Marking a significant achievement, agreement was reached on over 20 conditions, to be
included in a Senate resolution of ratification on the Chemical Weapons Convention. The
negotiations that led to this package began in January, following an agreement between
President Clinton and Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott.|
The White House team, led by
National Security Adviser Sandy Berger, and the Majority Leader and his nine-member task
force, held 30 hours of discussion in eight separate meetings. That was followed by 28 hours
of discussion over 10 separate meetings coordinated by Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Chairman Jesse Helms and Ranking Minority Member Joe Biden.
These conditions are binding between the Senate and the President, but do not constitute
amendments to the treaty itself. The agreed upon conditions underscore the extraordinary
progress achieved in addressing virtually all of the issues raised in the debate over this
President Clinton said recently, “During the last three months, we have worked very closely
with Senate leaders to go the extra mile to resolve the remaining questions in areas of
concern. I want to thank those in the Senate who have worked with us for their leadership
and for their good faith efforts ... I urge the Senate to act in the highest traditions of
bipartisanship and in the deepest of our national interests.”
Key areas in which agreement has been reached include:
Enhancing robust chemical defenses. The agreed condition requires the Secretary of
Defense to ensure that U.S. troops are effectively equipped, organized and trained to
conduct missions in both chemical and biological weapons environments.
|CWC conditions include:|
|Requiring the Secretary of Defense to maintain robust chemical and
biological defenses for U.S. troops;
Ensuring that instances of noncompliance will be subject to tough U.S. enforcement
Requiring the U.S., under Article X, to limit any assistance to countries of concern,
such as Cuba and Iran, to medical antidotes and treatment;
Obligating the President to obtain assurances from our Australia Group partners
that Article XI is fully consistent with maintaining strict export controls on
Ensuring that nothing in the CWC requires any action by the U.S. prohibited by
Enhancing verification, monitoring and compliance. This condition ensures that instances
of noncompliance will be subject to tough U.S. enforcement action, including making effective use of CWC
provisions for challenge inspections, high-level diplomacy, UN sanctions and the
imposition of U.S. sanctions.
Another condition requires a detailed annual country-by-country report on chemical
weapons activities, including an identification of priorities of the executive branch for
the development of new resources relating to detection and monitoring capabilities.
Article X. This condition requires the United States not to contribute to the voluntary
fund for chemical weapons defense assistance to other States Parties, and limits U.S.
assistance to certain states to medical antidotes and treatments.