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  •  Генерал-лейтенант МОСКОВСКИЙ Алексей Михайлович

    (Lieutenant-General MOSKOVSKIY Aleksey Mikhaylovich)

    Заместитель министра обороны РФ

    (RF Deputy Minister of Defense)

  • Родился в 1947 г.; 
  • Работа

    • в   военно-промышленной комиссии при Совете Министров СССР, занимал пост первого заместителя   начальника вооружения Вооруженных Сил РФ; 
    • 1997--1998 -- заместитель Главного военного   инспектора при Президенте РФ; 
    • в мае 1998 г. -- назначен заместителем Секретаря Совета   безопасности РФ; 
    • в мае 2000 г. -- вновь утвержден в   этой должности; курирует вопросы экономической и   промышленной безопасности; 
    • декабрь 1998 г. -- включен в состав   Межведомственной комиссии по оптимизации   государственного оборонного заказа;
    • сентября 1999 г. -- член Комиссии при Президенте РФ по вопросам   военно-технического сотрудничества с   иностранными государствами.
    • Born in the western Russian city of Smolensk in 1947. 


    • Kiev Higher Radio-technical College of Air Defence, 
    • Higher Engineering Radio-Technical Academy of Air Defence, 
    • Novosibirsk State University, 
    • Higher Defence Courses under the General Staff Academy. 


    • Worked in the sphere of armament design, testing and development for many years. 
    • Held prominent posts in the State Commission for Defence Industry Issues under the USSR Council of Ministers.
    • First deputy chief of armament in the Russian Defence Ministry. 
    • From 1997 to 1998 Russia's First Deputy Chief Military Inspector and Defence Council Secretary. 
    • In May 1998, appointed Deputy Secretary of the Presidential Security Council, where he supervised security in the military-technical sphere, defence industry and science, as well as in the field of military-and dual-purpose products. He also worked to elaborate and implement main provisions of Russia's policy in the above-mentioned spheres. 
    • Holds several state awards, the State Prize and the Russian Government prise in the sphere of research. 
    • Master of Sciences. 
    • Married and has two children.

    • Another new deputy defense minister, Aleksey Moskovskiy, who, as deputy secretary of the Security Council was in charge of issues concerning the military-industrial complex and military-technical cooperation, will in all probability be in charge of the program for reequipping the Army.  Particularly as the program for developing the military-industrial complex, which is being prepared for adoption and which was elaborated with Sergey Ivanov's participation, assumes the active participation of the Defense Ministry in running the military-industrial complex. (Izvestiya, 30 March 01)

    • [Piskunov]  The arrival of Moskovskiy -- a man who worked on the CPSU Central Committee military-industrial commission and a major defense systems specialist -- means that matters related to state defense order optimization will be handled with no mean skill. (Izvestiya, 30 March 01)

    • He is a well-known specialist in the sphere of the defense industry and military-technical cooperation with foreign countries, and the secret overseer of Rosvooruzheniye (now called Rosoboroneksport).  He came to the Security Council from the post of first deputy chief of arms of the Russian Federation Armed Forces.  He had a difficult relationship with Anatoliy Sitnov, the chief weapons man at that time.  Their sympathies in business circles were different.  In particular, Mr. Moskovskiy treated with respect the business interests of Vladimir Potanin (Interros), and continues to do so.  At any rate, Moskovskiy's return to the Defense Ministry will result in major changes in the state defense order  The arms trade system will also experience certain modifications.  It is clear that Moskovskiy, like Kudelina, will render one of the most lucrative spheres in the power departments' empire as transparent as possible to the president. (, 29 March 01)

    • "Moskovskiy, almost an exact contemporary of Kvashnin, keeps him on his toes.  Aleksey Mikhaylovich [Moskovskiy] has several indisputable virtues compared with the chief of General Staff.  He is skilled in Kremlin courtesies and was schooled in survival in the Presidential Staff, where he dealt with questions of the defense industry, military science, and arms trade.  He has good connections in the "inner circle" and, equally importantly, in Russian big business circles.  Finally, he is current Defense Minister Sergey Ivanov's man and worked with him (and also before his arrival) in the Security Council" (<>, 21 Feb 02).

