[Executive Orders]



                         EXECUTIVE ORDER

                             10501


SAFEGUARDING OFFICIAL INFORMATION IN THE INTERESTS OF THE DEFENSE OF
THE UNITED STATES.

          WHEREAS it is essential that the citizens of the United States
be informed concerning the activities of their government; and

          WHEREAS the interests of national defense require the preservation
of the ability of the United States to protect and defend itself against
all hostile or destructive action by covert or overt means, including
espionage as well as military action; and

          WHEREAS it is essential that certain official information
affecting the national defense be protected uniformly against
unauthorized
disclosure:

          NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the
Constitution and statutes, and as President of the United States, and
deeming such action necessary in the best interests of the national
security, it is hereby ordered as follows:

          Section 1.  Classification Categories:  Official information
which requires protection in the interests of national defense shall be
limited to three categories of classification, which in descending order
of importance shall carry one of the following designations:  Top Secret,
Secret, or Confidential.  No other designation shall be used to classify
defense information, including military information, as requiring
protection in the interests of national defense, except as expressly
provided by statute.  These categories are defined as follows:

               (a)  Top Secret:  Except as may be expressly provided by
          statute, the use of the classification Top Secret shall be
          authorized, by appropriate authority, only for defense
          information or material which requires the highest degree of
          protection.  The Top Secret classification shall be applied
          only to that information or material the defense aspect of
          which is paramount, and the unauthorized disclosure of which
          could result in exceptionally grave damage to the Nation
          such as leading to a definite break in diplomatic relations
          affecting the defense of the United States, an armed attack
          against the United States or its allies, a war, or the
          compromise of military or defense plans, or intelligence
          operations, or scientific or technological developments
          vital to the national defense.

               (b)  Secret:  Except as may be expressly provided by
          statute, the use of the classification Secret shall be
          authorized, by appropriate authority, only for defense
          information or material the unauthorized disclosure of
          which could result in serious damage to the Nation, such
          as by jeopardizing the international relations of the
          United States, endangering the effectiveness of a program
          or policy of vital importance to the national defense, or
          compromising important military or defense plans, scientific
          or technological developments important to national defense,
          or information revealing important intelligence operations.

               (c)  Confidential:  Except as may be expressly provided
          by statute, the use of the classification Confidential shall
          be authorized, by appropriate authority, only for defense
          information or material the unauthorized disclosure of which
          could be prejudicial to the defense interests of the nation.

          Section 2.  Limitation of Authority to Classify:  The authority
to classify defense information or material under this order shall be
limited in the departments and agencies of the executive branch as
hereinafter specified.  Departments and agencies subject to the specified
limitations shall be designated by the President:

               (a)  In those departments and agencies having no direct
          responsibility for national defense there shall be no authority
          for original classification of information or material under
          this order.

               (b)  In those departments and agencies having partial but
          not primary responsibility for matters pertaining to national
          defense the authority for original classification of information
          or material under this order shall be exercised only by the
          head of the department or agency, without delegation.
 
               (c)  In those departments and agencies not effected by the
          provisions of subsection (a) and (b), above, the authority for
          original classification of information or material under this
          order shall be exercised only by responsible officers or
          employees, who shall be specifically designated for this
          purpose. Heads of such departments and agencies shall limit the
          delegation of authority to classify as severely as is consistent
          with the orderly and expeditious transaction of Government
          business.

          Section 3.  Classification:  Persons designated to have
authority for original classification of information or material which 
requires protection in the interests of national defense under this order 
shall be held responsible for its proper classification in accordance with
the definitions of the three categories in section 1, hereof.  Unnecessary
classification and over-classification shall be scrupulously avoided.
The following special rules shall be observed in classification of
defense information or material:

               (a)  Documents in General:  Documents shall be classified
          according to their own content and not necessarily according to
          their relationship to other documents.  References to classified
          material which do not reveal classified defense information
          shall not be classified.

               (b)  Physically Connected Documents:  The classification of
          a file or group of physically connected documents shall be at
          least as high as that of the most highly classified document
          therein.  Documents separated from the file of group shall be
          handled in accordance with their individual defense classification.

               (c)  Multiple Classification:  A document, product, or
          substance shall bear a classification at least as high as that
          of its highest classified component.  The document, product, or
          substance shall bear only one over-all classification,
          notwithstanding that pages, paragraphs, sections, or components
          thereof bear different classifications.

