Public Law 104-106
February 10, 1996
TITLE XII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION
SEC. 1201. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS.
(a) IN GENERAL.--For purposes of section 301 and other provisions of this Act, Cooperative Threat Reduction programs are the programs specified in subsection (b).
(b) SPECIFIED PROGRAMS.--The programs referred to in subsection (a) are the following programs with respect to states of the former Soviet Union:
(1) Programs to facilitate the elimination, and the safe and secure transportation and storage, of nuclear, chemical, and other weapons and their delivery vehicles.
(2) Programs to facilitate the safe and secure storage of fissile materials derived from the elimination of nuclear weapons.
(3) Programs to prevent the proliferation of weapons, weapons components, and weapons-related technology and expertise.
(4) Programs to expand military-to-military and defense contacts.
SEC. 1202. FISCAL YEAR 1996 FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.
(a) IN GENERAL.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs, not more than the following amounts may be obligated for the purposes specified:
(1) For elimination of strategic offensive weapons in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, $90,000,000.
(2) For weapons security in Russia, $42,500,000.
(3) For the Defense Enterprise Fund, $0.
(4) For nuclear infrastructure elimination in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, $35,000,000.
(5) For planning and design of a storage facility for Russian fissile material, $29,000,000.
(6) For planning and design of a chemical weapons destruction facility in Russia, $73,000,000.
(7) For activities designated as Defense and Military Contacts/General Support/Training in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, $10,000,000.
(8) For activities designated as Other Assessments/Support $20,500,000.
(b) LIMITED AUTHORITY TO VARY INDIVIDUAL AMOUNTS.--(1) If the Secretary of Defense determines that it is necessary to do so in the national interest, the Secretary may, subject to paragraph (2), obligate amounts for the purposes stated in any of the paragraphs of subsection (a) in excess of the amount specified for those purposes in that paragraph, but not in excess of 115 percent of that amount. However, the total amount obligated for the purposes stated in the paragraphs in subsection (a) may not by reason of the use of the authority provided in the preceding sentence exceed the sum of the amounts specified in those paragraphs.
(2) An obligation for the purposes stated in any of the paragraphs in subsection (a) in excess of the amount specified in that paragraph may be made using the authority provided in paragraph
(1) only after--
(A) the Secretary submits to Congress a notification of the intent to do so together with a complete discussion of the justification for doing so; and
(B) 15 days have elapsed following the date of the notification.
(c) REIMBURSEMENT OF PAY ACCOUNTS.--Funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs may be transferred to military personnel accounts for reimbursement of those accounts for the amount of pay and allowances paid to reserve component personnel for service while engaged in any activity under a Cooperative Threat Reduction program.
SEC. 1203. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR PEACEKEEPING EXERCISES AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WITH RUSSIA.
None of the funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs may be obligated or expended for the purpose of conducting with Russia any peacekeeping exercise or other peacekeeping-related activity.
SEC. 1204. REVISION TO AUTHORITY FOR ASSISTANCE FOR WEAPONS DESTRUCTION.
Section 211 of Public Law 102-228 (22 U.S.C. 2551 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
"(c) As part of a transmission to Congress under subsection (b) of a certification that a proposed recipient of United States assistance under this title is committed to carrying out the matters specified in each of paragraphs (1) through (6) of that subsection, the President shall include a statement setting forth, in unclassified form (together with a classified annex if necessary), the determination of the President, with respect to each such paragraph, as to whether that proposed recipient is at that time in fact carrying out the matter specified in that paragraph.".
SEC. 1205. PRIOR NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF OBLIGATION OF FUNDS.
(a) ANNUAL REQUIREMENT.--(1) Not less than 15 days before any obligation of any funds appropriated for any fiscal year for a program specified under section 1201 as a Cooperative Threat Reduction program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional committees specified in paragraph (2) a report on that proposed obligation for that program for that fiscal year.
(2) The congressional committees referred to in paragraph (1) are the following: (
A) The Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.
(B) The Committee on National Security, the Committee on International Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
(b) MATTERS TO BE SPECIFIED IN REPORTS.--Each such report shall specify--
(1) the activities and forms of assistance for which the Secretary of Defense plans to obligate funds;
(2) the amount of the proposed obligation; and
(3) the projected involvement (if any) of any department or agency of the United States (in addition to the Department of Defense) and of the private sector of the United States in the activities and forms of assistance for which the Secretary of Defense plans to obligate such funds.
