[Executive Orders]
FAS Note: This Executive Order was revoked on February 29, 2008 and replaced by Executive Order 13462.

White House Press Release

President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board



                        The White House 

                 Office of the Press Secretary 

_______________________________________________________________ 

For Immediate Release                        September 13, 1993 


                        Executive Order 
                            #12863 
                         - - - - - - - 

        President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board 


    By the authority vested in me as President by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, 
and in order to enhance the security of the United States 
by improving the quality and effectiveness of intelligence 
available to the United States, and to assure the legality 
of activities of the Intelligence Community, it is ordered 
as follows: 

    Part I.  Assessment of Intelligence Activities 

    Section 1.1.  There is hereby established within the White 
House Office, Executive Office of the President, the President's 
Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (Pfiab).  The Pfiab shall 
consist of not more than 16 members, who shall serve at the 
pleasure of the President and shall be appointed by the 
President from among trustworthy and distinguished citizens 
outside the Government who are qualified on the basis of 
achievement, experience and independence.  The President shall 
establish the terms of the members upon their appointment.  To 
the extent practicable, one-third of the Pfiab at any one time 
shall be comprised of members whose term of service does not 
exceed 2 years.  The President shall designate a Chairman and 
Vice Chairman from among the members.  The Pfiab shall utilize 
full-time staff and consultants as authorized by the President.  
Such staff shall be headed by an Executive Director, appointed 
by the President. 

    Sec. 1.2.  The Pfiab shall assess the quality, quantity, 
and adequacy of intelligence collection, of analysis and 
estimates, and of counterintelligence and other intelligence 
activities.  The Pfiab shall have the authority to review 
continually the performance of all agencies of the Federal 
Government that are engaged in the collection, evaluation, 
or production of intelligence or the execution of intelligence 
policy.  The Pfiab shall further be authorized to assess the 
adequacy of management, personnel and organization in the 
intelligence agencies.  The heads of departments and agencies 
of the Federal Government, to the extent permitted by law, 
shall provide the Pfiab with access to all information that 
the Pfiab deems necessary to carry out its responsibilities. 

    Sec. 1.3.  The Pfiab shall report directly to the 
President and advise him concerning the objectives, conduct, 
management and coordination of the various activities of the 
agencies of the Intelligence Community.  The Pfiab shall report 
periodically, but at least semiannually, concerning its findings 
and appraisals and shall make appropriate recommendations for 
the improvement and enhancement of the intelligence efforts 
of the United States. 

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    Sec. 1.4.  The Pfiab shall consider and recommend 
appropriate action with respect to matters, identified 
to the Pfiab by the Director of Central Intelligence, the 
Central Intelligence Agency, or other Government agencies 
engaged in intelligence or related activities, in which the 
advice of the Pfiab will further the effectiveness of the 
national intelligence effort.  With respect to matters deemed 
appropriate by the President, the Pfiab shall advise and make 
recommendations to the Director of Central Intelligence, the 
Central Intelligence Agency, and other Government agencies 
engaged in intelligence and related activities, concerning 
ways to achieve increased effectiveness in meeting national 
intelligence needs. 

    Part II.  Oversight of Intelligence Activities 

    Sec. 2.1.  The Intelligence Oversight Board (Iob) is 
hereby established as a standing committee of the Pfiab.  The 
Iob shall consist of no more than four members appointed from 
among the membership of the Pfiab by the Chairman of the Pfiab.  
The Chairman of the Iob shall be appointed by the Chairman 
of the Pfiab.  The Chairman of the Pfiab may also serve as the 
Chairman of the Iob.  The Iob shall utilize such full-time staff 
and consultants as authorized by the Chairman of the Pfiab. 

    Sec. 2.2.  The Iob shall: 

    (a)  prepare for the President reports of intelligence 
    activities that the Iob believes may be unlawful or 
    contrary to Executive order or Presidential directive; 

    (b)  forward to the Attorney General reports received 
    concerning intelligence activities that the Iob believes 
    may be unlawful or contrary to Executive order or 
    Presidential directive; 

    (c)  review the internal guidelines of each agency within 
    the Intelligence Community that concern the lawfulness of 
    intelligence activities; 

    (d)  review the practices and procedures of the Inspectors 
    General and General Counsel of the Intelligence Community 
    for discovering and reporting intelligence activities 
    that may be unlawful or contrary to Executive order or 
    Presidential directive; and 

    (e)  conduct such investigations as the Iob deems necessary 
    to carry out its functions under this order. 

    Sec. 2.3.  The Iob shall, when required by this order, 
report to the President through the Chairman of the Pfiab.  
The Iob shall consider and take appropriate action with respect 
to matters identified by the Director of Central Intelligence, 
the Central Intelligence Agency or other agencies of the Intel- 
ligence Community.  With respect to matters deemed appropriate 
by the President, the Iob shall advise and make appropriate 
recommendations to the Director of Central Intelligence, 
the Central Intelligence Agency and other agencies of the 
Intelligence Community. 

    Sec. 2.4.  The heads of departments and agencies of 
the Intelligence Community, to the extent permitted by law, 
shall provide the Iob with all information that the Iob deems 
necessary to carry out its responsibilities.  Inspectors General 
and General Counsel of the Intelligence Community, to the  

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extent permitted by law, shall report to the Iob, at least on 
a quarterly basis and from time to time as necessary or appro- 
priate, concerning intelligence activities that they have reason 
to believe may be unlawful or contrary to Executive order or 
Presidential directive. 

    Part III.  General Provisions 

    Sec. 3.1.  Information made available to the Pfiab, or 
members of the Pfiab acting in their Iob capacity, shall be 
given all necessary security protection in accordance with 
applicable laws and regulations.  Each member of the Pfiab, 
each member of the Pfiab's staff and each of the Pfiab's 
consultants shall execute an agreement never to reveal any 
classified information obtained by virtue of his or her services 
with the Pfiab except to the President or to such persons as the 
President may designate. 

    Sec. 3.2.  Members of the Pfiab shall serve without 
compensation but may receive transportation expenses and 
per diem allowance as authorized by law.  Staff and consultants 
to the Pfiab shall receive pay and allowances as authorized by 
the President. 

    Sec. 3.3.  Executive Order No. 12334 of December 4, 1981, 
as amended, and Executive Order No. 12537 of October 28, 1985, 
as amended, are revoked. 



                                  William J. Clinton 



The White House, 
   September 13, 1993. 


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