               (d)  Transmittal Letters:  A letter transmitting defense
          information shall be classified at least as high as its highest
          classified enclosure.

               (e)  Information Originated by a Foreign Government or
          Organization:  Defense information of a classified nature
          furnished to the United States by a foreign government or
          international organization shall be assigned a classification
          which will assure a degree of protection equivalent to or
          greater than that required by the government or international
          organization which furnished the information.

          Section 4.  Declassification, Downgrading or Upgrading:  Heads
of departments or agencies originating classified material shall designate
persons to be responsible for continuing review of such classified material
for the purpose of declassifying or downgrading it whenever national
defense considerations permit, and for receiving requests for such review
from all sources.  Formal procedures shall be established to provide
specific means for prompt review of classified material and its declassifi-
cation or downgrading in order to preserve the effectiveness and integrity
of the classification system and to eliminate accumulation of classified
material which no longer requires protection in the defense interest. 

The following special rules shall be observed with respect to changes of
classification of defense material:

               (a) Automatic Changes:  To the fullest extent practicable,
the classifying authority shall indicate on the material (except telegrams)
at the time of original classification that after a specified event or
date, or upon removal of classified enclosures, the material will be
downgraded or declassified.

               (b) Non-Automatic Changes:  The persons designated to
receive requests for review of classified material may downgrade or
declassify such material when circumstances no longer warrant its re-
tention in its original classification provided the consent of the
appropriate classifying authority has been obtained.  The downgrading
or declassification of extracts from or paraphrases of classified
documents shall also require the consent of the appropriate classifying
authority unless the agency making such extracts knows positively that
they warrant a classification lower than what of the documents from
which extracted, or what they are not classified.

               (c) Material Officially Transferred: In the case of material
transferred by or pursuant to statute or Executive order from one depart-
ment or agency to another for the latter's use and as part of its official
files or property, as distinguished from transfers merely for purposes
of storage, the receiving department or agency shall be deemed to be the
classifying authority for all purposes under this order, including
declassification and downgrading.

               (d) Material Not Officially Transferred:  When any
department or agency has in its possession any classified material which
has become five years old, and it appears (1) that such material originated
in an agency which has since become defunct and whose files and other
property have not been officially transferred to another department or
agency within the meaning of subsection (c), above, or (2) that it is
impossible for the possessing department or agency to identify the
originating agency, and (3) a review of the material indicates that it
should be downgraded or declassified, the said possessing department or
agency shall have power to declassify or downgrade such material.  If it
appears probable that another department or agency may have a substantial
interest in whether the classification of any particular information
should be maintained, the possessing department or agency shall not
exercise the power conferred upon it by this subsection, except with the
consent of the other department or agency, until thirty days after it has
notified such other department or agency of the nature of the material
and of its intention to declassify or downgrade the same.  During such
thirty-day period the other department or agency may, if it so desires,
express its objections to declassifying or downgrading the particular
material, but the power to make the ultimate decision shall reside in
the possessing department or agency.

               (e) Classified Telegrams:  Such telegrams shall not be
referred to, extracted from, paraphrased, downgraded, declassified, or
disseminated, except in accordance with special regulations issued by
the head of the originating department or agency.  Classified telegrams
transmitted over cryptographic systems shall be handled in accordance
with the regulations of the transmitting department or agency.

               (f) Downgrading:  If the recipient of classified material
          believes that it has been classified too highly, he may make a
          request to the reviewing official who may downgrade or declassify
          the material after obtaining the consent of the appropriate
          classifying authority.

               (g)  Upgrading:  If the recipient of unclassified material
          believes that it should be classified, or if the recipient of
          classified material believes that its classification is not
          sufficiently protective, it shall be safeguarded in accordance
          with the classification deemed appropriate and a request made
          to the reviewing official, who may classify the material or
          upgrade the classification after obtaining the consent of the
          appropriate classifying authority.

               (h)  Notification of Change in Classification:  The reviewing
          official taking action to declassify, downgrade, or upgrade
          classified material shall notify all addressees to whom the
          material was originally transmitted.

