9-10 February 1999, The Hague, The Netherlands

Workshop Leader – Barry Brown

Mr. Brown was born in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada, in September 1944. He holds a BEng (Elec.) degree from McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, (1967), an MSc (Elec.) from the US Naval Postgraduate School (1981), and the Degree of Electrical Engineer also from the US Naval Postgraduate School (1981). Mr. Brown served in the Canadian Army from 1962 to his retirement in 1986. During his 25 years in the Canadian Forces, he held many key positions in the areas of Army engineering, research and development, and program management. Mr. Brown has served in NATO units in Germany. He has been instrumental in the development and acquisition of most Army radars, Artillery fire control equipment and other surveillance equipment. During the period 1975-86, he was also the military sponsor for all Canadian UAV programs including oversight of the research programs at Suffield, Alberta, Canada. Following his military career, he worked as an engineering manager for Thomson-CSF Systems Canada. He had responsibility for a wide range of systems development including the combat system for the new Canadian Maritime Coastal Defence Vessel (MCDV), the AWACS beyond line of sight ground entry HF communications system for the far north (LINK11 and ANDVT voice links), explosive mine clearance, and a modern computer controlled robot for EOD. Mr. Brown is currently the Head of the Surveillance Branch in the Air C2 & Sensors Division.


"SHAPE Perspective" (NATO UNCLAS): Briefing outlines the SHAPE perspective on UAV employment and the need for co-ordinated UAV planning.

Lt Col Mario Gioe’, Operations & Logistics Division, SHAPE: Lt Col Gioe’ graduated from the Italian Air Force Academy in 1977. After flight training in the United States he was assigned as an interceptor pilot in an F-104 squadron in southern Italy. Following his initial operational assigned he gained experience as a flight instructor and electronic warfare pilot. Following graduation from the Air Force War College in 1993, he joined the Italian General Staff working the NATO defence planning cycle and on technical projects such as ballistic missile defence and air-to-ground surveillance. Since 1977 he has been as SHAPE Operations and Logistics Division working plans and policy for the NATO AWACS. Lt Col Gioe’ has a wife Mina and two children: Massimo, age 12, and Davide, age 9.

"NATO Air Command & Control System (ACCS) Overview" (NATO UNCLAS): The briefing will show the history of the ACCS programme and identify the basic operational requirement it is intended to satisfy. The relationship with interim systems will be outlined, as will the relationship with existing NATO capabilities. Some of the basic design drivers of the system will be identified, along with some of the expected design approaches. The current status of the programme will also be presented. Finally, the possible future relationship between ACCS and UAVs will be outlined.

Mr. Roger Martin, Chief Planning & Architecture Division, NACMA: Mr. Martin has 35 years association with the development of large C3 systems and in particular Air Defence Systems. He started his career in 1965 as a Software Programmer working on the UK Air Defence Project, Linesman. Subsequently he led the team responsible for the operational re-definition of the system, which lead to the successful implementation of the system in the mid-1970s. He was then involved in the development of a number of advanced Air Defence and C3 Systems for overseas governments and led the team that performed the Operational Analysis for the IUKADGE system. In 1983, Mr Martin was involved in the establishment of ACCSCO SA, a consortium of nine of the worlds leading defence electronic companies, brought together to pursue the NATO ACCS Programme. Following his involvement in a number of other C3 systems, in 1989 Mr. Martin was appointed General Manager of ACCSCO and Technical Director of the team performing the specification contract for the NATO ACCS. In 1995 he left Industry to join NACMA as the Division Chief for Planning and Architecture with responsibilities for the overall system design and future requirements. Mr. Martin is married to Ursula and has two children.

"High-Level Assessment of Integrating UAVs in NATO ACCS" (NATO UNCLAS): The briefing is intended to lead into the Workshop presentations and discussions on C2 of UAVs, not to present solutions. The study, sponsored by NACMA and performed at NC3A-NL, provides a perspective of the potential impact of the employment of own UAVs on the NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) design and architecture. The presentation begins with background information on the study and provides an overview of the capabilities and missions of UAVs. Next, it investigates the impact of UAV operations on ACCS with respect to Battle Management, Command, Control and Communications, including performance of the ACCS planning, tasking, surveillance, identification, and information dissemination functions. Specific potential shortcomings of existing and proposed NATO command and control systems for integration of UAV operations are then identified and evaluated. The briefing concludes by providing conclusions regarding incorporation in ACCS of UAV C2 capabilities.