SEC. 1206. REPORT ON ACCOUNTING FOR UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE.
(a) REPORT.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress an annual report on the efforts made by the United States (including efforts through the use of audits, examinations, and on- site inspections) to ensure that assistance provided under Cooperative Threat Reduction programs is fully accounted for and that such assistance is being used for its intended purposes.
(2) A report shall be submitted under this section not later than January 31 of each year until the Cooperative Threat Reduction programs are completed.
(b) INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED.--Each report under this section shall include the following:
(1) A list of cooperative threat reduction assistance that has been provided before the date of the report.
(2) A description of the current location of the assistance provided and the current condition of such assistance.
(3) A determination of whether the assistance has been used for its intended purpose.
(4) A description of the activities planned to be carried out during the next fiscal year to ensure that cooperative threat reduction assistance provided during that fiscal year is fully accounted for and is used for its intended purpose.
(c) COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which a report of the Secretary under subsection
(a) is submitted to Congress, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report giving the Comptroller General's assessment of the report and making any recommendations that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
SEC. 1207. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO NUCLEAR WEAPONS SCIENTISTS OF FORMER SOVIET UNION.
Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs may not be obligated for any program established primarily to assist nuclear weapons scientists in states of the former Soviet Union until 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to Congress that the funds to be obligated will not be used (1) to contribute to the modernization of the strategic nuclear forces of such states, or (2) for research, development, or production of weapons of mass destruction.
SEC. 1208. LIMITATION RELATING TO OFFENSIVE BIOLOGICAL WARFARE PROGRAM OF RUSSIA.
(a) LIMITATION.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs that is available for the purpose stated in section 1202(a)(6), $60,000,000 may not be obligated or expended until the President submits to Congress either a certification as provided in subsection (b) or a certification as provided in subsection (c).
(b) CERTIFICATION WITH RESPECT TO OFFENSIVE BIOLOGICAL WARFARE PROGRAM OF RUSSIA.--A certification under this subsection is a certification by the President of each of the following:
(1) That Russia is in compliance with its obligations under the Biological Weapons Convention.
(2) That Russia has agreed with the United States and the United Kingdom on a common set of procedures to govern visits by officials of the United States and United Kingdom to military biological facilities of Russia, as called for under the Joint Statement on Biological Weapons issued by officials of the United States, the United Kingdom, and Russia on September 14, 1992.
(3) That visits by officials of the United States and United Kingdom to the four declared military biological facilities of Russia have occurred.
(c) ALTERNATIVE CERTIFICATION.--A certification under this subsection is a certification by the President that the President is unable to make a certification under subsection (b).
(d) USE OF FUNDS UPON ALTERNATIVE CERTIFICATION.--If the President makes a certification under subsection (c), the $60,000,000 specified in subsection (a)--
(1) shall not be available for the purpose stated in section 1202(a)(6); and
(2) shall be available for activities in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus--
(A) for the elimination of strategic offensive weapons (in addition to the amount specified in section 1202(a)(1)); and
(B) for nuclear infrastructure elimination (in addition to the amount specified in section 1202(a)(4)).
SEC. 1209. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION FACILITY.
(a) LIMITATION.--Of the amount appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs that is available for planning and design of a chemical weapons destruction facility, not more than one-half of such amount may be obligated or expended until the President certifies to Congress the following:
(1) That the United States and Russia have completed a joint laboratory study to determine the feasibility of an appropriate technology for destruction of chemical weapons of Russia.
(2) That Russia is making reasonable progress, with the assistance of the United States (if necessary), toward the completion of a comprehensive implementation plan for managing and funding the dismantlement and destruction of Russia's chemical weapons stockpile.
(3) That the United States and Russia have made substantial progress toward resolution, to the satisfaction of the United States, of outstanding compliance issues under the 1989 Wyoming Memorandum of Understanding and the 1990 Bilateral Destruction Agreement.
(b) DEFINITIONS.--In this section:
(1) The term "1989 Wyoming Memorandum of Understanding" means the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Regarding a Bilateral Verification Experiment and Data Exchange Related to Prohibition on Chemical Weapons, signed at Jackson Hole, Wyoming, on September 23, 1989.
(2) The term "1990 Bilateral Destruction Agreement" means the Agreement between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on destruction and nonproduction of chemical weapons and on measures to facilitate the multilateral convention on banning chemical weapons signed on June 1, 1990.