Brazil and Australia ratify CTBT; Brazil accedes to Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Brazil and Australia have ratified the CTBT in the last several days, bringing to 16 the number of states that have done so. Brazil also acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty, bringing us one step closer to universal adherence to that Treaty.
In welcoming Brazil’s actions, President Clinton in a July 13 statement said:
“Today, Brazil ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). I want to congratulate President Cardoso and the Government of Brazil for taking this historic step.
“Brazil’s decision renews momentum for the international effort to halt the spread of nuclear weapons and promote disarmament around the world. At a time when actions by India and Pakistan threaten a nuclear competition in South Asia, Brazil has chosen a different course -- to invest in its people, not in a costly arms race.
“Brazil’s action today to ratify the CTBT make it all the more important for the U.S. to do the same. I call on our Senate to act expeditiously to approve the CTBT -- already signed by
149 nations and supported by the Joint Chiefs of Staff -- so that the United States can lead in this vital endeavor.”
Brazil and Australia are among the 44 states whose ratification is required to bring the Treaty into force. These 44 states, which are named in the Treaty, are states with nuclear power or nuclear research reactors on their territories and are members of the Conference on Disarmament. Six other such states, including France, the U.K. and Japan, have already ratified the CTBT.
The American public overwhelmingly agrees with the President’s desire to put the United States in the lead on the test ban.
"Brazil's actions today to ratify the CTBT make it all the more important for the U.S. to do the same."
Well over two-thirds of Americans -- 73 percent -- believe that the Senate should approve the CTBT, while only 16 percent believe it should “disapprove”


the Treaty and 11 percent “don’t know,” according to a nationwide poll conducted by the Mellman Group in mid-May, just after India shocked and dismayed the world by conducting nuclear tests. Those who had heard about the tests in India supported Senate approval of the test ban in even larger numbers.

Produced by the White House Working Group on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
For more information on the CTBT: Phone: 202-647-8677 Fax: 202-647-6928