          Section 5.  Marking of Classified Material:  After a
determination of the proper defense classification to be assigned has been
made in accordance with the provisions of this order, the classified
material shall be marked as follows:

               (a)  Bound Documents:  The assigned defense classification
          on bound documents, such as books or pamphlets, the pages of
          which are permanently and securely fastened together, shall be
          conspicuously marked or stamped on the outside of the front
          cover, on the title page, on the first page, on the back page
          and on the outside of the back cover.  In each case the markings
          shall be applied to the top and bottom of the page or cover.

               (b)  Unbound Documents:  The assigned defense classification
          on unbound documents, such as letters, memoranda, reports,
          telegrams,and other similar documents, the pages of which are
          not permanently and securely fastened together, shall be
          conspicuously marked or stamped at the top and bottom of each
          page, in such manner that the marking  will be clearly visible
          when the pages are clipped or stapled together.

               (c)  Charts, Maps, and Drawings:  Classified charts,
          maps, and drawings shall carry the defense classification
          marking under the legend, title block, or scale in such
          manner that it will be reproduced on all copies made therefrom.
          Such classification shall also be marked at the top and
          bottom in each instance.

               (d) Photographs, Films and Recordings:  Classified
          photographs, films, and recordings, and their containers, shall
          be conspicuously and appropriately marked with the assigned
          defense classification.

               (e)  Products or Substances:  The assigned defense
          classification shall be conspicuously marked on classified
          products or substances, if possible, and on their containers,
          if possible, or, if the article or container cannot be marked,
          written notification of such classification shall be furnished
          to recipients of such products or substances.

               (f)  Reproductions:  All copies or reproductions of
          classified material shall be appropriately marked or stamped
          in the same manner as the original thereof.

               (g)  Unclassified Material:  Normally, unclassified
          material shall not be marked or stamped Unclassified unless
          it is essential to convey to a recipient of such material
          that it has been examined specifically with a view to imposing
          a defense classification and has been determined not to require
          such classification.

               (h)  Change or Removal of Classification:  Whenever
          classified material is declassified, downgraded, or upgraded,
          the material shall be marked or stamped in a prominent place to
          reflect the change in classification, the authority for the
          action, the date of action, and the identity of the person
          or unit taking the action.  In addition, the old classification
          marking shall be cancelled and the new classification (if any)
          substituted therefor.  Automatic change in classification shall
          be indicated by the appropriate classifying authority through
          marking or stamping in a prominent place to reflect information
          specified in subsection 4 (a) hereof.

               (i)  Material Furnished Persons not in the Executive Branch
          of the Government:  When classified material affecting the
          national defense is furnished authorized persons, in or out of
          Federal service, other than those in the executive branch, the
          following notation, in addition to the assigned classification
          marking, shall whenever practicable be place on the material, on
          its container, or on the written notification of its assigned
          classification:

                    "This material contains information affecting the
               national defense of the United States within the meaning of
               the espionage laws, Title 18, U.S.C., Secs. 793 and 794,
               the transmission or revelation of which in any manner to an
               unauthorized person is prohibited by law."

Use of alternative marking concerning "Restricted Data" as defined by the
Atomic Energy Act is authorized when appropriate.

          Section 6.  Custody and Safekeeping:  The possession or use of
classified defense information or material shall be limited to locations
where facilities for secure storage or protection thereof are available by
means of which unauthorized persons are prevented from gaining access thereto.
Whenever such information or material is not under the personal supervision
of its custodian, whether during or outside of working hours, the following
physical or mechanical means shall be taken to protect it:

               (a)  Storage of Top Secret Material:  Top Secret defense
          material shall be protected in storage by the most secure
          facilities possible.  Normally it will be stored in a safe or a
          safe-type steel file container having a three-position, dial-
          type, combination lock, and being of such weight, size,
          construction, or installation as to minimize the possibility
          of surreptitious entry, physical theft, damage by fire, or
          tampering.  The head of a department or agency may approve other
          storage facilities for this material which offer comparable or
          better protection, such as an alarmed area, a vault, a secure
          vault-type room, or an area under close surveillance of an
          armed guard.

               (b)  Secret and Confidential Material:  Those categories of
          defense material may be stored in a manner authorized for Top
          Secret material, or in metal file cabinets equipped with steel
          lockbar and an approved three combination dial-type padlock from
          which the manufacturer's identification numbers have been
          obliterated, or in comparably secure facilities approved by the
          head of the department or agency.