       [Moskovskiy: “at the Defense Ministry, was, in effect, subordinated to Kokoshin, who was in charge of arms purchases, has a reputation as an intellectual manager with extensive experience of dealing with government structures, the power departments, and the military-industrial complex” (Kommersant-Vlast No. 12, 7 Apr 98 pp 28-30).  He was First Deputy Chief of the Main Armaments Directorate and Chairman of CIS Military-Technical Cooperation Committee, (Krasnaya Zvezda 10 Apr 97 p 1). (Krasnaya Zvezda 19 Nov 97 p 1).  (Kommersant-Daily 9 Jun 98 p 2).]
      "The 55-year-old Aleksey Moskovskiy can be classed as one of those generals who have made their careers with desk jobs.  He reached the top during the Boris Yeltsin era even though he had no real troop experience behind him and had headed no combat units or combined units.  Under the heading "education" Aleksey Moskovskiy has an intricate combination of civilian and military technical higher educational establishments -- the Kiev Air Defense Higher Radiotechnical College, the Military Engineering Radiotechnical Academy, Novosibirsk State University, and the General Staff Military Academy's Higher Defense Courses.  His service record is just as convoluted.  It is clear from his official biography that Moskovskiy worked in the area of creating, testing, and developing arms and military hardware.  Moving up the career ladder and with the support of First Deputy Defense Minister Andrey Kokoshin, by the mid-nineties he had reached the post of first deputy to Anatoliy Sitnov, who was at the time Defense Ministry chief of arms.  Leaving the military department with much hullabaloo, Aleksey Moskovskiy followed Kokoshin to the Defense Council in 1997 in the post of deputy
    state military inspector and secretary of the Russian Federation Defense Council [title as published].  In the wake of the abolition of that body, he became deputy secretary of the Russian Security Council in May 1998.

       At the Security Council Moskovskiy has proved himself to be a sophisticated apparatchik.  He has been through a schooling of survival and Kremlin niceties.  Despite the fact that Security Council secretaries have been changed one after another (Kokoshin, Bordyuzha, Putin, Ivanov), Aleksey Moskovskiy has kept his head above water whatever fate may throw at him.  He has simply been very lucky with his latest boss, Sergey Ivanov.  Within the new Security Council secretary's entourage and against a backdrop of career officers from the SVR, the Federal Security Service [FSB], and the Federal Government Communications and Information Agency, he was one of the few representatives of the Defense Ministry, managed to endear himself to Ivanov, and demonstrated his indispensability and loyalty.

       He was in charge of the Defense-Industry Administration, and issues relating to the provision of military hardware to the Russian Federation Armed Forces.  He participated actively in implementing the Russian Federation president's instructions regarding the finalization of the program for Army armaments and reform -- which, incidentally, is currently coming in for a great deal of criticism.  As a result, when he left the Security Council to go to the Defense Ministry, Ivanov took his "eminence grise" with him.

       As Russian Federation Armed Forces chief of arms, Colonel General Aleksey Moskovskiy promotes and implements the idea of a single commissioning authority -- for everything from soldiers' foot bindings to ICBM's -- thereby establishing complete financial authority.  He wields monopoly control over monetary flows and the system of state orders for arms and military hardware.  Yet since the spring of last year a train of scandal has been following him (the FSB is checking out certain facts and operational investigation proceedings have been instituted), and there are active rumors in the media about Moskovskiy's ambiguous ties to commercial structures.

       Moskovskiy has of late been increasingly actively involved in the sphere of the interests of Deputy Defense Minister Mikhail Dmitriyev, chairman of the Committee for Military-Technical Cooperation, who, on the instructions of the Russian president, is in charge of questions relating to exports of arms and military hardware.  The Russian Federation Forces chief of arms has brought under him the Defense Ministry export controls area and personally heads the Export Controls Commission -- he has been given the right to sign off on certificates for export versions of arms and military hardware.  Anatoliy Kvashnin's repeated and persistent attempts to in some way neutralize Moskovskiy have been beaten off" (Igor Korotchenko, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 20 Mar 02).