Mr. Bob Keith, Air C2 Branch, Air C2 & Sensors Division, N3A-NL: Mr. Keith joined NC3A in February 1997. Beginning in 1964 he spent 23 years in the US Air Force as a fighter pilot and test pilot, and as a staff officer in various capacities involving tactical air operations, weapons systems acquisition and test & evaluation. Following his retirement from the Air Force in 1988, Mr. Keith worked in the US defense industry as a weapons and C4I systems analyst and systems engineer. He participated on the development teams for both the Extended Air Defense Simulation and the Extended Air Defense Testbed, and performed a variety of studies in the areas of air defense, theater ballistic missile defense, aircraft survivability, C2 systems, and communications systems and protocols. Since his arrival at NC3A, he has worked various issues for the development of ACCS requirements and has performed both desk-top and simulation analyses involving cooperative target engagement, communication systems performance prediction, TBMD, and C2 requirements for UAVs. Mr. Keith received a bachelor of mechanical engineering degree from Georgia Tech in 1964 and a master of science degree in systems management from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1977.

DISCUSSION AREA 1 – UAV Operations and Mission Planning and Tasking

Leader: Joe Rodero. Mr. Rodero was born in San Sebastian, Spain, in December 1941 and emigrated to the United States in 1951. He holds a BEE degree from Manhattan College, N.Y., (1964) and an MSC from the University of Southern California (1970). Mr. Rodero served in the US Air Force from 1964 to his retirement in 1990. During his 26 years in the USAF he held many key positions in the areas of operations, planning and testing. Notable among these were flying and engineering duties in the F-15 test programme, command of the 86th Tactical Fighter Wing at Ramstein AB, Germany and, from 1987 to 1990, service as the Assistant Chief of Staff, Offensive Operations, HQ Allied Forces Central Europe. He has been a principal advisor to RAND Corporation and to the Institute for Defense Analysis on studies of air command and control issues and directed numerous study groups relating to the applications of advanced technologies to military use. During his military career, Mr. Rodero attended the National War College and the Armed Forces Staff College and also graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. He holds the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit and the Distinguished Flying Cross among his many decorations. Mr. Rodero joined the SHAPE Technical Centre (now the NATO Consultation, Command and Control Agency) in 1990 and was promoted to Head of the Air Command and Control Branch in 1991. His duties involve the direction of 25 scientists and technicians who are working on the evolution and evaluation of systems and technologies to support Allied Command Europe in all areas of operational and tactical command and control of air forces. The main focus of the efforts is in the transition from today's systems to the emerging Air Command and Control System (ACCS), including, inter-alia, supporting SHAPE's interim operational needs through the development and provision of the Initial CAOC Capability and providing support to the NATO ACCS Management Agency in technical areas associated with the design and implementation of the ACCS.


"Mission Planning with the Initial Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC) Capability (ICC)" (NATO UNCLAS): Demonstration of mission planning and tasking using the NC3A-developed integrated C3I environment that provides information management and decision support to NATO CAOC-level air operations activities.

Mr. J-P Massart, Air C2 Branch, Air C2 & Sensors Division, N3A-NL: Jean-Paul Massart is currently a Principal Scientist at NC3A. He has been working in the field of air command and control for the last 9 years at NC3A. He started the research project that finally resulted in the current ICC system, NATO's de facto standard solution for air operations. He is currently Program Manager of the ICC project at NC3A and as such responsible for all the software development efforts on this program. Mr Massart is a holder of a M.Sc. in Computer Science from the University of Leuven, Belgium

"US Maritime Tactical UAV Concepts of Operations" (NATO UNCLAS). Briefing will review the concepts of operations that are the basis for the planned procurement of a vertical takeoff and landing UAV for the US Navy and Marine Corps. The briefing will include the results of Pioneer and Predator operation which demonstrated the need for UAVs and concludes with the operational concept and design for a new generation of VTOL UAVs to meet Navy needs for flexibility in tasking, command and control, and UAV data management.

