ACCESSION NUMBER:334794 FILE ID:POL503 DATE:03/25/94 TITLE:U.S. NEEDS TO BUILD, SHARE ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE SYSTEMS (03/25/94) TEXT:*94032503.POL U.S. NEEDS TO BUILD, SHARE ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE SYSTEMS (Horner cautions about rogue nations' arms buildup) (560) By Paul Malamud 1SIA Staff Writer Washington -- America needs to build anti-ballistic missile defense systems and share them with other nations, says Air Force General Charles Horner, commander-in-chief of the North American Aerospace Defense Command. Rogue nations are acquiring ballistic missiles and warheads of mass destruction, Horner said March 25, and the United States must do what it can to prevent proliferation of such weapons, and also to develop effective defenses against them. He said such defenses, when developed, should be shared with allied nations, including Russia, as a way of protecting civilized peoples from nuclear blackmail. In remarks to a forum on Capitol Hill, Horner noted that nuclear missiles are primarily "a terror weapon, a political weapon," and they can give a terrorist state "tremendous leverage" in a political confrontation. If Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein had had a functioning nuclear arsenal, he said, he could have held Western cities hostage in his attempt to take over Mideast oil fields. Stressing that the "non-proliferation war" is the "war we all need to be fighting," Horner warned that nations such as Iraq, Iran and North Korea are becoming more dangerous following the collapse of the Soviet Union which no longer exerts a moderating influence on their goals. In the future, he said, rogue nations and terrorist groups will seek "weapons of mass destruction....The people we will be facing" probably cannot be deterred by the old doctrine of mutually-assured destruction. Adding that disarmament negotiations between the United States and the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union need to continue, Horner said it is time for all parties to give up their "nuclear security blanket" in favor of a more defensive strategy. The Russians know their main threat "is not the United States" but rather increasingly nuclear-ambitious nations around their periphery including Iraq, Iran, Syria, and North Korea, he said. He pointed out that many nations in the Middle East are seeking weapons of mass destruction, and European countries, including Italy and France, are concerned about a possible strategic threat from North Africa. Horner said building anti-missile defenses to cope with threats such as the primitive SCUD missiles is "fighting yesterday's war....Credible theater anti-ballistic missile defenses must address longer-range missiles." While the Patriot anti-missile defense system works, he said, there is a need now to go "well beyond" it technologically in order to develop a system capable of downing ballistic missiles with chemical or nuclear warheads before they leave "enemy territory." He predicted that "space control" -- strategic and tactical control of the upper atmosphere and outer space -- "is going to become more and more important in warfare." He added that the United States must be able to determine which communications satellites and aerial imaging systems are allowed to operate during a military confrontation. "Space-based warning systems" of ballistic missile launches, he said, are crucial. Horner asserted that, in his view, the ABM (Anti-ballistic Missile) treaty between the United States and the former Soviet Union was concluded "in the context of the Cold War," adding that the Cold War is now over. The time has come, he said, to reappraise the potential of anti-missile defenses. NNNN .