[Presidential Decision Directives - PDD]
No text or factsheet for this PDD has been released. The substance of the Directive is contained a 15 May 1998 letter from National Security Affairs Adviser Samuel "Sandy" Berger to Senator Patrick Leahy. It is said that this letter is available from Senator Leahy's office, but we currently do not have a copy handy.
Presidential Decision Directive PDD 64
PDD/NSC-64 embodies a clarification of US policy on landmines, in which the United States Government agreed to sign, by 2006 or sooner, the 1997 Ottawa Convention banning landmines, if suitable alternatives to anti-personnel landmines and "mixed munitions" can be identified.
With the US commitment to sign the Ottawa Treaty by 2006 -- assuming suitable landmine alternatives are found -- and Senator Patrick Leahy (Democrat-Vermont) agreed to a presidential waiver of the moratorium on landmines beginning in February 1999. The administration's position was explicated in a 15 May 1999 letter from National Security Affairs Adviser Samuel "Sandy" Berger to Leahy. Berger's letter was the result of a several-month review of landmine policy codified the new Presidential Decision Directive.
The policy includes the following features, as articulated in the letter from Berger to Senator Leahy:
- The United States will destroy by 1999 all of its non-self-destructing APL's, except those needed for Korea.
- The United States will end the use of all APL's outside Korea by 2003, including those that self-destruct.
- The United States will aggressively pursue the objective of having APL alternatives ready for Korea by 2006, including those that self-destruct.
- The United States will search aggressively for alternatives to our mixed anti-tank systems by (a) actively exploring the use of APL alternatives in place of the self-destructing anti-personnel submunitions currently used in our mixed systems and (b) exploring the development of other technologies and/or operational concepts that result in alternatives that would enable us to eliminate our mixed systems entirely.
- The United States will sign the Ottawa Convention by 2006 if efforts succeed to identify and field suitable alternatives to US anti-personnel landmines and mixed anti-tank systems by then.