(Presentation by Major Steve Waugh) Captain (USN) L.D. Whitmer, PEO CMs and Joint UAVs (US): Capt Whitmer is the Program Manager for the US Vertical Takeoff and Landing UAV for the US Navy and US Marine Corps. He is also the US Representative to NATO Naval Armaments Group (NNAG) Project Group 35. Project Group 35 includes 12 nations and is currently developing an interoperable system architecture for maritime UAVs

"RQ-1S NRT Video Exploitation and C2" (NATO UNCLAS): Briefing provides an operations update and the impacts of communications with the Predator and Global Hawk.

Major D.A. Schiffer, HQ Air Combat Command (US): Major Schiffer is Predator pilot and the US Air Combat Command (ACC) Predator Program Manager.

"German Air Force UAV Position and Way Ahead" (NATO UNCLAS): The presentation will contain the conceptual framework of the GAF and the position and way ahead of future UAVs in the GAF. It contains: the advantages and concerns of the using of UAVs in future air warfare operations; the challenges facing the GAF; the possible introduction sequence of specific systems; discussion of critical areas of technology; and the German experience in Manned HALE aircraft and the opportunity of a German ACTD program for an operational unmanned HALE vehicle.

Lt Col Wolfgang O. Turnwald, MOD Germany: Lt Col Turnwald was born on 20 May 1949 in Kassel, Germany. He is married and father of two girls. A graduate of the Air Force Academy in Neubiberg/Munich, he joined the University of the Bundesin 1973 for four years and achieved a university degree in economic affairs in 1977. Afterward he joined basic flying training and graduated as a weapon system operator on the RF-4E Phantom. He had different commitments as a weapon system operator with the TRW 51 "Immelmann" and the TRW 52 until 1991. He accumulated nearly 2,000 hours of flying time in the RF-4E. In October 1985 he entered the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Hamburg for two years. In 1987 he was assigned to the Federal Armed Forces Office for Studies and Exercises until 1991. Afterwards he worked as the Assistant Section Chief for Concepts and Doctrine in the GAF Tactical Command in Cologne. Since 1993 he has been assigned as an Assistant Branch Chief in the MOD Air Staff II, Concepts and Doctrine Branch.

"Germany Army UAV Plans and CL-289 Operations" (NATO UNCLAS): The presentation will present the plans for future UAVs operated by the German Army and look at CL-289 UAV operations.

Lt Col Bernhard von Bothmer, MOD Germany: Lt Col von Bothmer is in the Armaments Division, Rue V3, German MOD.

DISCUSSION AREA 2 – UAV Tracking, Identification and Tactical Control

Leader: Michel Desbois. Mr. Desbois has worked with the NATO C3 Agency at The Hague since 1993 where he is responsible for the evaluation of multi-sensor tracking systems. He was in charge of the definition of scenario specification to verify tracking performance as part of the NATO ACCS LOC 1 and currently supports the NATO Enlargement process with the 3 invited nations. Mr.l Desbois began his career in 1981 at Thomson-CSF where he worked on the specification and development of a tracking algorithm for an electronically steerable anti-missile naval radar. After having participated in the selection of the hardware for a real-time application of multi-radar tracking, he was responsible for the development of a mock-up, and the software coding for an array processor. In 1986, Mr. Desbois was a member of the Multiple Sensor Tracking (MST) team of the Division Systèmes de défense et de Contrôle at Thomson-CSF France where he was responsible for promoting the MST concept and carrying studies to enhance this product in the different areas such as track and plot display, man-machine interface, sensor management & control, and integration of advanced sensors. He moved to Brussels in 1991 where he was responsible for the functional analysis of the surveillance function in the future NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) and participated in the establishment of the ACCS specification. Mr. Desbois holds an Electrical Engineer degree from the Institute Polytechnique des sciences Appliquées, Paris, and is working toward a Ph.D. with the University of Technology of Delft on "Tracking Performance Prediction".


"Common UAV Control System Design Challenges" (NATO UNCLAS): Briefing reviews results of NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) Study Group 53 on a common UAV control system. The briefing covers the US system based on the common control station concept for UAVs. The NATO Advanced Tactical Demonstration Program for an interoperable tactical UAV will show success in a common approach for tracking, ID, Mission Planning, and Tactical Control. Four systems for common UAV control for Canada, Germany, UK and US are in the process of operational testing.

Captain (USN) M.J. Witte, PEO CMs and Joint UAVs: Captain Witte is assigned to the US UAV Program Office for the Acquiaition and Procurement of the US UAV Tactical Control System. Captain Witte is also the Chairman of Project Group 35 on NATO Maritime UAVs.

