Technology and Innovation Initiative

The Technology and Innovation Initiative is focused on the intersection of immigration policy and emerging technologies in advancing the nation’s national security and economic growth.

Talent is one of the scarcest resources in the global race for predominance in artificial intelligence and other technologies, yet the United States risks squandering this advantage. Despite the high proportion of foreign-born students and professors in U.S. science and engineering departments, the vast majority of whom wish to stay in the United States, much of the nation’s resident technology talent does not have a clear path to U.S. citizenship.

Formerly directed by Doug Rand, and now helmed by Lindsay Milliken, the Initiative brings a data-driven approach to immigration policy, relevant to the current shifting landscape of executive actions as well as longer-term reform options. The Technology and Innovation Initiative is currently supported by Schmidt Futures.

Doug Rand

Former Senior Fellow & Director
Technology and Innovation Initiative

Lindsay Milliken

Policy Analyst for Science, Technology, & Innovation
Technology and Innovation Initiative


Lindsay Milliken and Doug Rand, “We need this rule to keep foreign-born founders in the U.S.,Fast Company 06/2021

Doug Rand and Nicholas Montoni, “The Department of Energy can be a model for diverse startup pipelines,The Hill, 06/2021

Doug Rand and Nicholas Montoni, “Breaking Down Barriers: How the Department of Energy Can Immediately Advance Racial and Gender Equity for Entrepreneurs,Third Way, 04/2021

Doug Rand and Lindsay Milliken, “Winning the Global Race for Artificial Intelligence Expertise,N.Y.U. Journal of Legislation & Public Policy, 04/2021

Lindsay Milliken, “A Brief History of Schedule A: The United States’ Forgotten Shortage Occupation List,The University of Chicago Law Review, 09/2020

Doug Rand and Lindsay Milliken, “The Case of the Insolvent Federal Agency: A Forensic Analysis of Public Data on U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services,N.Y.U. Journal of Legislation & Public Policy, 06/2020