               (c)  Other classified Material:  Heads of departments and
          agencies shall prescribe such protective facilities as may be
          necessary in their departments or agencies for material
          originating under statutory provisions requiring protection of
          certain information.

               (d)  Changes of Lock Combinations:  Combinations on locks
          of safekeeping equipment shall be changed, only by persons having
          appropriate security clearance, whenever such equipment is placed
          in use after procurement from the manufacturer or other sources,
          whenever a person knowing the combination is transferred from the
          office to which the equipment is assigned, or whenever the
          combination has been subjected to compromise, and at least once
          every year.  Knowledge of combinations shall be limited to the
          minimum number of persons necessary for operating purposes.
          Records of combinations shall be classified no lower than the
          highest category of classified defense material authorized for
          storage in the safekeeping equipment concerned.

               (e)  Custodian's Responsibilities:  Custodians of
          classified defense material shall be responsible for providing
          the best possible protection and accountability for such
          material at all times and particularly for securely locking
          classified material in approved safekeeping equipment
          whenever it is not in use or under direct supervision of
          authorized employees.  Custodians shall follow procedures
          which insure that unauthorized persons do not gain access
          to classified defense information or material by sight or
          sound, and classified information shall not be discussed with
          or in the presence of unauthorized persons.

               (f)  Telephone Conversations:  Defense information
          classified in the three categories under the provisions of
          this order shall not be revealed in telephone conversations,
          except as may be authorized under section 8 hereof with respect
          to the transmission of Secret and Confidential material over
          certain military communications circuits.

               (g)  Loss or Subjection to Compromise:  Any person in
          the executive branch who has knowledge of the loss or possible
          subjection to compromise of classified defense information shall
          promptly report the circumstances to a designated official of
          his agency, and the latter shall take appropriate action
          forthwith, including advice to the originating department or
          agency.

          Section 7.  Accountability and Dissemination:  Knowledge or
possession of classified defense information shall be permitted only to
persons whose official duties require such access in the interest of
promoting national defense and only of they have been determined to be
trustworthy.  Proper control of dissemination of classified defense
information shall be maintained at all times, including good accountability
records of classified defense information documents, and severe limitation
on the number of such documents originated as well as the number of copies
thereof reproduced.  The number of copies of classified defense information
documents shall be kept to a minimum to decrease the risk of compromise
of the information contained in such documents and the financial burden
on the Government in protecting such documents.  The following special
rules shall be observed in connection with accountability for and
dissemination of defense information or material:

               (a)  Accountability Procedures:  Heads of departments and
          agencies shall prescribe such accountability procedures as are
          necessary to control effectively the dissemination of classified
          defense information, with particularly severe control on material
          classified Top Secret under this order.  Top Secret Control
          Officers shall be designated, as required, to receive, maintain
          accountability registers of, and dispatch Top Secret material.

               (b)  Dissemination Outside the Executive Branch:  Classified
          defense information shall not be disseminated outside the
          executive branch except under conditions and through channels
          authorized by the head of the disseminating department or agency,
          even though the person or agency to which dissemination of such
          information is proposed to be made may have been solely or
          partly responsible for its production.

               (c)  Information Originating in Another Department or Agency:
          Except as otherwise provided by section 102 of the National
          Security Act of July 26, 1947, c. 343, 61 Stat. 498, as amended,
          50 U.S.C. sec. 403, classified defense information originating
          in another department or agency shall not be disseminated
          outside the receiving department or agency without the consent
          of the originating department or agency.  Documents and material
          containing defense information which are classified Top Secret
          or Secret shall not be reproduced without the consent of the
          originating department or agency.

          Section 8.  Transmission:  For transmission outside of a
department or agency, classified defense material of the three categories
originated under the provisions of this order shall be prepared and
transmitted as follows:

               (a)  Preparation for Transmission:  Such material shall be
          enclosed in opaque inner and outer covers.  The inner cover shall
          be a sealed wrapper or envelope plainly marked with the assigned
          classification and address.  The outer cover shall be sealed and
          addressed with no indication of the classification of its contents.
          A receipt form shall be attached to or enclosed in the inner
          cover, except that Confidential material shall require a receipt
          only if the sender deems it necessary.  The receipt form shall
          identify the addressor, addressee, and the document, but shall
          contain no classified information.  It shall be signed by the
          proper recipient and returned to the sender.