"Sensor modeling for detection of Air Vehicles" (NATO UNCLAS): The Scenario Preparation and Coverage Evaluation tool (SPACE) is software developed at NC3A by the Surveillance Branch, in co-operation with IABG, Germany. SPACE is a high-fidelity simulation of radar systems which is used to support development of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) Radar Plan and in the completion of the Deployable Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Component (DAC) study. SPACE is at the origin of the NC3A Radar Coverage Model (NRCM), which is a useful operational tool used, for example, at the NATO Early Warning Component, Geilenkirchen, Germany, for mission preparation. The briefing will begin by describing SPACE as a laboratory tool, with an introduction to the simulation workshop used in the NC3A Surveillance and Identification laboratory. A more detailed description of the radar model will then be provided, with emphasis on its extended capabilities (clutter map, jamming, Passive Jammer Locator (PJL), etc.). Examples of the use of SPACE and NRCM will be given which will illustrate their capacities in both laboratory and operational environments. The presentation will conclude with a short presentation on the NATO/RTO/SET/TG8 workshop on "Detection and tracking of low-altitude, low-RCS air vehicles"

Mr. Thierry Bru, Surveillance Branch, Air C2 and Sensors Division, NC3A-NL: Mr. Bru is responsible for the radar and tracking simulation group in the Surveillance Branch of the ACD Division. In this capacity, Mr Bru provides SHAPE with operational integration options to utilise data from new and long-term-viable (LTV) NATO radars, deployable sensors, and national military and civil radars in a most efficient way for short and long-term solutions. Mr Bru updates and maintains of complete library of radar coverage maps to enable SHAPE to assess the operational performance of available and/or planned sensors within ACE at specified altitudes and under benign and ECM conditions. His task includes maintenance and upgrade of the Scenario Preparation and Coverage Evaluation (SPACE) tool, which integrates the NC3A Radar Coverage Model (NRCM). Mr BRU is member of the NATO/RTO/SET/TG8 working group which is planning a workshop on "Detection and Tracking of Low-Altitude, Low-Radar-Cross-Section Air Vehicles" in April in Denmark. Mr. Bru has worked at NC3A since 1994 in the Surveillance Branch of the Air Command, Control and Sensors Division.

"Detection, tracking and identification of UAVs" (NATO UNCLAS): A complete current air picture is essential for effective C2. However, detection, tracking and identification of both friendly and hostile UAVs pose an extremely challenging task for current air defence systems and sensors. The problems start right at the root, with low detectability through stealthiness or small size. Low detectability naturally implies difficulties with tracking, aggravated by volatile flight behaviour unrestricted by human physiological limitations. Therefore, unless accurate procedural information such as that contained in flight plans is provided, friendly UAVs are very difficult to track or detect. Consequently, possible hostile UAVs pose a serious threat. Several non-cooperative techniques for identification will be assessed. The main task for identification is judged to be to distinguish between manned and unmanned objects, rather than between friend or foe. The reason is that the rules of engagement change considerably when it is found that we are dealing with a UAV instead of a manned vehicle. In conclusion, current air defence sensors are not able to reliably detect, track or identify hostile UAVs nor friendly UAVs, unless procedural information is readily available.

Dr René van der Heiden: Surveillance Branch, Air C2 and Sensors Division, NC3A-NL: Dr Van der Heiden graduated from the University of Leiden, The Netherlands, with a degree in Astrophysics. After completing his military service with the Royal Netherlands Navy, he took a scientific position at the TNO Physics and Electronics laboratory, The Netherlands. He worked mainly on aircraft identification, in particular, non-cooperative target recognition with radar. Since 1993 he has been publishing on this subject in the open literature, resulting in a thesis in 1998 for which he received his doctorate from the University of Amsterdam. He recently joined the NATO C3 Agency where he is now the focal point for matters concerning air target identification.

"Interoperating UAVs with C4I in the Digital Battle Space" (NATO UNCLAS): C4I systems and sub-systems are examined to determine to what extent they can accommodate the tasking and control of UAV platforms and non-UAV platforms. Consequences on UAV architecture functions and interfaces are derived from the previous analysis. The presentation is divided into five parts corresponding to the following subjects: Analysis Assumptions; Accommodating UAV Systems; Interoperable Architecture for Non-UAV Platforms and UAV Platforms; UAV Mission Phases analysis; and Consequences for UAV Architecture, Functions and Interfaces.

