DATE=3/13/2000 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=TEST BAN TREATY / SHALIKASHVILI (L-ONLY) NUMBER=2-260135 BYLINE=KYLE KING DATELINE=STATE DEPARTMENT CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: The Clinton administration has appointed a former top military officer to head its renewed drive to push for legislative approval of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Retired General John Shalikashvili has been appointed special advisor to the president to push for ratification of the treaty, which would ban all nuclear testing. The C-T-B-T was rejected by the U-S Senate last year, and has not been ratified by other nuclear powers - including Russia and China. From the State Department, V-O-A's Kyle King reports. TEXT: Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced the appointment of General Shalikashvili, whom she says is highly respected by both Republicans and Democrats alike. The secretary says the former chairman of the U-S Joint Chiefs of Staff will meet with members of the Senate and others to try to clear up misconceptions about the treaty. Ms. Albright says the Clinton administration continues to support the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, despite its rejection by the Senate last year. /// ALBRIGHT ACT /// Let me be clear. We do not expect Senate action on the CTBT this year, but the treaty was painstakingly negotiated and equal pains must be taken in considering it. /// END ACT /// General Shalikashvili, who was asked by the secretary in January to try to lobby opponents of the treaty, says he knows that their views are deeply held. But he told reporters that the treaty is too important to push aside and he would try a low-key approach to bridge the differences of opinion. /// SHALIKASHVILI ACT /// I will tell you that I am looking for ways, first to understand what the concerns are, and secondly to find ways to bridge those (differences) short of having to renegotiate a treaty. It might not be possible to do that in the end, but it would be irresponsible not to try. /// END ACT /// Opponents of the treaty say there are not enough safeguards built-in to ensure compliance. Some critics also say the United States needs to have the option to continue testing to keep its nuclear arsenal up to date. The general says it is still too early to tell if the effort will eventually pay off. But he says that without a dialogue on the issue, there will be no chance of eventual U-S approval. (signed) NEB/KBK/JO 13-Mar-2000 14:01 PM EDT (13-Mar-2000 1901 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .