, June 1, 1990, p. 1.

2Treaty Between the United States of American and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, with Protocols, July 3, 1974, June 1, 1990. See also: Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes, with Protocols, May 28, 1976, June 1, 1990. These two treaties had been signed, but not ratified, pending agreement on the new protocols.

3Major General Robert W. Parker (USAF), OSIA Director, "Statement Before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security, and Science," March 21, 1991. In his statement, Parker discusses President Bush's directive.

4Ibid. See also, Statement of US State Department Counselor Richard Holwill, Congressional Record, Senate l3707.

5Baltimore Sun, September 26, 1990, p 1; Tass, October 9, 1990, in FBIS-Soviet Union, October 10, 1990.

6Brigadier General Lajoie, "Statement Before the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence," August 2, 1990.

7Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe, November 19, 1990.

8OSIA Office of Public Affair, On-Site Insights, December, 1990, pp. 3-4.

9Parker, "Foreign Affairs Subcommittee," March 2l, l99l; Major General Parker, "Statement Before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty," July 25, 1991.

10Reuters, "Bush Signs 2 Pacts Limiting Underground Nuclear Tests," New York Times, December 11, 1990, p. A13.

11Arms Control Reporter, March 21, 1991, p. 605.Bll6.

12Tass, May 30, 1991, in FBIS-Soviet Union, May 31, 1991.

13 OSIA Office of Public Affairs, On-Site Insights, January 1991, p 1, February 1991, pp 1-2.

14See Chapter 6, INF Elimination Inspections, for a statistical account of this final phase of eliminations.

15Major General Robert Parker, "Statement Before House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security and Science," May 12, 1992.

16 Parker, "House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee," May 12, 1992.

17Remarks of Gorbachev and Bush from White House transcript, Moscow, July 31, 199l, cited in Arms Control Reporter, 1991, 611.B.689. R.W. Apple, Jr., "Bush and Gorbachev Sign Pact to Curtail Nuclear Arsenals; Join in Call for Mideast Talks," New York Times, August l, 1991, pp. Al , A11. See also: Associated Press, "We have Achieved the Best That is Now Possible," and "We 'Sign the Treaty' As Testament to New Relationship," Washington Post, August l, 199l , p. A25.

18New York Times, August 19, 1991, p 1, August 20-25, pp l-passim.

19Gary P. Marino, "Routine mail run - anything, but routine." On-Site Insights September 1991, p.7-8.

20Ibid. Interview, Master Sergeant Gary P. Marino, U.S. Army, September 9, 1992.

21General Robert Parker, "Statement before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the Implementation of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty," June 30, 1992; General Robert Parker, "Statement before the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces and Nuclear Deterrence," April 28, 1992.

22Arms Control Today, November, 1991, Start Treaty Supplement, pp. 1-24.

23Arms Control Reporter, 1992, pp 608.B.220-221; Arms Control Reporter, 1991, pp 605.B.l18-119.

24Arms Control Reporter, 1991, pp. 605B. 118-119

25New York Times, December 2, 1991, p. 2, December 9, p.1, December 26, p.1.

26 Parker, "Senate Armed Services Subcommittee," April 28, 1992.

27For the Open Skies Treaty, see Peter Jones, "Open Skies: A New Era of Transparency," Arms Control Today, May 1992, pp 10-15. OSIA Office of Public Affairs, On-Site Insights, May 1992, pp 10-15.

28OSIA Office of Public Affairs, On-Site Insights, May 1992, p 1.

29"Europeans Agree To Honor Pact By Old Blocks," New York Times, June 6, 1992, p. 5.

30"U.S. Inspection Team Readies For CIS Tasks," Stars and Stripes, July 18, 1992 pp 1-2; "Historic Arms Cut Takes Effect," Associated Press, July 17, 1992; OSIA Office of Public Affairs, On-Site Insights, August 1992, p. 5, 9.

31On-Site Insights, p. 5.

32Stars and Stripes, July 18, 1992, p. 2.


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