Mr. Jerome Maffert, Aerospaciale: Bio not yet available.

DISCUSSION AREA 3 – UAV Data Transmission, Fusion and Dissemination

Leader: Joe Ross. Joe Ross, Surveillance Branch, Air C2 and Sensors Division, NC3A-NL: Joe Ross heads the activities of the NC3A Alliance Ground Surveillance Testbed Facility (NAGSTF). In this position, Mr. Ross supports SHAPE and the nations in their efforts to enhance the interoperability of AGS assets, integrate AGS into the NATO C3 architecture, and disseminate AGS data products through the NATO structure. Prior to this position, Mr. Ross worked for the MITRE Corporation, spending two years supporting AGS efforts at NC3A as a National Expert for the US on Joint STARS. Mr. Ross's Joint STARS experience includes supporting the Special Management Office for Joint STARS at Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, Virginia, where he directed the Cost and Operational Effectiveness Analysis for the system. Mr. Ross helped develop Concepts of Operations and Tactics Techniques and Procedures for the system, and provided analysis of their implementation during the system deployment to Europe for Operation Joint Endeavour. Prior to that, Mr. Ross supported the System Project Office and the Joint Test Force for Joint STARS at Northrop Grumman's Joint STARS development facility in Melbourne, Florida. Previous experience includes systems integration and test for aircraft and components for the F-16 and the F-111 as well as developing visual systems for simulators for the C-130, the F-5, the Tornado, Boeing Commercial Aircraft, and the M-1 Abrams Main Battle Tank.


"Alliance Ground Surveillance Paris Interoperability Experiment" (NATO UNCLAS): NATO is proposing to procure a ground surveillance system based on a NATO-owned and operated core capability that could be supplemented by inter-operable national assets, as required. In order to study the various aspects of command and control associated with such a capability, the NATO Consultation, Command and Control (C3) Agency (NC3A), together with support from six nations, established a testbed capability which includes simulations of the candidate sensor systems and various exploitation capabilities. This testbed, coupled with various other command and control testbeds resident at NC3A, allows the study of many aspects of the AGS problem. Within the testbed scenarios are scripted and run such that all candidate platforms can be "flown" simultaneously in a common scenario. From the scenario data, the sensor output is simulated taking into account terrain, sensor performance, target radial velocity, etc. The results are then passed to the exploitation stations where the data is converted into information products. These information products are then disseminated to other user communities represented in other testbeds at the Agency. This allows the study of the effectiveness of different concepts of employment of single and multiple homo- or heterogeneous assets in situations of interest to the Alliance and allows the identification of the complimentarity of various combinations of assets. The interoperability concepts developed in the testbed at NC3A were tested in June of 1997 in a more practical environment. Following the Paris Air Show, NC3A was granted permission to conduct an interoperability experiment and had at its disposal one USAF Joint STARS aircraft and two French HORIZON helicopters as well as numerous ground stations and exploitation systems. For one-week data was gathered from the platforms, which were operated both singly and in combination, in order to prove the interoperability concepts developed in the lab and to provide a data set for further analysis. The experiment was highly successful and has led to a number of follow-on activities.

Dr. Peter Lenk, Head TMD C2 and Alliance Ground Surveillance Branch, Air C2 and Sensors Division, NC3A-NL: Dr Lenk graduated from the Royal Military College of Canada with a degree in Engineering Physics. After completing his Naval Training, he was selected to attend the United States Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey California where he obtained Master’s and Doctorate degrees in Electrical and Computer Engineering, specializing in communication systems and signal processing. While in the Royal Canadian Navy, Dr Lenk held many positions including: Combat Systems Engineering Department Head in a destroyer; Project Manager for the development of an advanced, high-speed signal processor and for an advanced digital active sonar system; and Systems Engineer for an Arctic Surveillance System. In 1995, after over twenty years service with the RCN, Dr Lenk retired with the rank of Commander and came to the NATO C3 Agency where he worked as a Principal Scientist and responsible for support to the Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) project. For the last 18 months, he has been the Branch Head for TMD Command and Control and has been responsible for the NATO C3 Agencies programme of work related to TMD including research activities, field trials and operational exercises.

