1"Lajoie's US Team Arrives," TASS, July 2, 1988, rpt. in FBIS-SOV, July 5, 1988, pp. 3-4. See also: Dawn Tracy, "Utah Greets Soviet Arms Inspectors," Salt Lake Tribune, July 3, 1988, pp. A1-2; Salt Lake Tribune, July 1-5, 1988; Desert News, July 5, 1988; INF Treaty, Article 1l.

2The INF Treaty, Article 6, Paragraph l.

3Thomas B. Cochran et al., Nuclear Weapons Databook: Soviet Nuclear Weapons (New York: Harper & Row, 1989), Vol. 4, pp. 68-77. See also: CIA, Soviet Weapons Industry, 1986; INF Treaty Memorandum of Understanding for the SS-20, SS-12, SS-23, SS-25, all of which had been or were currently being assembled at the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant.

4INF Treaty Memorandum of Agreement, pp. 115-120.

5James R. Blackwell, "Contributions and Limitations of On-Site Inspections in INF and START," in Dunn, The New Role, pp. 95-120.

6Ibid. pp. 100-102.

7 INF Treaty, Article 11, Paragraph 6.


9"Missile Maker Unhappy That Russians Are Coming," Washington Post, June 1, 1988, p.16. See also: Susan Kelleher, "To Utah Town, Soviet Monitors Will Ad Flavor to Ethnic Crucible," Washington Post, July 2, 1988. The Hercules Corporation's Bacchus Works Complex produced rocket motors for the MX, Trident, and Midgetman nuclear missile stages.

10Salt Lake Tribune, February 18, 1988.

11Reports of the Technical Consultations.

12INF Treaty Protocol on Inspections, Article 9, Paragraph l.

13Ibid., Paragraph 6a. See also: INF Treaty, Article 11, Paragraph 6; Reports of the Technical Consultations.

14Interview with Lt. Commander James L. Szatkowski (USN), OSIA Detachment Commander at Magna, January 2, 1990. See also: Colonel George M. Connell (USMC), "Memorandum: Magna Issues and Tasks," June 22, 1988.


16Lajoie as quoted by Mike Gorrell, "US Ready for Soviets Arrival," Salt Lake Tribune, June 24, 1988, p. B1.

17Reports of the Technical Consultations.

18Interview, Daniel.

19New York Times, June 23, 1988.

20"Lajoie's US Team Arrives," TASS, July 2, 1988, trans. in FBIS-SOV, July 5, 1988, pp. 3-4.

21 For additional information on portal monitoring activities, see: David Arnold, "It's Not a Job for the Squeamish," Boston Globe, May 15, 1989; Tom Ashbrook, "Our Men in Votkinsk," Boston Globe, August 31, 1988, p. 66; Jim Stewart, "Experts: The INF Treaty Works Surprisingly Well," Atlanta Journal-Atlanta Constitution, November 27, 1988, p. 20.

22"Inspector on 'Warm' Reception," Izvestiya (Moscow), July 6, 1988, morning edition, p. 4, trans. in FBIS-SOV, July 8, 1988, p. l.

23Ibid., p. 2.

24OSIA Headquarters, Portal Weekly Reports, July/August 1988.

25INF Treaty Memorandum of Agreement.

26New York Times, September 26, 1988.

27OSIA Magna Detachment, Magna Weekly Reports, August/September, 1988.

28As paraphrased in Arnold, "Squeamish," Boston Globe.

29OSIA Headquarters, Portal Weekly Reports, January/June 1989.

30"On the Way to Strengthening Trust," Leninski Put (Votkinsk), June 14, 1989, trans. by OSIA, p.5.


32Ibid., p. 6.



35OSIA Headquarters, Portal Weekly Reports, July/October 1988. See also: Mark Grotelueschen (USAFA), "Portal Monitoring: The Monitoring of the Votkinsk Machine Plant for the On-Site Inspection Agency," OSIA Research Internship Report, July 1990.

36 Salt Lake Tribune, October 12, 1988. See also: OSIA Magna Detachment, Magna Weekly Reports, March/April 1989.

37INF Treaty Memorandum of Agreement.

38 OSIA Headquarters, Portal Weekly Reports, January/February, 1990. See also: Lt. Commander Roy Peterson (USN), OSIA Votkinsk Site Commander, "Sequence of Events Surrounding the Exit of Soviet 6-Axle Railcar," March 10, 1990.

39 Peterson, "Sequence."

40ACDA, Annual Report to Congress on Soviet Noncompliance with Arms Control Agreements, February 15, 1991, pp. 13-14. See also: ACDA, Supplemental Report to Congress on SS-23 Missiles in Eastern Europe, September 18, 199l.

41Ibid., p. 13.

42U.S. State Department, Press Release, March 18, 1990 ACDA, Annual Report to Congress on Soviet Noncompliance with Arms Control Agreements, February 15, 1991, pp. 13-14.

43 ACDA, Noncompliance, pp. 13-14.



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