1"Soviet Union-United States Summit in Washington, DC," Weekly Presidential Documents (Washington, D.C.: Office of the Federal Register, December 8, 1987), Vol. 23, pp. 1457-1458.

2INF Treaty Memorandum of Understanding Data Update. See also: U.S. Army Missile Command, Report: Pershing Weapons Systems, Lessons Learned, INF Treaty Retrograde/Elimination (Huntsville: Colsa, Inc., July 2, 1990).


4Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Treaty Document 100-11.

5SIPRI, SIPRI Yearbook 1990: World Armaments and Disarmament (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), p. 449.

6Peter Applebome, "First US Missiles Destroyed at Part of Nuclear Treaty With Soviets," New York Times, September 9, 1988, p. A13. See also: Marshall News Messenger, September 8, 1988; Mary T. Schmich, "US Begins Destroying Missiles," Chicago Tribune, September 9, 1988, pp. 1-2; Carl P. Leubsdorf, "Destruction in the Cause of Peace: Missile Crushing Begins," Dallas Morning News, September 9, 1988, pp. 1, 10A; John W. Mashek, "Bush On Hand for Scrapping of Missiles," Washington Post, September 9, 1988.



9Arizona Republic, October 19, 1988. See also: Arizona Daily Star, October 19, 1988.

10U.S. Army Missile Command, Pershing Weapons Systems, pp. 15, 31. See also: Das Bild (Frankfurt), October 20, 1988.

11Ibid., pp. 11, 31. See also: "Soviets Oversee 'Real Disarmament' in Pueblo," Salt Lake Tribune, December 8, 1988, p. A3.

12"Last Pershing Missile to Be Destroyed Today," Washington Times, July 6, 1989. See also: "Army Destroys Last Pershing 1A as Soviets Watch," Baltimore Sun, July 7, 1989, p. 12; Dan Shomon, Jr., "Last Pershing lA is Destroyed," Dallas Morning News, July 7, 1989, p. 17A.

13OSIA Office of Public Affairs, "INF Treaty On-Site Inspections: A Status Report," Fact Sheet, May 31, 1989, and July 2, 1990.

14Dee Ralles, "Last Land-Fired Cruise Missile Destroyed at Davis-Monthan," Arizona Republic, May 2, 1991.


16"Longhorn Burns Last Pershing II," Shreveport Times (Louisiana), May 7, 1991.

17 "US Destroys Its Last Pershing II Missile," Dallas Morning News, May 7, 1991, p. 30A.

18 From the speech notes of Major General Robert W. Parker (USAF), Director OSIA, at Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, May 6, 1991.

19"US Inspectors See SS-20 Missile Destroyed," TASS, July 22, 1988, trans. in FBIS-SOV, July 25, 1988.

20 "Soviets Begin Destroying Missiles as Inspectors Watch," Los Angeles Times, August 2, 1988, p. 8.

21Briefing by the Director of OSIA to the Secretary of Defense, November 16, 1988.

22OSIA Headquarters, "INF Treaty On-Site Inspections: A Status Report," Fact Sheet, July 2, 1990.

23OSIA Office of Public Affairs, On-Sight Insights, August 1989. See also: TASS (Moscow), July 26, 1989.

24"Last SS-23 Missile Eliminated at Saryozek," TASS (Moscow), October 27, 1989, rpt. in FBIS-SOV, October 27, 1989, p. l. See also: Office of the Secretary of Defense, "US Inspectors Witness Last SS-23s Elimination," News Release, October 27, 1989.

25 TASS (Moscow), August 16, 1988; See also: Viktor Litovkin, "Last R-12 Missile Destroyed Under INF Treaty," Izvestiya, May 24, 1990, trans. in FBIS-SOV, May 31, 1990, p. l.

26Associated Press (Moscow), May 12, 1991. See also: Reuters (Moscow), May 12, 1991; Pravda, May 20, 1991; Moscow Central Television, June 4, 1991, trans. in FBIS-SOV, June 5, 1991.

27"Soviets Destroy Last Intermediate-Range Nuclear Missiles," Christian Science Monitor, May 14, 1991, p. 5.


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