"Airborne ISR Systems in the OSD (C3I) ISR Directorate" (NATO UNCLAS): The briefing provides an overview of the new ISR Directorate of the US Office of the Secretary of Defense for C3I and the dissolution of DARO. It then discusses the development of the High-Altitude Endurance (HAE) UAVs: Global Hawk and DarkStar.

Colonel Chuck Wilson, OSD/C3I (US): Colonel Chuck Wilson is the Deputy Director for Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems, ISR Directorate, in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (C3I). In this position, Colonel Wilson works policy and oversight issues that concern airborne ISR programs (manned and unmanned) for the Department of Defense. Colonel Wilson was former Director of the Manned Reconnaissance Division, Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense at the Pentagon. Colonel Wilson, a U-2 pilot, has commanded U-2 squadrons in both South Korea and Saudi Arabia. These were the 5th Reconnaissance Squadron at Osan Air Base, Korea, and the 4402nd Reconnaissance Squadron (Provisional) at Taif, Saudi Arabia. He has also commanded a headquarters squadron at Edwards Air Force Base in California. Additionally, he has led or served on many operational deployments in Europe, the Pacific, and Southwest Asia. A graduate of Indiana University, Colonel Wilson previously served on the Pentagon’s Joint Staff Operations Directorate (J-3), where he handled reconnaissance issues for the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS). In that capacity, he was the monthly reconnaissance briefer for JCS "tank" sessions and briefings at the White House. He is rated a Command Pilot with over 2,800 hours of flying time in the U-2, TR-1, KC-135Q, and T-38 aircraft.

"NIAG SG/53 Pre-Feasibility Study on UAV Systems Interoperability" (NATO UNCLAS): The presentation gives a short overview of the NIAG Pre-Feasibility Study on UAV Systems Interoperability – Phases I and II. NIAG SG/53 was tasked by NNAG PG/35 in 1997 to conduct the Study in order to determine the feasibility of achieving interoperability amongst the growing number of UAV systems in NATO. For this purpose SG/53 developed a common system architecture, initially for Tactical non-lethal UAV systems, which in combination with the implementation of Data Link and C2 Interface Units (DLI and CCI) and the appropriate data links could accomplish the task. The Group recommended a dual data link system and the application of Internet technologies and TCP/IP protocols. The DLI and CCI should include the driver software for the different UAV and C4I systems and should be programmable to configure the UAV Control System (UCS) to be able to communicate with different UAV and C4I systems. During Phase II of the Study NIAG SG/53 investigated the applicability of the results of the Phase I study to a NATO Combined/Joint Warfare Environment and to develop further the relevant data link and interface concept. The Phase II Study so far has demonstrated, that the system architecture is valid, the UCS concept is flexible and robust enough to handle the more complex UAV operations in a NATO Combined/Joint Warfare Environment. The data links and the Interface Units have been refined in greater detail. The Study Phase II will be concluded by the end of March 1999 and will be distributed NATO wide.

Mr. Klaus Eule, Dornier, Chairman NATO Industrial Advisory Group Study Group 53, NATO HQ: Mr. Eule was a German Naval Officer beginning in 1961 and retired from the German Navy in 1983 as a Commander. His military experience includes sea duty aboard Fast Patrol Boats and Destroyers; speciality: Surface Weapon Systems, Guided Missiles, C2 Systems. Following sea durty, in 1973 he became a System Analyst at the Naval C2 Command in Wilhelmshaven performing surface weapon systems integration with C2 systems. From 1975 until 1978 he performed contractual and management preparation of the Mid-life Conversion Program for the German Guided Missile Destroyers together with the US Navy and US Industry in Washington D.C. In 1978 he became Systems Manager for the German DDG Mid-life Conversion Program and the NATO Frigate of the 90s (NFR 90) in the German MoD Naval Staff. From 1983 to 1992 he was Adviser for naval equipment and weapon systems in the Naval Armaments Section of NATO IS in Brussels and Secretary of the Naval Groups under the NATO Naval Armaments Group. In Oct 1992 voluntary retired from the German Navy and from NATO and began his own consulting business in Brussels. Since 1993 he has performed as Chairman and Rapporteur for NIAG Studies in the areas of "Maritime Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems" and "Maritime Environmental Studies and Conferences" In 1996 he established "Eule & Partners International Consulting S.P.R.L." for co-operation with Partners in the areas of Defence Business, Maritime Environmental issues, Maritime Conferences and European Commission matters. In 1998 he became a sub-contractor to DASA Dornier for Interface Design Definition of the SEAMOS UAV and the future German Navy Corvette.