               (b)  Transmitting Top Secret Material:  The transmission
          of Top Secret material shall be effected preferably by direct
          contact of officials concerned, or, alternatively, by specifically
          designated personnel, by State Department diplomatic pouch,
          by a messenger-courier system especially created for that
          purpose, or by electric means in encrypted form; or in the case
          of information transmitted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation,
          such means of transmission may be used as are currently approved
          by the director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, unless express
          reservation to the contrary is made in exceptional cases by the
          originating agency.

               (c)  Transmitting Secret Material:  Secret material shall
          be transmitted within the continental United States by one of
          the means established for Top Secret material, by an authorized
          courier, by United States registered mail, or by protected
          commercial express, air or surface.  Secret material may be
          transmitted outside the continental limits of the United States
          by one of the means established for Top Secret material, by
          commanders or masters of vessels of United States registry,
          or by United States Post Office registered mail through Army,
          Navy, or Air Force postal facilities, provided that the material
          does not at any time pass out of United States Government control
          and does not pass through a foreign postal system.  Secret
          material may, however, be transmitted between United States
          Government and/or Canadian Government installations in
          continental United States, Canada, and Alaska by United States
          and Canadian registered mail with registered mail receipt.
          In an emergency, Secret material may also be transmitted over
          military communications circuits in accordance with regulations
          promulgated for such purpose by the Secretary of Defense.

               (d)  Transmitting Confidential Material:  Confidential
          defense material shall be transmitted within the United States
          by one of the means established for higher classifications, by
          registered mail, or by express or freight under such specific
          conditions as may be prescribed by the head of the department
          or agency concerned.  Outside the continental United States,
          Confidential defense material shall be transmitted in the
          same manner as authorized for higher classifications.

               (e)  Within an Agency:  Preparation of classified defense
          material for transmission, and transmission of it, within a
          department or agency shall be governed by regulations, issued
          by the head of the department or agency, insuring a degree of
          security equivalent to that outlined above for transmission
          outside a department or agency.

          Section 9.  Disposal and Destruction:  Documentary record material
made or received by a department or agency in connection with transaction
of public business and preserved as evidence of the organization, functions,
policies, operations, decisions, procedures or other activities of any
department or agency of the Government, or because of the informational
value of the data contained therein, may be destroyed only in accordance
with the act of July 7, 1943, c. 192, 57 Stat. 380, as amended, 44 U.S.C.
366-380.  Non-record classified material, consisting of extra copies and
duplicates including shorthand notes, preliminary drafts, used carbon
paper, and other material of similar temporary nature, may be destroyed,
under procedures established by the head of the department or agency which
meet the following requirements, as soon as it has served its purpose:

               (a) Methods of Destruction:  Classified defense material
          shall be destroyed by burning in the presence of an appropriate
          official or by other methods authorized by the head of an
          agency provided the resulting destruction is equally complete.

               (b)  Records of Destruction:  Appropriate accountability
          records maintained in the department or agency shall reflect
          the destruction of classified defense material.

          Section 10.  Orientation and Inspection:  To promote the basic
purposes of this order, heads of those departments and agencies originating
or handling classified defense information shall designate experienced
persons to coordinate and supervise the activities applicable to their
departments or agencies under this order.  Persons so designated shall
maintain active training and orientation programs for employees concerned
with classified defense information to impress each such employee with
his individual responsibility for exercising vigilance and care in
complying with the provisions of this order.  Such persons shall be
authorized on behalf of the heads of the departments and agencies to
establish adequate and active inspection programs to the end that the
provisions of this order are administered effectively.

          Section 11.  Interpretation of Regulations by the Attorney
General:  The Attorney General, upon request of the head of a department
or agency or his duly designated representative, shall personally or
through authorized representatives of the Department of Justice render
an interpretation of these regulations in connection with any problems
arising out of their administration.

          Section 12.  Statutory Requirements:  Nothing in this order
shall be construed to authorize the dissemination, handling or transmission
of classified information contrary to the provisions of any statute.

          Section 13.  "Restricted Data" as Defined in the Atomic Energy
Act:  Nothing in this order shall supersede any requirements made by or
under the Atomic Energy Act of August 1, 1946, as amended.  "Restricted
Data" as defined by the said act shall be handled, protected, classified,
downgraded, and declassified in conformity with the provisions of the
Atomic Energy Act of 1946, as amended, and the regulations of the Atomic
Energy Commission.

          Section 14.  Combat Operations:  The provisions of this order
with regard to dissemination, transmission, or safekeeping of classified
defense information or material may be so modified in connection with
combat or combat-related operations as the Secretary of Defense may by
regulations prescribe.

          Section 15.  Exceptional Cases:  When, in an exceptional case,
a person or agency not authorized to classify defense information originates
information which is believed to require classification, such person or
agency shall protect that information in the manner prescribed by this
order for that category of classified defense information into which it is
believed to fall, and shall transmit the information forthwith, under
appropriate safeguards, to the department, agency, or person having both
the authority to classify information and a direct official interest in
the information (preferably, that department, agency, or person to which
the information would be transmitted in the ordinary course of business),
with a request that such department, agency, or person classify the
information.

          Section 16.  Review to Insure That Information is Not Improperly
Withheld Hereunder:  The President shall designate a member of his staff
who shall receive, consider, and take action upon, suggestions or
complaints from non-Governmental sources relating to the operation of
this
order.

          Section 17.  Review to Insure Safeguarding of Classified Defense
Information:  The National Security Council shall conduct a continuing
review of the implementation of this order to insure that classified
defense information is properly safeguarded, in conformity herewith.

          Section 18.  Review Within Departments and Agencies:  The head
of each department and agency shall designate a member or members of his
staff who shall conduct a continuing review of the implementation of this
order within the department or agency concerned to insure that no
information is withheld hereunder which the people of the United States
have a right to know, and to insure that classified defense information
is properly safeguarded in conformity herewith.

          Section 19.  Revocation of Executive Order No. 10290: Executive
Order No. 10290 of September 24, 1951 is revoked as of the effective date
of this order.

          Section 20.  Effective Date:  This order shall become effective
on December 15, 1953.


                                        DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER




THE WHITE HOUSE

     November 5, 1953

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

          Memorandum for the Heads of All Departments
                and Agencies of the Government


          The following departments and agencies of the executive
branch and their constituent agencies shall be subject to the
limitations specified in section 2 of the Executive order entitled
"Safeguarding Official Information in the Interests of the Defense
of the United States":

          A.  Original Classification Authority Eliminated:

               1.  American Battle Monuments commission
               2.  Arlington Memorial Amphitheater Commission
               3.  Commission of Fine Arts
               4.  Committee on Purchases of Blind-Made Products
               5.  Committee for reciprocity Information
               6.  Commodity Exchange Commission
               7.  Export-Import Bank of Washington
               8.  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
               9.  Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
              10.  Federal Reserve System
              11.  Federal Trade Commission
              12.  Housing and Home Finance Agency
              13.  Indian Claims Commission
              14.  Interstate Commerce Commission
              15.  Missouri Basin Survey Commission
              16.  National Capital Housing Authority
              17.  National Capital Park and Planning Commission
              18.  National Forest Reservation Commission
              19   National Labor Relations Board
              20.  National Mediation Board
              21.  Railroad Retirement Board
              22.  Securities and Exchange Commission
              23.  Selective Service System
              24.  Smithsonian Institution
              25.  United States Tariff Commission
              26.  Veterans Administration
              27.  Veterans Education Appeals Board
              28   War Claims Commission

          B.  Original Classification Authority Limited to
              Head of Agency:

               1.  Civil Aeronautics Board
               2.  Defense Transport Administration
               3.  Department of Agriculture
               4.  Department of Health, Education and Welfare
               5.  Department of the Interior
               6.  Department of Labor
               7.  Federal Communications Commission
               8.  Federal Power Commission
               9.  National Science Foundation
              10.  National Security Training Commission
              11.  Panama Canal Company
              12.  Post office Department
              13.  Reconstruction Finance Corporation
              14.  Renegotiation Board
              15.  Small Business Administration
              16.  Subversive Activities Control Board
              17.  Tennessee Valley Authority

          C.  Heads of departments and agencies not named herein
              shall limit the exercise of classified authority
              in accordance with section 2(c) of the order.


                                        DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER


THE WHITE HOUSE

      November 5, 1953

                            #####

___________________________________________________________________