DISCUSSION AREA 4 – Airspace Management and Traffic Deconfliction

Leader: Jacques Chabane, Head Airspace Management Section, Air Defence and Airspace Management Directorate, and member of the NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC), NATO HQ: Mr. Chabane joined the NATO International Staff, Defence Support Division on 1st January 1992 after the completion of his military career as a pilot in the French Air Force. He flew over 8000 flight hours in various types of aircraft, ranging from fighters to large transport aircraft. He commanded the 63rd Air Tactical Wing, the Transport Aircrew Training Centre in Toulouse, France, and the Air Defence Base in Drachenbronn, France. He joined the NATO/IS as an Air C2 expert supporting various Committees such as the NATO Air Defence Committee (NADC), the NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Management Organisation (NACMO) and the NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC). His current position is Head of the Airspace Management Section of the Air Defence and Airspace Management Directorate (ADAM). He is particularly involved in NATO's liaison with the European Agency for the Safety of the Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL).


"Airspace Management with the Initial Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC) Capability (ICC)" (NATO UNCLAS): Demonstration of airspace management using the NC3A-developed integrated C3I environment that provides information management and decision support to NATO CAOC-level air operations activities.

Ms. Laura Fanti, Air C2 Branch, Air C2 & Sensors Division, N3A-NL: Laura Fanti is a senior scientist at NC3A. Her work focuses on the application of advanced technologies to Air Command and Control. She is currently working on the Initial CAOC Capability (ICC) project where she is involved in operational requirement specification and overall system design. Ms. Fanti received a M.S. in Computer Science from the University of Pisa, Italy in 1986.

"UAV Battlelab Demonstration of TCAS on UAVs for Electronic Detection of Traffic" (NATO UNCLAS): The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Battlelab (UAVB) conducted an airspace initiative during FY98. The UAVB designed the initiative to determine if commercially available Traffic alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) Technology could be harnessed to give UAVs a detect-and-avoid capability in the event that established traffic separation procedures break down. Currently, UAVs such as Global Hawk and Predator are prohibited from flying outside special use airspace because they cannot see-and-avoid other air traffic. This initiative has shown that UAVs with a minimal climb and descent rate of 1500 feet per minute can use off-the-shelf TCAS II. TCAS can give UAVs a detect-and-avoid capability that reduces the potential for a mid-air collision by over 20 to 1 during flights above 10,000 feet.

Captain C.J. Deluise, USAF UAV Battlelab: Capt Deluise is a Systems Integration Engineer at the UAV Battlelab. His previous assignments include: Air-to-surface weapons analyst, National Air Intelligence Center; materials engineer, Air Force Materials Laboratory; and Payloads program manager, 475the Weapons Evaluation Group. Captain Deluise holds a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering from the USAF Acadamy. He also holds two advanced degrees: master of science in engineering management and master of engineering in mechanical engineering.

"Guidelines for UAV Operation, Design Specification, Maintenance and Training of Human Resources" (NATO UNCLAS): The briefing begins with an overview of the genesis, membership, rationale, and objectives of the NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC). It then discusses system considerations for air traffic management and reviews UAV operations in IFOR. It concludes with a discussion of future challenges and provides a roadmap for the way ahead.

Mr. Jacques Chabane, Head Airspace Management Section, Air Defence and Airspace Management Directorate, and member of the NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC), NATO HQ: Mr. Chabane joined the NATO International Staff, Defence Support Division on 1st January 1992 after the completion of his military career as a pilot in the French Air Force. He flew over 8000 flight hours in various types of aircraft, ranging from fighters to large transport aircraft. He commanded the 63rd Air Tactical Wing, the Transport Aircrew Training Centre in Toulouse, France, and the Air Defence Base in Drachenbronn, France. He joined the NATO/IS as an Air C2 expert supporting various Committees such as the NATO Air Defence Committee (NADC), the NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Management Organisation (NACMO) and the NATO Air Traffic Management Committee (NATMC). His current position is Head of the Airspace Management Section of the Air Defence and Airspace Management Directorate (ADAM). He is particularly involved in NATO's liaison with the European Agency for the Safety of the Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL).